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涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏?----浼犳煋鐥呯被

文章发布时间:2015/5/27 14:53:15



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鏉ユ簮 涓哄爣鑿滅鍫囪彍灞炴鐗╄敁鑼庡爣鑿淰iola diffusa Ging.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font> 涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛屽叏浣撹鐧借壊闀挎煍姣涖€傚實鍖愯寧鐢卞熀閮ㄥ彾涓涙娊鍑猴紝闅忓鐢熸牴锛屽苟鍙戝嚭鏂板彾涓涖€傚彾鍩虹敓锛屽彾鏌勬墎鐡讹紝涓庡彾鐗囪繎绛夐暱锛屽彾鐗囧鍗靛舰鎴栧嵉鐘舵き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱2-7鍘樼背锛屽1.5-3鍘樼背锛屽厛绔渾閽濓紝鍩洪儴绐勬褰紝涓嬪欢鑷虫焺鎴愮獎缈呯姸锛岃竟缂樺叿鍦嗛娇锛屾墭鍙剁鐢燂紝閮ㄥ垎绾跨姸鎶拡褰紝鏈夌潾姣涖€?-10鏈堝紑娣$传鑹叉垨鐧借壊鑺憋紝鑺辨涓儴鏈夋潯鐘惰嫗鐗?鏋氾紝鑺变笉鏁撮綈锛岃姳钀?锛屾湁鐭煩锛岃姳鐡?锛屼笅闈?鐗囨湁鐭煩銆傝挻鏋滈暱妞渾褰紝鏃犳瘺锛?鐡e紑瑁傘€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font> 鐢熶簬璺竟鑽夊湴銆佹疆婀块槾鍑夌殑鍦版柟銆傚垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹箹鍗椼€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐 鏄ユ湯鎴栫鏈噰鍏ㄨ崏銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘 鑻︺€佸井杈涖€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝娑堣偪鎺掕創銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶 鑲濈値锛岀櫨鏃ュ挸锛岀洰璧よ偪鐥涳紝澶栫敤娌绘€ユ€т钩鑵虹値锛岀枖鐤紝鐥堢枛锛屽甫鐘剁柋鐤癸紝姣掕泧鍜激锛岃穼鎵撴崯浼ゃ€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font> 1.鎬ユ€т钩鑵虹値锛氶矞鍖嶅寪鍫囬€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e锛屾瘡鏃ユ崲鑽?娆°€?/span>

2.鐤旂柈鐥堣偪锛氶矞鍖嶅寪鍫囬€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傦紝鍔犵櫧绯栬皟鍖€锛屽鏁锋偅澶勶紝鍙︾敤椴滃搧30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.椋庣伀鐪肩砍锛氬實鍖愬爣閫傞噺锛屽彛鍤煎悗鏁风溂涓婏紝浠板崸闈欏吇銆?/span>

4.澶栦激楠ㄦ姌锛氶矞鍖嶅寪鍫囬€傞噺锛屾崳缁掑寘鏁蜂激鍙o紝姣忔棩鎹㈣嵂涓€娆°€?/span>

5.楠ㄦ姌锛氬實鍖愬爣銆佹彃鎻掓椿銆佹辰鍏般€佷簲鐖緳銆佽嫀楹绘牴鍚勭瓑鍒嗭紝鍧囩敤椴滃搧锛屾崳缁掑寘鏁蜂激澶勩€傚啀鐢ㄦ潐鏈ㄧ毊鍥哄畾锛?澶╂崲鑽竴娆°€?/span>

6.鐤瘨绾㈣偪锛氬實鍖愬爣銆佽姍钃夊彾鍚?5鍏嬶紝閿ょ粏鏁锋偅澶勩€傛瘡鏃ユ崲涓€娆°€?/span>

7.鑵吅鐐庛€佸鍙g柈銆佺枖鐤€佺枼鐤細鍖嶅寪鍫囬€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傚鏁枫€?/span>

8.鐑激锛氬實鍖愬爣銆佽繛閽辫崏鍚勯€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傦紝鍔犻浮铔嬫竻璋冩暦銆?/span>

9.灏忎究闂細鍖嶅寪鍫?0鍏嬶紝杞﹀墠鑽?0鍏嬶紝鐚补1鍖欙紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

娉細

蹇岄璞嗚厫銆佸彂鐗╁拰鐢熷喎椋熺墿銆?/span>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鐧借嵂瀛愶紙灞变箤榫燂級

 

鍒悕  鐧借嵂鑴傘€佺洏鑺卞湴涓嶅銆佸北涔岄緹銆侀噾绾垮悐涔岄緹銆侀噾绾垮悐钁姦銆侀噾涓濆悐槌?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓洪槻宸辩鍗冩枻钘ゅ睘妞嶇墿澶磋姳鍗冩枻钘?Stephania cepharantha Hayata.,浠ュ潡鏍瑰叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熺紶缁曟€ц惤鍙惰棨鏈紝闀胯揪5绫筹紝鍏ㄦ牚骞虫粦鏃犳瘺銆傚潡鏍硅偉鍘氾紝鐣ュ憟闀挎柟妞渾褰紝闀跨害3-8鍘樼背锛屽緞绾?-6鍘樼背锛屽鐨殫妫曡鑹诧紝鏂潰榛勭櫧鑹诧紝绮夎川銆傝寧鍩洪儴鏈ㄨ川鍖栵紝甯︾传鑹层€傚彾浜掔敓锛屽彾鏌勭粏闀匡紝鍙剁墖鐩剧姸鐫€鐢燂紝涓夎鐘跺嵉鍦嗗舰锛岄暱5-9鍘樼背锛屽涓庨暱杩戠浉绛夋垨杈冨锛屽厛绔洯閽濓紝甯稿叿灏忓嚫灏栵紝鍩洪儴骞虫埅锛岃繎涓剦澶勫悜鍐呭井鍑癸紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屾湁鎺岀姸鑴?-9鏉★紝涓婇潰娣辩豢鑹诧紝涓嬮潰鐏扮櫧鑹诧紝鏃犳瘺銆傚瀛e彾鑵嬪紑娣$豢鑹插皬鑺憋紝鍗曟€э紝闆岄泟寮傛牚锛岃姳鏃犲皬鑺辨锛岀害20鏈佃姳缁勬垚鑵嬬敓鐨勫ご鐘惰仛浼炶姳搴忥紝闆勮姳鑺卞簭鏈夐暱姊楋紝鑺辫惣鍙婅姳鐡e悇鏈?-6鐗囷紝闆勮晩6锛岃姳涓濆悎鐢熷憟鏌辩姸锛岃姳鑽幆鐢熷憟鍦嗙洏鐘讹紝闆岃姳鎬绘鐭紝涓嶅垎鏋濓紝椤剁鏈変竴灏忓ご鐘惰姳搴忥紝瀛愭埧涓婁綅锛屽績鐨?鏋氥€傛牳鏋滅悆褰紝鐔熸椂绱孩鑹层€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  甯哥敓浜庡北閲庤偉娌冩箍娑︾殑鑽変笡鍙婄亴鏈ㄦ灄涓紝浠ョ煶鐏板博鍦扮敓闀胯緝鑼傜洓銆傚垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佹禉姹熴€佸彴婀俱€佹睙瑗裤€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍涓滅瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屼互绉嬫湯鍐垵閲囨敹涓哄ソ銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鐧借嵂瀛愬鍦嗗舰鑴卞彂鐥囨湁鐢熷彂浣滅敤锛堝眬閮ㄥ鐢紝鍐呮湇鎴栭潤鑴夋敞灏勶級銆?.鏈搧鎵€鍚ご鑺辫棨纰卞缁撴牳鑿屾湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨锛屾竻鐑В姣掞紝鍑夎姝㈣锛屾暎鐦€娑堣偪銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎬ユ€ц倽鐐庯紝缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅紝鎬ユ€ч槕灏剧値锛岃儍鐥涳紝鍐呭嚭琛€锛岃穼鎵撴崯浼わ紝姣掕泧鍜激锛涘鐢ㄦ不娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛屾穻宸寸粨鐐庯紝绁炵粡鎬х毊鐐庛€傜敤閲?0-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛屾崳鏁锋垨纾ㄦ眮鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1. 鍚勭鍐呭嚭琛€锛氱櫧鑽瓙鐮旂矇锛屾瘡鏈?.6鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3-4娆★紝锛堟湇閲忚繃澶у彲寮曡捣鎭跺績鍛曞悙锛夈€?/span>

2.娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値銆佹穻宸寸粨鐐庯細鐧借嵂瀛愰€傞噺锛岀敤閱嬬(姹佹秱鎮e銆?/span>

3.绁炵粡鎬х毊鐐庯細椴滅櫧鑽瓙鎹g儌锛岀敤绾卞竷鍖呬綇锛屽仛鎴愯杽鐗囦笌鎮i儴澶у皬鐩哥瓑锛屾瘡澶╃潯鍓嶆暦鎮e锛屾鏅ㄥ幓鎺夈€?/span>

4.鑲跨枴鍒濊捣锛氱櫧鑽瓙鐮旀湯锛屾瘡鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岀敤铚傝湝鎴栭唻璋冩暦鎮e銆傛垨纾ㄩ唻澶栨秱銆?/span>

5.鐗欓娇鐤肩棝锛氱櫧鑽瓙鍒囩墖锛屾瘡鐢ㄤ竴鐗囷紝璐翠簬鐥涢娇榫堜笂銆?/span>

6.楣よ啙椋庯細鐧借嵂瀛?20鍏嬶紝澶ц挏1涓紝钁?鏍癸紝闊彍钄?涓紝鍏堝皢鐧借嵂瀛愮爺鏈紝鍔犲ぇ钂溿€佽懕銆侀煭鑿滆敻鎹g儌锛岃渹铚滆皟鏁锋偅澶勩€傛暦鍚庡彲鍙戞场娴佹按锛岀敤绾卞竷閬洊锛岃鍏惰嚜鎰堛€?/span>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--瀛旈泙鑽?/strong>

鍒悕  灏忎竾瀵胯強銆佺孩榛勪竾瀵胯強銆佺孩榛勮崏銆佸皬鑺欒搲鑺便€佽棨鑿?/span>
鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戜竾瀵胯強灞炴鐗╁瓟闆€鑽塗agetes patula L.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>
褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鐏屾湪鐘惰崏鏈紝楂?0-80鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛岄€氬父鑷熀閮ㄥ垎鏋濓紝鎴愬瘑涓涚姸銆傚彾缇界姸娣辫锛岃鐗囨潯鐘舵姭閽堝舰鎴栫煩鍦嗗舰锛岄暱1-2.5鍘樼背锛岃竟缂樻湁閿娇锛岄娇绔憟杞姃鐘讹紝榻跨殑鍩洪儴鍚勫叿娌硅吅涓€绮掋€傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭鍗曠敓锛岀洿寰勭害4鍘樼背锛屾湁闀挎锛屾€昏嫗鍘氾紝闀挎き鍦嗗舰锛岃嫗鐗囦竴鍒楋紝缁撳悎锛屼笂閮ㄨ竟缂樺叿灏栭攼閿娇锛屾湁娌硅吅鐐癸紝鑸岀姸鑺卞鏁帮紝1鍒楋紝闆屾€э紝榛勮壊甯︽湁绾㈡枒锛岀鐘惰姳涓ゆ€э紝鍏堢5瑁傦紝閫氬父澶氭暟杞彉涓鸿垖鐘惰姳锛屽舰鎴愭牻鍩逛笂鐨勯噸鐡g被鍨嬨€傜槮鏋滄潯褰紝琚枏鏌旀瘺锛屽啝姣涙湁2-3涓憟鐭€岄挐鐨勯碁鐗囩姸锛屾湁1-2涓憟闀胯姃鐘躲€?/span>
鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍚勫湴搴櫌涓潎鏈夋牻鍩广€?/span>
閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺瀛i噰闆嗭紝娲楀噣锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>
鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸钩銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝姝㈠挸锛屾鐥涖€?/span>
涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  涓婂懠鍚搁亾鎰熸煋锛岀棦鐤撅紝鍜冲椊锛岀櫨鏃ュ挸锛岀墮鐥涳紝椋庣伀鐪肩棝锛屽鐢ㄦ不鑵吅鐐庯紝涔宠吅鐐庛€傜敤閲?0-15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶆垨鐮旂矇鍒嗘暟娆$敤寮€姘撮€佹湇銆傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛屽姞閲嶆ゼ銆侀摱鑺卞叡鐮旀湯锛岄檲閱嬭皟鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>
 
涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鎵舵

鍒悕  澶х孩鑺便€佺孩鏈ㄦЭ銆佹湀鏈堢孩銆佹湪鑺便€佸叕楦¤姳
鏉ユ簮  閿﹁懙绉戞湪妲垮睘妞嶇墿鏈辨ЭHibiscus rosasinensis L.,浠ユ牴銆佸彾銆佽姳鍏ヨ嵂銆?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鐏屾湪锛岄珮鍙揪6绫炽€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀?.5-2鍘樼背锛屽彾鐗囧鍗靛舰鎴栫獎鍗靛舰锛岄暱4-9鍘樼背锛屽2-5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔暱娓愬皷锛屽熀閮ㄦ褰紝杈圭紭鍦ㄥ熀閮ㄤ互涓婃湁绮楅敮榻匡紝涓ら潰鏃犳瘺锛屾垨涓嬮潰鑴変笂鏈夊皯璁哥枏姣涖€傚叏骞村紑鐜懓绾€佹贰绾㈡垨娣¢粍鑹茶姳锛屽崟鐢熶笂閮ㄥ彾鑵嬮棿锛岃姳姊楄緝闀匡紝鑺卞ぇ锛岀洿寰?-10鍘樼背锛屼笅鍨傦紝鏈夋椂閲嶇摚锛屽皬鑻炵墖6-7锛屾潯褰紝鍩洪儴鍚堢敓锛岀枏鐢熸槦鐘舵瘺锛岃惣閽熺姸锛岄暱绾?鍘樼背锛屾湁鏄熺姸姣涳紝瑁傜墖5锛屽皷瑙掑舰锛岃姳鍐犳紡鏂楀舰锛岃姳鐡g缂樻尝瑁傦紝闆勮晩鏌辫繙绐佸嚭浜庤姳鍐犱箣澶栥€傝挻鏋滃嵉褰紝闀跨害2.5鍘樼背锛屾湁鍠欍€?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞湴鐤忔灄涓垨涓烘牻鍩广€傚垎甯冧簬绂忓缓銆佸彴婀俱€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦板尯銆?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏍广€佸彾鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屽绉嬮噰鑺憋紝椴滅敤鎴栨檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸钩銆傝В姣掞紝鍒╁翱锛岃皟缁忋€?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏍癸細鑵吅鐐庯紝鏀皵绠$値锛屽翱璺劅鏌擄紝瀛愬棰堢値锛岀櫧甯︼紝鏈堢粡涓嶈皟锛岄棴缁忋€傚彾銆佽姳锛氬鐢ㄦ不鐤旂柈鑲挎瘨锛屼钩鑵虹値锛屾穻宸磋吅鐐庛€傝姳锛氭湀缁忎笉璋冦€傛牴鎴栧彾鐢ㄩ噺15-30鍏嬶紝椴滆姳鐢ㄩ噺30鍏嬨€傞矞鑺便€佸彾澶栫敤閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?br>鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  鐥堢柦鑵偪锛氭壎妗戝彾鎴栬姳銆佺櫧鑺欒搲鍙躲€佺墰鏃佸彾銆佺櫧铚滐紝鐮旇啅鏁蜂箣锛屽嵆鏁c€?/p>


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鏉ユ簮  涓轰粰浜烘帉绉戜粰浜烘帉灞炴鐗╀粰浜烘帉Opuntia dillenii(Ker-Gawl.)Haw.,浠ュ叏鏍叆鑽€?/span>

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鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鏉戣竟鐭充笂锛屾捣婊ㄦ矙婊╃瓑澶勶紝鎴戝浗鍗楁柟甯告湁鏍藉煿銆備富瑕佸垎甯冧簬灞变笢銆佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗椼€佽吹宸炵瓑鐪併€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍥涙椂閲囬泦銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鎶戣弻瀹為獙锛氭湰鍝佺厧鍓傚閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佹灟鑽夋潌鑿屾湁楂樺害鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸噳銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鏁g榾娑堣偪锛屽仴鑳冩鐥涳紝闀囧挸銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑳冦€佸崄浜屾寚鑲犳簝鐤★紝鎬ユ€х棦鐤撅紝鍜冲椊锛屽鐢ㄦ不娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛屼钩鑵虹値锛岀棃鐤栬偪姣掞紝铔囧挰浼わ紝鐑х儷浼ゃ€傜敤閲忥細椴滃搧30-60 鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佸幓鍒烘崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛氶矞浠欎汉鎺岄€傞噺锛岀粸姹佹秱鎮e銆傛瘡鏃?-3娆°€?/span>

2.娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値銆佷钩鑵虹値銆佺枛銆佺棃銆佹瘨铔囧挰浼わ細椴滀粰浜烘帉鑼庡幓鍒猴紝鍔犻鐩愰€傞噺鎹g儌澶栨暦銆?/span>

3.鐑激锛氫粰浜烘帉椴滆寧閫傞噺锛屽幓澶栫毊鍙婂埡锛屾崳鐑傚鏁蜂激鍙o紝姣忔棩2娆°€?/span>

4.婀跨柟銆侀粍姘寸柈锛氫粰浜烘帉鑼庨€傞噺锛岀儤骞茬爺绮夛紝澶栨暦鎮e銆?/span>

5.鑳冪棝锛氫粰浜烘帉鐮旀湯锛屾瘡娆?鍏嬶紝寮€姘村悶鏈嶃€傛垨鐢ㄤ粰浜烘帉30鍏嬪垏缁嗭紝鍜岀墰鑲?00鍏嬬倰椋熴€?/span>

6.鐥炲潡锛氫粰浜烘帉15-30鍏嬶紝鎹g儌钂哥敎閰掗銆傚啀鐢ㄤ粰浜烘帉閫傞噺锛屽姞鐢滈厭鐐掔儹锛屽寘鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

7.蹇冩偢銆佸け鐪狅細浠欎汉鎺?0鍏嬶紝鎹g儌鍙栨眮锛屽啿鐧界硸寮€姘存湇銆?/span>

8.鐤熺柧锛堣劸瀵掑紩璧凤級锛氫粰浜烘帉鐑ょ儹鍙樿蒋鍚庯紝瓒佺儹鍖呭湪宸﹁兏涓嬨€?/span>

 

榛勮渶钁?/font>

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鏉ユ簮  涓洪敠钁电绉嬭懙灞炴鐗╅粍铚€钁礎belmoschus manihot (L.) Medic.,浠ユ牴銆佸彾銆佽姳銆佸拰绉嶅瓙鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?-2绫筹紝閫氫綋琚湁妫曢粍鑹茬矖姣涖€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽甫鏈夌孩鑹层€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝涓嬫湁闀挎焺锛屽彲杈?0鍘樼背锛屾墭鍙舵潯鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛屽彾鐗囨帉鐘?-9娣辫锛岄暱8-16鍘樼背锛屽彾鍩哄績褰紝瑁傜墖鏉$姸闀垮渾褰紝杈圭紭鏈変笉瑙勫垯绮楅娇銆傚瀛f灊椤跺強鍙惰厠鐢熻姳锛岃姳澶э紝鍗曠敓锛屾湁鑺辨锛屽壇钀?-5瑁傦紝鍗电姸鎶拡褰紝瀹垮瓨锛岃姳鍐犻粍鑹诧紝鍩洪儴绱績锛岀洿寰勭害15鍘樼背锛岃姳鐡?锛屼笁瑙掔姸瀹藉€掑嵉褰紝杈圭紭娴呮尝鐘讹紝闆勮晩澶氭暟鑱斿悎鎴愭煴鐘讹紝闆岃晩鏌卞ご5瑁傘€傝挻鏋滃嵉鐘舵き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱绾?鍘樼背锛屽瘑琚粍缁胯壊绮楁瘺銆傜瀛愬鏁帮紝鍦嗚偩褰紝鐩村緞绾?姣背锛屾榛戣壊锛岃娣℃鑹茬煭姣涖€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  闄や笢鍖椼€佽タ鍖楀锛屽浗鍐呭箍娉涙牻鍩广€傞棿鏈夊崐閲庣敓鍝侊紝鐢熶簬灞遍噹璺梺銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬪鎸栨牴锛屽銆佺閲囧彾鍜岃姳锛岀瀛f敹绉嶅瓙銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝娑︾嚗婊戣偁銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  绉嶅瓙锛氬ぇ渚跨缁擄紝灏忎究涓嶅埄锛屾按鑲匡紝灏胯矾缁撶煶锛屼钩姹佷笉閫氥€傛牴銆佸彾锛氬鐢ㄦ不鐤旂柈锛岃叜鑵虹値锛岄鎶橈紝鍒€浼ゃ€傝姳锛氭蹈鑿滄补澶栫敤娌荤儳鐑激銆傜敤閲忥細绉嶅瓙鐢?0-15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝鎴栫爺绮夋瘡鏈?.5-3鍏嬨€傛牴銆佸彾锛氬鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鐑х儷浼わ細榛勮渶钁佃姳閫傞噺锛屽湪妞嶇墿娌逛腑娴告场2鍛紝娴告场鏃堕棿瓒婁箙瓒婂ソ锛屽鎼芥偅澶勶紝涓€鏃ュ娆°€?/span>

2.鐤旂柈銆佹棤鍚嶈偪姣掞細榛勮渶钁垫牴閫傞噺锛屾崳缁掓暦鎮e锛屽張鐢ㄦ牴10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.楠ㄦ姌锛氶粍铚€钁佃姳閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傚鏁蜂激澶勩€?/span>

4.楂樼儳涓嶉€€锛氶粍铚€钁垫牴3鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

5.闀垮勾澶存檿锛氶粍铚€钁佃姳3鏈碉紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.澶т究绉樼粨锛氶粍铚€钁佃姳鏁版湹锛岀叜绋€楗悆銆?/span>

 

椹叞

鍒悕  楸奸硡涓层€佹偿槌呬覆銆侀浮鍎胯偁銆佺敯杈硅強銆佽矾杈硅強銆佽搼琛h幉銆佽劸鑽?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戦┈鍏板睘妞嶇墿椹叞Kalimeris indica (L.) Sch.-Bip.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-80鍘樼背銆傚湴涓嬫湁缁嗛暱鏍圭姸鑼庯紝鍖嶅寪骞冲崸锛岀櫧鑹叉湁鑺傘€傚垵鏄ヤ粎鏈夊熀鐢熷彾锛岃寧涓嶆槑鏄撅紝鍒濆鍦颁笂鑼庡楂橈紝鍩洪儴缁垮甫绱孩鑹诧紝鍏夋粦鏃犳瘺銆傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝杩戜簬鏃犳焺锛屽彾鐗囧€掑嵉褰㈡垨妞渾鑷虫姭閽堝舰锛岄暱7-10鍘樼背锛屽1.5-2.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔皷銆佹笎灏栨垨閽濓紝鍩洪儴娓愮獎涓嬪欢锛岃竟缂樼窘鐘舵祬瑁傛垨鏈夋瀬鐤忕矖榻匡紝骞舵湁绯欐瘺锛岃繎椤剁鍙舵笎灏忎笖鍏ㄧ紭銆傜鏈紑鑺憋紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭锛岀潃鐢熶簬鍒嗘灊椤剁锛岀洿寰勭害2.5鍘樼背锛屾€昏嫗鍗婄悆褰紝闀?-5姣背锛屽绾?鍘樼背锛岃嫗鐗?-3鍒楋紝杩戠瓑澶э紝鐣ュ甫绱壊锛岃竟鑺辫垖鐘讹紝涓€灞傦紝鑸岀墖闀?-10姣背锛屽1.5-2姣背锛屾贰钃濈传鑹诧紝涓儴鑺辩鐘讹紝闀跨害3.5姣背锛岄粍鑹诧紝琚瘑姣涖€傜槮鏋滄墎骞冲€掑嵉鐘讹紝鍐犳瘺杈冨皯锛岄暱0.1-0.3姣背锛屽急鑰屾槗鑴辫惤銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  閲庣敓浜庝綆灞卞尯锛屾按娌熻竟銆佹渤杈规箍鍦般€佺敯鍧庡銆傚垎甯冨崡鏂瑰悇鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺閲囨敹銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佽嫤銆佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鏁g榾姝㈣銆佹秷绉紝姝㈣锛岄┍铏€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋鍙戠儹锛屽挸鍡姐€佹€ユ€у捊鐐庯紝鎵佹浣撶値锛屾祦琛屾€ц叜鑵虹値锛屼紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯紝鑳冦€佸崄浜屾寚鑲犳簝鐤★紝灏忓効鐤崇Н锛岃偁鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛屽悙琛€锛岃琛€锛屽穿婕忥紝鏈堢粡涓嶈皟锛涘鐢ㄦ不鐤枛鑲挎瘨锛屼钩鑵虹値锛屽浼ゅ嚭琛€銆傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬶紱澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.棰勯槻娴佽鎬ф劅鍐掞細椹叞10鍏嬶紝绱噾鐗?2鍏嬶紝澶ч潚鏈ㄦ牴銆佹爛瀛愭牴銆侀噾閾惰棨鍚?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1-2娆★紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傦紝灏忓効鍑忛噺銆傛祦琛屾湡闂磋繛鏈?-5鏃ャ€?/span>

2.娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛氶┈鍏版牴60鍏嬶紝锛堥矞鍝?0鍏嬶級姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇锛屾瘡鏃ヤ竴鍓傘€?/span>

3.鎬ユ€т紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯細椹叞銆佽繛閽辫崏銆佺櫧鑼呮牴銆佽尩闄堝悇1鏂わ紝鐮旀湯鐐艰湝涓轰父锛屾瘡涓?鍏嬶紝姣忔湇5涓革紝姣忔棩3娆°€?/span>

4.澶栦激鍑鸿锛氶矞椹叞閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

5.鑳冦€佸崄浜屾寚鑲犳簝鐤★細椹叞骞插叏鑽?0鍏嬶紝鍔犳按300姣崌锛岀厧鑷?00姣崌锛屾棩鏈?娆★紝20澶╀负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/span>

6.鎭舵€х枱锛氶┈鍏版牴1鏉★紝閲庣儫鑻?鏀紝妗冩爲鍙跺皷銆佹煶鏍戝彾灏栥€佽姳妞掑彾瀚╁皷鍚?涓紝鍏辨崳缁掞紝鍏戞窐绫虫按鏈嶅崐灏忕銆?/span>

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8.鎵撹洈铏細椹叞25鍏嬶紝琛€浣欑偔10鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺鏈紝鍐嶇敤楹﹂潰60鍏嬶紝绾㈢硸30鍏嬶紝鎹f垚娉ラゼ锛屾妸鑽湯鍜屽湪楗煎唴锛岀敤鑿滄补鐓庨叆榛勶紝鎸夊勾榫勬湇銆?宀?鍏嬶紝2宀?鍏嬶紝3宀?鍏嬶紝3宀佷互涓?5鍏嬨€?/span>

 

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铔囪帗

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囨敹銆?/span>

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鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鐧藉枆锛氶矞铔囪帗鍏ㄨ崏鎹f垚娉ョ姸锛屽姞2鍊嶉噸閲忓喎寮€姘存蹈娉?-6灏忔椂锛岃繃婊ゆ垚娴稿墏锛屽彲鍔犵櫧绯栬皟鍛筹紝姣忔棩鏈?娆★紝3宀佷互涓嬮娆℃湇50姣崌锛屼互鍚?0-30姣崌锛?-5宀侀娆?0姣崌锛屼互鍚?0-50姣崌锛?-10宀侀娆?00姣崌锛屼互鍚?0姣崌锛?0宀佷互涓婇娆?50姣崌锛屼互鍚?00姣崌銆?/span>

2.鎬ユ€х粏鑿屾€х棦鐤撅細椴滆泧鍚叏鑽?0-120鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鏉€鐏瓚瀛擄細鐢?%铔囪帗鍏ㄨ崏娴告恫鏉€鐏瓚瀛擄紝48灏忔椂鍗冲彲鐢熸晥銆?/span>

4.榛勮棨鍙婇碁鐮掍腑姣掞細铔囪帗锛堝幓鏋滃疄锛?0鍏嬶紝鐢熺豢璞?0鍏嬶紝鍚屾崳鐑傦紝鍐峰紑姘存场锛岀粸姹佹湇銆?/span>

5.鑴撴场鐤€佹簝鐑傛祦榛勬按锛氳泧鑾?0鍏嬶紝鐚槮鑲?00鍏嬶紝鐓啛锛屽悆鑲夐浮姹ゃ€傚彟鐢ㄨ泧鑾撹崏鐒欏共鐮旀湯锛岄夯娌硅皟鎴?0%杞啅锛屾秱鎮e銆?/span>

6.铔囧挰浼わ細铔囪帗60鍏嬶紝闈掓湪棣?0鍏嬶紝鎹g儌鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

 

娴烽噾鐮?/span>

鍒悕  閲戞矙钘ゃ€佸乏杞棨銆佽洡锜嗚棨銆佺綏缃戣棨銆侀搧绾胯棨銆佸悙涓濊棨銆侀紟鎿﹁棨銆佺寷鍙よ棨

鏉ユ簮  涓烘捣閲戞矙绉戞捣閲戞矙灞炴鐗╂捣閲戞矙Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet,浠ュ瀛愬強鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏璐ㄨ棨鏈紝闀?-5绫炽€傛牴鐘惰寧妯蛋锛岀敓榛戣鑹叉湁鑺傜殑姣涳紝鏍归』鐘讹紝榛戣鑹诧紝鍧氶煣锛岃姣涖€傚彾澶氭暟锛屽鐢熶簬鑼庝笂鐨勭煭鏋濅袱渚э紝浜屽瀷锛岀焊璐紝杩炲悓鍙惰酱鍜岀窘杞存湁鐤忕煭姣涳紝钀ュ吇鍙跺皷涓夎褰紝闀垮鍚?0-12鍘樼背锛屼簩鍥炵窘鐘讹紝灏忕窘鐗囨帉鐘舵垨3瑁傦紝杈圭紭鏈変笉鏁撮綈鐨勭粏閽濋敮榻匡紝瀛㈠瓙鍙跺嵉鐘朵笁瑙掑舰锛屽鏁版敹缂╄€屾垚娣辨挄瑁傜姸銆傚鏈紝灏忕窘鐗囦笅闈㈣竟缂樼敓娴佽嫃鐘跺瀛愬泭绌楋紝绌楅暱2-5姣背锛岄粦瑜愯壊锛屽瀛愯〃闈㈡湁灏忕枺銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  澶氱敓浜庡北鍧℃灄杈广€佺亴涓涖€佽崏鍦板強婧胺涓涙灄涓€傚垎甯冧簬鍗庝笢銆佷腑鍗椼€佽タ鍗楀湴鍖哄強闄曡タ銆佹渤鍗楃瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绔嬬鍓嶅悗鎵撲笅瀛㈠瓙锛堟捣閲戞矙锛夛紝鍓插彇钘ゅ彾锛堥噾娌欒棨锛夈€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氬閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屻€佺姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍒╁翱銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  娉屽翱绯荤粨鐭炽€佹劅鏌擄紝鑲剧値锛屾劅鍐掞紝姘旂鐐庯紝鑵吅鐐庯紝娴佽鎬т箼鍨嬭剳鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛岃倽鐐庯紝涔宠吅鐐庛€傜敤閲忥細娴烽噾娌?-10鍏嬶紝閲戞矙钘?5-30鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.娉屽翱绯荤粨鐭筹細娴烽噾娌欙紙鍖咃級15鍏嬶紝鍐懙瀛愩€佺帇涓嶇暀琛屻€佺墰鑶濄€佹辰娉汇€侀檲鐨€佺煶闊﹀悇10鍏嬶紝鏋冲36鍏嬶紝杞﹀墠瀛愶紙鍖咃級12鍏嬶紝姣忔棩1鍓傦紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇銆?/span>

2.娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛氶噾娌欒棨30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1娆°€傚彟鐢ㄦ湪槌栧瓙鐮旂矇锛屾祿鑼舵眮璋冩垚绯婏紝娑傛偅澶勶紝淇濇寔婀挎鼎銆?/span>

3.娴佽鎬т箼鍨嬭剳鐐庯細閲戞矙钘ゃ€佸繊鍐棨銆佽強鑺便€佺敓鐭宠啅鍚?0鍏嬶紝鐡滃瓙閲戙€侀挬钘ゆ牴锛堟垨閽╋級鍚?5鍏嬨€傚厛鐓庣煶鑶忥紝鍚庡叆鑿婅姳銆侀挬钘ょ瓑鑽紝娴撶缉鑷?0姣崌锛岃交銆佷腑鍨嬬梾渚嬫棩鏈?鍓傦紝閲嶅害鐥呬汉鏃ユ湇2鍓傦紝閫€鐑悗鐢ㄩ噺鍑忓崐锛岀淮鎸?-5澶┿€傛湁鎸佺画楂樼儹鑰呭姞涓冨彾涓€鏋濊姳10-15鍏嬶紝鍤兼湇銆傚苟閰屾儏閰嶅悎瑗垮尰娌荤枟銆?/span>

4.涓婂懠鍚搁亾鎰熸煋銆佹墎妗冧綋鐐庛€佽偤鐐庛€佹敮姘旂鐐庯細閲戞矙钘?0鍏嬶紝澶ч潚鏈ㄥ彾锛堥┈闉崏绉戯級15鍏嬶紝鍔犳按500姣崌锛岀厧鑷?0姣崌锛屾瘡娆℃湇20姣崌锛屾棩3娆°€傚皬鍎块厡鍑忋€?/span>

5.灏忎究娣嬬棝锛氣憼娴烽噾娌欏叏鑽?0鍏嬶紝澶╄儭鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘存潹姊?5鍏嬶紝杞﹀墠鑽?5鍏嬶紝榛戣眴15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傗憽鐭虫穻锛堝翱璺粨鐭筹級锛氭捣閲戞矙鍏ㄨ崏30鍏嬶紝杩為挶鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傗憿鑶忔穻锛氭捣閲戞矙30鍏嬶紝婊戠煶30鍏嬶紝鐢樿崏姊?0鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺鏈紝鏃ユ湇2娆★紝姣忔6鍏嬶紝鐢ㄩ害鍐?5鍏嬬厧姘撮€佹湇銆?/span>

6.灏忓効娑堝寲涓嶈壇锛氭捣閲戞矙銆佸彾涓嬬彔鍚?鍏嬶紝楦″唴閲?鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗘湯锛屽垎2浠斤紝姣忕敤1浠介厤鐚倽50-100鍏嬶紝钂告湇銆?/span>

 

 

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鍒悕  姣嶇尓钘ゃ€佺孩姣嶇尓钘ゃ€佷簲鐖緳銆佷簲鍙惰棨銆佷簲榫欒崏銆佸湴浜斿姞

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿憽钀勭涔岃敼鑾撳睘妞嶇墿涔岃敼鑾揅ayratia japonica(Thunb.)Gagnep.,浠ュ叏鑽夊拰鏍硅寧鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏璐ㄨ棨鏈紝鑰佽寧绱豢鑹诧紝鏈夌旱妫憋紝鏈夋椂鏈夋煍姣涳紝骞兼灊缁胯壊锛屾湁鏌旀瘺锛屽悗鍙樻棤姣涖€傚嵎椤讳笌鍙跺鐢燂紝涓婇儴鍒嗕袱鏀€傞笩瓒崇姸澶嶅彾浜掔敓锛屾焺闀?-8鍘樼背锛屾墭鍙?鏋氾紝灏忓舰锛岄粍瑜愯壊锛屽皬鍙?锛岃啘璐紝妞渾褰€佹姭閽堝舰鎴栧€掑嵉鐘剁煩鍦嗗舰锛岄暱2.5-7鍘樼背锛屽厛绔煭娓愬皷鎴栨€ュ皷锛屽熀閮ㄩ様妤斿舰鎴栧渾褰紝杈圭紭鏈夐攼閿娇锛屼袱闈腑鑴夊叿姣涳紝涓棿灏忓彾杈冨ぇ锛屼晶鐢熷皬鍙惰緝灏忋€傚瀛e紑榛勭豢鑹插皬鑺憋紝鑱氫紴鑺卞簭鑵嬬敓鎴栧亣鑵嬬敓锛岀洿寰?-15鍘樼背锛屽叿闀挎焺锛岃姳鐡c€侀泟钑婂潎涓?锛屽鐢熴€傛祮鏋滃嵉褰紝闀跨害7姣背锛屾垚鐔熸椂榛戣壊銆傜瀛?-4绮掋€?/span>

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閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺鍙噰銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻瀹為獙锛氭湰鍝佸婧惰褰㈣憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佹憾琛€褰㈤摼鐞冭弻銆佺棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.姘寸厧鍓傚閽╃铻烘棆浣撴湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  閰搞€佽嫤銆佸瘨銆傝В姣掓秷鑲匡紝娲昏鏁g榾锛屽埄灏匡紝姝㈣銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鍜藉枆鑲跨棝锛岀洰缈筹紝鍜锛岃灏匡紝鐥㈢柧锛涘鐢ㄦ不鐥堣偪锛屼腹姣掞紝鑵吅鐐庯紝璺屾墦鎹熶激锛岃泧鍜激銆傜敤閲忥細15-30鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岄矞鑽夋崳鐑傚彇姹佹垨鐮旂矇鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鐥堣偪銆佷腹姣掞細涔岃敼鑾撳彾鎴栨牴鐮旀垚鏋佺粏鏈紝鍔犲嚒澹灄璋冩垚20%鐨勮蒋鑶忥紝澶栨暦鎮e銆?/span>

2.姣掕泧鍜激锛氫箤钄硅帗銆侀噹鍒鸿媼銆佽媿鑰宠崏銆侀搧鑻嬨€佺墰鑶濄€佸ぉ鍚嶇簿銆佸崐鏋濊幉銆佸潎鐢ㄩ矞鑽夐€傞噺锛屾Θ姹佺害100姣崌锛屽姞闆勯粍0.3-0.6鍏嬶紝鍐嶅姞绾㈢硸璋冩湇銆傝嵂娓e鏁枫€傞噸鐥囪€呭彲鏈?娆°€?/span>

3.椋庢箍鍏宠妭鐥涳細涔岃敼鑾?0鍏嬶紝娉¢厭鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鐚﹩鐤細涔岃敼鑾?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝鎴栫倴鑲夊悆銆?/span>

5.璺屾墦鎹熶激锛氫箤钄硅帗椴滃叏鑽夈€佹棻鑾茶崏椴滃叏鑽夌瓑閲忥紝鎹g儌澶栨暦浼ゅ銆傚彟鍙栦箤钄硅帗鏍?0-15鍏嬶紝鍔犻粍閰?0姣崌锛岀倴鏈嶃€?/span>

6.鐤栬偪鍒濊捣锛氶矞涔岃敼鑾撹寧鍙舵崳鐑傦紝鏁锋偅澶勶紝鍙︾敤椴滃叏鑽?0鍏嬶紝鎹g儌锛屽姞姘撮€傞噺锛屽彇姹佹湇銆?/span>

7.鐑激婧冪儌锛氫箤钄硅帗鏍规檼骞茬爺绮夛紝璋冩鐗╂补鏁蜂激澶勩€?/span>

8.灏忓効鐤崇Н锛氫箤钄硅帗椴滄牴30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

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4.鍚勭姣掕泧鍜激锛氫竷鍙朵竴鏋濊姳銆佸叓瑙掕幉銆侀噾鏋滄銆佸崐杈硅幉鍚?鍏嬶紝寰愰暱鍗裤€佺传鑺卞湴涓佸悇10鍏嬶紝鐜嬬摐鏍?2鍏嬨€傞矞鍝佹崳鐑傚鏁枫€傝嫢骞插搧锛岀爺纾ㄨ皟閰掑鏁枫€傛瘡鏃?-2娆°€?/span>

5.姣掕泧鍜激鑷磋娑蹭腑姣掞細涓冨彾涓€鏋濊姳銆佺帇鐡滄牴銆佸緪闀垮嵖銆佽挷鍏嫳鍚?5鍏嬶紝鏋冲3銆佹爛瀛愶紙鐐掞級銆佸崐杈硅幉銆佸叓瑙掕幉鍚?0鍏嬶紝澶ч粍銆佽繛缈樺悇12鍏嬶紝閲庤強鑺便€佺传鑺卞湴涓佸悇20鍏嬨€傛按鐓庢湇銆?/span>

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7.娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛氫竷鍙朵竴鏋濊姳鏍圭(閱嬪鎼斤紝姣忔棩4-5娆★紝鍙︾敤鏍?0鍏嬬厧姘存湇锛屾瘡鏃?娆°€?/span>

娉?/font>锛?/span>鍚屽睘妞嶇墿涓湁绮楀帤鏍圭姸鑼庤€呯敋澶氾紝鍔熸晥鐩镐技銆?/span>

 


鐗涜挕

鍒悕  鎭跺疄銆佸ぇ鍔涘瓙

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戠墰钂″睘妞嶇墿鐗涜挕Arctium lappa L.,浠ユ灉瀹烇紙鐗涜挕瀛愶級鍙婃牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?-2绫炽€備富鏍硅倝璐紝闀?0-60鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽鍒嗘灊锛岀传鑹诧紝鏈夊井姣涖€傚熀鐢熷彾涓涚敓锛岃寧鐢熷彾浜掔敓锛屾湁闀挎焺锛屽悜涓婃焺娓愮煭锛屽彾鐗囧績鐘跺嵉褰㈣嚦瀹藉嵉褰紝闀?0-50鍘樼背锛屽30-40鍘樼背锛屽厛绔渾閽濓紝鍩洪儴閫氬父涓哄績褰紝杈圭紭甯︽尝鐘舵垨鍏风粏閿娇锛屼笅闈㈠瘑琚櫧鑹茬坏姣涖€傚瀛e紑绱孩鑹茶姳锛屽ご鐘惰姳搴忕皣鐢熻寧椤讹紝鐣ユ垚浼炴埧鐘讹紝鐩村緞3-4鍘樼背锛屾湁姊椼€傛€昏嫗鐞冨舰锛屽瘑琚挬鍒虹姸鑻炵墖锛屽叏涓虹鐘惰姳锛屽厛绔?瑁傦紝瑁傜墖绐勯暱涓夎褰紝鑱氳嵂闆勮晩5锛岃姳鑽传鑹诧紝瀛愭埧涓嬩綅锛岃姳鏌遍暱锛屾煴澶寸嚎鐘朵簩宀愩€傜槮鏋滐紝闀挎き鍦嗗舰鎴栧€掑嵉褰紝鐣ユ垚涓夋1鐘讹紝鍏蜂笉鏄庢樉妫辩嚎锛岄暱5-6姣背锛屽绾?.5姣背锛岃〃闈㈢伆瑜愯壊锛屼笂鍏锋枒鐐癸紝鍐犳瘺鐭埡鐘讹紝娣¢粍妫曡壊銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬璺梺銆佹矡杈广€佸北鍧¤崏鍦颁腑銆傛湁鏍藉煿锛屽叏鍥藉悇鍦板箍鏈夊垎甯冦€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鏋滃疄绉嬪悗閲囬泦锛屾牴鍥涘鍙噰銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻瀹為獙锛氱墰钂″瓙姘寸厧娑插婧惰鎬ч噾榛勮壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.瀵瑰姩鐗╃◢鏈夊埄灏夸綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鏋滃疄锛氳緵銆佽嫤銆佸瘨銆傜枏椋庢暎鐑紝瀹h偤閫忕柟锛屾暎缁撹В姣掋€傛牴锛氳嫤銆佽緵銆佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鐤忛鍒╁捊銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏋滃疄锛氶鐑劅鍐掞紝澶寸棝锛屽捊鍠夎偪鐥涳紝娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛岀柟鍑轰笉閫忥紝鐥堢枛鐤枴銆傛牴锛氶鐑劅鍐掞紝鍜冲椊锛屽捊鍠夎偪鐥涳紝鐤枛鑲挎瘨锛岃剼鐧o紝婀跨柟銆傛灉瀹炵敤閲忎负5-10鍏嬶紝鏍圭敤閲忎负10-15鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鍜藉枆鑲跨棝锛氱墰钂″瓙10鍏嬶紝鏉胯摑鏍?5鍏嬶紝妗旀6鍏嬶紝钖勮嵎銆佺敇鑽夊悇3鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.楹荤柟涓嶉€忥細鈶犵墰钂″瓙銆佽憶鏍瑰悇6鍏嬶紝铦夐€€銆佽杽鑽枫€佽崋鑺ュ悇3鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傗憽鐗涜挕瀛?鍏嬶紝钖勮嵎銆佽潐閫€鍚?鍏嬶紝杩炵繕10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傛鏂瑰苟娌诲枆鐥涳紝闊冲搼銆?/span>

3.涔宠吅鐐庯細鏈変汉鐢ㄧ墰钂″瓙鍙惰瘯娌绘棭鏈熸湭鍖栬創鎬ユ€т钩鑵虹値鏈夎壇濂芥晥鏋溿€傛瘡鏃ョ敤椴滃彾30鍏嬶紙骞插彾10鍏嬶級姘寸厧鏈嶆垨姘寸厧褰撹尪楗€?/span>

4.鎰熷啋椋庣儹锛屽捊鍠夎偪鐥涳細鐗涜挕瀛愩€侀噾閾惰姳銆佽繛缈樺悇10鍏嬶紝钖勮嵎銆佺敓鐢樿崏鍚?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

5.棰滈潰涓规瘨锛屾祦琛屾€ц叜鑵虹値锛氱墰钂″瓙銆佽繛缈樺悇10鍏嬶紝鑽嗚姤銆侀槻椋庛€佽潐閫€鍚?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.鐑瘨鐗欑棝锛氱墰钂℃牴1鏂ゆ崳鐑傦紝鍏ョ洂3鍏嬶紝閾跺櫒涓啲鎴愯啅锛屾瘡鐢ㄦ秱榻块緢涓嬶紝閲嶈€呬笉杩囦笁搴︺€?/span>

7.绉勾鎭剁柈锛岀炕鑺辩柈銆佹紡鐤笉鎰堣€咃細鐗涜挕鏍规崳鐑傦紝鍜岃厞鏈堢尓鑴傦紝鏃ユ棩灏佷箣銆?/span>

 

鏉胯摑鏍?/font>

鍒悕  澶ц摑鏍广€佸ぇ闈掓牴

鏉ユ簮  涓哄崄瀛楄姳绉戝ぇ闈掑睘妞嶇墿鑿樿摑Isatis tinctoria L.鑽夊ぇ闈扞.indigotica Fort.鐖靛簥绉戦┈钃濆睘妞嶇墿椹摑Baphicacanthus cusia(Nees) Bremek.,浠ユ牴閮ㄥ叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.鑿樿摑锛氫簩骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮40-90鍘樼背銆備富鏍规繁闀匡紝鍦嗘煴褰紝绋嶅集鏇诧紝闀?-16鍘樼背锛屽緞3-8姣背锛屽鐨伆榛勮壊銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屼笂閮ㄥ鍒嗘灊锛屽厜婊戞棤姣涳紝澶氬皯甯︾櫧绮夌姸銆傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍩虹敓鍙惰緝澶э紝鍏锋焺锛屽彾鐗囬暱鍦嗙姸妞渾褰紝鑼庣敓鍙堕暱鍦嗗舰鑷抽暱鍦嗙姸鍊掓姭閽堝舰锛屽湪涓嬮儴鐨勫彾杈冨ぇ锛屾笎涓婃笎灏忥紝闀?.5-11鍘樼背锛屽0.5-3鍘樼背锛屽厛绔挐灏栵紝鍩洪儴绠舰锛屽崐鎶辫寧锛屽叏缂樻垨鏈変笉鏄庢樉鐨勭粏閿娇銆傚瀛e紑榛勮壊灏忚姳锛屾帓鎴愬鎬荤姸鑺卞簭銆傛棤鑻烇紝钀肩墖4锛岃姳鐡?锛屽€掑嵉褰紝闆勮晩6锛?寮猴紝闆岃晩1銆傝鏋滈暱鍦嗗舰锛屾墎骞崇繀鐘讹紝鍏蜂腑鑲嬶紝闀跨害15姣背锛屽绾?姣背锛屽厛绔褰㈡垨寰湁鍑圭己锛屽熀閮ㄦ笎绐勩€傚浘绀轰负鑿樿摑銆?/span>

2.鑽夊ぇ闈掞細鏈搧鍙跺熀閮ㄥ瀭鑰冲渾褰紝鏋滃疄椤剁閽濆渾锛屼笉鍑圭己銆?/span>

3.椹摑锛堝崡鏉胯摑鏍癸級锛氳澶ч潚鍙堕」涓嬨€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  涓烘牻鍩圭銆傝彉钃濅富浜т簬娌冲寳銆佹睙鑻忋€佸畨寰姐€侀檿瑗裤€傝崏澶ч潚鍦ㄧ敇鑲冩湁浜с€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬪鎸栨牴锛屾礂鍑€鏅掑共銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氳彉钃濆鎰熷啋鐥呮瘨鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢紝瀵瑰绉嶇梾姣掓劅鏌撶枟鏁堣壇濂姐€傚鏋崏鏉嗚弻銆佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屻€佸壇浼ゅ瘨鏉嗚弻銆佸織璐烘皬鐥㈢柧鏉嗚弻銆佽垂姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佽偁鐐庢潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?锛?00浠ヤ笂鐨勭█閲婂害鏈夋潃鐏挬绔灪鏃嬩綋涔嬫晥銆?.闈涚敊锛堟澘钃濇牴鏈夋晥鎴愬垎锛夊湪鍒嗙澶х櫧榧犵殑鑳冦€佸皬鑲犮€佺洸鑲犱腑鍩瑰吇锛屼繚鎸?7鈩冿紝1-2灏忔椂鍚庡洖鏀讹紝缁撴灉鑳冧腑鐮村潖20%锛屽皬鑲犱腑鐮村潖40%锛岀洸鑲犱腑鐮村潖85% 銆傞潧鐢欏湪浣撳唴鎺掑嚭寰堝揩銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍑夎銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  娴佽鎬ф劅鍐掞紝娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛屾祦琛屾€т箼鍨嬭剳鐐庯紝鎬ユ€т紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯紝鍜藉枆鑲跨棝銆傜敤閲?0-30鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.闃叉不娴佽鎬ц叜鑵虹値锛氭澘钃濇牴60-120鍏嬶紙灏忓効鍑忓崐锛夛紝

3.娴佽鎬т箼鍨嬭剳鐐庯細鏉胯摑鏍?0鍏嬶紙13宀佷互涓?0-120鍏嬶級锛屽姞姘?00姣崌锛岀厧鑷?00姣崌锛屼竴娆℃湇瀹屾垨鍒?娆℃湇銆傝繛鏈?-3鍛ㄣ€傛槒杩锋湡榧婚ゲ缁欒嵂锛岄珮鐑娊鎼愯€呰蹇€熼拡鍒猴紝鍙殏鏃舵鐥夐檷娓╋紝鎸変腑瑗垮尰缁撳悎甯歌娌荤枟锛屽鑴辨按鍓傘€佹姉鑿岀礌鍙婃敮鎸佺枟娉曘€?/span>

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2.鎬ユ€ф墎妗冧綋鐐庯細鏉胯摑鏍?5鍏嬶紝閾惰姳銆佽繛缈樸€佸北璞嗘牴銆佺巹鍙傚悇10鍏嬶紝钖勮嵎4.5鍏嬶紝鐢熺敇鑽?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

%鍗楁澘钃濇牴鐪艰嵂姘存淮鐪硷紝姣忔棩婊?娆°€?/span>

浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庣敤鑽?br>

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--瀵掕帗

 

鍒悕  瀵掑埡娉°€佸北鐏帗銆佹按婕傛矙銆佸ぇ鍙舵紓銆佷箶鏋溿€佽笍鍦版潹姊呫€佺尗鍎挎壄銆佽檸鑴氭壄銆佽繃姹熼緳

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿敺钖囩鎮挬瀛愬睘妞嶇墿瀵掕帗Rubus buergeri Miq.,浠ユ牴銆佸彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  钄撴€у父缁垮皬鐏屾湪锛岄暱1-2绫?/span>銆傝寧甯镐紡鍦扮敓鏍癸紝闀挎垚鏂版牚锛屾灊瀵嗙敓瑜愯壊鎴栫伆鐧借壊鏌旀瘺锛屾湁灏戞暟鐨勯挬鍒恒€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀?/span>3-9鍘樼背锛屾墭鍙舵潯瑁傦紝鍙剁墖杩戝渾褰紝甯?/span>3-5娴呰锛岄暱5-10鍘樼背锛屽厛绔€ュ皷鎴栭挐鍦嗭紝鍩洪儴蹇冨舰锛岃竟缂樻湁涓嶆暣榻愰敮榻匡紝涓婇潰杩戞棤姣涳紝涓嬮潰鍜屽彾鏌勬湁缁掓瘺锛屾部鑴夎緝瀵嗐€傚鏃ュ紑鐧借壊鑺憋紝鎬荤姸鑺卞簭鏈夎姳4-10鏈靛瘑闆嗭紝鑵嬬敓锛屾€昏姳姊楀拰鑺辨鐭紝瀵嗙敓鐏扮櫧鑹茬煭缁掓瘺鍜屾暎鐢熷垰姣涳紝钀肩墖鎶拡褰紝澶栭潰鏈夋贰榛勮壊闀挎瘺锛岃姳鐡e鍦嗗舰锛岄泟钑婂鏁帮紝蹇冪毊澶氭暟锛岀潃鐢熺獊鍑虹殑鑺辨墭涓娿€傝仛鍚堟灉杩戠悆褰紝绾㈣壊锛屼笂鏈夊鏁版祮鏋滅姸灏忔牳鏋溿€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯鐏屾湪涓涗腑銆傚垎甯冧簬瀹夊窘銆佹睙瑗裤€佹禉姹熴€佹睙鑻忋€佺寤恒€佸彴婀俱€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸洓宸濈瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆傛礂鍑€锛屽垏鐗囷紝椴滅敤鎴栨檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€侀吀銆佸噳銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝娲昏姝㈣銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏍癸細榛勭柛鍨嬭倽鐐庯紝鑳冪棝锛屾湀缁忎笉璋冿紝浜у悗鍙戠儹锛屽皬鍎块珮鐑э紝鐥旂柈銆傚彾锛氳偤缁撴牳鍜锛屽鐢ㄦ不鍒涗激鍑鸿锛岄粍姘寸柈銆傜敤閲忓潎涓?/span>15-30鍏嬨€傚彾澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岄矞鑽夋崳鐑傛暦鎮e鎴栧共绮夋拻鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.榛勭柛锛氬瘨鑾撴牴銆佽檸鍒恒€侀様鍙跺崄澶у姛鍔炽€佺櫧椹鍚?0-15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.濡囧コ鑵扮棝銆佺櫧甯﹁繃澶氥€佹湀缁忎笉璋冿細瀵掕帗椴滄牴125鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽彇姹佺倴鐧介浮1鍙湇銆?/span>

3.浜у悗鍙楅銆佸洓鑲㈤吀楹汇€佹湀缁忎笉璋冿細瀵掕帗椴滃叏鑽?0-60鍏嬶紝椴滅壇宀嬀鍎胯尪30-60鍏嬶紝椴滅櫧椹銆侀矞涓瑰弬鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽啿榛勯厭銆佺孩绯栵紝鏃╂櫄楗墠鍚勬湇涓€娆°€?/span>

4.涓婂憰涓嬫郴锛氬瘨鑾撻矞鏍?0鍏嬶紝閰告祮15鍏嬶紝绉洩鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛岀櫧绯栦负寮曟湇銆?/span>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鏈ㄨ眴

 

鍒悕  璞嗚搲銆佸北璞嗘牴銆佹壄璞嗐€佷笁鍙惰眴銆侀噹榛勮眴

鏉ユ簮  璞嗙鏈ㄨ眴灞炴鐗╂湪璞?span lang="EN-US">Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鐏屾湪锛岄珮1-3绫筹紝鍏ㄤ綋鐏扮豢鑹层€備笁鍑哄鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀跨害2鍘樼背锛屽悜涓婃笎鐭紝灏忓彾鐗囨姭閽堝舰锛岄暱5-10鍘樼背锛屽1-3.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝涓ら潰琚笣鐘剁櫧姣涳紝涓嬮潰姣涘瘑骞舵湁榛勮壊鑵虹偣銆傚垵澶忓紑榛勮壊铦跺舰鑺憋紝鎬荤姸鑺卞簭鑵嬬敓锛屽叿姊楋紝鏈夎姳鏁版湹锛岄暱3-7鍘樼背锛岃惣閽熷舰锛?span lang="EN-US">5榻匡紝鎶拡褰紝鍐呭鐢熺煭鏌旀瘺骞舵湁鑵虹偣锛屾棗鐡h儗闈㈡湁绱鑹茬旱绾跨汗锛屽熀閮ㄦ湁涓濈姸鐭埅锛岀埅椤舵湁涓€瀵瑰集閽╃姸闄勫睘浣擄紝闆勮晩10锛屼簩浣擄紝蹇冪毊1锛岃姳鏌辩粏闀匡紝鏌卞ご澶寸姸銆傝崥鏋滄墎鏉″舰锛岄暱4-7鍘樼背锛屾湁绾跨姸闀垮枡锛岃榛勮壊鏌旀瘺锛屾灉鐨湪绉嶅瓙闂存湁鍑归櫡鐨勬枩妲界◢鍛堟壄鏇茬姸銆傜瀛?span lang="EN-US">3-5绮掞紝杩戝渾褰紝绉嶇毊鏆楃孩鑹诧紝鏈夋椂鏈夎鑹叉枒鐐广€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鏍藉煿浜庡潯鍦般€佸眿鏃併€傛睙鑻忋€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦版湁鏍藉煿銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬨€佸啲瀛i噰鏀讹紝鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佹订銆佸钩銆傚埄婀挎秷鑲匡紝鏁g榾姝㈢棝銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  榛勭柛鍨嬭倽鐐庯紝椋庢箍鍏宠妭鐥涳紝璺屾墦鎹熶激锛岀榾琛€鑲跨棝锛屼究琛€锛岃琛€銆傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">10-15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--澶у彾铔囨场绨?/font>

 

鍒悕  鐙楀ご娉°€佽€佽檸娉°€佸叓鏈堟场

鏉ユ簮  涓?/span>钄疯枃绉戞偓閽╁瓙灞炴鐗?/span>绮楀彾鎮挬瀛?/span>Rubus alceaefolius Poir.,浠?/span>鏍瑰拰鍙?/span>鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  钘ょ姸鐏屾湪銆傛灊銆佸彾鏌勫拰鑺卞簭鏌勫潎鏈夊皬閽╁埡骞跺瘑鐢熼粍鑹茬粧姣涖€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀?-4.5鍘樼背锛涙墭鍙跺ぇ锛屾棭钀斤紱鍙剁墖蹇冪姸鍗靛舰鎴栧績鍦嗗舰锛屽ぇ灏忔瀬涓嶇瓑锛岀洿寰?-12鍘樼背锛屼笉鏁撮綈3-7娴呰锛岃鐗囬€氬父鍦嗛挐鎴栨€ュ皷锛岃竟缂樻湁缁嗘祬鍦嗛娇锛屼笂闈㈡湁绮楁瘺鍜屽泭娉$姸灏忕獊璧锋垨骞冲潶锛屼笅闈㈠瘑鐢熺伆鑹叉垨娴呴粍鑹茬坏姣涘拰闀挎煍姣涳紝鍙惰剦鎺岀姸3-5鍑猴紝閿堣壊銆傜瀛e紑鐧借壊鑺憋紝寰勮揪15姣背锛屽渾閿ヨ姳搴忔垨鎬荤姸鑺卞簭椤剁敓鍙婅厠鐢燂紝鑻炵墖杈冨ぇ锛屽彾鐘讹紱鑺辫惣琚瘺锛岃姳鐡e鍦嗭紝闆勮晩澶氭暟锛屽績鐨潃鐢熶簬鑶ㄥぇ鍑歌捣鐨勮姳鎵樹笂銆傝仛鍚堟灉娴嗘灉鐘剁悆褰紝绾㈣壊锛屼笂鏈夊鏁拌倝璐ㄥ皬鏍告灉銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  浜т簬绂忓缓銆佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佽吹宸?/span>銆傜敓闀夸簬鏃烽噹鏉戣竟銆佽矾鏃佺亴鏈ㄤ笡涓?/span>銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屾礂鍑€锛屽垏鐗囷紝鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸钩銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝娲昏绁涚榾銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲濈値锛岃倽鑴捐偪澶э紝鍙h厰鐐庯紝涔宠吅鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛岃偁鐐庯紝璺屾墦鎹熶激锛岄婀块鐥涳紱澶栦激鍑鸿銆傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岀爺绮夋拻鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--婧粍鑽?/font>

 

鍒悕  鐔婅儐鑽夈€佸北鐔婅儐銆侀琛€鑽夈€侀粍姹佽崏

鏉ユ簮  涓哄攪褰㈢棣欒尪鑿滃睘妞嶇墿绾跨汗棣欒尪鑿?span lang="EN-US">Rabdosia lophanthoides (Ham. Ex D. Don) Hara.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈珮40-60鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽洓妫卞舰锛屽鍒嗘灊锛岀◢琚煭姣涖€傚彾瀵圭敓锛屽叿鏌勶紝涓婇儴鍙舵焺娓愮煭锛屽彾鐗囨き鍦嗙姸鍗靛舰鑷冲嵉鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛岄暱3-6鍘樼背锛屽2-3鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栨垨鐭皷锛屽熀閮ㄥ妤斿舰锛岃竟缂樻湁绮楅娇锛屽彾鑴夋槑鏄撅紝鍙朵笅闈㈡弧甯冭鑹茶吅浣擄紝鎻夌鍚庢湁榛勮壊姹佹恫銆傜瀛e紑鑺憋紝鑱氫紴鑺卞簭闆嗘垚椤剁敓鍙婁晶鐢熺殑鐤忔暎鐨勫渾閿ヨ姳搴忥紝闀?span lang="EN-US">7-20鍘樼背锛屽3-6鍘樼背锛岃姳灏忥紝鐧借壊鎴栫矇绾㈣壊锛屽甫绱壊鏂戠偣锛岃惣琚粍鑹茶吅浣擄紝鑺卞啝浜屽攪褰紝涓嬪攪闀匡紝鑺卞啝绠″熀閮ㄨ啫鑳€锛岄泟钑?span lang="EN-US">4锛屼簩寮猴紝瀛愭埧4涓紝娣辫锛岃姳鏌卞熀搴曠潃鐢熴€傚潥鏋滃皬銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬婧胺婀垮湴锛屾潙钀介檮杩戙€佹按鐢版垨姘存矡杈广€傚垎甯冧簬娴欐睙銆佹睙瑗裤€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗楃瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囨敹锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍑夎鏁g榾銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶 鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷鑲濈値锛屾€ユ€ц儐鍥婄値锛岃偁鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛岃穼鎵撹偪鐥涖€傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">15-30鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷鑲濈値锛氣憼婧粍鑽夈€侀┈闉崏銆佷竵鐧歌崏鍚?span lang="EN-US">15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍔犵孩绯栵紝鍒?span lang="EN-US">2娆℃湇銆傗憽婧粍鑽夈€侀┈韫勯噾銆侀浮楠ㄨ崏銆佽溅鍓嶈崏鍚?span lang="EN-US">30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鎬ユ€ц儐鍥婄値锛氭邯榛勮崏30鍏嬶紝榫欒儐鑽?span lang="EN-US">10鍏嬶紝灞辨爛瀛?span lang="EN-US">12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--搴愬北灏忔獥

 

鏉ユ簮  涓哄皬妾楃灏忔獥灞炴鐗╁簮灞卞皬妾?/span>Berberis virgetorum Schneid.,浠ユ牴鐨€佽寧鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  钀藉彾鐏屾湪锛岄珮1.5-2绫炽€傚辜鏋濈传瑜愯壊锛岃€佹灊鐏伴粍鑹诧紝鍏锋潯妫憋紝鏃犵枺鐐癸紱鑼庡埡鍗曠敓锛屽伓鏈変笁鍒嗗弶锛岄暱1-4鍘樼背锛岃吂闈㈠叿妲姐€傚彾钖勭焊璐紝闀垮渾鐘惰彵褰紝闀?/span>3.5-8鍘樼背锛屽1.5-4鍘樼背锛屽厛绔€ュ皷銆佺煭娓愬皷鎴栧井閽濓紝鍩洪儴妤斿舰锛屾笎鐙笅寤讹紝涓婇潰鏆楅粍缁胯壊锛屼腑鑴夌◢闅嗚捣锛屼晶鑴夋樉钁楋紝寮ф洸鏂滀笂鑷宠繎鍙剁紭杩炴帴锛岃儗闈㈢伆鐧借壊锛屼腑鑴夊拰渚ц剦鏄庢樉绐佽捣锛屽彾缂樺钩灞曪紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屾湁鏃剁◢鎴愭尝鐘讹紱鍙舵焺闀?/span>1-2鍘樼背銆傛€荤姸鑺卞簭鍏?/span>3-15鏈佃姳锛岄暱2-5鍘樼背锛屽寘鎷€绘闀?/span>1-2鍘樼背锛涜姳姊楃粏寮憋紝闀?/span>4-8姣背锛屾棤姣涳紱鑻炵墖鎶拡褰紝鍏堢娓愬皷锛岄暱1-1.5姣背锛涜姳榛勮壊锛涜惣鐗?/span>2杞紝澶栬惣鐗囬暱鍦嗙姸鍗靛舰锛岄暱1.5-2姣背锛屽1-1.2姣背锛屽厛绔€ュ皷锛屽唴钀肩墖闀垮渾鐘跺€掑嵉褰紝闀跨害4姣背锛屽1-1.8姣背锛屽厛绔挐锛涜姳鐡fき鍦嗙姸鍊掑嵉褰紝闀?/span>3-3.5姣背锛屽1-1.8(-2.5锛夋绫筹紝鍏堢閽濓紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屽熀閮ㄧ饥缂╁憟鐖紝鍏?/span>2鏋氬垎绂婚暱鍦嗗舰鑵轰綋锛涢泟钑婇暱绾?/span>3姣背锛岃嵂闅斿厛绔笉寤朵几锛岄挐褰紱鑳氱彔鍗曠敓锛屾棤鏌勩€傛祮鏋滈暱鍦嗙姸妞渾褰紝闀?/span>8-12姣背锛岀洿寰?/span>3-4.5姣背锛岀啛鏃剁孩鑹诧紝椤剁涓嶅叿瀹垮瓨鑺辨煴锛屼笉琚櫧绮夈€傝姳鏈?/span>4-5鏈堬紝鏋滄湡6-10鏈堛€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬娴锋嫈250-1800绫冲北鍧°€佸北鍦扮亴涓涖€佹渤杈广€佹灄涓垨鏉戞梺銆傚垎甯冧簬姹熻タ銆佹禉姹熴€佸畨寰姐€佺寤恒€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍涓溿€佸箍瑗裤€侀檿瑗裤€佽吹宸炪€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屽垏鐗囷紝鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︼紝瀵掋€傚綊鑲濈粡銆佸ぇ鑲犵粡銆傛竻鐑В姣掋€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲濈値銆佽儐鍥婄値銆佽偁鐐庛€佽弻鐥€佸捊鍠夌値銆佺粨鑶滅値銆佸翱閬撶値銆佺柈鐤¤偪姣掋€傜敤閲?/span>10-15鍏嬨€傛皯闂村浠i粍杩炪€侀粍妾椾娇鐢ㄣ€?/span>

 


涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--浜戝崡楦$煝钘?/font>

鍒悕  姣涘彾榛勮嵂銆佺嫍灞佽棨銆佽嚟灞佽棨
鏉ユ簮  涓鸿寽鑽夌楦$煝钘ゅ睘妞嶇墿浜戝崡楦$煝钘?span lang="EN-US">Paederia yunnanensis (Levl.) Rehd.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>
褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  钘ょ姸鐏屾湪锛岄暱3-7绫筹紝涓儴鐩村緞2-3姣背锛涙灊鍦嗘煴褰紝椴滄椂鐏伴粍鑹叉垨娣辫鑹诧紝琚粧姣涙垨鐭矖姣涖€傚彾瀵圭敓锛岃繎鑶滆川锛屽嵉鐘跺績褰紝闀?span lang="EN-US">6-10鍘樼背锛屽3.5-6鍘樼背锛岄《绔煭灏栨垨灏惧皷锛屽熀閮ㄥ績褰紝涓婇潰琚煍姣涳紝涓嬮潰瀵嗚缁掓瘺锛岀綍鏈変袱闈㈠潎琚井鏌旀瘺锛涗晶鑴夋瘡杈?span lang="EN-US">6-8鏉★紝鏌斿急锛屽湪鍙朵袱闈㈠潎鍑歌捣锛屽皬鑴変笉鏄庢樉锛涘彾鏌勯暱2.5-5鍘樼背锛岀氦缁嗭紝琚粧姣涳紱鎵樺彾鑶滆川锛屾姭閽堢姸涓夎褰紝闀?span lang="EN-US">7-10姣背锛岃寰煍姣涖€傚渾閿ヨ姳搴忚厠鐢熸垨鐢熶簬椤堕儴鐨勪晶鏋濅笂锛岀嫮绐勶紝寤朵几锛屾煍寮憋紝闀?span lang="EN-US">6-12鍘樼背锛岃鏌旀瘺锛屾棤鍙舵垨缃曟湁鍙讹紱鑻炵墖鎵樺彾鐘讹紱鑺辫暰闀垮渾褰紝闀?span lang="EN-US">2-3姣背锛屽瘑琚煭鏌旀瘺锛岃姳鍏风煭姊楋紝甯稿瘑闆嗙敓浜庤姳搴忓垎鏋濅笂褰㈡垚澶寸姸锛屽绾?span lang="EN-US">2鍘樼背锛涜惣绠″€掑嵉褰紝琚矖姣涳紝钀兼獝瑁傜墖5锛岄暱鍦嗙姸鎶拡褰紝闀跨害1姣背锛岃绮楁瘺锛屾墿灞曪紱鑺卞啝绠$鐘讹紝闀跨害7姣背锛屽闈㈣绮楁瘺锛岃鐗囬様涓夎褰紝闀?span lang="EN-US">1-2.5姣背锛屽1.1-2.4姣背锛岃竟缂樻尝娴舰銆傛灉鍗靛舰锛屽帇鎵侊紝闀?span lang="EN-US">7-9姣背锛屽姣旈暱鐣ュ锛屾棤姣涳紝瑜愯壊锛屾湁瀹垮瓨琚瘺鐨勮惣妾愯鐗囷紱灏忓潥鏋滃帇鎵侊紝鏈変钩澶寸姸鐨勬瘺锛屽洿浠ョ害1姣背瀹界殑缈咃紝椤堕儴閽濓紝鍩洪儴鐣ヤ綔蹇冨舰銆傝姳鏈?span lang="EN-US">6-10鏈堛€?/span>
鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  浜т簬骞胯タ銆佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗楃瓑鐪佸尯銆傚父鐢熶簬娴锋嫈2700绫崇殑灞辫胺鏋楃紭銆?/span>
閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬨€佸啲瀛i噰闆嗭紝鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>
鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸井鑻︺€佸噳銆傛秷鐐庯紝姝㈢棝锛屾帴楠ㄣ€?/span>
涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲濈値锛屾€ユ€х粨鑶滅値锛屾嫈寮傜墿锛岄鎶樸€傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">3-30鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鑽夎嵂鍥剧墖澶у叏涔?-鑼磋尨钂?/font>

鍒悕  灏忚尨鑼磋挏銆佸皬铏庢帉鑽夈€佹按铏庢帉鑽夈€侀噹妗戞す銆侀腑鑴氭澘銆侀箙宸存帉銆佸北杈f銆侀潚鏋滆崏
鏉ユ簮  涓烘瘺鑼涚姣涜寷灞炴鐗╄尨鑼磋挏Ranunculus chinensis Bunge.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?5-50鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屼笌鍙舵焺鍧囨湁浼稿睍鐨勬贰榛勮壊绯欐瘺銆傚彾涓轰笁鍑哄鍙讹紝鍩虹敓鍙跺拰涓嬮儴鍙跺叿闀挎焺锛?娣辫锛岃鐗囩獎闀匡紝涓婇儴鐢熷皯鏁颁笉瑙勫垯鐨勯敮榻匡紝渚х敓灏忓彾鍏风煭鏌勶紝涓嶇瓑鐨?鎴?瑁傦紝鑼庝笂閮ㄥ彾娓愬彉灏忋€傛槬瀛e紑鑺憋紝鑺卞簭涓虹枏鑺憋紝钀肩墖5锛屾贰缁胯壊锛岃埞鍨嬶紝闀跨害4姣背锛屽闈㈢枏琚煍姣涳紝鑺辩摚5锛岄粍鑹诧紝瀹藉€掑嵉褰紝闀跨害3.2姣背锛屽熀閮ㄥ叿铚滄Ы锛岄泟钑婂拰蹇冪毊鍧囧鏁般€傝仛鍚堟灉杩戠煩鍦嗗舰锛岄暱绾?.5鍘樼背銆傜槮鏋滄墎锛岄暱绾?姣背锛屾棤姣涖€?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬婧竟銆佹矡杈瑰拰姘磋竟婀胯崏鍦般€傚垎甯冧簬涓滃寳銆佸崕鍖楀強闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冦€佸畞澶忋€佹睙鑻忋€佹箹鍖椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗椼€佽タ钘忕瓑鐪佸尯銆?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忕瀛i噰闆嗐€傛礂鍑€锛屾檼骞叉垨椴滅敤銆?br>鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎵€鍚師鐧藉ご缈佺礌涓烘尌鍙戞€х墿璐紝鐢ㄤ簬灞€閮ㄦ湁鍙戞场寮曡丹浣滅敤锛屽彲浣垮眬閮ㄤ綋娑插惊鐜姞寮猴紝瀵逛镜鍏ヤ綋鍐呯殑鏈夊鐗╄川鍙婂叾浠h阿浜х墿锛屽潎鏈変績杩涘惛鏀躲€佽В姣掋€佹帓娉勭殑浣滅敤銆傜敱浜庢鏃剁櫧缁嗚優琚泦涓紝鑰屽杩涘悶鍣粏鑳炵殑鍚炲櫖浣滅敤銆?.闀囩棝锛氱敤0.2%鐨勬按婧舵恫灞€閮ㄥ簲鐢ㄤ簬榫嬮娇涔嬭殌娲炲唴鍗冲彲闀囩棝銆?.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氭湰鍝佸閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屽潎鏈夊己澶х殑鎶戣弻浣滅敤銆?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  娣°€佹俯锛屾湁姣掋€傛秷鐐庨€€鑲匡紝骞冲枠锛屾埅鐤熴€?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  澶栫敤娌昏倽鐐?鏁疯倽鍖恒€佷腑鑴樸€佽冻涓夐噷锛夈€佸摦鍠?鏁疯喕涓級銆佺枱鐤?鏁峰鍙o級銆佽鑶滀簯缈?濉為蓟鎴栨暦瀵稿彛锛屽乏鐪煎彇鍙筹紝鍙崇溂鍙栧乏锛夈€備互椴滃搧鎹g儌鏁蜂笂杩版湁鍏崇┐浣嶅強浣撹〃閮ㄤ綅銆?br> 闄勬敞锛?1. 椴滆崏娲楀噣鎹g儌鍚庢暦绌翠綅锛屾瘡绌存暦鑽潰绉?鐩村緞锛変竴鑸笉澶т簬5鍘樼背锛岃嵂鍘氱害1鍘樼背锛?2灏忔椂鍚庡彇涓嬶紝灞€閮ㄤ細绾㈣偪锛岄€愭笎璧锋场锛屽埡鐮存场娴佸嚭榛勬按鍚庯紝浠ユ棤鑿岀罕甯冪洊瀹氥€備竴鑸瘡娆?-2绌达紝鍏辨暦1-3娆★紝闂撮殧15-20澶┿€傚彲閰嶅悎鍏朵粬鍐呮湇鑽不鐤椼€?br>2.鑼磋尨钂滃彂娉$枟娉曟棤涓ラ噸鍓綔鐢ㄣ€?br>3.鑼磋尨钂滃共鍝佺爺鏈帇鐗囷紝姣忔鏈?.5-3鍏嬶紝杩炴湇5鏃ュ乏鍙筹紝浠ュ悗缁存寔閲忓噺鍗婏紝娌荤枟鎱㈡€у厖琛€鎬у績鍔涜“绔紝灏ゅ叾鏄緝杞诲瀷鐥呬緥鍙婂績琛版帶鍒跺悗缁存寔娌荤枟锛屾湁涓€瀹氱枟鏁堛€傚椋庢箍鎬у績鑴忕梾鍙婇樀鍙戞€у績鍔ㄨ繃閫熸晥鏋滆緝濂姐€?/p>


涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--灏忚疮浠?/font>

鍒悕  璐紬銆佽疮浠层€佹槒楦″ご銆侀浮鑴戝3銆侀浮鍏ご銆佷钩鐥涜崏銆佸皷鑰宠疮浠?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓洪碁姣涜暔绉戣疮浠插睘妞嶇墿璐徊Cyrtomium fortunei J.Smith.,浠ユ牴鑼庡拰鍙舵焺娈嬪熀鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?span lang="EN-US">30-80鍘樼背锛屾牴鐘惰寧鐭紝鐩寸珛鎴栨枩鍗囷紝杩炲悓鍙舵焺鍩洪儴瀵嗚瀹藉嵉鐘舵姭閽堝舰绾㈣鑹插ぇ槌炵墖銆傚彾涓哄崟鏁扮窘鐘跺鍙讹紝鐢辨牴鐘惰寧瀵嗙敓鎴愪笡锛屽彾鏌勯暱15-25鍘樼背锛岀鏉嗚壊锛岃鍗靛舰鍜岀嚎鎬т袱绉嶉碁鐗囷紝鍙剁墖瀹芥姭閽堝舰鎴栭暱鍦嗘姭閽堝舰锛岀焊璐紝闀?span lang="EN-US">25-45鍘樼背锛屽10-15鍘樼背锛屾部鍙惰酱鍜岀窘鏌勬湁灏戞暟绾ょ淮鐘堕碁鐗囷紝缇界墖10-20瀵癸紝浜掔敓锛岄矞绔窘鐗囦笉绛変笁瑁傦紝涓や晶缇界墖闀扮姸鎶拡褰紝鍩洪儴涓婁晶绋嶆垚鑰崇姸鍑歌捣锛屼笅渚у渾妤斿舰锛岃竟娌挎湁缂哄埢鐘剁粏閿娇锛屽彾鑴夌綉鐘讹紝鏈夊唴钘忓皬鑴?span lang="EN-US">1-2鏉°€傚瀛愬泭缇ゆ暎甯冨彾鑳岋紝鐫€鐢熶簬鍐呰棌灏忚剦椤剁锛屽湪涓昏剦涓や晶鍚勬帓鎴愪笉鏁撮綈鐨?span lang="EN-US">3-4琛岋紝鍥婄兢鐩栧ぇ锛屽渾鐩剧姸锛屽叏缂樸€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯鏋楄竟銆佸博鐭虫箍鍦般€傚垎甯冧簬闄曡タ鍗楅儴鍜岄暱姹熶互鍗楀悇鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍥涘鍙噰锛屼互绉嬪閲囪緝濂姐€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鏈搧鐓庡墏鑳介┍鐚洈锛屾湁澧炲己绂讳綋銆佸湪浣撳鍏斿瓙瀹敹缂╃殑浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸井瀵掋€佹湁灏忔瘨銆傛竻鐑钩鑲濓紝瑙f瘨鏉€铏紝姝㈣銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  棰勯槻楹荤柟锛屾祦琛屾€ф劅鍐掞紝鎰熷啋锛屾祦琛屾€ц剳鑴婇珦鑶滅値锛屽ご鏅曠洰鐪╋紝楂樿鍘嬶紝鐥㈢柧锛屽翱琛€锛屼究琛€锛屽穿婕忥紝鐧藉甫锛岄挬铏梾銆傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">10-30鍏嬶紝瀛曞蹇屾湇銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.棰勯槻楹荤柟銆佹祦鎰燂細灏忚疮浠叉牴鐮旂粏鏈紝2宀佷互涓嬫棩鏈?span lang="EN-US">1-1.5鍏嬶紝涓夊瞾浠ヤ笂鏃ユ湇1.5-3鍏嬶紝鍒?span lang="EN-US">2娆″紑姘撮€佹湇銆傛垨姣忔棩鐢ㄥ皬璐徊鏍?span lang="EN-US">10-15鍏嬶紝寮€姘存场鏈嶃€?/span>

2.楗按娑堟瘨锛氭瘡鐧炬枻姘翠腑鎶曞叆灏忚疮浠叉牴鑼庢垨灏忚疮浠插彾60鍏嬶紝姣?span lang="EN-US">20澶╁乏鍙虫崲涓€娆°€?/span>

3.鐧藉甫娣嬫祳锛氬皬璐徊15鍏嬶紝杞﹀墠鑽夈€佽惞钃勩€佹捣閲戠爞銆佽繛閽辫崏鍚?span lang="EN-US">10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.璧ょ棦锛氬皬璐徊25鍏嬶紝妲愯姳銆佸湴姒嗗悇12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

5.娴佽鎬ф劅鍐掞細灏忚疮浠叉牴鑼?span lang="EN-US">2.5鏂わ紝閲戦摱鑺?span lang="EN-US">60鍏嬶紝鐢樿崏30鍏嬶紝榛勮姪120鍏嬶紝姘寸厧浠h尪楗€傚彲渚?span lang="EN-US">100浜洪闃茬敤銆傛垨鐢ㄥ皬璐徊鏍硅寧銆佷竴鏋濋粍鑺卞悇15鍏嬶紝閲庤強鑺?span lang="EN-US">10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.娴佽鎬ц剳鐐庯細灏忚疮浠叉牴鑼?span lang="EN-US">5鏂わ紝鏉胯摑鏍?span lang="EN-US">3鏂わ紝鐓庢祿浠h尪楗€傚彲渚?span lang="EN-US">100浜洪闃层€?/span>

7.鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯細灏忚疮浠叉牴鑼庛€佸嚖灏捐崏銆侀┈闉崏銆佷箤闊€佹懇鏉ュ嵎鏌忓悇30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

8.杞皑閰跺楂橈細灏忚疮浠叉牴鑼?span lang="EN-US">120鍏嬶紝绱噾鐗涖€佸叚鏈堥洩鍚?span lang="EN-US">30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傚鏁版儏鍐典笅10-30澶╁唴鍙檷鑷虫甯搞€?/span>

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鎺掗挶鏍?/span>
 
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鏉ユ簮  涓鸿眴绉戝北铓傝煡灞炴鐗╂帓閽辨爲Desmodium pulchellum (L.) Benth.,浠ユ牴鍜屽彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?o:p>
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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囨敹銆?o:p>
鎬у懗鍔熻兘  娣°€佹订銆佸钩锛屾湁灏忔瘨銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝娲昏绁涚榾锛岃蒋鍧氭暎缁撱€?o:p>
涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋鍙戠儹锛岀枱鐤撅紝鑲濈値锛岃倽纭寲鑵规按锛岃鍚歌櫕鐥呰倽鑴捐偪澶э紝椋庢箍鐤肩棝锛岃穼鎵撴崯浼ゃ€傜敤閲忥細鏋濄€佸彾10-18鍏嬶紝鏍?5-30鍏嬨€傚瓡濡囧繉鏈嶃€?o:p>
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缇庝汉钑?/font>

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鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞遍噹闃冲厜鍏呰冻鐨勫湴鏂广€傚垎甯冧簬骞夸笢銆佸箍瑗跨瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鑷槬鑷崇鍧囧彲閲囬泦锛屽幓鎺夎崥鏋滐紙绉嶅瓙鏈夋瘨锛屼笉鑳藉叆鑽級锛屾礂鍑€鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸噳銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝瑙f瘨锛屾鐥涖€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎬ャ€佹參鎬ц倽鐐庯紝鑲濈‖鍖栬吂姘达紝鑳冪棝锛岄婀块鐥涳紝姣掕泧鍜激锛屽彲浣滃瀛f竻鍑夐ギ鏂欍€傜敤閲忥細30-60鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/span>  鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯細楦¢鑽夈€佸湴鑰宠崏銆佽尩闄堝悇30鍏嬶紝灞辨爛瀛?5鍏嬨€傝儍绾冲樊鍔犻浮鍐呴噾锛屽彂鐑姞閲戦摱鑺便€佺櫧鑺辫泧鑸岃崏锛屾诞鑲垮姞钁姦鑼躲€傛按鐓庢湇锛屾瘡鏃ヤ竴鍓傘€?/span>

 

灏忚湣鏍?/font>

鍒悕  铓婂瓙鏍戙€佸啲闈掋€佸北鎸囩敳銆佽殜瀛愯姳銆佹按榛勬潹銆佸崈寮犳爲銆佸北闆瓙銆侀潚鐨爲銆佹按鐙楅銆佽浆妞掑瓙銆佹弧鍦扮孩銆佸湡鑼跺彾銆佸皬鍒€浼?/span>

鏉ユ簮  鏈ㄧ妧绉戝コ璐炲睘妞嶇墿灏忚湣鏍慙igustrum sinense Lour.,浠ュ彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鐏屾湪鎴栧皬涔旀湪锛岄珮杈?绫炽€傛灊鏉″紑灞曪紝灏忔灊瀵嗙敓榛勮壊鐭煍姣涖€傚崟鍙跺鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀?-6姣背锛屽彾鐗囨き鍦嗗舰銆佹き鍦嗙姸闀垮渾褰紝闀?-6鍘樼背锛屽1-2鍘樼背锛屽厛绔挐鎴栧皷锛屽熀閮ㄩ様妤斿舰锛屽叏缂橈紝鍙朵笅闈腑鑴変笂鏈夌煭鏌旀瘺銆傚鏈紑鐧借姳锛屽渾閿ヨ姳搴忛《鐢熸垨鑵嬬敓锛屾湁鐭瘺锛岃姳搴忛暱6-10鍘樼背锛岃姳鏈夌粏姊楋紝钀奸挓褰紝4榻胯锛屾湁姣涳紝鑺卞啝婕忔枟鐘讹紝瑁傜墖4锛岀杈冭鐗囩煭锛岄泟钑?锛岃姳鑽几鍑鸿姳澶栵紝瀛愭埧2瀹わ紝姣忓鏈夎儦鐝?棰椼€傛牳鏋滆繎鐞冨舰锛岀洿寰勭害4姣背銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鏉戞梺璺竟銆佸北鍧°€佽崏涓涗腑鎴栨牻鍩广€傚垎甯冧簬鎴戝浗涓儴銆佸崡閮ㄥ悇鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾閲囨敹锛屾檼骞叉垨椴滅敤銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鏈変繚鎶ょ儷浼ゅ垱闈㈢殑浣滅敤銆傝兘寰堝揩褰㈡垚鐥傝啘锛屽姣涚粏琛€绠¢€氶€忔€ф湁灞忛殰浣滅敤锛屾帶鍒朵綋娑蹭涪澶憋紝闃叉缁嗚弻鍏ヤ镜銆?.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氣憼鏈夎緝骞胯氨鐨勬姂鑿屻€佹潃鑿屼綔鐢紝鐗瑰埆瀵圭豢鑴撴潌鑿屻€佽憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佺棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佸彉褰㈡潌鑿屾湁鎶戝埗鍜屾潃鑿屼綔鐢ㄣ€傚彾鐨勪綔鐢ㄦ渶浣筹紝鐗瑰埆鏄€佸彾锛屽洓鏃堕噰闆嗘晥鏋滀笉鍙橈紝椴滃搧骞插搧鏁堟灉鏃犲紓銆傗憽鐓庢恫pH5宸﹀彸锛岃皟鏁村埌pH6-8锛屼笉褰卞搷鏁堟灉锛涢珮鍘嬬伃鑿屽悗涓嶅姞闃茶厫鍓傦紝涓€骞村崐鍐呬笉鍙樿壊锛屾棤缁嗚弻鐢熼暱锛屾姂鑿屾晥鏋滀笉鍙樸€傗憿鏈搧涓庢姉鑿岀礌鐨勫崗鍚屼綔鐢ㄤ笉鏄庢樉锛屼絾鏃犳嫯鎶椾綔鐢紝鍙悓鏃朵娇鐢ㄣ€傗懀鏈搧鐓庢恫娴撳害浠?0%涓哄疁锛屼綆浜嗘晥鏋滀笅闄嶏紝楂樹簡鏁堟灉涔熸湭澧炲己銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鎶戣弻鏉€鑿岋紝娑堣偪姝㈢棝锛屽幓鑵愮敓鑲屻€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛岃偤鐑挸鍡斤紝澶栫敤娌昏穼鎵撴崯浼わ紝鍒涗激鎰熸煋锛岀儳鐑激锛岀柈鐤¤偪姣掋€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岀啲鑶忔秱鏁锋偅澶勶紝鐓庢按婀挎暦鎮e鎴栭矞鑽夋崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1. 鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯細灏忚湣鏍戝彾30鍏嬶紝鐢樿崏6鍏嬶紝姘?鍗囷紝鐓?灏忔椂锛屽緱500姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?鍓?/span>銆?/span>

2.鐥㈢柧銆佽倽鐐庯細灏忚湣鏍戦矞鍙?/font>30-60鍏嬶紙骞插搧10-15鍏嬶級锛屾按鐓庢湇锛屾瘡鏃?/font>1-2娆°€傚鎬ユ€х粏鑿屾€х棦鐤剧敤椴滃彾150鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍒?/font>2娆℃湇銆傛瘡鏃?/font>1鍓傦紝7澶╀负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/font>

3.鐨偆鎰熸煋锛氶矞灏忚湣鏍戝彾1鏂わ紝闈掗粵5鍏嬶紝鍐扮墖3鍏嬶紝鍑″+鏋?/font>30鍏嬨€傚厛灏嗗彾娴撶缉鎴愮█娴歌啅锛屽姞鍑″+鏋椼€侀潚榛涘悗鐔垚鑶忥紝鍐嶅姞鍐扮墖锛屾悈鍖€锛屽鏁锋偅澶勶紝姣忔棩1娆°€?/font>

4.鎶楁劅鏌擄細灏忚湣鏍戝彾1鍏枻锛屾按3鍗囷紝鐓?/font>30-60鍒嗛挓锛岃繃婊わ紝鍐嶅姞姘?/font>3鍗囪繃婊わ紝骞舵恫鍚庢祿缂╂垚2鍗囥€傜敤浜庢墜鏈秷姣掋€?/font>

5.浜у浼氶槾姘磋偪锛?/font>50%灏忚湣鏍戝彾娑诧紝婀挎暦銆?/font>

 

閾佹壂甯?/font>

鍒悕  澶滃叧闂ㄣ€佽媿铦囩考銆侀搧椹灜銆佷笁鍙跺叕姣嶈崏銆侀奔涓茶崏銆佺虎姣涜儭鏋濆瓙

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿眴绉戣儭鏋濆瓙灞炴鐗╂埅鍙堕搧鎵笟Lespedeza cuneata (Dum-Cours.) G.Don.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  灏忕亴鏈紝楂樼害1绫炽€傛牴缁嗛暱锛屾潯鐘讹紝鏈夊鏁板垎鏋濓紝鑼庣洿绔嬶紝鏋濇潯绱у瘑銆備笁鍑哄鍙朵簰鐢燂紝瀵嗛泦锛屽彾鏌勭煭鑰岀粏鐦︼紝灏忓彾鐗囨潯鐘舵褰紝闀?-2.5鍘樼背锛屽2-4姣背锛屽厛绔钩鎴紝涓ぎ鏈夊皬鍒猴紝鍩洪儴绐勬褰紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屼笅闈㈢敓鏈夌煭浼忚创姣涙垨鐧借壊闀挎煍姣涳紝灏忓彾鏌勪笉鏄庢樉銆傚鏃ュ彾鑵嬫娊鍑虹煭鎬荤姸鑺卞簭锛屾湁鑺辨暟鏈碉紝鎺掑垪绱у瘑锛岃姳姊楃敋鐭紝鏃犲叧鑺傦紝琚伆鑹叉煍姣涳紝鑺辫惣5瑁傦紝閽熺姸锛岃澏褰㈣姳鍐犳贰榛勭櫧鑹诧紝蹇冮儴甯︾孩绱壊鏅曘€傝崥鏋滃嵉褰紝绋嶆枩锛岄暱绾?姣背锛屾鑹诧紝鍏堢鏈夊枡銆傛湰鍝佸厛绔父鐢熸湁鐏拌壊鐞冪姸铏樋銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍠滅敓浜庡北鍧°€佽矾鏃併€佺敯杈广€佹灄涓嬪強涓橀櫟绛夊銆傚垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佸北涓溿€佹睙鑻忋€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹渤鍗椼€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ャ€佺浜屽閲囧叏鑽夈€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.閾佹壂甯氭按鐓庡墏缁欏皬鐧介紶鍙f湇锛屾湁涓€瀹氱殑姝㈠挸骞冲枠浣滅敤銆?.鏈搧涔欓唶鎻愬彇鐗╁鍚勭宸插瓡鍔ㄧ墿鐨勭浣撳瓙瀹湁閫夋嫨鎬у叴濂嬩綔鐢紝瀵规湭瀛曞瓙瀹棤鏄庢樉浣滅敤銆?.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氭湰鍝佸鐧借壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆佺敳鍨嬮摼鐞冭弻鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸井鑻︺€佸钩銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝娑堥闄ょН锛岀鐥版鍜筹紝鍥鸿劚鎽勭簿銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  灏忓効鐤崇Н锛屾秷鍖栦笉鑹紝鑳冭偁鐐庯紝缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅紝鑳冪棝锛岄粍鐤稿瀷鑲濈値锛岃偩鐐庢按鑲匡紝鐧藉甫锛屽彛鑵旂値锛屽挸鍡斤紝鏀皵绠$値锛屽鐩茬棁銆佺缁忚“寮便€佸鐢ㄦ不甯︾姸鐤辩柟锛屾瘨铔囧挰浼ゃ€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鑽夋崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.灏忓効鐤崇Н锛氶搧鎵笟鏍广€佽儭棰撳瓙鏍瑰悇30鍏嬶紙鍏辫湝鐐欙級锛岄害鑺姐€佹灟钀濆崪锛堢粨瀛愬悗鐨勮悵鍗滐級鍚?鍏嬶紝鐮傞攨姘寸厧浠h尪楗€?/span>

2.鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷鑲濈値锛氶搧鎵笟鏍?20鍏嬶紝鐢ㄧ尓鐦﹁倝30鍏嬬倴鏈嶏紝鍚冭倝鍠濇堡锛屾瘡鏃?鍓傦紝杩炴湇14澶┿€?/span>

3.鎬ユ€ц偩鐐庯細閾佹壂甯氥€佷箤鑽€佺Н闆崏鍚?0鍏嬶紝鐧介┈楠?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1鍓傘€?/span>

4.灏忓効鍙h厰鐐庯細閾佹壂甯?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍔犵硸鏈嶃€?/span>

5.鎱㈡€ф皵绠$値锛氶搧鎵笟30鍏嬶紝鍔犳按600姣崌锛岀厧鎴?00姣崌锛屾瘡鏈?00姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?娆★紝10澶╀竴鐤楃▼銆?/span>

6.甯︾姸鐤辩柟锛氶搧鎵笟鍙躲€佽泧鑾撳叏鑽夊悇绛夐噺锛屽姞浜轰钩灏戣锛屾崳鐑傛惤鎮e锛屾瘡4灏忔椂涓€娆°€?/span>

7.閬楃簿锛岄槼鐥匡細閾佹壂甯?0鍏嬶紝鐐栫尓鑲夛紝鏃╂櫄鍚勫悆涓€娆°€?/span>

8.鐥炲潡锛氶搧鎵笟15鍏嬶紝鐐?涓尓鑵板瓙鍚冦€?/span>

 

榫欒儐

鍒悕  鑳嗚崏銆佽嫤鑳嗚崏銆侀緳鑳嗚崏

鏉ユ簮  涓洪緳鑳嗙榫欒儐灞炴鐗╅緳鑳咷entiana scabra Bunge.鏉″彾榫欒儐G. manshurica Kitag.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝閫氬父鏆楃豢鑹茬◢甯︾传鑹诧紝楂樿揪30-60鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧鐭紝鍛ㄥ洿绨囩敓澶氭暟缁嗛暱鍦嗘煴鐘舵牴锛屾牴绋嶈倝璐紝鍦熼粍鑹叉垨榛勭櫧鑹层€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽崟涓€鎴?-3鏉★紝涓嶅垎鏋濓紝杩戝洓妫卞舰锛屾湁绯欐瘺锛屽父甯︾传鑹层€傚彾鍏ㄩ儴鑼庣敓锛岃繎鑼庡熀鐨勫彾灏忥紝槌炵墖鐘讹紝鍏朵綑鍗曞彾瀵圭敓锛屾棤鏌勶紝涓ゅ彾鍩洪儴鍚堢敓锛屽彾鐗囧嵉褰㈡垨鍗电姸鎶拡褰紝闀跨害5-6鍘樼背锛屽2-2.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔皷鎴栨笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴瀹介様褰€佸渾褰㈡垨妤斿舰锛屽叏缂橈紝杈圭紭绮楃硻锛屼笂闈㈡殫缁胯壊锛屾湁鏃跺甫绱壊锛屼笅闈㈡贰缁胯壊锛屼袱闈㈠厜婊戯紝涓昏剦3鏉℃垨5鏉°€傜瀛e紑钃濊壊鑺憋紝鑱氫紴鑺卞簭瀵嗛泦鏋濋《鍜屽彾鑵嬶紝鏃犺姳姊楋紝琚暟鐗囬《鍙舵墍鍖呭洿锛岃嫗鐗囨姭閽堝舰锛岃姳钀?娣辫锛岃鐗囪繎鏉″舰锛岃竟缂樼矖绯欙紝鑺卞啝绛掔姸閽熷舰锛岄暱4-5鍘樼背锛岃鐗?锛屼笁瑙掑嵉褰紝椤剁灏栵紝瑁傜墖闂存湁瑜讹紝鍏堢鐭笁瑙掑舰锛岄泟钑?锛岀潃鐢熶簬鑺卞啝绛掍腑閮ㄧ◢涓嬪锛岄泴钑?锛屽瓙鎴夸笂浣嶏紝绐勯暱鍦嗗舰锛屾煴澶寸煭锛?瑁傘€傝挻鏋滅粏闀挎褰紝鏈夋焺锛屽惈澶氭暟绉嶅瓙锛屾垚鐔熸椂涓ょ摚瑁傘€傜瀛愭潯褰紝鍛ㄨ竟鍏风繀銆?/span>

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閲囬泦瀛h妭  鏄ャ€佺瀛i噰鎸栨牴閮ㄣ€?/span>

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鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛郴鑲濊儐瀹炵伀锛岄櫎涓嬬劍婀跨儹銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  楂樿鍘嬪ご鏅曡€抽福锛岀洰璧よ偪鐥涳紝鑳稿崗鐥涳紝鑳嗗泭鐐庯紝婀跨儹榛勭柛锛屾€ユ€т紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯紝鑶€鑳辩値锛岄槾閮ㄦ箍鐥掞紝鐤枛鐥堣偪銆傜敤閲忥細3-6鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.楂樿鍘嬶紙鑲濋槼涓婁孩锛夛細榫欒儐鑽?鍏嬶紝榛勮姪銆侀挬钘ゅ悇15鍏嬶紝澶忔灟鑽?0鍏嬶紝鑿婅姳10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鐩丹鑲跨棝锛氶緳鑳嗚崏6鍏嬶紝鐢熷湴15鍏嬶紝榛勮姪銆佽強鑺便€佸北鏍€瀛愬悇10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鑳歌儊鐥涳紝榛勭柛锛氶緳鑳嗚崏6鍏嬶紝鏌磋儭銆佸窛妤濆瓙銆佹灣澹炽€佹爛瀛愬悇10鍏嬶紝棣欓檮12鍏嬶紝鑼甸檲30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鎬ユ€т紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯細榫欒儐鑽夈€佸鏋崏銆佹澘绡牴銆佸ぇ鍙堕噾閽辫崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝閲戦摱鑺?0鍏嬶紝鍔犳按2鏂わ紝鐓庤嚦300姣崌锛屾瘡鏈?00-150姣崌锛屽効绔?0-70姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?娆°€?/span>

 

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鏉ユ簮  涓烘棆鑺辩椹箘閲戝睘妞嶇墿椹箘閲慏ichondra repens Forst.[D.evolvulacea(L.f.)Britton].,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/span>  澶氬勾鐢熷皬鑽夋湰锛岄暱绾?0鍘樼背銆傝寧澶氭暟锛岃妸缁嗭紝涓涚敓锛屽實鍖愬湴闈紝鑺傜潃鍦板彲鐢熷嚭涓嶅畾鏍癸紝閫氬父琚竵瀛楀舰姣涖€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍏锋焺锛岄暱2-5鍘樼背锛岃鐤忔煍姣涳紝鍙剁墖鍦嗗舰鎴栬偩褰紝鐩村緞0.6-1.6鍘樼背锛屽緢灏戣揪2.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔渾褰紝鏈夋椂寰嚬锛屽熀閮ㄦ繁蹇冨舰锛屽舰浼奸┈韫勶紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屼笂闈㈢豢鑹诧紝鍏夋粦锛屼笅闈㈡祬缁胯壊锛屾棤姣涙垨鏈夌枏鏌旀瘺锛屽熀鍑鸿剦7-9鏉°€傚鍒濆紑鑺憋紝鑺卞皬锛屽崟鐢熶簬鍙惰厠锛岃姳姊楃煭浜庡彾鏌勶紝鑺辫惣5瑁傦紝瑁傜墖鍗靛舰锛岄暱涓嶅強1姣背锛岀豢鑹诧紝鍛堝鐡︾姸鎺掑垪锛屽瀛橈紝鑺卞啝鐭挓鐘讹紝榛勮壊锛屽瓙鎴夸笂浣嶏紝2瀹わ紝涓?涓垎绂荤殑蹇冪毊缁勬垚锛岃姳鏌?鍙夈€傝挻鏋滆啘璐紝杩戠悆褰紝寰勭害2姣背銆傜瀛?绮掋€?nbsp;

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬闃存箍灞卞湴銆佽矾杈广€佺敯杈瑰強鑽夊潽涓娿€傚垎甯冮暱姹熸祦鍩熷強鍗楁柟鍚勭渷鍖恒€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佸钩銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝瑙f瘨娑堣偪锛岀悊姘旇銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲濈値锛岃儐鍥婄値锛岀棦鐤撅紝鑲剧値姘磋偪锛屾硨灏跨郴鎰熸煋锛屾硨灏跨郴缁撶煶锛屾墎妗冧綋鐐庯紝璺屾墦鎹熶激銆傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬶紱澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ユ€ф棤榛勭柛鍨嬩紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯細椹箘閲戙€佸ぉ鑳¤嵔椴滃叏鑽夊悇30鍏嬶紝鐚槮鑲?20鍏嬶紝鍔犳按鐐栨湇锛屽悆鑲夊枬姹ゃ€?/span>

2.鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯細椹箘閲戙€侀浮楠ㄨ崏鍚?0鍏嬶紝灞辨爛瀛愩€佽溅鍓嶈崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鏈堢粡涓嶈皟锛氶┈韫勯噾30鍏嬶紝娉¢厭鏈嶃€?/span>

4.铔囧ご鐤旓細椹箘閲戜竴鎶婏紝鎹g儌鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

5.涓嶅瓡锛氱粨瀛愬悗鐨勯┈韫勯噾10鍏嬶紝鍒囩粏锛岀敤楦¤泲2涓捀鏈嶏紝鏈堢粡鍚庢湇2娆★紝姣忔棩1娆°€?/span>

6.榛勭柛锛氶┈韫勯噾30鍏嬶紝妗斿彾銆佽惐鑽夊悇15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

7.鎬ユ參鎬ц儐鍥婄値锛氣憼鎬ユ€э細椹箘閲?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傗憽鎱㈡€э細椴滈┈韫勯噾25鍏嬶紝绉洩鑽?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝杩炴湇3-10鏃ャ€?/span>

8.姘磋噷鍒濊捣锛氬ぇ娲婚搏楸间竴鏉★紝浠ョ摲鐗囧幓槌炲墫鑵癸紝鍕胯姘达紝浠ラ┈韫勯噾濉炴弧楸艰吂锛屽姞鐧介厭钂哥啛锛屽幓鑽夐楸笺€?/span>

9.鐥堟瘨銆佺枖鐤€佹瘨铔囧挰浼わ細椹箘閲戦€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

10.浼ら銆佸彂鐑ф棤瀵掋€佸ご鐥涜吂鑳€锛氶矞椹箘閲?0-60鍏嬶紝鍐扮硸10鍏嬶紝鎹g儌鐢ㄥ紑姘村啿鏈嶃€?/span>

11.鑲剧値锛屽叏韬按鑲匡細椴滈┈韫勯噾鎹g儌鏁蜂簬鑲氳剱涓婏紝涓€鏃ヤ竴鎹紝7鏃ヤ负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/span>

12.涔宠吅鐐庡垵鏈燂細椴滈┈韫勯噾鎹g儌澶栨暦锛屽苟鐢ㄩ矞椹箘閲?0鍏嬶紝鐐栫尓鐦﹁倝鍐呮湇銆?/span>

 

闈掕捒

鍒悕  钂垮瓙銆佽嚟钂裤€侀钂裤€佽嫤钂裤€佽嚟闈掕捒銆侀闈掕捒銆佺粏鍙惰捒銆佺粏闈掕捒銆佽崏闈掕捒銆佽崏钂垮瓙

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戣壘灞炴鐗╅粍鑺辫捒Artemisia annua L.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮40-150鍘樼背锛屽叏鏍叿鏈夎緝寮虹殑鎸ュ彂娌规皵鍛炽€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽叿绾垫潯绾癸紝澶氬垎鏋濓紝鍏夋粦鏃犳瘺銆傚熀鐢熷彾骞抽摵鍦伴潰锛屽紑鑺辨椂鍑嬭阿锛岃寧鐢熷彾浜掔敓锛屽辜鏃剁豢鑹诧紝鑰佹椂鍙橀粍瑜愯壊锛屾棤姣涳紝鏈夌煭鏌勶紝鍚戜笂娓愭棤鏌勶紝鍙剁墖閫氬父涓轰笁鍥炵窘鐘跺叏瑁傦紝瑁傜墖鐭粏锛屾湁鏋佸皬绮夋湯鐘剁煭鏌旀瘺锛屼笂闈㈡繁缁胯壊锛屼笅闈㈡贰缁胯壊锛屽叿缁嗗皬鐨勬瘺鎴栫矇鏈姸鑵虹姸鏂戠偣锛屽彾杞翠袱渚у叿绐勭繀锛岃寧涓婇儴鐨勫彾鍚戜笂閫愭笎缁嗗皬鎴愭潯褰€傛櫄绉嬪紑灏忛粍鑺憋紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭缁嗗皬锛岀悆褰紝寰勭害2姣背锛屽叿缁嗚蒋鐭锛屽鏁扮粍鎴愬渾閿ョ姸锛屾€昏嫗灏忥紝鐞冪姸锛岃姳涓虹鐘惰姳锛岄粍鑹诧紝澶栧洿涓洪泴鑺憋紝涓ぎ涓轰袱鎬ц姳銆傜槮鏋滄き鍦嗗舰銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  甯哥敓浜庢椃閲庛€佸北鍧°€佽矾鏃併€佹渤宀哥瓑澶勩€傚垎甯冨嚑閬嶅叏鍥姐€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  9-10鏈堥噰鏀讹紝鍐槬骞艰嫍涔熷彲閲囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑噳琛€锛岄€€铏氱儹锛岃В鏆戯紝鎴枱锛屾潃铏€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  缁撴牳鐥呮疆鐑€佺枱鐤俱€佷激鏆戜綆鐑棤姹楋紝鐏殜銆傜敤閲忥細3-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍告疆鐑細鈶犻潚钂?鍏嬶紝槌栫敳15鍏嬶紝鐢熷湴12鍏嬶紝鐭ユ瘝6鍏嬶紝涓圭毊10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傗憽闈掕捒15鍏嬶紝槌栫敳30鍏嬶紝娣北銆佺孩鏋e悇60鍏嬶紝鍐扮硸30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽悆娣北銆佺孩鏋e拰姹ゃ€?/span>

2.鐤熺柧锛氣憼椴滈潚钂?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1鍓傘€傗憽闈掕捒鍙舵檼骞茬爺鏈紝姣忔鐢?鍏嬶紝鍙戠枱鍓?灏忔椂鏈嶇敤锛岃繛鏈?鏃ワ紝姣忔棩1娆°€傗憿椴滈潚钂挎崳姹侊紝鏃ユ湇1娆★紝姣忔3鍏嬨€傗懀闈掕捒銆佺畻鐩樺瓙鏍瑰悇30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛岀枱鍙戝墠2灏忔椂鏈嶏紝杩炴湇鏁版棩銆?/span>

3.涓殤锛氶潚钂?5-30鍏嬶紝寮€姘存场鏈嶃€傛垨鎹g儌鍙栨眮锛屽喎寮€姘村啿鏈嶃€?/span>

4.澶忎护鎰熷啋锛氶潚钂?0鍏嬶紝钖勮嵎3鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

5.鐨偆鐦欑棐銆佽崹楹荤柟銆佽剛婧㈡€х毊鐐庯細椴滈潚钂?0鏂わ紝娲楋紝鍒囷紝鍔犳按20鏂わ紝鐓庤嚦6-7鏂わ紝姣忔枻鑽恫鍔犲啺鐗?鍏嬶紙鍏堢敤涔欓唶婧跺寲锛夛紝鐢ㄦ鐞冭樃鑽恫娑傛偅澶勶紝姣忔棩3-4娆°€?/span>

6.鐏殜:闈掕捒鏅掑共锛岄€傞噺锛岀偣鐕冭柊鐑熴€?/span>

7.灏忓効鍙戠儹銆佸彛娓淬€佽吂娉汇€佸皬渚跨煭璧わ細闈掕捒銆佽溅鍓嶈崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

8.鎬ユ€ц倽鐐庛€侀粍鐤革細闈掕捒銆佺Н闆崏銆佽挷鍏嫳鍚?0鍏嬶紝鑼甸檲钂?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛岄厡鍔犵櫧绯栧唴鏈嶃€?/span>

9.鐨偆鐤櫍銆佷腹姣掋€佺儷浼ゃ€佽殜铏挰浼ゃ€佹紗鐤細闈掕捒瀚╁彾锛屾崳鐑傚鏁锋垨缁炴眮澶栨秱鎮e銆?/span>

 

閮侀噾

鍒悕  鐜夐噾銆佺櫧涓濋儊閲?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓哄绉戝灞炴鐗╅儊閲慍urcuma aromatica Salisb. 濮滈粍C.domestica Valeton.鑾湳 C.zedoaria (Berg.) Rosc.,浠ュ潡鏍瑰叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.閮侀噾锛氬骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮绾?绫炽€傚湴涓嬫湁鑲ュぇ鐨勬牴鐘惰寧锛屽渾鏌辩姸鎴栭暱鍗靛舰锛屽唴闈㈤粍鑹诧紝涓嬬甯告湁鏌辩姸鍒嗘敮锛屽懆鍥寸敓澶氭暟绮楀.鐨勬牴锛屾牴鏈鑶ㄥぇ鎴愮汉閿ょ姸鍧楁牴銆傚彾鍩虹敓锛?鍒楋紝鍙舵焺闀跨害5鍘樼背锛屽熀閮ㄧ殑鍙舵焺杈冪煭锛屾湁鏃惰繎鏃犳焺锛屾焺涓婄鏈夊彾鑰筹紝鍙剁墖闀垮渾褰紝闀?5-37鍘樼背锛屽7-10鍘樼背锛屽厛绔€ュ皷锛屽熀閮ㄦ笎绐勫憟鍦嗗舰鎴栨褰紝涓婇潰鍏夋粦锛屼笅闈㈡湁姣涖€?-6鏈堥棿鍏堝彾寮€鑺辨垨涓庡彾鍚屾椂寮€鍑猴紝鎬昏姳姊楅暱7-15鍘樼背锛屾湁闉樼姸鍙讹紝椤剁鑻炵墖鐙獎锛屽厛绔贰绱孩鑹诧紝鑵嬪唴鏃犺姳锛屽熀閮ㄨ嫗鐗囧鍗靛渾褰紝姣忚嫗鑵嬪唴鏈夎姳鏁版湹锛岃姳钀肩櫧鑹诧紝绛掔姸锛屼笉瑙勫垯3榻胯锛岃姳鍐犵鎴愭紡鏂楃姸锛屽枆閮ㄥ瘑鐢熸煍姣涳紝鑺卞啝瑁傜墖3锛岀矇鐧借壊锛屽攪鐡e渾褰紝榛勮壊锛屽厛绔?娴呭渾瑁傚鎶橈紝渚х敓閫€鍖栭泟钑婇暱鍦嗗舰锛岃嵂闅旂煩褰紝鍩洪儴鏈夌煩锛岃姳涓濇墎闃旓紝瀛愭埧琚紡姣涳紝鍩洪儴鏈?妫掔姸闄勫睘鐗╋紝鏌卞ご鐣ュ憟浜屽攪褰紝鏈夌紭姣涖€?/span>

2.濮滈粍锛堥粍涓濋儊閲戙€侀粍濮溿€佹瘺濮滈粍锛夛細鏍圭姸鑼庣矖鐭紝鍒嗘敮鍧楃姸锛屾柇闈㈤矞榛勶紝鑺抽锛屽彾鏌勭害涓庡彾绛夐暱锛屼笅閮ㄩ灅鐘讹紝闀?5-40鍘樼背锛屽10-20鍘樼背锛岀瀛f娊鍑鸿姳钁讹紝缁胯壊鑻炵墖鏈夋贰绾㈣壊娓叉煋锛岄暱绾?-4鍘樼背锛岃姳娣¢粍锛屼笌鑻炵墖杩戠瓑闀匡紝涓嶅闇层€?/span>

3.鑾湳锛堢豢涓濋儊閲戙€佽摤鑾湳銆佸北濮滈粍銆佽嚟灞庡锛夛細鏍规í鏂潰缁胯壊锛屽彾鏌勯暱绾︿负鍙堕暱鐨?/3锛屽熀閮ㄦ垚闉橈紝鏈夎€崇姸绐佽捣锛屽彾闀?8-24鍘樼背锛屽7-11鍘樼背锛屼腑閮ㄥ彾鑴変袱渚у緟绱壊銆傛槬瀛f娊鍑鸿姳钁讹紝涓婇儴鑻炵墖绮夌孩锛屼腑涓嬮儴鑻炵墖缁跨櫧鑹诧紝鍏堢甯告湁璧ょ汗銆?/span>

濮滈粍銆佽帾鏈篃浣滈儊閲戠敤銆備綔鐢ㄧ暐鏈夊樊寮傘€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍒嗗竷浜庢禉姹熴€佺寤恒€佸彴婀俱€佹睙瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸箍瑗裤€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗楋紝甯告牻鍩逛笌鑲ュ帤鐤忔澗鍦熻川涓€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍐鎴栨棭鏄ュ湴涓婇儴鍒嗘灟钀庡悗閲囨寲銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  閮侀噾鎸ュ彂娌规湁淇冭繘鑳嗘眮鍒嗘硨鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佽嫤銆佸瘨銆傝姘旇В閮侊紝鍑夎鐮寸榾銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  琛€绉笅姘旓紝鐢熻倢姝㈣锛岀牬鎭惰锛屾不閲戠柈锛岃兏闂疯儊鐥涳紝鑳冭吂鑳€鐥涳紝榛勭柛锛屽悙琛€锛屽翱琛€锛屾湀缁忎笉璋冿紝鐧棲銆傜敤閲忥細5-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑳歌儊鑳€鐥涳細閮侀噾銆侀闄勩€佹煷鑳″悇10鍏嬶紝鐧借妽12鍏嬶紝鐢樿崏6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鍚愯锛岃琛€锛氣憼閮侀噾銆佺敓鍦伴粍銆佺墶涓圭毊銆佹爛瀛愬悇10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傗憽閮侀噾涓烘湯锛屼簳姘存湇6鍏嬶紝鐢氳€呭啀鏈嶃€?/span>

3.澶卞績鐧媯锛氶儊閲?10鍏嬶紝鏄庣熅90鍏嬶紝涓烘湯锛岀硦涓告ⅶ瀛愬ぇ锛屾瘡鏈?0涓革紝鐧芥堡涓嬨€?/span>

4.鑷睏涓嶆锛氶儊閲戞湯锛屽崸鏃惰皟娑備簬涔充笂銆?/span>

5.涓爳闇滄瘨锛氶儊閲戞湯6鍏嬶紝鍏ヨ湝灏戣锛屽喎姘磋皟鏈嶃€?/span>

6.鐥旂柈鑲跨棝锛氶儊閲戞湯锛屾按璋冩秱涔嬨€?/span>

7.鑰冲唴浣滅棝锛氶儊閲戞湯3鍏嬶紝姘磋皟锛屽€惧叆鑰冲唴锛屾€ュ€惧嚭涔嬨€?/span>

8.浜у悗蹇冪棝锛岃姘斾笂鍐叉姝伙細閮侀噾鐑у瓨鎬э紝涓烘湯6鍏嬶紝绫抽唻閫傞噺锛岃皟鐏屽嵆鑻忋€?/span>

濮滈粍

鎬у懗鍔熻兘锛氳緵銆佽嫤銆佹俯銆傝姘旂牬鐦€锛岄€氱粡姝㈢棝銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤锛氱厧鍓傛湁鍏村瀛愬鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€傚叾涔欓啔鎻愬彇鐗╃粰楂樿儐鍥洪唶瀹跺厰鏈嶏紝涓夊懆鍐呬粠266姣厠闄嶄负36姣厠銆傚彲鎶戝埗鑲濈値鐥呮瘨锛屾姂鍒剁毊鑲ょ湡鑿屻€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶锛氳兏鑵硅儉鐥涳紝鑲╄噦鐥圭棝锛屾湀缁忎笉璋冿紝璺屾墦鎹熶激銆傜敤閲?-6鍏嬨€傚姛鍔涚儓浜庨儊閲戙€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>锛?.鏈堢粡涓嶈皟锛岀棝缁忥細濮滈粍銆佺櫧鑺嶃€佸欢鑳$储銆佷腹鐨€佸綋褰掑悇10鍏嬶紝绾㈣姳銆佸窛鑺庡悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2. 灏忓効鍟煎摥鍚愪钩锛屽ぇ渚挎郴锛岀姸鑻ユ儕鎼愶紝鍑哄喎姹楋細濮滈粍3鍏嬶紝娌¤嵂銆佹湪棣欍€佷钩棣欏悇6鍏嬶紝涓烘湯锛岃湝涓歌姟瀛愬ぇ锛屾瘡鏈?涓革紝閽╄棨鐓庢堡涓嬨€?/span>

3.浜у悗琛€鐥涳紝鏈夊潡锛氬榛勩€佹蹇冪瓑鍒嗭紝涓烘湯锛岄厭鏈嶆柟瀵稿寵锛岃涓嬪敖鍗虫剤銆?/span>

鑾湳

鎬у懗鍔熻兘锛?/span>杈涖€佽嫤銆佹俯銆傝姘旂牬琛€锛屾秷绉鐥涖€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶锛氱Н婊炶儉鐥涳紝琛€鐦€鑵圭棝锛岃倽鑴捐偪澶э紝琛€婊炵粡闂€傜敤閲?-15鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>锛?.鑵硅儉銆佺Н鍧楋細鑾湳銆佷笁妫卞悇6鍏嬶紝闈掔毊10鍏嬶紝楹﹁娊15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鍒濈敓鍚愪钩涓嶆锛氳帾鏈皯璁革紝鐩愪竴缁胯眴澶э紝涔抽涓€鍚堬紝鐓?-5娌革紝涔崇墰榛勪袱绮熷ぇ锛屾湇涔嬬敋鏁堛€?/span>

 

璞ㄧ鑽?/font>

鍒悕  鑲ョ尓鑻椼€佽偉鐚彍銆佺矘鑻嶅瓙銆佺矘绯婅彍銆侀粍鑺变粩銆佺矘涓嶆墡

鏉ユ簮  鑿婄璞ㄧ鑽夊睘妞嶇墿姣涜报绛維iegesbeckia Pubescens Makino.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮50-130鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽父甯︾传鑹诧紝琚伆鐧借壊闀挎煍姣涙垨鑵烘瘺銆傚彾瀵圭敓锛屼笂閮ㄥ彾鐗囪緝灏忥紝妞渾褰€佸嵉褰㈡垨闀挎き鍦嗙姸鎶拡褰紝闀?-4鍘樼背锛屽0.4-2鍘樼背锛屼笅閮ㄥ彾鐗囪緝澶э紝瀹藉嵉褰㈡垨鍗电姸涓夎褰紝闀?-14鍘樼背锛屽4.5-9鍘樼背锛屽厛绔皷锛屽熀閮ㄦ褰紝涓嬪欢鎴愮考鏌勶紝杈圭紭鏈変笉瑙勫垯閿娇锛屼袱闈㈠潎鏈夐暱鏌旀瘺锛屼富鑴?鍑猴紝鑴変笂姣涘緢鏄捐憲銆傜瀛e紑鑺憋紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭澶氭暟锛屽湪鑼庨《鎺掓垚鍦嗛敟鑺卞簭锛岃姳搴忔缁嗭紝琚瘑姣涙垨鑵烘瘺锛屾€昏嫗鐗囦簩鍒楋紝澶栧垪5鐗囷紝闀跨褰㈡垨鍖欏舰锛岄暱浜庡皬鑺憋紝闀?-2鍘樼背锛屽绾?姣背锛屽唴鍒楄嫗鐗囪緝鐭紝10-12鐗囷紝鍊掑嵉褰紝鍐呭鍒楄嫗鐗囧潎鏈夎吅姣涳紝鏈夌矘鎵嬫劅锛岃姳鏉傛€э紝榛勮壊锛岃竟鑺辫垖鐘讹紝1鍒楋紝闀胯揪3.5姣背锛岄泴鎬э紝鑸岀墖鍏堢3榻胯锛屼腑澶鐘惰姳锛屼袱鎬э紝鍏堢5榻胯锛岄泟钑?锛岃仛鑽紝瀛愭埧涓嬩綅锛屾煴澶?瑁傘€傜槮鏋滃叿鍥涙1锛屽€掑嵉褰紝涓婇儴鎴舰杈冨锛屼笅閮ㄦ笎绐勶紝寰集锛岄暱绾?姣背锛岄粦鑹诧紝骞虫粦鏃犳瘺銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯銆佽矾鏃侊紝杈冨父瑙併€傚垎甯冧簬鎴戝浗涓滃寳銆佸崕涓溿€佷腑鍗椼€佽タ鍗楀強娌冲寳銆侀檿瑗裤€佺敇鑲冦€佸畞澶忓悇鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺鑺辫嫗鏈紑鏃堕噰闆嗐€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鏈搧姘存蹈鍓傘€佷箼閱?姘存蹈鍓傘€?0%涔欓唶娴稿墏鍧囨湁闄嶄綆楹婚唹鍔ㄧ墿琛€鍘嬬殑浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛湁灏忔瘨銆傜椋庢箍锛岄€氱粶锛岄檷琛€鍘嬨€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  椋庢箍鍏宠妭鐥涳紝鑵拌啙鏃犲姏锛屽洓鑲㈤夯鏈紝鍗婅韩涓嶉亗锛岄珮琛€鍘嬬梾锛岀缁忚“寮憋紝鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯紝鐤熺柧锛屽鐢ㄦ不鐤枛鑲挎瘨銆傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.椋庢箍鎬у叧鑺傜値锛氳报绛捐崏銆侀槻椋庛€佽€侀钩鑽夈€佺櫧鏈€佽枏浠併€侀纰庤ˉ鍚?5鍏嬶紝绉﹁壗銆佽媿鏈€佷簲鍔犵毊鍚?2鍏嬶紝缇屾椿銆佺嫭娲诲悇10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1鍓傘€傚垎3娆$┖鑵规湇銆傞珮鐑ц€呭嬁鐢ㄣ€?/span>

2. 鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯細鈶犳櫘閫氬瀷锛氳报绛捐崏30鍏嬶紝灞辨爛瀛?0鍏嬶紝杞﹀墠鑽夈€佸箍閲戦挶鑽夊悇15鍏嬶紝鍔犳按1鍗囷紝鐓庤嚦300姣崌锛屽垎2娆℃湇锛屾瘡鏃?鍓傘€傗憽閲嶅瀷锛堟帴杩戣倽鍧忔锛夛細璞ㄧ鑽夈€佸湴鑰宠崏鍚?0-120鍏嬶紝榛戞爛瀛?0鍏嬶紝杞﹀墠

鑽夈€佸箍閲戦挶鑽夊悇15鍏嬶紝涓€鐐圭孩30鍏嬶紝鍔犳按3鍗囷紝鐓庤嚦300-400姣崌锛屽垎2娆℃湇銆傛瘡鏃?/font>1鍓傘€?/font>

3.鐤熺柧锛氳报绛捐崏30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇銆傛瘡鏃?鍓傦紝杩炴湇3澶┿€?/span>

4.楂樿鍘嬨€佺缁忚“寮憋細璞ㄧ鑽夊埗鎴愰晣闈欏啿鏈嶅墏锛屼竴娆¢噺鍚敓鑽?0鍏嬨€傛瘡鏃?-3娆°€?/span>

 

钘块

鍒悕  鍦熻椏棣欍€佹帓棣欒崏銆侀噹钘块

鏉ユ簮  鍞囧舰绉戣椏棣欏睘妞嶇墿钘块Agastache rugosa (Fisch. et Mey.) Kuntze.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-120鍘樼背锛屾湁棣欐皵銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽洓妫卞舰锛岀暐甯︾孩鑹诧紝鐤忚鏌旀瘺鍙婅吅浣撱€傚彾瀵圭敓锛屽彾鏌勯暱1-4鍘樼背锛屽彾鐗囧嵉褰㈡垨妞渾鐘跺嵉褰紝闀?-8鍘樼背锛屽1-5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎绐勩€佹笎灏栨垨鎬ュ皷锛岃竟缂樻湁閽濋娇锛屽熀閮ㄥ渾褰㈡垨杩戝績褰紝涓婇潰鏁g敓閫忔槑鑵虹偣锛屼笅闈㈡湁鐭煍姣涘強鑵虹偣銆傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝杞紴鑺卞簭闆嗘垚椤剁敓绌楃姸鑺卞簭锛岃嫗鐗囨姭閽堝舰锛岃鐭煍姣涳紝钀肩鐘讹紝鏈?5鏉¤剦锛屽叿寰煍姣涘強鑵虹偣锛?瑁傦紝鑺卞啝鍞囧舰锛岀传鑹层€佹贰绱孩鑹叉垨鐧借壊锛屼笂鍞囩◢寮紝椤剁杈冨嚬锛屼笅鍞?瑁傦紝涓棿瑁傜墖鎵囧舰锛屽井鍙嶅嵎锛岃竟缂樻湁寰尝鐘剁粏榻匡紝闆勮晩4锛屼几鍑鸿姳鍐犱箣澶栵紝鍚庨潰涓€瀵归泟钑婅緝闀裤€傚皬鍧氭灉鍊掑嵉鐘朵笁瑙掑舰锛岄粍鑹诧紝椤剁鏈夌煭姣涖€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯璺梺锛岀幇澶氭牻鍩广€傛垜鍥藉崡鍖楀悇鐪佸潎鏈夊垎甯冦€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  6-7鏈堥棿閲囬泦銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.钘块鎸ュ彂娌硅兘淇冭繘鑳冩恫鍒嗘硨锛屽寮烘秷鍖栧姏銆傚鑳冭偁鏈夎В鐥夈€侀槻鑵愪綔鐢ㄣ€?.钘块瀵瑰父瑙佽嚧鐥呮€х毊鑲ょ湡鑿屾湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佸井娓┿€傝В鏆戝寲婀匡紝琛屾皵鍜岃儍銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  涓殤鍙戠儹锛屽ご鐥涜兏闂凤紝椋熸涓嶆尟锛屾伓蹇冿紝鍛曞悙锛屾硠娉伙紝澶栫敤娌绘墜瓒崇櫍銆傜敤閲?-12鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.澶寸棝鍙戠儹锛岃兏鑵硅儉鐥涳紝鍛曞悙娉勬郴锛氳椏棣欍€佺櫧鏈€佽尟鑻撱€佸ぇ鑵圭毊鍚?0鍏嬶紝闄堢毊銆佹姊椼€佺传鑻忋€佺敇鑽夈€佸崐澶忋€佸帤鏈淬€佺櫧鑺峰悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傛垨钘块姝f皵涓革紝姣忔鏈?-2涓搞€?/span>

2.鍗曠函鎬ц儍鐐庯細钘块銆佷僵鍏般€佸崐澶忋€侀粍鑺╁悇10鍏嬶紝闄堢毊6鍏嬶紝鍒跺窛鏈?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傞绉姞楹﹁娊15鍏嬶紝鍛曞悙鍓х儓鍔犲绔硅尮10鍏嬶紝榛勮繛3鍏嬶紝鑵圭棝鍔犳湪棣?鍏嬨€?/span>

3.鏃犻粍鐤稿瀷鑲濈値锛堟箍鍥板瀷锛夛細钘块銆佽媿鏈€佸埗棣欓檮銆侀儊閲戝悇10鍏嬶紝鏉胯摑鏍广€佽挷鍏嫳鍚?5鍏嬶紝鍘氭湸銆侀檲鐨悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鎵嬨€佽冻鐧o細钘块30鍏嬶紝榛勭簿銆佸ぇ榛勩€佺殏鐭惧悇12鍏嬶紝涓婅嵂娴镐簬2鏂ょ背閱嬪唴7-8澶╋紝鍘绘福澶囩敤銆傚皢鎮i儴娴稿叆鑽按娴告场锛屾瘡娆?0鍒嗛挓锛屾瘡鏃?娆°€傛蹈鍚庡繉鐢ㄨ偉鐨傛按鎴栫⒈姘存礂娑ゃ€?/span>

5.鎬ユ€ц儍鑲犵値锛屼笂鍚愪笅娉汇€佽吂鐥涳細钘块銆佸埗鍗婂鍚?0鍏嬶紝鑻嶆湳銆侀檲鐨悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.鎱㈡€ч蓟鐐庛€侀蓟绐︾値锛氳椏棣?20鍏嬶紝鐮旀湯锛岀尓鑳嗘眮閫傞噺涓轰父锛屾瘡鏈?鍏嬶紝寮€姘撮€佹湇锛屾瘡鏃?娆★紝杩炴湇2-4鍛ㄣ€?/span>

 

鑻嶆湳

鍒悕  璧ゆ湳銆佹灙澶磋彍

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戣媿鏈睘妞嶇墿鑼呰媿鏈疉tractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC.鍖楄媿鏈疉. chinensis (DC.) Koidz.,浠ユ牴鐘惰寧鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.鑼呰媿鏈紙鍗楄媿鏈級锛氬骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮30-70鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧绮楄偉锛岀粨鑺傜姸锛岃妭涓婃湁缁嗛』鏍癸紝澶栬〃妫曡鑹诧紝鏈夐姘旓紝鏂潰鏈夌孩妫曡壊娌圭偣銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽渾鏌卞舰锛屾湁绾垫1锛屼笂閮ㄤ笉鍒嗘灊鎴栧皯鏈夊垎鏋濄€傚彾浜掔敓锛屽熀閮ㄥ彾鏈夋焺鎴栨棤鏌勶紝甯稿湪鑺辨湡鍓嶅噵钀斤紝涓儴鍙舵き鍦嗙姸鎶拡褰紝闀跨害4鍘樼背锛屽1-1.5鍘樼背锛屽畬鏁存垨3-7缇界姸娴呰锛岃竟缂樻湁鍒虹姸閿娇锛屼笂闈㈡繁缁胯壊锛屼笅闈㈢◢甯︾櫧绮夌姸锛屼笂閮ㄥ彾娓愬皬锛屼笉瑁傦紝鏃犳焺銆傜瀛e紑鑺憋紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭澶氬崟鐙《鐢燂紝鍩洪儴鏈変簩灞備笌鑺卞簭绛夐暱鐨勭窘瑁傚埡缂樼殑鑻炵姸鍙讹紝鎬昏嫗鐗?-8灞傦紝鏈夌氦姣涳紝涓ゆ€ц姳涓庡崟鎬ц姳澶氬紓鏍紝鑺卞叏涓虹鐘讹紝鐧借壊锛屼袱鎬ц姳鍐犳瘺缇界姸鍒嗘灊锛岃緝鑺卞啝绋嶇煭锛岄泴鑺辨湁5鏋氱嚎鐘堕€€鍖栭泟钑娿€傜槮鏋滃渾绛掑舰锛岃榛勭櫧鑹叉瘺銆傚鍥俱€?/span>

    2.鍖楄媿鏈紙鏋ご鑿滐級锛氫笌涓婄澶ц嚧鐩稿悓锛屽彾閫氬父鏃犳焺锛屽彾鐗囪緝瀹斤紝鍗靛舰鎴栫獎鍗靛舰锛屼竴鑸窘鐘?娣辫锛岃寧涓婇儴鍙?-5缇界姸娴呰鎴栦笉瑁傦紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭绋嶅锛屽绉嬮棿寮€鑺便€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍗楄媿鏈父鐢熶簬灞卞潯杈冨共鐕ュ鎴栬崏涓涗腑銆傚垎甯冧簬姹熻嫃銆佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗垮強闄勮繎鍦板尯銆傚寳鑻嶆湳鐢熶簬浣庡北闃村潯鎴栫亴鏈ㄤ笡涓紝鍒嗗竷浜庝笢鍖椼€佸崕鍖楀強闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冦€佸畞澶忋€佸北涓溿€佹渤鍗椼€佽タ钘忕瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ャ€佺鍙噰鎸栵紝浠?-9鏈堥噰鏈€浣炽€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鐢熻媿鏈厧鍓傜粰瀹跺厰鐏岃儍锛屾湁闄嶄綆琛€绯栦綔鐢紝缁欒嵂10鏃ュ唴琛€绯栦笉鏂笅闄嶏紝鍋滆嵂鍚庢湭瑙佸洖鍗囥€?.灏忓墏閲忚兘浣胯鍘嬭交寰崌楂橈紝澶у墏閲忓垯涓嬮檷锛屼笉璁哄墏閲忓ぇ灏忚兘浣垮懠鍚稿彂鐢熸殏鏃朵績杩幇璞°€?.瀵硅熅铚嶅績鑴忔悘鍔ㄦ湁鍑忓急鐜拌薄锛屽績寰嬪噺鎱紝澶у墏閲忓垯楹荤椆涓嶆悘鍔ㄣ€?.浣垮鍏斿崄浜屾寚鑲犳敹缂╁噺缂撱€?.鐓庡墏缁欏ぇ榧犵亴鑳冿紝涓嶈兘鍒╁翱锛屼絾鏈夋樉钁楃殑鎺掗挔銆侀捑浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  蹇冦€佽嫤銆佹俯銆傚仴鑴剧嚗婀匡紝绁涢閬跨Ы銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  椋熸涓嶆尟锛屾秷鍖栦笉鑹紝瀵掓箍鍚愭郴锛岃儍鑵硅儉婊★紝姘磋偪锛屾箍鐥扮暀楗紝澶滅洸鐥囷紝浣濆伝鐥咃紝婀跨柟銆傜敤閲忥細3-10鍏嬨€傜儳鐑熼伩绉芥皵銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑳冪値锛岃儍婧冪枴锛岃儍閰歌繃澶氾紝椋熸涓嶆尟锛氳媿鏈?0鍏嬶紝闄堢毊銆佸帤鏈淬€佺敇鑽夊悇30鍏嬶紝鐮旂矇锛屾瘡鏈?鍏嬶紝鏃?娆°€?/span>

2.榛勭柛鍨嬭倽鐐庯紙婀块噸鍨嬶級锛氳媿鏈€佸崐澶忋€佽尟鑻撱€佽椏棣欏悇10鍏嬶紝鑼甸檲30鍏嬶紝鐚嫇銆佹澘鍏版牴鍚?5鍏嬶紝鍘氭湸銆侀檲鐨悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.婀跨柟锛氳媿鏈€侀粍鏌忓悇10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傚彟鐢ㄨ媿鏈€侀粍鏌忋€佺厖鐭宠啅鍚勭瓑閲忥紝鐮旂粏绮夋暦鎮e銆?/span>

 

鑼甸檲

鍒悕  鑼甸檲钂裤€佺櫧钂裤€佺粧钂裤€佺坏鑼甸檲銆佺尨瀛愭瘺

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戣壘灞炴鐗╄尩闄堣捒Artemisia capillaris Thunb.锛?/span>浠ュ幓鏍瑰辜鑻楀叆鑽€?/span>

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缇婅箘

鍒悕  鍦熷ぇ榛勩€佺墰鑸屽ご銆佺緤鑸屽ご銆侀噹鑿犺彍銆佺緤韫勫彾

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6.澶т究绉樼粨锛氱緤韫勬牴15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆?/span>

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6.娉屽翱绯荤粨鐭筹細椴滅Н闆崏銆侀矞澶╄儭鑽姐€侀矞娴烽噾鐮傘€侀矞杞﹀墠鑽夊悇30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛?娆″垎鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1鍓傘€?/span>

7.鐥㈢柧锛氱Н闆崏閫傞噺锛屾檼骞茬爺鏈紝姣忔湇6鍏嬶紝姣忔棩4娆★紝7澶╀竴鐤楃▼銆?/span>

8.鑲犵値銆佺棦鐤撅細绉洩鑽夈€佽溅鍓嶈崏銆侀┈鍏般€侀奔鑵ヨ崏鍚勭瓑閲忥紝鏅掑共锛岀爺鏈紝姣忔湇6鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3娆★紝娓╁紑姘撮€佹湇銆?/span>

9.涓殤鑵规郴锛氶矞绉洩鑽?0鍏嬶紝鐓庢堡浠h尪銆?/span>

10.璺屾墦鎹熶激锛氶矞绉洩鑽?0鍏嬶紝鎹f眮鎴栨蹈閰掓湇锛岃嵂娓f暦鎮e銆?/span>

11.鐨偆婀跨柟鐦欑棐锛氱Н闆崏12鍏嬶紝閲庤強鑺?0鍏嬶紝鍦拌偆瀛?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

12.椋熺墿涓瘨銆佹湪钖腑姣掞細椴滅Н闆崏銆佽暪鑿滄牴鍚勫崐鏂わ紝鍏辨崳鐑傚彇姹侊紝寮€姘村啿鏈嶃€?/span>

 

鐧借嫳

鍒悕  鐧芥瘺钘ゃ€佺櫧鑽夈€佹瘺鍗冮噷鍏夈€佹瘺椋庤棨銆佹帓椋庤棨銆佹瘺绉€鎵嶃€佽懌鑺﹁崏銆侀噾绾跨豢姣涢緹銆佽嫤鑼勩€佽渶缇婃硥

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿寗绉戣寗灞炴鐗╃櫧鑻盨olanum lyratum Thunb.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻敁鎬ц崏鏈紝闀垮彲杈?绫炽€傝寧鍩洪儴鏈夋椂鏈ㄨ川鍖栵紝鐏拌鑹茶嚦鐏伴粍鑹诧紝鏈夌旱鐨勬1绾垮拰鍦嗗舰鐨瓟锛屽辜鏋濆瘑琚煍姣涖€傚彾浜掔敓锛屾湁闀挎焺锛屽彾鐗囬暱鍗靛舰鎴栧嵉鐘堕暱鍦嗗舰锛岄暱3-10鍘樼背锛屽父鍦ㄥ熀閮?-5瑁傦紝鐣ュ憟鐞寸姸锛岀敓浜庢灊绋嶇殑鍙朵笉鍒嗚锛屼袱闈㈤兘瀵嗙敓鐧借壊闀挎煍姣涖€傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝鐤忔澗鑱氫紴鑺卞簭涓庡彾瀵圭敓锛屾€昏姳姊椾笌鑺辨鍧囩粏闀匡紝鏈夋煍姣涳紝灏忚姳鐧戒腑鐣ュ甫绱壊锛岃惣5娴呰锛岃姳鍐犲箙鐘?娣辫锛岃鐗囨姭閽堝舰锛屽悜澶栧弽鎶橈紝闆勮晩5涓紝鑺辫嵂鍚戜笂瀛旇锛岄泴钑?锛屽瓙鎴夸笂浣嶏紝鑺辨煴缁嗛暱銆傛祮鏋滅悆褰紝鐔熸椂绾㈣壊锛屽熀閮ㄦ湁瀹胯惣銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬璺竟銆佸北閲庤崏涓涙垨鐏屼笡涓€傚北鍧¤崏鍦版垨闃存箍澶勩€傚垎甯冧簬榛勬渤浠ュ崡鍚勭渷銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺閲囬泦鍏ㄨ崏銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鏈搧瀵逛汉浣撹偤鐧屾湁鎶楃檶浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸钩锛屾湁灏忔瘨銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝瑙f瘨娑堣偪锛屾姉鐧屻€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鍏ㄨ崏锛氭劅鍐掑彂鐑紝榛勭柛鍨嬭倽鐐庯紝鑳嗗泭鐐庯紝鑳嗙煶鐥囷紝鐧岀棁锛屽瓙瀹绯滅儌锛岀櫧甯︼紝鑲剧値姘磋偪锛屽鐢ㄦ不鐥堢枛鑲挎瘨銆傛牴锛氶婀挎€у叧鑺傜値銆傜敤閲忥細15-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.榛勭柛鍨嬭倽鐐庯細鐧借嫳銆佸ぉ鑳¤嵔鍚?0鍏嬶紝铏庡埡鏍?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傘€?/span>

2.澹板甫鐧岋細鐧借嫳銆侀緳钁靛悇30鍏嬶紝铔囪帗銆佺煶瑙佺┛銆侀噹鑽為害鏍瑰悇15鍏嬶紝楹﹀啲銆佺煶闊﹀悇12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽垎2娆℃湇銆?/span>

3.鑲虹檶锛氱櫧鑻便€佺嫍鐗欏崐鏀紙鍨傜泦鑽夛級鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傘€?/span>

4.瀛愬棰堢檶銆佸瓙瀹鐐庛€佺櫧甯﹀锛氱櫧鑻?0-120鍏嬶紝绾㈡灒30鍏嬪悓鐓紝椋熸堡鍙婃灒銆傛垨鍔犺疮浠?0鍏嬶紝鍦熻尟鑻?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

5.婀跨儹榛勭柛姘磋偪锛氱櫧鑻?0鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€?/span>

6.鏃犲悕鑲挎瘨锛氱櫧鑻辫棨鍙舵崳鏁枫€?/span>

7.椋庢箍鍔充激锛氱櫧鑻辨牴90鍏嬶紝娉¢厭涓€鏂ゆ湇銆?/span>

8.涓€崇値锛氱櫧鑻辫棨鍙舵崳缁掓场姘达紝婊村叆鑰冲唴銆?/span>

9.鍏宠妭椋庢箍鐥涳細鐧借嫳娴搁厭鏈嶃€?/span>

10.鐦扮柆銆佷钩鐥堬細鐧借嫳30-60鍏嬶紝澶忔灟鑽?0鍏嬶紝姗樺彾6鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€?/span>

11.婀跨柟鏃ヤ箙涓嶆剤锛氱櫧鑻?0鍏嬶紝鍖呬簬甯冨唴锛屽姞鐚ぇ鑲犲崐鏂わ紝閰掓按鍚勫崐鐐栨湇銆?/span>

 

鏍€瀛?/font>

鍒悕  榛勬爛瀛愩€侀粍鏋滄爲銆佸北鏍€瀛愩€佺孩鏍€瀛?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿寽鑽夌鏍€瀛愬睘妞嶇墿鏍€瀛怗ardenia jaasminoides  Ellis.,浠ユ灉瀹炲拰鏍瑰叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  甯哥豢鐏屾湪锛岄珮鍙揪2绫炽€傛牴娣¢粍鑹层€傝寧澶氬垎鏋濄€傚彾瀵圭敓鎴栦笁鍙惰疆鐢燂紝鎶拡褰紝闀?-14鍘樼背锛岄潻璐紝鍏変寒锛屾墭鍙惰啘璐紝鍦ㄥ彾鏌勫唴渚ч€氬父涓ょ墖鑱斿悎鎴愮瓛鐘讹紝鍖呭洿灏忔灊銆傚鍒濆紑鑺憋紝鑺卞崟鐢熶簬鏋濈鎴栧彾鑵嬶紝杈冨ぇ锛岃姳钀肩豢鑹诧紝鍦嗙瓛褰紝鍩洪儴娓愮獎锛屽厛绔湁鏁颁釜瑁傜墖锛岀瓛閮ㄤ笌瑁傜墖杩戜簬绛夐暱锛岃姳鍐犲紑鏀惧悗鍛堥珮鑴氱鐘躲€傞€氬父6鐡o紝鏈夋椂5-7鐡o紝鏍藉煿鑰呭父瑙侀噸鐡o紝鐧借壊锛岃倝璐紝鏈夐姘旓紝闆勮晩閫氬父6锛屾湁鏃剁◢澶氾紝鏃犺姳涓濓紝鑽潯褰紝瀛愭埧1瀹わ紝涓嬩綅锛岃儦鐝犲鏁般€傝挻鏋滃埌鍗靛舰鎴栨き鍦嗗舰锛岀瀛f灉鐔熸椂閲戦粍鑹叉垨姗樼孩鑹诧紝闀?.5-4.5鍘樼背锛屾湁缈呯姸绾垫15-8鏉★紝椤剁鏈?-8鏉$獎鎶拡褰㈠瀛樿姳钀硷紝闀夸笌鏋滃嚑鐩哥瓑銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍠滅敓浜庡湴灞卞潯娓╂殩闃存箍澶勩€傚垎甯冧簬娴欐睙銆佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炵瓑鐪侊紝鍏ㄥ浗澶ч儴鍒嗗湴鍖烘湁鏍藉煿銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  9-11鏈堟憳鍙栨灉瀹烇紝鏋滃疄涓嶆槗骞茬嚗锛屽簲甯哥炕鍔紝浣块€氶鑹ソ锛屼互鍏嶅彂闇夊彉璐ㄣ€傚銆佺鎸栨牴銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鍔ㄧ墿瀹為獙璇佹槑鏍€瀛愭按娴歌啅銆侀唶娴歌啅鍧囨湁鍒╄儐浣滅敤锛屾按娴歌啅浣滅敤杈冨己锛岀敤鏍€瀛愭蹈鍑虹墿瀹為獙缁撴墡鑳嗙鐨勫鍏旓紝鑳芥姂鍒惰涓儐绾㈢礌鐨勫舰鎴愩€?.鏍€瀛愮厧鍓傘€侀唶鎻愬彇鐗╁鍔ㄧ墿鏈夎緝鎸佷箙鐨勯檷鍘嬩綔鐢ㄣ€?.鍦ㄩ檷鍘嬪墏閲忔椂锛屼笉璁哄彛鏈嶆垨娉ㄥ皠锛屽潎鏈夋槑鏄剧殑闀囬潤浣滅敤銆?.鏍€瀛愭祦娴歌啅涓庢垔宸存瘮濡ラ挔鍙骇鐢熷崗鍚屼綔鐢ㄣ€傜粰灏忕櫧榧犵毊涓嬫敞灏勮兘瀵规姉鎴婂洓姘殑鎯婂帴銆傝櫧涓嶈兘瀵规姉澹殑瀹佸紩璧风殑鎯婂帴锛屼絾鑳藉噺灏戞浜$巼銆?.鏍€瀛愭湁姝㈣浣滅敤锛岀敓鏍€瀛愭琛€浣滅敤杈冪劍鏍€寮恒€傛爛瀛愭彁鍙栫墿鍒舵垚鐨勬补鑶忚兘鍔犻€熻蒋缁勭粐鎸激鐨勬剤鍚堛€?.鏍€瀛愭按鐓庡墏鑳芥潃姝婚挬绔灪鏃嬩綋锛屾潃鐏鍚歌櫕鐨勬垚铏€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛郴鐏В姣掞紝娓呯儹鍒╂箍锛屽噳琛€鏁g榾銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏋滃疄锛氱儹鐥呴珮鐑э紝蹇冪儲涓嶇湢锛屽疄鐏墮鐥涳紝鍙h垖鐢熺柈锛岄蓟琛勶紝鍚愯锛岀溂缁撹啘鐐庯紝鐤枴鑲挎瘨锛岄粍鐤告€т紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯紝铓曡眴鐥咃紝灏胯锛屽鐢ㄦ不澶栦激鍑鸿锛屾壄鎸激銆傛牴锛氫紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯紝璺屾墦鎹熶激锛岄鐏墮鐥涖€傜敤閲忥細鏋滅敤3-10鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岀爺鏈暦鎮e銆傛牴锛?0-60鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.榛勭柛鍨嬫€ユ€т紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯細椴滄爛瀛愭牴60鍏嬶紝娣$鍙舵牴銆佺櫧鑼呮牴銆佹鐧界毊鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.璺屾墦鎹熶激锛?/span>鈶犳爛瀛?50鍏嬶紝褰撳綊銆佹浠併€佺孩鑺卞悇150鍏嬶紝闈㈢矇銆佸嚒澹灄鍚?50鍏嬶紝閱?00姣崌锛屽墠鍥涘懗鍏辩爺缁嗘湯锛屽皢闈㈢矇鍏ラ攨鍐咃紝鍔犳按锛屽姞鐏啲鎴愮硦鐘讹紝鍊掑叆鑽矇鎼呭寑锛屽啀鍏ュ嚒澹灄銆佺背閱嬶紝璋冨寑鍗虫垚銆傚鏁锋偅澶勶紝姣忔棩1娆°€傗憽鏍€瀛?00鍏嬶紝绾㈣姳30鍏嬶紝澶ч粍銆佸榛勫悇150鍏嬶紝鍦熼硸铏?0鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗙矇锛岀櫧閰掕皟鏁锋偅澶勶紝姣忔棩鎹㈣嵂1娆°€?/span>

3.鍥涜偄鎵尗浼わ細鏍€瀛愮爺鎴愮矖绮夛紝浠ユ俯姘磋皟鎴愮硦鐘讹紝鍔犲叆灏戣閰掔簿锛屽钩鎽婁簬绾卞竷涓婏紝鑽帤绾?.2鍘樼背锛屽寘鎵庝激澶勶紝3-5澶╂洿鎹?娆★紝琛€鑲挎槑鏄捐€?澶╂洿鎹?娆°€傝劚鑷煎簲鍏堟暣澶嶏紝楠ㄦ姌涓嶅疁鏁风敤銆?/span>

 

鏌磋儭

鍒悕  榛戞煷鑳°€佺鍙惰崏鏍广€佸壀瀛愯偂鑽夈€侀粦鏌淬€侀粦鑳?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓轰紴褰㈢鏌磋儭灞炴鐗╂煷鑳upleurum chinense DC.鐙彾鏌磋儭 B. scorzoneraefolium Willd.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.鏌磋儭锛堝寳鏌磋儭锛夛細澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?5-70鍘樼背銆備富鏍瑰渾鏌卞舰锛屽垎鏋濇垨涓嶅垎鏋濓紝璐ㄥ潥纭€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屼笡鐢燂紝灏戞湁鍗曠敓鐨勶紝涓婇儴澶氬垎鏋濓紝鐣ュ憟鈥滀箣鈥濆瓧褰㈠集鏇层€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鏃犳焺锛屽彾鐗囨潯鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛岄暱3-9鍘樼背锛屽0.6-1.3鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鏈€缁堟垚鐭姃鐘讹紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屾湁骞宠鑴?-9鏉★紝涓嬮潰鏈夌矇闇溿€傜瀛e紑椴滈粍鑹茶姳锛屽浼炶姳搴忚厠鐢熷吋椤剁敓锛屾€讳紴姊楃粏闀匡紝杩戞按骞充几鍑猴紝鏃犳€昏嫗鐗囨垨鏈?-3鐗囷紝鎶拡褰紝浼炲箙3-8锛屼笉绛夐暱锛屽皬鎬昏嫗鐗?锛岃緝灏忎紴姊楃煭鎴栫暐绛夐暱锛屾姭閽堝舰锛屽厛绔攼灏栵紝灏忎紴姊楅暱5-10銆傚弻鎮灉瀹芥き鍦嗗舰锛屽乏鍙虫墎骞筹紝鍒嗘灉鏈?鏉℃槑鏄剧殑涓绘1銆?/span>

    2.鐙彾鏌磋儭锛堝崡鏌磋儭銆佺孩鏌磋儭锛夛細楂?0-65鍘樼背锛屾牴涓婄矖涓嬬粏锛屽鐨孩瑜愯壊锛屼含鍗曚竴鎴栨暟鏋濅笡鐢燂紝鍩洪儴鏈夋鑹茬氦缁寸姸鍙舵焺娈嬪熀锛屽熀鐢熷彾鍙婁笅閮ㄥ彾鏈夐暱鏌勶紝鍙剁墖绐勬潯褰紝闀?-15鍘樼背锛屽2-6姣背锛屽厛绔暱娓愬皷锛岀粓鎴愯姃鐘讹紝

鑼庣敓鑵嬫潯鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛屼笅鏈?-7鍑稿嚭鐨勫钩琛岃剦銆傛灉闀挎き鍦嗗舰锛屽甫瑜愯壊锛屽垎鏋?鏉℃1绮楄€岄挐銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/strong>  鍖楁煷鑳$敓浜庤緝骞茬嚗灞卞潯銆佺敯閲庛€佽矾鏃侊紝鍒嗗竷浜庝笢鍖椼€佸崕鍖椼€佸崕涓溿€佽タ鍗楀強闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冪瓑鍦般€傚崡鏌磋儭鐢熶簬骞茬嚗鑽夊師涓婏紝鍒嗗竷浜庝笢鍖椼€佸崕鍖椼€佽タ鍖楀強灞变笢銆佹睙鑻忋€佸畨寰姐€佹箹鍖椼€佸洓宸濄€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ャ€佺閲囨寲銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鐓庡墏瀵瑰疄楠屾€у彂鐑鍏旀湁瑙g儹浣滅敤銆?.鍙兘鏈夐樆姝㈢枱鍘熻櫕鍙戣偛浣夸箣娑堢伃鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?.瀵瑰洓姘寲纰虫墍鑷寸殑澶х櫧榧犺倽鎹熶激锛屾湁鎶楁崯浼や綔鐢ㄣ€?.鎶戣弻銆佹姂鐥呮瘨锛氬缁撴牳鏉嗚弻銆佹祦鎰熺梾姣掋€佺墰鐥樼梾姣掓湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?.鍏剁矖鍒剁殏鐢欏彛鏈嶆湁浠ヤ笅浣滅敤锛氬灏忕櫧榧犳樉钁楅晣闈欎綔鐢紝鏈夐晣鐥涗綔鐢紝瀵规甯稿ぇ榧犳湁闄嶆俯浣滅敤锛屽璞氶紶鏈夐晣鍜充綔鐢紝鑳芥姂鍒剁浣撹洐蹇冿紝闄嶄綆瀹跺厰琛€鍘嬬瓑銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸井瀵掋€傝В琛ㄥ拰閲岋紝鐢熼槼锛岀枏鑲濊В閮併€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋锛屼笂鍛煎惛閬撴劅鏌擄紝鐤熺柧锛屽瘨鐑線鏉ワ紝鑳佺棝锛岃倽鐐庯紝鑳嗛亾鎰熸煋锛屾湀缁忎笉璋冿紝鑴辫倹銆傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.瀵掔儹寰€鏉ワ紝鑳歌儊鑻︽弧锛屽績鐑﹀憰鍚愶細鏌磋儭12鍏嬶紝榛勮姪銆佸厷鍙傘€佺敇鑽夊悇10鍏嬶紝鍗婂銆佺敓濮滃悇6鍏嬶紝澶ф灒5鏋氾紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鎬ユ€ц儐鍥婄値锛岃儐鐭崇棁锛氭煷鑳?0-15鍏嬶紝榛勮姪15鍏嬶紝濮滃崐澶忋€佹湪棣欍€佺敓澶ч粍鍚?0鍏嬶紝閮侀噾10-15鍏嬨€傜儹閲嶅姞鏉垮叞鏍?0鍏嬶紝閲戦摱鑺?5-30鍏嬶紝杩炵繕10鍏嬨€?/span>

3.鏃犻粍鐤歌倽鐐庯細鏌磋儭銆佸綋褰掋€佺櫧鑺嶃€侀儊閲戙€佸北鏍€鍚?0鍏嬶紝鏉垮叞鏍广€佸鏋崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝鏋冲36鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

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鍒悕  閲戦挶鑽夈€佹弧澶╂槦銆佺牬閾滈挶銆佹槑闀滆崏銆侀摵鍦拌崏銆佺泦涓婅姭鑼溿€佹槦绉€鑽?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓轰紴褰㈢澶╄儭鑽藉睘妞嶇墿澶╄儭鑽紿ydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam.锛屽叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熷實鍖愮姸灏忚崏鏈紝鑼庣粏闀跨氦寮憋紝钄撳欢鍦伴潰锛岃妭涓婄敓鐧借壊椤绘牴銆傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀?-8鍘樼背锛屾湁钖勮啘璐ㄨ鑹插皬鎵樺彾锛屽彾鐗囧渾褰㈡垨鑲惧舰锛岀洿寰?.5-2鍘樼背锛屾湁5-7鎺岀姸娴呰鎴栦笉瑁傦紝鍩洪儴蹇冨舰锛岃竟缂樻湁閽濋娇锛屼袱闈㈡棤姣涙垨琚枏姣涖€傛槬瀛e紑缁跨櫧鑹叉垨娣$孩绱壊灏忚姳锛?0-15鏈佃仛鎴愬渾澶寸姸浼炲舰鑺卞簭锛屽崟涓€鑵嬬敓锛屾€绘缁嗛暱锛屽皬鑺辨棤姊楋紝钀奸娇涓嶆樉钁楋紝鑺辩摚鍗靛舰锛屽弻鎮灉鎵佸钩锛岀暐鍛堝績鑴忓舰锛屽厜婊戞垨鍏风孩鑹插皬鏂戠偣锛屾湁涓夋1锛屾妫变笉鏄庢樉銆?/span>

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閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛岀瀛i噰闆嗚緝濂姐€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鎶戣弻瀹為獙锛氭湰鍝佹按鐓庡墏娴撳害1锛?锛屼綋澶栬瘯楠屽閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屾湁杈冨己鎶戝埗浣滅敤锛屽鍙樺舰鏉嗚弻銆佺姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屼篃鏈変笉鍚岀▼搴︾殑鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?.涓村簥鍋惰鐧界粏鑳炲噺灏戠幇璞★紝鍋滆嵂鍚庤嚜琛屾仮澶嶃€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸井杈涖€佸噳銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝绁涚棸姝㈠挸銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  榛勭柛鍨嬩紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯紝鑲濈‖鍖栬吂姘达紝鑳嗙煶鐥囷紝娉屽翱绯绘劅鏌擄紝娉屽翱绯荤粨鐭筹紝浼ら鎰熷啋锛屽挸鍡斤紝鐧炬棩鍜筹紝鍜藉枆鐐庯紝鎵佹浣撶値锛岀洰缈筹紝澶栫敤娌绘箍鐤癸紝甯︾姸鐤辩柟锛岃琛€銆傜敤閲忥細10-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳姹佹暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.榛勭柛鍨嬩紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯細鈶犲ぉ鑳¤嵔30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1鍓傘€傗憽澶╄儭鑽姐€侀參娴嗚崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶆垨鐐栬倝鍚冦€傚彟鐢ㄩ矞鍙舵崳鐑傚榧伙紝宸﹀彸榧诲瓟杞祦濉烇紝骞叉椂鍗虫崲銆?/span>

2.鑳嗙煶鐥囷細澶╄儭鑽姐€佽繛閽辫崏銆佹捣閲戞矙钘ゃ€佽溅鍓嶈崏锛堝潎椴滃搧锛夊悇30鍏嬶紝姣忔棩1鍓傦紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇銆?/span>

3.灏胯矾缁撶煶锛氬ぉ鑳¤嵔銆佺煶闊︺€佸崐杈硅幉銆佹捣閲戞矙鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鐩砍锛氬ぉ鑳¤嵔30鍏嬶紝闈掑3铔?鍙紝涓嶇敤娌癸紝鍚岀倰鏈嶏紝杩炴湇鏁版棩銆?/span>

5.甯︾姸鐤辩柟锛氶矞澶╄儭鑽芥崳鐑傦紝鐢ㄤ箼閱囨蹈5-6灏忔椂锛岃嵂姹佹秱鎮e锛岀毊鐮磋€呭繉鐢ㄣ€?/span>

6.琛勮锛氶矞澶╄儭鑽芥崳鐑傦紝濉為蓟銆?/span>

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8.浜斿畼鐐庣棁锛堣丹鐪笺€侀蓟鐐庛€佸彛鐤€佺砍瀛愩€佷腑鑰崇値锛夛細椴滃ぉ鑳¤嵔30鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€?/span>

9.绾㈢棦锛岀儹娣嬶細澶╄儭鑽?0鍏嬶紝鐧界硸15鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€?/span>

10.灏忓効鐤崇Н锛岀砍瀛愶細椴滃ぉ鑳¤嵔15鍏嬶紝鐚倽鎴栭浮鑲濋€傞噺锛岃捀鐔熷悆銆?/span>

11.鑴氱櫍婀跨棐锛氶矞澶╄儭鑽藉姞椋熺洂灏戣锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e锛岃繛鏁峰嚑澶┿€?/span>

 

鍦拌€宠崏

鍒悕  鐢板熀鐜嬨€佺敯鍩洪粍銆佸皬鐢板熀榛勩€侀粍鑺辫崏銆侀粍鑺变粩銆佸鍙惰崏銆佷竷瀵搁噾銆佺粏鍙堕粍銆佸湴鑰宠崏

鏉ユ簮  涓洪噾涓濇绉戦噾涓濇灞炴鐗╁湴鑰宠崏Hypericum japonicum Thunb.,鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮15-40鍘樼背銆傛牴椤荤姸銆傝寧鐩寸珛鎴栨枩涓撅紝绾ょ粏锛屽叿鍥涙1銆傚崟鍙跺鐢燂紝鏃犳焺锛屽灏戞姳鑼庯紝鍙剁墖鍗靛舰鎴栧鍗靛舰锛岄暱5-15姣背锛屽3-8姣背锛屽厛绔挐鎴栧井灏栵紝鍩洪儴閽濆洯锛屽叏缂樸€備袱闈㈠潎甯︾传绾㈣壊锛屾湁閫忔槑鑵虹偣銆傛槬銆佸寮€鑺憋紝椤剁敓鑱氫紴鑺卞簭锛岃嫗鐗?锛岀獎缁嗭紝鑺辨鐭紝鑺辫惣5娣辫锛岃鐗囩灏栵紝鑺辩摚5锛岄暱绾?姣背锛屼笌钀艰繎绛夐暱锛岄粍鑹诧紝闆勮晩澶氭暟锛屽熀閮ㄨ繛鍚堬紝闆岃晩妞渾褰紝鑺辨煴3銆傝挻鏋滃鍗电姸鐞冨舰锛岄暱绾?姣背锛屾榛勮壊锛屾湁瀹胯惣锛岀啛鍚?瑁傘€傜瀛愮粏灏忥紝澶氭暟銆?/span>

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ャ€佸閲囧叏鑽夈€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氬湴鑰宠崏瀵归噾榛勮壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆侀摼鐞冭弻銆佺墰鍨嬬粨鏍告潌鑿屻€佽偤鐐庡弻鐞冭弻銆佺尓闇嶄贡鏉嗚弻鍧囨湁涓嶅悓绋嬪害鐨勬姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.瀵圭浣撳厰鑲狅紝浣庢祿搴︽椂鍙鑺傚緥鎬ф敹缂╁寮猴紝楂樻祿搴︽椂鍑虹幇鐥夋寷鎬ф敹缂┿€傚锜捐湇蹇冭剰锛屼綆娴撳害鏃跺厛鍏村鍚庢姂鍒讹紝楂樻祿搴︽椂鍑虹幇蹇冭剰绾ょ淮棰ゅ姩鑰岃嚦蹇冭剰鍋滄璺冲姩銆傚鐙楀彲浣胯鍘嬬◢鏈変笅闄嶃€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸懗鑻︺€佸噳銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝瑙f瘨娑堣偪锛屾暎鐦€姝㈢棝銆?/span>

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姊楅€氳崏
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鍘氭湸

鍒悕  宸濇湸銆佺传娌瑰帤鏈?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓烘湪鍏扮鏈ㄥ叞灞炴鐗╁帤鏈碝agnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils.鍜屽嚬鍙跺帤鏈?娓╂湸)M. biloba (Rehd.et Wils.)Cheng.,浠ュ共鐨€佹牴鐨€佽姳銆佹灉鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

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2.鍑瑰彾鍘氭湸锛氫笌鍓嶇鐩镐技锛屽彾鐗囧厛绔嚬闄凤紝褰㈡垚浜屽渾瑁傦紝瑁傛繁2-3.5鍘樼背銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍧囩敓浜庢俯鏆栨箍娑︺€佸湡鍦拌偉娌冪殑灞卞潯鍦般€傚帤鏈村垎甯冧簬闀挎睙娴佸煙锛屽挨浠ュ洓宸濄€佹箹鍖椾负澶氾紝闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冧篃鏈夊垎甯冦€傚嚬鍙跺帤鏈村垎甯冧簬姹熻嫃銆佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗楀強骞胯タ绛夊湴銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  浠庣珛澶忓埌澶忚嚦鍓ュ彇15骞翠互涓婄殑鏍戠毊锛屾垚鍫嗙疆鍦熷潙鍐咃紝浠ラ潚鑽夎鐩栵紝浣垮叾鈥滃彂姹椻€濓紝鍙栧嚭鏅掑共銆傜敤鍓嶆鼎閫忓埉鍘荤矖鐨紝鍒囩墖鏅掑共銆傝姳鍦ㄥ皢寮€鏀炬椂閲囨敹锛岃捀10鍒嗛挓锛屽彇鍑猴紝鏅掑共鎴栧井鐏儤骞层€傜瀛i噰鏋滐紝鏅掑共銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻瀹為獙锛氬帤鏈存湁杈冨己鐨勬姉鑿屼綔鐢紝涓旀€ц川绋冲畾锛?/span>

涓嶅彈鐑€侀吀銆佺⒈鐨勭牬鍧忥紝鎶楄弻璋辫緝骞裤€?.鍘氭湸瀵瑰姩鐗╃梾姣掓€ц倽鐐庢湁鏀瑰杽鑲濊剰瀹炶川鐥呮崯鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?.鍘氭湸绠瘨纰辫兘浣胯繍鍔ㄧ缁忔湯姊㈤夯鐥癸紝寮曡捣鍏ㄨ韩鏉惧紱鎬ц繍鍔ㄩ夯鐥癸紝浣嗗鎰熻绁炵粡鏃犳樉钁楀奖鍝嶃€?.鍘氭湸绠瘨纰辩粰瀹跺厰鎴栫尗灏戦噺闈欐敞锛岃鍘嬫槑鏄句笅闄嶏紝蹇冨緥鍔犲揩锛岃倢寮犲姏涓嬮檷銆?.鍘氭湸鐓庡墏鍦ㄥ疄楠屽墏閲忎笅瀵瑰鍏旇偁绠″強鏀皵绠″钩婊戣倢鏈夊叴濂嬩綔鐢紝瀵瑰皬榧犲強璞氶紶绂讳綋鑲犵锛屽皬鍓傞噺鏃跺嚭鐜板叴濂嬶紝澶у墏閲忓嚭鐜版姂鍒躲€?.鍘氭湸鐓庡墏鏈夋潃姝荤尓铔旇櫕鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佽緵銆佹俯銆傛俯涓笅姘旓紝鍖栨箍琛屾粸銆傝姳銆佹灉锛氬井鑻︺€佹俯銆傚涓埄姘斻€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑳歌吂鑳€鐥涳紝娑堝寲涓嶈壇锛岃偁姊楅樆锛岀棦鐤撅紝鐥伴ギ鍠樻弧銆傝姳鏋滐細鎰熷啋鍜冲椊锛岃兏闂蜂笉閫傘€傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑵规弧鐥涳紝澶т究绉橈細鍘氭湸銆佹灣瀹炲悇10鍏嬶紝澶ч粍6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鎬ユ€ц偁鐐庯紝缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅細鍘氭湸閫傞噺鐮旀湯锛屾瘡鏈?鍏嬶紝姣忔棩2-3娆°€傛垨鍔犻€傞噺闈㈢矇绯婁父鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鑲犳闃伙紙涓€鑸€ц偁姊楅樆姘旇儉杈冮噸鑰咃級锛氬窛鍘氭湸銆佽丹鑺嶅悇15鍏嬶紝鐐掕幈鑿斿瓙30鍏嬶紝鑺掔銆佹灣瀹炪€佺敓澶ч粍鍚?0-15鍏嬶紝妗冧粊10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

鍒洪拡鑽?/font>

鍒悕  楝奸拡鑽夈€佺洸鑲犺崏銆佷竴鍖呴拡銆佺矘韬崏銆佸﹩濠嗛拡銆侀噾鐩忛摱鐩樸€佽窡浜鸿蛋銆侀挗鍙夎崏

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戝埡閽堣崏灞炴鐗╁埡閽堣崏Bidens bipinnata L.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮40-100鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽洓妫卞舰锛屼笂閮ㄥ鍒嗘灊锛屼笅閮ㄧ◢甯︽贰绱壊锛岃寧鏋濆辜鏃惰鐭姣涙垨鏃犳瘺銆備笅閮ㄥ強涓儴鐨勫彾瀵圭敓锛屼袱闈㈢暐鍏风煭姣涳紝鏈夐暱鏌勶紝浜屽洖缇界姸鍒嗚锛岃鐗囪竟缂樺叿缁嗗皷榻挎垨閽濋娇锛屼笂閮ㄥ彾浜掔敓锛岃緝灏忥紝涓€鍥炵窘鐘跺垎瑁傘€傜瀛e紑鑺憋紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭鐢熶簬鑼庨《鎴栧彾鑵嬶紝鏈夐暱姊楋紝杈圭紭鏈夊皯鏁伴粍鐧借壊鑸岀姸鑺憋紝涓ぎ鏈夊鏁伴粍鑹茬鐘惰姳銆傜槮鏋滈暱鏉″舰锛岄粍瑜愯壊锛屾湁3-4妫憋紝椤剁鏈夐拡鐘跺啝姣?-4鏉★紝鍏峰€掑埡銆?/span>

    鍚屽睘妞嶇墿涓夊彾鍒洪拡鑽夛紝鍙剁墖閫氬父涓夊嚭锛屽皯鏈?瑁傦紝涓や晶鍙剁墖鍏风煭鏌勶紝杈圭紭閿娇鐘讹紝鐦︽灉鏉″舰锛岄粦鑹层€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  甯哥敓浜庤矾鏃併€佸潯鍦般€佽崏鍦般€傚垎甯冨嚑閬嶅叏鍥姐€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忓寮€鑺辨椂閲囨敹銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鍒洪拡鑽変箼閱囨蹈娑插湪浣撳瀵瑰浐绱煋鑹查槼鎬ц弻鏈夋樉钁楁姉鑿屼綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸钩銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝绁涢娲昏銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  涓婂懠鍚搁亾鎰熸煋锛屽捊鍠夎偪鐥涳紝鎬ユ€ч槕灏剧値锛屾€ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯紝鑳冭偁鐐庯紝娑堝寲涓嶈壇锛岄婀垮叧鑺傜柤鐥涳紝鐤熺柧锛屽鐢ㄦ不鐤枛锛屾瘨铔囧挰浼わ紝璺屾墦鑲跨棝銆傜敤閲忥細15-60鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯細鍒洪拡鑽?5鍏嬶紝杩為挶鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鎬ユ€ц儍鑲犵値锛氬埡閽堣崏15-30鍏嬶紝杞﹀墠鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傚憰鍚愬姞鐢熷5鐗囷紝鑵圭棝鍔犻厭鏇?涓€?/span>

3.灏忓効鍗曠函鎬ф秷鍖栦笉鑹細鈶犲埡閽堣崏3-15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧2娆★紝鍒?-4娆℃湇锛屽憰鍚愬姞鐢熷2鐗囷紝鑵规郴鍔犺溅鍓嶈崏6鍏嬨€傗憽鍒洪拡鑽夐矞鑽?-5鏍紝姘寸厧娴撴眮锛岃繛娓f斁鍦ㄦ《鍐咃紝瓒佺儹鐔忔偅鍎垮弻鑴氾紝涓€鑸柊娲?-4娆★紝姣忔绾?鍒嗛挓銆?-5宀佺殑钖版礂鑴氬績锛?-15宀佺殑钖版礂鍒拌剼闈紝鑵规郴涓ラ噸鐨勫彲钖版礂鍒拌吙銆?/span>

4.鎬ユ€ч槕灏剧値锛氣憼鍒洪拡鑽?0-120鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屾瘡鏃?鍓傦紝4娆″垎鏈嶃€傗憽鍒洪拡鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛岃皟铚傝湝鎴栫墰涔?0鍏嬪唴鏈嶃€?/span>

5.鐤栬偪锛氬埡閽堣崏鍏ㄨ崏鍓锛屽姞75%鐨勪箼閱囨场3-4澶╋紝澶栨惤灞€閮ㄣ€?/span>

6.姣掕泧鍜激锛氬埡閽堣崏90鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傚鐢ㄥ埡閽堣崏銆佺妬澶磋崏鍚?0鍏嬶紝鎹g儌鏁蜂激鍙e懆鍥淬€?/span>

7.椋庢箍鎬у叧鑺傜値锛岀被椋庢箍锛氬埡閽堣崏銆佽嚟姊ф鍚?20鍏嬶紝鍋氭按涓革紝姣忔湇10鍏嬶紝姣忔棩2娆°€?/span>

 

鍏湀闆?/font>

鍒悕  鐧介┈楠ㄣ€佹弧澶╂槦銆佽矾杈瑰銆佸ぉ鏄熸湪銆佽矾杈硅崋銆侀浮楠ㄦ煷

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿寽鑽夌鍏湀闆睘妞嶇墿鍏湀闆猄erissa serissoides (DC.) Druce.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  甯哥豢灏忕亴鏈紝楂樺彲杈? 绫筹紝澶氬垎鏋濄€傛牴缁嗛暱璐ㄥ潥锛屽鐨粍鑹层€傛灊绮楀.锛岀伆鐧借壊鎴栭潚鐏拌壊锛屽辜鏋濇湁寰瘺锛屾弶涔嬫湁鑷懗銆傚彾瀵圭敓鎴栫皣鐢熶簬鐭灊涓婏紝杩戦潻璐紝鍊掑嵉褰紝妞渾褰㈡垨鍊掓姭閽堝舰锛岄暱1-4鍘樼背锛屽0.7-1.3鍘樼背锛屽厛绔煭灏栵紝鍩洪儴娓愮獎鑰屾垚涓€鐭焺锛屽叏缂橈紝鍙剁墖涓嬮潰琚伆鐧借壊鏌旀瘺锛屾墭鍙跺熀閮ㄨ啘璐ㄨ€屽锛岄《绔湁閿ュ皷鐘惰鐗囨暟鏋氥€?鏈堝紑鐧借壊灏忚姳锛屾棤鏌勶紝鏁版湹绨囩敓鏋濋《鎴栧彾鑵嬶紝鑻炵墖鏂滄柟鐘舵き鍦嗗舰锛岃啘璐紝钀?瑁傦紝瑁傜墖鍧氭尯锛屾姭閽堢姸閿ュ皷锛岃竟缂樺叿缁嗛娇锛屼腑鑴夐殕璧凤紝瀹垮瓨锛岃姳鍐犳紡鏂楃姸锛岄暱绾?姣背锛屼笌钀肩墖杩戠瓑闀匡紝浜?瑁傦紝闆勮晩5锛岃姳涓濈櫧鑹诧紝鏋佺煭锛岀潃鐢熶簬绠″彛锛岃姳鑽暱鍦嗗舰锛?瀹わ紝绾佃锛岄泴钑?锛岃姳鏌辩櫧鑹诧紝瀛愭埧涓嬩綅锛?瀹ゃ€傛牳鏋滃皬锛岀悆褰€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鏋楄竟銆佺亴鏈ㄤ笡鍙婃矡杈广€佽矾鏃併€佹邯杈广€佽崏鍧°€傚垎甯冧簬鎴戝浗涓滃崡閮ㄥ拰涓儴鍚勭渷鍖恒€?nbsp;

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍏ㄥ勾閲囨敹銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  寰緵銆佹贰銆佸噳銆傜枏椋庤В琛紝娓呯儹鍒╂箍锛岃垝绛嬫椿缁滐紝闀囨儕琛ヨ櫄銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋銆佸挸鍡姐€佺墮鐥涖€佹€ユ€ф墎妗冧綋鐐庛€佸捊鍠夌値銆佹€ユ參鎬ц倽鐐庛€佽偁鐐庛€佺棦鐤俱€佸皬鍎跨柍绉€侀珮琛€鍘嬪ご鐥涖€佸亸澶寸棝銆侀婀挎€у叧鑺傜値銆佺櫧甯︺€傝寧鐑х伆鐐圭溂娌荤洰缈炽€傜敤閲忥細15-30鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎰熷啋锛氬叚鏈堥洩銆佸嚖灏捐崏銆佺瓔楠ㄨ崏鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.娴佽鎬ф劅鍐掞細鍏湀闆€佸崈閲屽厜銆佸湡鐗涜啙銆佺櫧鑼呮牴鍚?5鍏嬶紝鐣欏叞棣?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽垎2娆℃湇锛屾瘡鏃ヤ竴鍓傘€?/span>

3.鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯細鍏湀闆?0鍏嬶紝灞辨爛鏍?0鍏嬶紝绱噾鐗?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傘€?/span>

4.鑲犵値锛氬叚鏈堥洩37鏂わ紝绠楃洏瀛?2鏂わ紝閾佹壂甯?.5鏂わ紝姘寸厧3娆★紝杩囨护锛屾祿缂╂垚15鍗囷紝鍔犲畨鎭閰?5鍏嬶紝鍔犻厭绮?鍗囷紝绯栫簿10鍏嬶紝鎼呭寑澶囩敤銆傛瘡鏈?5-20姣崌锛屾棩3娆°€?/span>

5.鐗欑鐐庣棁锛氬叚鏈堥洩銆佽挷鍏嫳銆佺妬澶磋崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝濞佺伒浠?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧2娆★紝鏃╂櫄鍚勬湇涓€娆°€?/span>

6.鎬ユ€ц鑶滅値銆佽鑶滀簯缈筹細鍏湀闆簩灞傛牴鐨紝鍔犲ザ閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傚彇姹侊紝杩囨护锛屾淮鐪笺€傛瘡鏃?-5娆★紝姣忔1-2婊淬€?/span>

7.鍒€浼わ細鍏湀闆鍙舵崳鐑傦紝鏁蜂激澶勩€?/span>

8.鐦棯锛氬叚鏈堥洩60鍏嬶紝绱嫃銆佽崋鑺ュ悇15鍏嬶紝鐓庣儳閰掓湇銆?/span>

9.灏忓効鎯婇锛氬叚鏈堥洩30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

10.铏氬急锛氬叚鏈堥洩鏍?0鍏嬶紝鐐栬倝鍚冦€?/span>

11.缁忛棴甯﹀锛岄钂稿姵鐑細鍏湀闆?0-60鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€?/span>

 

鍏埅閲戦緳

鍒悕  鐧句袱閲戙€佸叓鐖緳銆佸叓鐖牴銆侀搧闆ㄤ紴銆侀珮鍏埅銆佸紑鍠夌銆佷笁涓ら噾銆佸叓閲岄夯銆侀搧鍑変紴

鏉ユ簮  涓虹传閲戠墰绉戠传閲戠墰灞炴鐗╃櫨涓ら噾Ardisia crispa (Thunb.) DC.浠ユ牴鍙婂彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  甯哥豢鍗婄亴鏈紝楂樿揪1绫炽€傛牴鏈ㄨ川锛岀粏闀挎煴鐘讹紝鏈夊垎鏋濓紝娣$传妫曡壊锛屾柇闈㈡贰绾㈣壊锛屾湁瑜愯壊灏忕偣銆傝寧灏戝垎鏋濓紝澶栫毊鐏拌鑹层€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鑶滆川锛屽彾鏌勯暱8-15姣背锛屽彾鐗囨姭閽堝舰鎴栧鎶拡褰紝闀?-20鍘樼背锛屽1.5-5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴瀹芥褰紝杈圭紭杩戝叏缂樻垨寰尝鐘讹紝甯哥◢鍙嶅嵎锛屼袱闈㈠強鍙剁紭鏈夌粏灏忛€忔槑娌圭偣銆傚瀛e湪鑼庢ⅱ鍜屽彾鑵嬪紑绱孩鑹插皬鑺憋紝鎺掓垚浼炲舰鑺卞簭锛屾€昏姳姊楅暱绾?鍘樼背锛屽皬鑺辨鑺婄粏锛岄暱1-2鍘樼背锛屽瘑琚煭鑵烘瘺锛岃姳钀?瑁傦紝瑁傜墖鍗电姸鎶拡褰紝鑺卞啝閽熺姸锛?娣辫锛岃鐗囧嵉褰㈣嚦鍗电姸鎶拡褰紝闆勮晩5锛岀潃鐢熶簬鑺卞啝鍩洪儴锛岃姳涓濇瀬鐭紝鑺辫嵂绠舰锛屽瓙鎴夸笂浣嶏紝鑺辨煴缁嗛暱锛屾煴澶村皬銆傛牳鏋滅悆褰紝鐩村緞5-7姣背锛岀啛鏃剁尒绾㈣壊锛屾湁璧よ鑹叉枒鐐癸紝鍩洪儴鍏峰钀硷紝椤剁寰€寰€鏈夎姳鏌辨畫鐣欙紝绉嶅瓙涓€绮掋€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬浣庡北鏋椾笅锛屾矡璋烽槾婀垮銆傚垎甯冧簬鐢樿們銆佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炵瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺瀛i噰鏀讹紝鍒嗗埆鏅掑共銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸钩銆傛竻鍒╁捊鍠夛紝鏁g榾娑堣偪銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鍜藉枆鑲跨棝锛岃穼鎵撴崯浼わ紝椋庢箍楠ㄧ棝銆傛牴鍙剁敤閲忓潎涓?0-15鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ユ€ф墎妗冧綋鐐庯細鈶犲叓鐖噾榫欐牴銆佸皠骞插悇12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍚湇銆傗憽鍏埅閲戦緳鏍规檼骞茬爺鏈紝姣忕敤1鍏嬶紝鍚瑰叆鍠夊唴銆?/span>

2.椋庣伀鍠夌棝锛氬叓鐖噾榫欐牴6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝鎴栭棰戝惈鍜姐€?/span>

3.璺屾墦鎹熶激銆佺棃鐤借偪姣掋€佹瘨铔囧挰浼わ細鍏埅閲戦緳鏍?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傚鐢ㄦ牴鐨崳鐑傦紝鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

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鏉ユ簮  涓虹煶鏉剧鐭虫澗灞炴鐗╃煶鏉綥ycopodium clavatum L.閾哄湴铚堣殻L. Cernuum Linn.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

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涔岃剼鏋?/font>

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閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍥涘鍙噰銆?/span>

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鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ユ€ч粍鐤稿瀷浼犳煋鎬ц倽鐐庯細涔岃剼鏋?0-60鍏嬶紝绾㈢硸60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.榛勭柛鍨嬫垨鏃犻粍鐤稿瀷鑲濈値锛氫箤鑴氭灙15鍏嬶紝灏忔獥銆佺传閲戠墰鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.娴佹劅鍙戠儹銆佷紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庛€佸翱閬撶粨鐭炽€佺棦鐤撅細涔岃剼鏋?0-60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鐏激銆佺枖鐤€佽泧浼わ細涔岃剼鏋€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傚鏁锋偅澶勶紝鎴栫爺鏈敤姘存垨娌硅皟娑傛偅澶勩€?/span>

5.鎬ユ€ц偩鍔熻兘琛扮锛氫箤鑴氭灙60鍏嬶紝鍑ゅ熬鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.鐥㈢柧锛氶矞涔岃剼鏋?0鍏嬶紝娲楀噣鎹g儌锛屽姞鍐峰紑姘村崐灏忕鍚屾搨锛屽幓娓e彇姹侊紝鐧界硸璋冩湇銆?/span>

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8.灏忓効楂樼儳锛氫箤鑴氭灙30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

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閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忓鑿滃彾锛岀瀛i噰闆嗘牴鍙婄瀛愩€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  閰搞€佺敇銆佸钩銆傛牴锛氱椋庨櫎婀匡紝娲昏璋冪粡銆傚彾锛氭琛€锛岃В姣掋€傚瓙锛氳ˉ姘旂泭绮撅紝姝㈣鐢熻倢銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏍癸細椋庢箍鐤肩棝锛屾參鎬ц倽鐐庯紝鑵规郴锛岀棦鐤撅紝璺屾墦鎹熶激锛屾湀缁忎笉璋冦€傚彾锛氱棃鐤栫柈鐤°€傚瓙锛氱梾鍚庝綋铏氾紝绁炵粡琛板急銆傛牴鐢ㄩ噺15-60鍏嬶紝瀛愮敤閲?5-30鍏嬶紝鍙跺鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍙舵崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.澶栦激鍑鸿锛氫箤娉″埡鍙?0鍏嬶紝鐧捐崏闇?0鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗘湯锛岀敤閫傞噺鎺轰激鍙d笂鍖呮墡銆?/span>

2.鍊掔粡锛氫箤娉″埡鏍?0鍏嬶紝榫欒埞娉℃牴30鍏嬶紝鑼呮牴銆侀噾閾惰姳鍚?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍏戠孩绯栨湇銆?/span>

3.绛嬮鐤肩棝锛岄夯鏈ㄤ笉浠侊細涔屾场鍒烘牴30-60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.灏忓効鐥㈢柧锛岃劚鑲涳細涔屾场鍒烘牴15鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鍏戦厭鏈嶏紝涓€鏃?娆°€傝嫢鏈嶈嵂鍚庤倹浠嶈劚鍑猴紝鐢ㄨ尟鑻撳彾鍦ㄧ伀涓婄儰杞紝鐢ㄦ墜椤朵綇鑲涘ご鎱㈡參閫佸叆銆?/span>

5.鍜冲椊甯﹁锛屽洓鑲㈡棤鍔涳細椴滀箤娉″埡鍏ㄨ崏60鍏嬶紝椴滀簲鍔犳牴锛堟垨涓夊姞鏍癸級30鍏嬶紝钁佃姳鏉嗗績15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鎴愭祿姹侊紝姣忔棩鏈?娆★紝姣忔涓€鑼舵澂銆?/span>

6.鐥㈢柧锛氶矞涔屾场鍒烘牴鐨?0鍏嬶紝椴滈緳鑺借崏鏍?0鍏嬶紝椴滃叚鏈堥洩鏍?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩3-4娆★紝姣忔2灏忛厭鏉€?/span>

 

缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤剧敤鑽?/strong>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--澶х敯鍩洪粍

 

鍒悕  鏄熷鑿溿€佽丹鑴氳崏銆佺孩鏍硅崏銆佺孩鏍瑰瓙銆佺孩鑴氳彍銆佺孩姊楄崏銆侀粍鑴氶浮銆侀粍槌濊崏銆佺煯妗冭崏銆佹暎琛€鑽?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓烘姤鏄ヨ姳绉戞帓鑽夊睘妞嶇墿绾㈡牴鎺掕崏Lysimachia fortunei Maxim.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-70鍘樼背锛屾牴鐘惰寧缁嗛暱锛屾绾㈣壊锛屾湁鍖嶅寪鏋濄€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屾煍寮遍暱鍒嗘灊锛屾贰瑜愯壊锛屽熀閮ㄥ甫绾㈣壊锛屾湁榛戣壊灏忕偣銆傚彾浜掔敓锛屽叿鐭焺锛屽彾闀挎き鍦嗙姸鎶拡褰㈡垨闃旀姭閽堝舰锛岄暱4-9鍘樼背锛屽1-2鍘樼背锛屼袱绔笎灏栵紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屼笂闈㈢豢鑹诧紝鏈夐粦鑹茶吅鐘舵枒鐐癸紝涓嬮潰娣$豢鑹诧紝涓剦绋嶇獊鍑恒€?-7鏈堝紑鑺憋紝鎬荤姸鑺卞簭椤剁敓锛岀粏闀挎煍寮憋紝闀胯揪10鍘樼背锛岀◢鏈夎吅姣涳紝鑺辨闀?-3姣背锛岃嫗鐗囦笁瑙掔姸鎶拡褰紝闀跨害2姣背锛岃惣鐗囬暱涓鸿姳鍐犱箣鍗婏紝閽濆ご锛岃竟缂樻湁缂樻瘺锛岃啘璐紝涓儴鏈夐粦鑹茬偣锛岃姳鍐犳繁5瑁傦紝鐧借壊锛岃鐗囧嵉褰紝闆勮晩5锛岀煭浜庤姳鍐狅紝鑺辨煴绋嶇煭浜庨泟钑娿€傝挻鏋滃皬鐞冨舰锛屾灉姊楅暱浜庤挻鏋溿€?/span>

    鍚屽睘妞嶇墿鐝嶇彔鑿滐紝澶栧舰鏋佺浉浼笺€傞珮50-100鍘樼背锛屽彾闀?-14鍘樼背锛屽2-5鍘樼背锛屾槬瀛e紑鑺憋紝鑺卞瘑闆嗭紝甯稿亸浜庝竴鏂癸紝钂存灉鍗电姸鐞冨舰锛岄《绔湁妫掔姸瀹垮瓨鑺辨煴銆傚姛鏁堢浉鍚屻€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  閲庣敓浜庡北鍧°€佹邯杈广€佷綆鑽変笡娼箍澶勩€傚垎甯冧簬鍗庝笢銆佷腑鍗楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺閲囨敹銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  寰嫤銆佹订銆佸钩銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝娲昏璋冪粡銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋锛屽挸鍡藉挴琛€锛岃偁鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛岃倽鐐庯紝鐤崇Н锛岀枱鐤撅紝椋庢箍鍏宠妭鐐庯紝鐥涚粡锛岄棴缁忥紝鐧藉甫锛屼钩鑵虹値锛岀粨鑶滅値锛岃泧鍜激锛岃穼鎵撴崯浼ゃ€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傚鏁枫€傚瓡濡囧繉鏈嶃€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅細澶х敯鍩洪粍30鍏嬶紝楸艰叆鑽夈€佸嚖灏捐崏鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓ゅ墏銆?/span>

2.璺屾墦鎹熶激鐤肩棝锛氣憼澶х敯鍩洪粍椴滃叏鑽?0-150鍏嬶紝鎹g儌澶栨暦浼ゅ銆傗憽澶х敯鍩洪粍鏍?0鍏嬶紝姘撮厭鍚勫崐鐓庢湇锛屽彟鐢ㄥぇ鐢板熀榛勩€佽懕鐧姐€侀厭绯熷悇閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傦紝鐐掔儹锛屾暦鎮e銆?/span>

3.鏈堢粡涓嶈皟锛氬ぇ鐢板熀榛勬牴銆佺泭姣嶈崏鍚?0鍏嬶紝鏈堟湀绾€侀┈闉崏鍚?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鏈堢粡涓嶈皟銆佸皬渚夸笉鍒╋細澶х敯鍩洪粍鏍?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽鐢滈厭鏈嶃€?/span>

5.闂粡锛氱弽鐝犺崏椴滄牴30鍏嬶紝鑼滆崏15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽啿榛勯厭銆佺孩绯栨湇銆?/span>

6.鑵伴儴鎵激鐤肩棝锛氱弽鐝犺彍椴滄牴30鍏嬶紝楦¤泲2涓紝灏嗘牴鍒囩锛屽姞鍏ラ浮铔嬬叜鐔燂紝鍔犵洂灏戣锛岃繛鑽福椋熶箣銆?/span>

7.鐤熺柧锛氬ぇ鐢板熀榛?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽ご鐓庝簬鐤熷彂鍓?灏忔椂鏈嶄笅锛岀浜屾鐓庢按褰撹尪楗€?/span>

8.涔崇棃锛氬ぇ鐢板熀榛?0鍏嬶紝鐧介厭15姣崌锛岀倰鑷抽厭骞诧紝鍐嶅姞姘寸厧鏈嶃€傝嵂娓f崳鐑傦紝瓒佺儹澶栨暦鎮e銆?/span>

 

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--灏忛鎵崏

 

鍒悕  缁嗗彾椋炴壃鑽夈€佸皬涔虫眮鑽夈€佽媿铦囩繀

鏉ユ簮  涓?/span>澶ф垷绉戝ぇ鎴熷睘妞嶇墿鍗冩牴鑽?/span>Euphorbia thymifolia L.,浠?/span>鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄暱杈?/span>15鍘樼背锛屾姌鏂湁鐧借壊涔虫眮銆傝寧绾ょ粏锛屽實鍖愶紝澶氬垎鏋濓紝閫氬父绾㈣壊锛岀◢琚瘺銆傚崟鍙跺鐢燂紝鏈夌煭鏌勶紱鍙剁墖妞渾褰㈣嚦鐭╁渾褰紝闀?-8姣背锛屽3-4姣背锛屽厛绔渾閽濓紝鍩洪儴鍋忔枩锛岃竟缂樻湁鏋佺粏閿娇銆傚鏃ュ紑娣$传鑹茶姳锛岃姳鍗曟€э紝鍚屾牚銆傛澂鐘惰仛浼炶姳搴忓崟鐢熸垨灏戞暟绋€鐤忕皣鐢熶簬鍙惰厠鍐咃紱鎬昏嫗闄€铻虹姸锛岄《绔?瑁傦紝瑁傜墖鍐呴潰琚创浼忕殑鐭煍姣涳紱鑵轰綋4锛屾紡鏂楃姸锛屾湁鐭焺鍙婃瀬灏忕殑鐧借壊鑺辩摚鐘堕檮灞炵墿锛涘瓙鎴?瀹わ紝鑺辨煴2锛岀鐢熶笖椤剁2瑁傘€傝挻鏋滃嵉鐘朵笁瑙掑舰锛屾湁鐭煍姣涖€傝姳鏈?-11鏈堛€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  浜т簬绂忓缓銆佹箹鍗椼€佹睙鑻忋€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佸彴婀俱€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佷簯鍗椼€佹捣鍗楃瓑鐪佸尯銆傜敓闀夸簬鍥湴銆佽矾杈规垨灞卞潯鑽夊湴婀挎鼎澶勶紝澶氳浜庢矙璐ㄥ湡銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺閲囬泦鍏ㄨ崏锛?/span>娲楀噣锛?/span>鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  寰吀銆佹订銆佸井鍑夈€傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝鏀舵暃姝㈢棐銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  缁嗚弻鎬ц弻鐥紝鑲犵値鑵规郴锛岀棓鐤嚭琛€锛涘鐢ㄦ不婀跨柟锛岃繃鏁忔€х毊鐐庯紝鐨偆鐦欑棐銆傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺椴滃搧鐓庢按鐔忔礂鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅細灏忛鎵崏15-30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧2娆″垎鏈嶃€?/span>

2.灏忓効鑵规郴锛氬皬椋炴壃鑽?鏂わ紝鐣煶姒村彾銆佸北澶ч鍚勫崐鏂わ紝鍔犳按3鍗囷紝鐓庢垚2鍗囷紝姣忔鏈?0-30姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?-4娆★紝閲嶅害鑴辨按鑰呭綋杈撴恫銆?/span>

闄勬敞  鏈搧涓庡湴閿﹁崏鏋佺浉浼硷紝鏈€澶у尯鍒槸鏈搧鑼庝笂琚瘺锛屽湴閿﹁崏鑼庝笂鏃犳瘺銆?/span>

 



 
楦¤泲鑺?/div>
 
 
 
涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鐩炬灉鑽?/font>

鍒悕  鐩惧舰鑽?br>鏉ユ簮  涓虹传鑽夌鐩炬灉鑽夊睘妞嶇墿鐩炬灉鑽塗hyrocarpus sampsonii Hance.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鎴栦簩骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮15-50鍘樼背鍏ㄤ綋瀵嗚闀跨硻姣涖€傝寧澶氭暟锛岀洿绔嬶紝鍗曚竴鑰呬粠鍩洪儴鍒嗘灊锛屽熀鐢熷彾涓涚敓锛岃幉搴х姸锛屽叿鏌勶紝鍖欏舰锛岄暱3.5-19鍘樼背锛屽1-5鍘樼背锛屼袱闈㈡湁缁嗙硻姣涳紝鑼庝腑閮ㄥ彾杈冨皬锛屾棤鏌勶紝绐勭煩鍦嗗舰鎴栧€掓姭閽堝舰锛岄暱2-8鍘樼背锛屽1-2鍘樼背銆?-5鏈堝紑鑺憋紝鑺卞崟鐢熷彾鑵嬫垨鐫€鐢熷彾澶栵紝鎴栨垚鑵嬬敓鏈夊鏁板皬鑻炵殑铦庡熬鐘惰姳搴忥紝闀?-20鍘樼背锛岃嫗鐗囩獎鍗靛舰鑷虫姭閽堝舰锛岃姳钀奸暱1.5-2.5姣背锛?娣辫锛岃鐗囨き鍦嗗舰锛屽厛绔皷閿愶紝闀?-3姣背锛屽叿绮楁瘺锛岃姳鍐犵传鑹层€佽摑鑹叉垨鐧借壊锛屾獝閮ㄧ洿寰?-6姣背锛岃鐗?锛岄暱1-2.5姣背锛岀瓛杈冭鐗囩◢闀匡紝鍦ㄥ枆閮ㄦ湁5涓檮灞炵墿锛岄泟钑?锛屽唴钘忋€傚皬鍧氭灉4锛屽渾鍗靛舰锛屽叿鐦ょ姸绐佽捣锛岄《閮ㄥ灞傝竟缂樻湁涓€杞暱榻匡紝鐩寸珛锛屽唴灞備笉瑁傚憟鐡跺彛鐘讹紝鍐呭浜屽眰绱ц创銆?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/strong>  鐢熶簬涓橀櫟鑽夊湴鎴栫煶灞辩亴涓涗腑銆傚垎甯冧簬姹熻嫃銆佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸洓宸濄€佸箍涓溿€佸箍瑗裤€佷簯鍗楃瓑鐪佸尯銆?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  4-6鏈堥噰闆嗗叏鑽夛紝椴滅敤鎴栨檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?br>鑽悊浣滅敤  鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氭湰鍝佸閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佸畫姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佽偤鐐庡弻鐞冭弻銆佺姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸噳銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝娑堣偪銆?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鐥堢枛鐤旂柈锛岃弻鐥紝鑲犵値锛屽叏鑽夐矞鍝?0鍏嬫垨骞插搧10-15鍏嬶紝銆傛按鐓庢湇锛屽鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?br>鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑿岀棦锛岃偁鐐庯細鐩炬灉鑽?5鍏嬶紝姣忔棩2娆$厧鏈嶃€?br>2.鐤旂柈鐤栬偪锛氶矞鐩炬灉鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傦紝鑽福澶栨暦鎮e锛屾垨鐢ㄩ矞鍏ㄨ崏鎹g儌澶栨暦鎮e銆?/p>


 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--涓侀钃?/font>

 

鍒悕  姘翠竵棣欍€侀摱浠欒崏銆佹按钃爞

鏉ユ簮  涓烘煶鍙惰彍绉戜竵棣欒摷灞炴鐗╀竵棣欒摷Ludwigia prostrata Roxb.,鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮20-50鍘樼背锛屽叏鏍厜婊戞棤姣涖€傝寧鍩洪儴骞冲崸鍦颁笂鎴栨枩鍗囷紝鑺備笂澶氭牴锛屼笂閮ㄧ洿绔嬶紝鏈夋1瑙掞紝澶氬垎鏋濓紝琚煍姣涳紝绉嬪悗鍙樼传绾㈣壊銆傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鏌勭煭锛屽彾鐗囨姭閽堝舰锛岄暱4-7.5鍘樼背锛屽1-2鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴娓愮獎锛屽叏缂樸€傜瀛e紑榛勮壊鑺憋紝鑺?span lang="EN-US">1-2鏈碉紝鑵嬬敓锛屾棤姊楋紝鑺辫惣銆佽姳鐡e潎4-5瑁傦紝钀煎瀛橈紝鑺辩摚妞渾褰紝鍏堢閽濆渾锛屽熀閮ㄧ獎鎴愮煭鐖姸锛屾棭钀斤紝闆勮晩涓庤姳鐡e悓鏁帮紝瀛愭埧涓嬩綅锛岀粏闀垮鑺辨鐘躲€傝挻鏋滄潯鐘跺洓妫卞舰锛岀洿绔嬫垨寰集锛屾垚鐔熸椂鍙樹负缁跨传鑹层€?span lang="EN-US">4瀹わ紝姣忓鏈夌瀛愪竴绮掋€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鐢拌竟銆佹布鏃佸強姘存矡杈圭瓑姘存箍鍦板甫銆傚垎甯冧簬姹熻嫃銆佹睙瑗裤€佹箹鍗椼€佺寤恒€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炵瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忕閲囧叏鑽夈€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸噳銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍒╂箍娑堣偪銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲犵値锛岀棦鐤俱€佷紶鏌撴€ц倽鐐庯紝鑲剧値姘磋偪锛岃唨鑳辩値锛岀櫧甯︼紝鐥旂柈锛屽鐢ㄦ不鐥堢枛鐤旂柈锛岃泧铏挰浼ゃ€傜敤15-30鍏嬨€傛不鐥㈢柧锛岄矞鍝佸彲鐢?span lang="EN-US">90-120鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛屼互椴滃搧鎹g儌鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font> 鐥㈢柧锛氣憼椴滀竵棣欒摷120鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍔犵硸閫傞噺鏈嶃€傗憽涓侀钃笺€佹嫵鍙傛牴鍚?span lang="EN-US">15鍏嬶紝鐓ㄦ按鍐茬孩绯栨湇銆?/span>

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--榛勮繛鏈?/font>

鏉ユ簮  涓烘紗鏍戠榛勮繛鏈ㄥ睘妞嶇墿榛勮繛鏈≒istacia chinensis Bunge.,浠ユ爲鐨強鍙跺叆鑽€?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  钀藉彾涔旀湪锛岄珮杈?5绫炽€傚啲鑺藉強鍒濇斁瀚╁彾鍧囧憟椴滅孩鑹诧紝鏍戠毊鐏拌鑹诧紝鏈ㄦ潗椴滈粍鑹诧紝灏忔灊琚煍姣涖€傚弻鏁扮窘鐘跺鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀夸负鍙剁殑1/3-1/2锛屽皬鍙?0-16锛屽叿鐭焺锛屽皬鍙剁墖鎶拡褰㈡垨鍗电姸鎶拡褰紝闀?-8鍘樼背锛屽绾?鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴鏂滄褰紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屽辜鏃惰姣涳紝娓愬厜婊戯紝浠呬袱闈富鑴夋湁寰煍姣涖€?鏈堝紑鐧界豢鑹插皬鑺憋紝鑺卞崟鎬э紝闆岄泟寮傛牚锛岄泟鑺变负鎬荤姸鑺卞簭锛岄暱5-8鍘樼背锛岄泴鑺变负鐤忔澗鐨勫渾閿ヨ姳搴忥紝闀?8-22鍘樼背锛岃姳钀?-5瑁傦紝鏃犺姳鐡o紝闆勮姳鏈?-5闆勮晩锛岃姳涓濆悎鐢燂紝闆岃姳瀛愭埧杩戝渾褰紝鏌卞ご3瑁傘€傛牳鏋滃€掑嵉鍦嗗舰锛屽厛绔叿灏忓皷澶达紝鍒濅负榛勭櫧鑹诧紝鎴愮啛鏃跺彉绾㈣壊銆佺传钃濊壊銆?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鏉戝簞闄勮繎闃斿彾鏋椾腑銆傚垎甯冧簬娌冲崡銆佹渤鍖椼€侀檿瑗裤€佸北涓溿€佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙鑻忋€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佺寤恒€佸彴婀俱€佸箍涓溿€佸箍瑗裤€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗椼€佽吹宸炵瓑鐪佸尯銆?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾閲囨爲鐨紝澶忕閲囧彾锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛湁灏忔瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掋€?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鐥㈢柧锛岀毊鑲ょ槞鐥掞紝鐤棐銆傜敤閲?-6鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岀厧姘存礂锛屾垨鐮旂矇鏁锋偅澶勩€?/p>


 

鐗涚瓔鑽?/font>

鍒悕  锜嬭焵鑽夈€佽矾杈硅崏銆侀腑鑴氳崏銆佽共鍊掗┐銆佺墰椤胯崏銆佸崈浜鸿笍

鏉ユ簮  涓虹鏈锜嬭焵鑽夊睘妞嶇墿鐗涚瓔鑽?span lang="EN-US">Eleusine indica(L.)Gaertn.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮15-90鍘樼背銆傞』鏍圭粏鑰屽瘑銆傚共涓涚敓锛岀暐鎵佸钩锛岀洿绔嬫垨鍩洪儴鑶濇洸銆傚彾鐗囨潯褰紝鎵佸钩鎴栧嵎鎶橈紝闀胯揪15鍘樼背锛屽3-5姣背锛岀枏鐢熺枺鐘舵煍姣涳紝涓剦鏄捐憲绐佽捣锛屽彾闉樺帇鎵侊紝鏈夎剨锛岃竟缂樿繎鑶滆川锛屽厛绔叿绋€涓濈姸姣涳紝鍙惰垖闀跨害1姣背銆傚銆佺涓ゅ寮€鑺憋紝绌楃姸鑺卞簭绾ょ粏锛屾贰缁胯壊锛岄暱3-10鍘樼背锛屽3-5姣背锛?span lang="EN-US">2-5鑺卞簭锛堝皯涓?span lang="EN-US">2锛夊憟鎸囩姸鎺掑垪浜庤寧椤讹紝鏈夋椂鍏朵腑涔嬩竴鍗曠敓浜庡叾浠栬姳搴忎箣涓嬶紝灏忕鏈夎姳3-6鏈点€傜瀛愬嵉褰紝鏈夋尝鐘剁毐绾广€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鏃烽噹銆佽矾鏃併€傚叏鍥藉悇鐪佸尯鍧囨湁鍒嗗竷銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺閲囬泦銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鐗涚瓔鑽夌厧鍓傚涔欒剳鐥呮瘨鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸钩銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝绁涢鍒╂箍锛屾暎鐦€姝㈣銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  闃叉不娴佽鎬т箼鍨嬭剳鐐庯紝娴佽鎬ц剳鑴婇珦鐐庯紝椋庢箍鎬у叧鑺傜値锛岄粍鐤稿瀷鑲濈値锛屽皬鍎挎秷鍖栦笉鑹紝鑲犵値锛岀棦鐤撅紝灏块亾鐐庯紝澶栫敤娌昏穼鎵撴崯浼わ紝澶栦激鍑鸿锛岀嫍鍜激銆傜敤閲忥細30-60鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岄矞鑽夋崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.闃叉不娴佽鍨嬩箼褰㈣剳鐐庯細鐗涚瓔鑽?span lang="EN-US">30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧褰撹尪楗€傝繛鏈?span lang="EN-US">3澶╋紝闅?span lang="EN-US">10澶╁啀鏈?span lang="EN-US">3澶┿€傛垨锛氱墰绛嬭崏60鍏嬶紝鐧芥瘺楣胯尭鑽夈€佺敓鐭宠啅鍚?span lang="EN-US">30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鑴卞姏鍔充激銆佽叞鑳岄吀鐥涳細鐗涚瓔鑽夋牴鎴栧叏鑽?span lang="EN-US">30-60鍏嬶紝绾㈡灒10涓紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.瀛愬鑴卞瀭銆佽劚鑲涳細椴滅墰绛嬭崏鎴栧姞钃栭夯瀛愭崳鐑傦紝澶栨暦鍥熼棬澶勩€?/span>

4.鐤熺柧锛氱墰绛嬭崏30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽啿鐧介厭閫傞噺鏈嶃€?/span>

5.鐥㈢柧锛氱墰绛嬭崏鏍?span lang="EN-US">120-150鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

娉?/font>锛氬彟鏈変竴绉嶈煁锜€鑽夊悕椹攼锛屽褰笌鐗涚瓔鑽夌浉浼笺€傞┈鍞愭牴娴呮槗鎷旇捣锛岀墰绛嬭崏鏍规繁闅炬嫈锛岄┈鍞愭鏍妸缁嗘煍寮憋紝鐗涚瓔鑽夎緝绮楃姸锛屽潥闊э紝椹攼鑼庣鐣ュ渾锛屽熀閮ㄧ◢甯︾传鑹诧紝鍙剁墖鐭紝鐗涚瓔鑽夎寧绉嗘墎骞筹紝鍩洪儴涓嶅甫绱壊锛屽彾鐗囬暱锛屼袱鑰呬笉鑳芥贩鐢ㄣ€?/span>

 

鏈ㄦ

鍒悕  鑻遍泟鏍戙€佹攢鏋濊姳銆佺孩妫?br>鏉ユ簮  涓烘湪妫夌鏈ㄦ灞炴鐗╂湪妫塀ombax malabarica L.,浠ヨ姳銆佹爲鐨€佹牴鍏ヨ嵂銆傛爲鐨湪骞夸笢鍦板尯绉伴拤妗愮毊銆?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  钀藉彾澶т箶鏈紝楂樿揪25绫筹紝甯搁珮浜庨偦鏍戯紝鏁呭悕鑻遍泟鏍戙€傛爲鐨繁鐏拌壊锛屽辜鏍戝共涓庤€佹爲绮楁灊鏈夌煭鑰岀矖澶х殑鍦嗛敟褰㈢‖鍒猴紝浠ュ熀閮ㄤ负澶氾紝鏋濊疆鐢熻€屽钩灞曪紝灞傚眰鍚戜笂鐢熼暱銆傛帉鐘跺鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀胯揪20鍘樼背锛屽皬鍙跺涓?鐗囷紝鍙揪7鐗囷紝灏忓彾鏌勯暱绾?.5鍘樼背锛屽皬鍙剁墖闀挎き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱10-16鍘樼背锛屽4-4.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔暱娓愬皷锛屽熀閮ㄥ妤斿舰锛屽叏缂橈紝涓ら潰鍧囨棤姣涖€傛棭鏄ュ厛鍙跺紑鑺憋紝鑺辩皣鐢熶簬鏋濈锛岃姳鍐犵孩鑹叉垨姗欑孩鑹诧紝鐩村緞绾?2鍘樼背锛岃姳鐡?锛岃倝璐紝妞渾鐘跺€掑嵉褰紝闀跨害9鍘樼背锛屽寮紝杈圭紭鍐呭嵎锛屼袱闈㈠潎琚槦鐘舵煍姣涳紝闆勮晩澶氭暟锛屽悎鐢熸垚绠★紝鎺掓垚3杞紝鏈€澶栬疆闆嗙敓涓?鏉熴€傝挻鏋滅敋澶э紝鏈ㄨ川锛屽憟闀垮渾褰紝鍙揪15鍘樼背锛岀啛鍚?瑁傦紝鏋滅摚鍐呮湁涓濈姸妫夋瘺锛岀瀛愬鏁帮紝鍊掑嵉褰紝榛戣壊锛屽厜婊戯紝钘忎簬鐧借壊姣涘唴銆?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞湴闃冲潯锛屾潙杈广€佽矾鏃併€傚垎甯冧簬骞夸笢銆佸箍瑗裤€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?br>閲囬泦瀛h妭  鏄ュ閲囪姳锛屽銆佺鍓ユ爲鐨紝鏄ャ€佺閲囨牴銆?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑺憋細鐢樸€佹贰銆佸噳銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝瑙f殤銆傛爲鐨細寰嫤銆佸噳銆傜椋庨櫎婀匡紝娲昏娑堣偪銆傛牴锛氬井鑻︺€佸噳銆傛暎缁撴鐥涖€?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑺憋細鑲犵値锛岀棦鐤撅紝鏆戝ぉ鍙綔鍑夎尪楗敤銆傛爲鐨細椋庢箍鐥圭棝锛岃穼鎵撹偪鐥涖€傛牴锛氳儍鐥涳紝棰堟穻宸寸粨缁撴牳銆傜敤閲忚姳10-15鍏嬶紝鏍戠毊15-30鍏嬶紝鏍?0-60鍏嬨€?br>鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鐥㈢柧锛氭湪妫夎姳銆侀噾閾惰姳銆佸嚖灏捐崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?br>2.鑳冪棝锛氭湪妫夋牴鎴栨爲鐨?0鍏嬶紝涓ら潰閽堟牴6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/p>


 
鍦拌弽

鍒悕  鍦拌寗瀛愩€佸湴鍏板瓙銆佸湴鐭虫Υ銆侀摵鍦伴敠
鏉ユ簮  涓洪噹鐗′腹绉戦噹鐗′腹灞炴鐗╁湴鑿峂elastoma dodecandrum Lour.,鍏ㄨ崏鎴栨牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熶簹鐏屾湪鐘惰崏鏈紝鑼庡實鍖愯€岀敓锛岃〃闈㈢伆妫曡壊锛屼笂閮ㄧ枏琚矖姣涳紝鑺傚鐢熸牴銆傚崟鍙跺鐢燂紝鍙舵焺鐭紝闀夸笉鍙?姣背锛岃绮楁瘺锛屽彾鐗囨き鍦嗗舰銆佸嵉褰㈡垨鍊掑嵉褰紝闀?.2-2.5鍘樼背锛屽0.8-1.8鍘樼背锛屽厛绔渾閽濓紝鍩洪儴瀹芥褰互鑷宠繎鍦嗗舰锛屽彾缂樺井鍛堟尝鐘讹紝涓婇潰杩戣竟缂樺鍙婁笅闈㈠彾鑴夌枏鐢熺矖姣涳紝涓昏剦3鏉℃槑鏄俱€傛槬瀛e紑鑺憋紝1-3鏈电潃鐢熸灊绔紝鑺辨鐭紝鑺辫惣閽熺姸锛岃闀跨矖姣涳紝鑺卞啝绱孩鑹诧紝寰勭害1.5鍘樼背锛岃姳鐡?锛屽鍊掑嵉褰㈣嚦杩戝渾褰紝闆勮晩10锛?涓緝澶э紝鑺辫嵂榛勮壊锛岄暟鍒€褰€傛祮鏋滅悆褰紝鐔熸椂绱壊锛岃鏈夌矖姣涖€傜瀛愮粏灏忥紝澶氭暟銆?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  甯哥敓浜庡北閲庤崏鍧°€佹灄缂樺強鐏屼笡涓€備负閰告€у湡澹ゆ寚绀烘鐗┿€傚垎甯冧簬姹熻タ銆佺寤恒€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍涓溿€佸箍瑗跨瓑鍦般€?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬪閲囨牴鎴栧叏鑽夈€?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹订銆佸钩銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝绁涢鍒╂箍锛岃ˉ琛€姝㈣銆?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  棰勯槻娴佽鎬ц剳鑴婇珦鑶滅値锛岃偁鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛岃偤鑴撶枴锛岀泦鑵旂値锛屽瓙瀹嚭琛€锛岃传琛€锛岀櫧甯︼紝鑵拌吙鐥涳紝椋庢箍楠ㄧ棝锛屽浼ゅ嚭琛€锛岃泧鍜激銆傜敤閲忥細30-60鍏嬨€?br>鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1. 鐥㈢柧锛氬湴鑿嶆牴60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝鍐扮硸涓哄紩锛屾瘡鏃?鍓傘€傝嫢涔呯棦涓嶆剤锛屽姞鍑ゅ熬鑽?0鍏嬶紝楣呬笉椋熻崏6鍏嬶紝鍚岀厧銆?br>2.鎬ユ€ц偁鐐庯細椴滃湴鑿嶅叏鑽?鏂わ紝绠楃洏瀛愭牴銆佸彾2鏂わ紝榛勮崋瀛?鏂わ紝绱彔1.5鏂わ紝鍔犳按閫傞噺锛岀厧鎴?鍗囥€傛瘡鏈?0-30姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?-4娆°€?br>3.棰勯槻娴佽鎬ц剳鑴婇珦鑶滅値锛?0%椴滆崏鐓庡墏鍠峰枆锛屾瘡娆?姣崌锛屾淮榧绘瘡渚ф瘡娆?.5姣崌
4.椋庢箍鎬у叧鑺傜値锛氬湴鑿嶆牴30-60鍏嬶紝鐗涜啙10鍏嬶紝姘撮厭鐓庢湇銆?br>5.鐧藉甫锛氣憼鍦拌弽30鍏嬶紝涓夌櫧鑽夋牴15鍏嬶紝鐧芥湪妲胯姳10鍏嬶紝鐚槮鑲?0鍏嬶紝姘寸倴锛屾湇姹ら鑲夛紝姣忔棩1鍓傘€傗憽鍦拌弽鏍广€侀噾妯卞瓙鏍瑰悇15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?br>6.灏忚绠″浼ゅ嚭琛€锛氬湴鑿嶅叏鑽?0鏂わ紝鍔犳按20鏂わ紝鐔嚦5鏂わ紝杩囨护鍚庡姞闃茶厫鍓傦紝姣忔湇20-40姣崌锛堟俯寮€姘村啿鏈嶏紝蹇岀儹锛夛紝姣忔棩3娆°€?br>7.鐤ョ櫈锛岀儌鑴氾細鍦拌弽鍙剁厧姘存礂銆?br>8.浜у悗鑵圭棝锛氬湴鑿嶆牴銆佺泭姣嶈崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/p>


 
娉㈡柉鑿?/font>

鍒悕  鐥㈢柧鑽夈€佽泧鐩強
鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戦噾楦¤強灞炴鐗╀袱鑹查噾楦¤強Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛屾棤姣涳紝楂?0-100鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屼笂閮ㄦ湁鍒嗘灊銆傚彾瀵圭敓锛屼笅閮ㄥ強涓儴鍙舵湁闀挎焺锛屼簩娆$窘鐘跺叏瑁傦紝瑁傜墖绾垮舰鎴栫嚎鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛屽叏缂橈紱涓婇儴鍙舵棤鏌勬垨涓嬪欢鎴愮繀鐘舵焺锛岀嚎褰€傚ご鐘惰姳搴忓鏁帮紝鏈夌粏闀胯姳搴忔锛屽緞2-4姣背锛屾帓鍒楁垚浼炴埧鎴栫枏鍦嗛敟鑺卞簭鐘躲€傛€昏嫗鍗婄悆褰紝鎬昏嫗鐗囧灞傝緝鐭紝闀跨害3姣背锛屽唴灞傚嵉鐘堕暱鍦嗗舰锛岄暱5-6姣背锛岄《绔皷銆傝垖鐘惰姳榛勮壊锛岃垖鐗囧€掑嵉褰紝闀?-15姣背锛岀鐘惰姳绾㈣鑹诧紝鐙挓褰€傜槮鏋滈暱鍦嗗舰鎴栫汉閿ゅ舰锛岄暱2.5-3姣背锛屼袱闈㈠厜婊戞垨鏈夌槫鐘跺嚫璧凤紝椤剁鏈?缁嗚姃銆傝姳鏈?-9鏈堬紝鏋滄湡8-10鏈堛€?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍘熶骇鍖楃編銆傛垜鍥藉悇鍦板父瑙佹牻鍩广€?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囬泦锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄦ垨椴滅敤銆?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸钩銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍖栨箍銆?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎬ャ€佹參鎬х棦鐤撅紝鐩丹鑲跨棝锛岀棃鐤偪姣掋€傜敤閲?0-60鍏嬨€?br>鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ャ€佹參鎬х棦鐤撅紝鐩丹鑲跨棝锛氭尝鏂強30-60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?br>2.鐥堢柈鑲挎瘨锛氶矞娉㈡柉鑿婂叏鑽夊姞绾㈢硸閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傚鏁枫€?/p>


 

榛勮繛

鍒悕  宸濊繛銆佸懗杩炪€侀浮鐖繛

鏉ユ簮  涓烘瘺鑼涚榛勮繛灞炴鐗╅粍杩濩optis chinensis Franch.,浠ユ牴鐘惰寧鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-50鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧缁嗛暱鏌辩姸锛屽父鏈夋暟涓矖缁嗙浉绛夌殑鍒嗘敮鎴愮皣鐢熼暱锛屽舰濡傞浮鐖紝鑺傚鑰屽瘑锛岀敓鏈夋瀬澶氶』鏍癸紝鏈夋椂涓よ妭涔嬮棿浼搁暱鎴愯緝缁嗚€屽厜婊戞棤鏍圭殑鏉嗙姸鐘堕儴鍒嗭紝淇楃О鈥滆烦鏉嗏€濄€佲€滆繃妗モ€濄€佲€滆繃姹熸灊鈥濓紝澶栫毊缁煎悎鑹诧紝鎶樻柇闈㈢毊閮ㄧ孩妫曡壊锛屾湪閮ㄩ噾榛勮壊锛屽懗鏋佽嫤銆傚彾鐗囧潥绾歌川锛屼笁瑙掑嵉褰紝闀?-8鍘樼背锛屽2.5-7鍘樼背锛?鍏ㄨ锛屼腑澶皬瑁傜墖鏈夊皬鍙舵焺锛岃鐗囪彵鐘剁獎鍗靛舰锛岀窘鐘舵繁瑁傦紝杈圭紭鏈夐攼閿娇锛屼袱渚у叏瑁傜墖鏃犳焺锛屼笉绛夌殑浜屾繁瑁傘€傛槬瀛e紑鐧界豢鑹插皬鑺憋紝鑺辫懚1-2鏉★紝楂?2-25鍘樼背锛岄《鐢熻仛浼炶姳搴忔湁鑺?-8鏈碉紝鑻炵墖鎶拡褰紝缇界姸娣辫锛屼腑澶鐗囩窘鐘舵繁瑁傦紝钀肩墖5锛岀獎鍗靛舰锛岄暱9-12姣背锛岃姳鐡e皬锛屽€掓姭閽堝舰锛岄暱5-7姣背锛屼腑澶湁铚滄Ы锛岄泟钑婂鏁帮紝闀?-6姣背锛屽績鐨?-12锛屾湁鏌勩€傝搰钁栨灉闀?-8姣背锛屾湁缁嗛暱瀛愭埧鏌勶紝8-12涓泦鐢熶簬澧為暱鐨勫皬鑺辨涓娿€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  澶氱敓浜庡北鍦版灄涓疆婀垮銆傚垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炵瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  10-12鏈堟寲鍙栬€呭搧璐ㄨ緝浣炽€?/span>

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2.鐑梾鍚愯銆佽琛€锛屽彂鏂戙€佺柈鐤$枖姣掞細锛堥粍杩炶В姣掓堡锛夐粍杩?鍏嬶紝榛勮姪銆侀粍鏌忋€佹爛瀛愬悇10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鐥堢枛鐤枴锛氶粍杩炪€侀粍鑺┿€侀粍鏌忓悇绛夐噺锛屽叡鐮旂粏鏈紝鎾掓暦浼ゅ彛锛屾垨鍔犲嚒澹灄閫傞噺锛岃皟鎴愯啅鐘舵暦鎮e銆?/span>

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5.娑堥钂革細榛勮繛浠ュ啲鐡滆嚜鐒舵眮娴镐竴澶滐紝鏅掑共鍙堟蹈锛屽弽澶?娆★紝涓烘湯锛屼互鍐摐姹佸拰涓告ⅶ瀛愬ぇ锛屾瘡鏈?0-40涓革紝澶ч害姹や笅銆?/span>

6.娑堟复灏垮锛氣憼榛勮繛鏈湝涓告ⅶ瀛愬ぇ锛屾瘡鏈?0涓革紝鐧芥堡涓嬨€傗憽榛勮繛鍗婃枻锛岄厭涓€鍗囨蹈锛岀叜涓€鏃讹紝鍙栨檼涓烘湯锛屾按涓告ⅶ瀛愬ぇ锛屾瘡鏈?0涓革紝娓╂按涓嬨€傗憿榛勮繛150鍏嬶紝鐡滆拰鏍?50鍏嬶紝涓烘湯锛岀敓鍦伴粍姹佷负涓告ⅶ瀛愬ぇ锛屾瘡鐗涗钩涓?0涓革紝鏃?鏈嶃€傚繉鍐锋按銆佺尓鑲夈€傗懀榛勮繛鏈?50鍏嬶紝鍏ョ尓鑲氬唴鐓儌锛屾崳涓告ⅶ瀛愬ぇ锛岄キ楗笅銆?/span>

7.涓反璞嗘瘨锛屼笅鍒╀笉姝細榛勮繛銆佸共濮滅瓑鍒嗭紝涓烘湯锛屾按鏈嶆柟瀵稿寵銆?/span>

8.鐥堢柦鑲挎瘨锛屽凡婧冩湭婧冨潎鍙細榛勮繛銆佹姒旂瓑鍒嗭紝涓烘湯锛岄浮铔嬫竻璋冩惤涔嬨€?/span>

9.鍥犳儕鑳庡姩锛屽嚭琛€锛氶粍杩炴湯閰掓湇鏂瑰鍖欙紝鏃?鏈嶃€?/span>

10.楦″啝鐥旂柧锛氶粍杩炴湯鍌呬箣锛屽姞璧ゅ皬璞嗘湯灏よ壇銆?/span>

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榛勮姪

鍒悕  灞辫尪鏍广€侀粍鑺╄尪銆佸湡閲戣尪鏍?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓哄攪褰㈢榛勮姪灞炴鐗╅粍鑺㏒cutellaria baicalensis Georgi.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-60鍘樼背銆備富鏍圭矖鐘讹紝鐣ュ憟鍦嗛敟褰紝澶栫毊妫曡鑹诧紝鐗囩姸鑴辫惤锛屾姌鏂潰鐢遍矞榛勯亣娼笎鍙橀粍缁胯壊銆傝寧鍥涙1褰紝鍩洪儴澶氬垎鏋濄€傚彾瀵圭敓锛屽叿鐭焺锛屽彾鐗囨姭閽堝舰锛岄暱1.5-4鍘樼背锛屽叏缂橈紝鐣ュ悜涓嬪嵎锛屼笂闈㈡繁缁胯壊锛屾棤姣涙垨琚枏姣涳紝涓嬮潰娣$豢鑹诧紝鏈夐粦鑹茶吅鐐广€?-8鏈堝紑鑺憋紝鎬荤姸鑺卞簭椤剁敓锛岃姳鎺掑垪绱у瘑锛屽亸鐢熶簬鑺卞簭涓€杈癸紝鑻炵墖鍙剁姸锛岃惣浜屽攪褰紝涓婂攪鑳岄儴鏈夌浘鐘堕檮灞炵墿锛岃姳鍐犱簩鍞囧舰锛岃摑绱壊锛岃姳鍐犵杩戝熀閮ㄤ綔鐩磋鍚戜笂寮洸锛屼娇鑺辩洿绔嬨€傚皬鍧氭灉杩戠悆褰紝榛戣鑹诧紝鏃犳瘺锛屽寘鍥翠簬瀹胯惣涓€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  澶氱敓浜庡北閲庨槼鍧℃垨璺竟锛岃€愭棻銆傚垎甯冧簬闀挎睙浠ュ寳澶ч儴鍒嗙渷鍖哄拰瑗垮崡鍦板尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ャ€佺瀛f寲鏍癸紝浠ユ槬瀛g殑杈冨ソ銆?/span>

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鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑紝鐕ユ箍锛岃В姣掞紝姝㈣锛屽畨鑳庛€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  棰勯槻鐚╃孩鐑紝娌荤儹鐥呭彂鐑э紝鎰熷啋锛岀洰璧よ偪鐥涳紝鍚愯琛勮锛岃偤鐑挸鍡斤紝鑲濈値锛屾箍鐑粍鐤革紝楂樿鍘嬬梾锛屽ご鐥涳紝鑲犵値锛岀棦鐤撅紝鑳庡姩涓嶅畨锛岀棃鐤栫柈鐤★紝鐑х儷浼ゃ€傜敤閲忥細6-10鍏嬨€?/span>

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2.鎬ユ€ц偁鐐庯紝鎬ユ€х粏鑿屾€х棦鐤撅細榛勮姪12鍏嬶紝鑺嶈嵂10鍏嬶紝鐢樿崏6鍏嬶紝澶ф灒5鏋氾紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.瀛曞鏈夌儹锛岃儙鍔ㄤ笉瀹夛細榛勮姪銆佸綋褰掋€佽妽鑽€佺櫧鏈悇10鍏嬶紝宸濊妿6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.涓婂懠鍚搁亾鎰熸煋锛岃偤鐑挸鍡斤紝榧诲嚭琛€锛氶粍鑺?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

榛勬煆

鍒悕  榛勬獥銆佸厓鏌忋€佹獥鏈?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓轰簯棣欑榛勬煆灞炴鐗╅粍鏌廝hellodendron amurense Rupr.鍜屽窛榛勬煆P. chineid Schneid.,浠ュ幓鎷寸毊鐨勬爲鐨叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.榛勬煆锛堝叧榛勬煆銆侀粍娉㈡い锛夛細钀藉彾涔旀湪锛岄珮10-15绫炽€傛爲鐨灞傜伆鑹插苟甯︽湁鐢氬帤鐨勬湪鎷村眰锛屾湁娣辨矡瑁傦紝鍐呭眰椴滈粍鑹诧紝灏忔灊缁艰鑹诧紝鏃犳瘺銆傚崟鏁扮窘鐘跺鍙跺鐢燂紝灏忓彾5-13鐗囷紝鍗电姸鎶拡褰㈡垨杩戝嵉褰紝闀?-11鍘樼背锛屽2-3.8鍘樼背锛屽厛绔暱娓愬皷锛屽熀閮ㄥ妤斿舰锛岃竟缂樻湁涓嶆槑鏄鹃挐閿娇鍙婄紭姣涳紝涓婇潰鏆楃豢鑹诧紝涓嬮潰鐏扮豢鑹诧紝涓剦鍩洪儴鏈夐暱姣涖€傚瀛e紑榛勭豢鑹茶姳锛岃姳鍗曟€э紝闆岄泟寮傛牚锛岃姳搴忓渾閿ョ姸锛岃姳灏忥紝鐩村緞绾?姣背锛岃惣鐗?锛屽嵉褰紝鍏堢鎬ュ皷锛岃姳鐡?锛岄暱鍦嗗舰锛岄泟鑺辨湁闆勮晩5锛屼几鍑鸿姳鐡e锛岄泴鑺遍€€鍖栭泟钑婃垚槌炵墖鐘讹紝闆岃晩1锛屽瓙鎴垮€掑嵉褰紝5瀹わ紝鑺辨煴鐭紝鏌卞ご5瑁傘€傛祮鏋滅姸鏍告灉鍦嗙悆褰紝鐔熸椂绱粦鑹层€?/span>

2.宸濋粍鏌忥紙榛勭毊鏍戯級锛氭爲鐨棤鍔犲帤鐨勬湪鎷村眰锛屽皬鍙?-15鐗囷紝闀垮渾鐘舵姭閽堝舰鑷抽暱鍦嗙姸鍗靛舰锛屼笂闈粎涓剦琚瘺锛屼笅闈㈣闀挎煍姣涖€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  榛勬煆澶氱敓浜庡北鍦版潅鏈ㄦ灄涓垨灞辨锭娌宠胺绛夊銆傚垎甯冧簬涓滃寳銆佸崕鍖楀強瀹佸绛夊湴銆傚窛榛勬煆鐢熶簬灞变笂娌熻竟鏉傛湪鏋椾腑锛屽垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冦€佹箹鍖椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绔嬪鑷冲鑷抽棿鏀讹紝鍦ㄤ紣鍊掔殑鏍戝共涓婂厛妯垏鍐嶇旱鍒囷紝鍓ヤ笅鏍戠毊锛岃秮椴滃埉鍘荤矖鐨紝鏅掑共銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻锛氶粍鏌忔按鐓庡墏鍦ㄤ綋澶栬兘鏉€姝婚挬绔灪鏃嬩綋锛岃兘鎶戝埗鐧借壊蹇电彔鑿岋紝鎵€鎻愬彇鐨勭洂閰稿皬妾楃⒈瀵瑰ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屻€侀湇涔卞姬鑿屾湁鏉€鑿屾晥鍔涳紝鍦ㄤ綋鍐呯殑鏉€鑿屼綔鐢ㄤ技杈冭瘯绠′腑寮恒€?.鎵€鍚皬妾楃⒈涓嶈浣撳浣撳唴鍧囨湁澧炲己鐘娑蹭腑鐧借鐞冨悶鍣綔鐢ㄧ殑鑳藉姏銆?.灏忔獥纰辨湁闄嶄綆琛€鍘嬨€佹墿寮犲啝鐘跺姩鑴夌殑浣滅敤锛岄粍鏌忕⒈涓轰竴瀛h兒纰憋紝鍏锋湁妞嶇墿绁炵粡鑺傞樆鏂綔鐢紝鏁呭彲寮曡捣闄嶅帇銆?.瀵逛箼閰拌儐纰辩殑浣滅敤锛氬鍔ㄧ墿蹇冭剰锛屽皬閲忓皬妾楃⒈鑳藉寮轰箼閰拌儐纰辩殑浣滅敤锛屽ぇ閲忓垯瀵规姉涔嬨€備箼閰拌儐纰卞紩璧风殑绂讳綋铔欒吂鐩磋倢鏀剁缉鍙榛勬煆纰辨墍鎶戝埗銆?.灏忔獥纰卞琛€灏忔澘鏈変繚鎶や綔鐢ㄤ娇鍏朵笉鏄撶牬纰庛€?.榛勬煆鍙婇粍鏌忓唴閰湁闄嶈绯栦綔鐢ㄣ€?.纭濋吀閾舵憾娑茬粰瀹跺厰婊寸溂锛屼娇涔嬪厖琛€锛屽皬妾楃⒈鏈夊噺杞诲厖琛€鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝娉荤伀鐕ユ箍銆?/span>

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鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤俱€佽偁鐐庯細榛勬煆10鍏嬶紝钂插叕鑻?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鐑х儷浼わ細榛勬煆銆佸湴姒嗐€佺櫧鑺ㄥ悇绛夐噺锛岀剻骞茬爺绮夛紝棣欐补璋冩垚绋€绯婄姸锛屽鏁蜂激闈€?/span>

3.娴佽鎬х粨鑶滅値锛氬埗鎴?0%榛勬煆鐓庢恫锛屼互娓呮磥绾卞竷鏉℃蹈婀挎礂鐪硷紝绾?鍒嗛挓锛屾瘡鏃ヤ竴娆°€?/span>

4.榛勬按鐤細鈶犻粍鏌忋€佺厖鐭宠啅鍚?0鍏嬶紝绾㈠崌涓?鍏嬶紝鑻︾熅12鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗙矇锛岄夯娌规垨鑿滄补璋冩秱鎮e锛屾瘡鏃?-2娆°€?-3澶╁眬閮ㄨ鏂扮毊鏃剁敤閲忛厡鍑忥紝缁х画娑傜敤5-7澶┿€傗憽榛勬煆绮夈€佹哀鍖栭攲绮夊悇绛夐噺锛岄娌硅皟鎴愯啅锛屾秱鎮e锛屾瘡鏃?-2娆°€?/span>

5.鎱㈡€х毊鑲ゆ簝鐤★細榛勬煆鐮旂粏绮夛紝灏嗘簝鐤¢潰娲楀噣锛屾拻涓婅嵂绮夛紝鐢ㄦ秷姣掔罕甯冭鐩栥€?/span>

 

 

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鏉ユ簮  涓洪┈榻胯媼绉戦┈榻胯媼灞炴鐗╅┈榻胯媼Portulaca oleracea L.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮鍙揪35 鍘樼背銆傝寧涓嬮儴鍖嶅寪锛屽洓鏁e垎鏋濓紝涓婇儴鐣ヨ兘鐩寸珛鎴栨枩涓婏紝鑲ュ帤澶氭眮锛岀豢鑹叉垨甯︽贰绱壊锛屽叏浣撳厜婊戞棤姣涖€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢熸垨杩戝鐢燂紝鏌勬瀬鐭紝鍙剁墖鑲夋眮鑲ュ帤锛岄暱鏂瑰舰鎴栧寵褰紝鎴栧€掑嵉褰紝闀?.6-2.7鍘樼背锛屽0.4-1.1鍘樼背锛屽厛绔渾绋嶅嚬涓嬫垨骞虫埅锛屽熀閮ㄥ妤斿舰锛屽舰浼奸┈榻匡紝鍏ㄧ紭锛屼笂闈㈡繁鑹诧紝涓嬮潰娣$豢鎴栨殫娣$孩鑹诧紝闄や腑鑴夊锛屼綑鑴夊潎涓嶆槑鏄俱€傚鏃ュ紑榛勮壊灏忚姳锛?-5鏈电皣鐢熶簬鏋濋《鍙剁姸鐨勬€昏嫗鍐呫€傝惣鐗? 锛岃姳鐡?锛岄粍鑹诧紝鍑瑰ご锛岄泟钑?0-12锛屽瓙鎴夸笅浣嶏紝鑺辨煴椤剁4-5瑁傛垚绾垮舰锛屼几鍑洪泟钑婁箣涓娿€傝挻鏋滃渾閿ュ舰锛岃嚜鑵版í瑁備负鐩栧附鐘讹紝鍐呮湁澶氭暟榛戣壊鎵佸渾褰㈢粏灏忕殑绉嶅瓙銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬璺梺銆佺敯闂淬€佸洯鍦冪瓑鍚戦槼澶勩€傚垎甯冧簬鍏ㄥ浗鍚勭渷銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺閲囨敹銆傛哺姘寸暐鐑悗鏅掑共鎴栭矞鐢ㄣ€?/span>

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鎬у懗鍔熻兘  閰搞€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝鍑夎瑙f瘨銆?/span>

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鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤俱€佽偁鐐庯細椴滈┈榻胯媼1.5鏂わ紝骞茶捀3-4鍒嗛挓锛屾崳鐑傚彇姹?50姣崌宸﹀彸锛屾瘡鏈?0姣崌锛屾棩3娆°€?/span>

2.浜цぅ鐑細椹娇鑻?20鍏嬶紝钂插叕鑻?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.娣嬪反缁撶粨鏍革細椹娇鑻?80鍏嬬倰鐐瓨鎬х爺缁嗙矇锛岀尓鏉挎补锛堝噣娌癸級240鍏嬬儳鐑悗鏀惧叆椹娇鑻嬶紝鎼呭寑锛岀墖鍒诲嵆鍐掔櫧鐑燂紝灏嗛攨绔笅锛屾斁鍏ヨ渹铚?40鍏嬶紝鎼呮垚绯婄姸锛岄攨鍐呮湁娌歌捣鐜拌薄锛屽喎鍚庢垚杞啅銆傜敤鑽墠鍏堢敤娣樼背姘存礂鍑€鎮e锛屾寜鐤彛澶у皬鎽婁竴璐磋啅鑽创鎮e锛岀罕甯冨浐瀹氾紝姣?澶╂崲1娆★紝浠ユ剤鍚堜负搴︼紝涓嶅彲闂存柇銆?/span>

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5.浜у悗鍑鸿銆佸墫鑵逛骇銆佸埉瀹瓑瀛愬鍑鸿鍙婂姛鑳芥€у瓙瀹嚭琛€锛氶┈榻胯媼娉ㄥ皠娑茶倢鑲夋敞灏勬垨鐩存帴瀛愬娉ㄥ皠锛屾瘡娆?姣崌銆?/span>

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閲囬泦瀛h妭  澶忋€佺閲囬泦銆?/span>

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4.鐤熺柧锛氶搧鑻嬭彍90鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽彂浣滃墠2-3灏忔椂鏈嶃€傝繛鏈?-3娆°€?/span>

5.涓规瘨锛屾箍鐤?閾佽媼鑿滄崳缁掞紝鍙栨眮澶栨惤銆?/span>

6.鍝枠锛屽挸琛€锛氶搧鑻嬭彍60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

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鏉ユ簮  涓洪噹鐗′腹绉戦噹鐗′腹灞炴鐗╅噹鐗′腹Melastoma candidum D. DON.,浠ユ牴銆佸彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬪閲囨寲鏍癸紝澶忕閲囧彾銆?/span>

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    寮傚彾钃间笌姝g鏋佺浉浼硷紝妞嶇墿浣撴棤鐧借壊绮夐湝锛屽彾鏈夋焺銆?/span>

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囬泦銆?/span>

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3.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅細钀硅搫50鍏枻锛屾按鐓?娆★紝骞舵恫杩囨护锛屾祿缂╋紝鍔犵硸20鏂わ紝娴撶缉鑷?0鍗囷紝鍒嗚娑堟瘨澶囩敤銆傛瘡鏈?0姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?-3娆°€?/span>

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鑻﹁樀

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囬泦銆?/span>

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3.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅細鑻﹁樀30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鐫句父鐐庯細鑻﹁樀60鍏嬶紝榛勭毊鏍?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1娆★紝杩炴湇2鏃ャ€?/span>

5.澶╂场鐤細鈶犺嫤铇垫灉鎹g儌锛屽鏁锋偅澶勩€傗憽鑻﹁樀椴滃叏鑽夋崳姹侊紝鎴栨灉瀹炴按鐓庢秱鏁锋偅澶勩€傗憿椴滆嫤铇甸€傞噺锛岀厧姘村娲楋紝鍙︾敤鑻﹁樀閫傞噺锛屾檼骞茬爺鏈紝鑿滄补鎴栭夯娌硅皟鎼姐€?/span>

6.鍙戠棫姘旂棝锛氳嫤铇垫灉鎴栨牴15鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€?/span>

7.灏忎究涓嶅埄锛氳嫤铇垫灉15鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€?/span>

8.鍠夊ご鐐庛€佺儹鍜炽€佸捊鐥涳細鑻﹁樀椴滄牴30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傛垨鍏ㄨ崏鐮旂粏绮夛紝姣忔棩涓?-10鍏嬶紝寮€姘撮€佹湇锛岃繛鏈?鏃ャ€?/span>

9.鎬ユ€ц倽鐐庯細椴滆嫤铇垫牴60鍏嬶紝鎹f眮锛屾俯寮€姘村啿鏈嶃€傛瘡鏃?娆°€?/span>

10.鐤旂柈锛氳嫤铇点€佽媿鑰筹紙鍧囬矞鍝侊級鍚勯€傞噺锛岀櫧绯栧皯璁革紝鎹g儌澶栨暦銆?/span>

 

 

鑻﹀弬

鍒悕  閲庢銆佸ソ姹夋灊銆佽嫤楠ㄣ€佸湴楠ㄣ€佸湴妲愩€佸北妲愬瓙

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿眴绉戞灞炴鐗╄嫤鍙係ophora flavescens Ait.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鐏屾湪锛岄珮1-3绫炽€傛牴鍦嗘煴褰紝澶栭潰娴呮榛勮壊銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽鍒嗘灊锛屾湁涓嶈鍒欑殑绾垫矡锛屽辜鏋濊鐤忔瘺銆傚崟鏁扮窘鐘跺鍙讹紝浜掔敓锛岄暱杈?5鍘樼背锛屽皬鍙?1-29锛屽彾鏌勫熀閮ㄦ湁鏉″舰鎵樺彾锛屽皬鍙剁墖鍗电姸妞渾褰紝闀?-4鍘樼背锛屽1-2鍘樼背锛屽厛绔◢灏栨垨寰挐锛屽熀閮ㄥ妤斿舰锛屽叏缂橈紝涓嬮潰鐧界豢鑹诧紝瀵嗙敓骞宠创鏌旀瘺銆傚鏃ラ《鐢熸€荤姸鑺卞簭锛岄暱绾?8鍘樼背锛岀害鏈夎姳30鏈碉紝鑺辫惣閽熺姸锛岄暱绾?-7姣背锛屾湁姣涙垨杩戞棤姣涳紝铦跺舰鑺卞啝娣¢粍鑹诧紝闀跨害1.5鍘樼背锛屾棗鐡e寵褰紝缈肩摚鏃犺€筹紝浜屼綋闆勮晩銆傝崥鏋滄潯褰紝闀?-12鍘樼背锛屽厛绔叿闀垮枡锛岃妭闂寸揣缂╀笉鐢氳鍒欍€傜瀛?-7绮掞紝杩戠悆褰紝妫曡鑹层€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯鐏屼笡锛屾渤婊╂矙鍦帮紝鎴戝浗鍚勭渷鍖哄潎鏈夊垎甯冦€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬪鎸栨牴銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鑻﹀弬鐓庡墏缁欏鍏斿彛鏈嶃€佽倢娉ㄦ垨闈欐敞鍧囨湁鏄庢樉鐨勫埄灏夸綔鐢紝涓昏鐢辫嫤鍙傜⒈寮曡捣銆?.鑻﹀弬鏈夋姉婊磋櫕銆佹姉闃跨背宸村師铏殑浣滅敤銆?.鎶戣弻锛氳嫤鍙傚浜庣粨鏍告潌鑿屾湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤锛屽叾鐓庡墏瀵瑰父瑙佽嚧鐥呮€х毊鑲ょ湡鑿屾湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?.鑻﹀弬纰辨敞灏勪簬瀹跺厰锛屽彂鐜板涓灑绁炵粡鏈夐夯鐥逛綔鐢紝鍚屾椂鍙戠敓鐥夋寷锛岀粓鍥犲懠鍚稿仠姝㈣€屾浜°€傛敞灏勪簬闈掕洐涔熸湁绫讳技姣掓€т綔鐢ㄣ€?.鏈夋瘨锛岃繃閲忔椂娴佹稁銆佹浼愪笉鏁淬€佸懠鍚歌剦鎼忔€ラ€熴€佹儕鍘ャ€佸悗鍥犲懠鍚稿仠姝㈣€屾浜°€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛湁灏忔瘨銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝绁涢鏉€铏€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎬ユ€х粏鑿屾€х棦鐤撅紝闃跨背宸寸棦鐤撅紝鑲犵値锛岄粍鐤革紝缁撴牳鎬ф笚鍑烘€ц兏鑶滅値锛岀粨鏍告€ц吂鑶滅値锛堣吂姘村瀷锛夛紝灏胯矾鎰熸煋锛屽皬渚夸笉鍒╋紝鐧藉甫锛岀棓鐤偪鐥涳紝楹婚锛屽鐢ㄦ不澶栭槾鎼旂棐锛岄槾閬撴淮铏紝鐑х儷浼わ紝鐏泦锛岀伃瀛戝瓝銆傜敤閲忥細5-10鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岀厧姘存礂鎴栫爺鏈鏁枫€備笉鑳藉拰钘滆姦鍚岀敤銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ユ€х粏鑿屾€ц弻鐥㈢柧锛氳嫤鍙?0-45鍏嬶紝姘寸厧娴撶缉鑷?0-90姣崌锛屾瘡鏈?0-30姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?娆°€?/span>

2.闃撮亾婊磋櫕锛氳嫤鍙傘€佹湪妲跨毊銆侀粍鏌忓悇150鍏嬶紝鏋熅24鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗙矇锛屾瘡涓よ嵂绮夊姞鍑″+鏋?0鍏嬶紝鍔犺泧搴婂瓙娌归€傞噺锛岃皟鎴愯蒋鑶忋€傛瘡鐢?-2鍏嬶紝绾卞竷鍖呮墡濉為槾閬擄紝姣忔棩2娆★紝杩炵敤15鏃ャ€?/span>

3.濡囧コ澶栭槾鎼旂棐锛氳嫤鍙?0鍏嬶紝铔囧簥瀛?5鍏嬶紝宸濇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鐔忔礂銆?/span>

4.椤藉浐鎬ф箍鐤癸細鑻﹀弬銆佽泧搴婂瓙銆佽媿鑰冲瓙鍚?0鍏嬶紝宸濇銆侀泟榛勩€佺櫧鐭惧悇3鍏嬶紝鍔犳按500姣崌锛岀啲鎴愮厧鍓傦紝鍘绘福锛岃嵂娑插眬閮ㄦ箍鏁枫€?/span>

 

 

绠楃洏瀛?/font>

鍒悕  绠楃洏鐝犮€侀噹鍗楃摐銆佹灉鐩掍粩銆侀噾楠ㄩ銆佸北閲戠摐銆佽嚟灞辨銆侀澶存灉銆佺嫯瀛愭粴鐞?/span>

鏉ユ簮  澶ф垷绉戠畻鐩樺瓙灞炴鐗╃畻鐩樺瓙Glochidion puberum (L.) Hutch.锛屼互鏍广€佸彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鐏屾湪锛岄珮1-3绫筹紝灏戞暟鍙揪5绫炽€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽垎鏋濓紝鏋濆瘑琚攬鑹叉垨榛勮鑹茬煭鏌旀瘺銆傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍏风煭鏌勶紝鍙剁墖绾歌川鎴栬繎闈╄川锛岄暱鍦嗗舰銆侀暱鍦嗙姸鍗靛舰鎴栨姭閽堝舰锛岄暱3-8鍘樼背锛屽1-2.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔皷鎴栭挐锛屽熀閮ㄥ妤斿舰锛屽叏缂橈紝涓婇潰浠呰剦涓婅鐤忕煭鏌旀瘺鎴栧嚑鏃犳瘺锛屼笅闈㈢矇缁胯壊锛屽瘑琚煭鏌旀瘺锛屾墭鍙朵笁瑙掑舰銆傚绉嬪紑榛勭豢鑹茶姳锛岃姳鍗曟€э紝闆岄泟鍚屾牚鎴栧紓鏍紝鏃犺姳鐡o紝闆勮姳浣嶄簬灏忔灊涓嬮儴鐨勫彾鑵嬪唴锛屾垨鏈夋椂闆岃姳鍜岄泟鑺卞悓鐢熶簬涓€鍙惰厠鍐咃紝闆勮姳鏈夌粏闀跨殑鑺辨锛岃惣鐗?锛?杞紝鏉$姸鎶拡褰紝闆勮晩3锛岄泴鑺辫緝灏忥紝钀肩墖鍗靛舰锛屽瓙鎴块€氬父5瀹わ紝姣忓2鑳氱彔锛岃姳鏌辫繛鍚堟垚鐭瓛鐘讹紝鑺辨鐭€傝挻鏋滄墎鐞冨舰锛屽舰濡傜畻鐩樼彔锛屽父鍏?-10鏉$旱娌燂紝鎴愮啛鏃跺甫绾㈣壊锛屽瘑琚煍姣涖€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯銆佺亴涓涗腑銆傚垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冦€佹睙鑻忋€佸畨寰姐€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佸彴婀俱€佹渤鍗椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炵瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏍瑰叏骞村彲閲囷紝澶忕鑿滃彾銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鍛宠嫤銆佹订銆佸噳銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝绁涢娲荤粶锛岃ˉ铏氾紝璋冪粡锛岄晣鍜炽€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋鍙戠儹锛屽捊鍠夌棝锛岀枱鐤撅紝鎬ユ€ц儍鑲犵値锛屾秷鍖栦笉鑹紝鐥㈢柧锛岄婀挎€у叧鑺傜値锛岃穼鎵撴崯浼わ紝鐧藉甫锛岀棝缁忋€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ユ€ц儍鑲犵値銆佹秷鍖栦笉鑹細绠楃洏瀛愬彾銆佹閲戝鍙跺悇绛夐噺锛岀爺绮夛紝姣忔湇1鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3娆°€?/span>

2.鎬ャ€佹參鎬х粏鑿屾€х棦鐤撅細鈶犵畻鐩樺瓙鏍广€佸叚鏈堥洩鏍瑰悇30鍏嬶紝閾佹壂甯氭牴銆佺敇鑽夊悇15鍏嬶紝闄堢毊銆侀檲鑺嬪ご鍙舵焺鍚?0鍏嬶紝钀硅搫60鍏嬶紝鍔犳按1鍗囷紝鐓庢垚250姣崌锛屽垎2-3娆℃湇锛?鏃ユ湇瀹屻€傗憽绠楃洏瀛愭灉銆佺孩绯栧悇30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.铏氬急鏃犲姏锛氱畻鐩樺瓙鏋?50-180鍏嬶紝鐐栬倝鎴栬捀楦″悆銆?/span>

4.缁忛棴锛氱畻鐩樺瓙鏋?0鍏嬶紝钂哥儳閰掓湇銆?/span>

5.涔呭挸锛氱畻鐩樺瓙鏋滃崐鏂わ紝鐐栫尓韫勫悆锛屾棭鏅氬悇鍚冧竴娆°€?/span>

6.鑲犻鑴辫倹锛氱畻鐩樺瓙鏍?0鍏嬶紝鐓尓澶ц偁椋熴€?/span>

7.娣嬪反缁撴牳锛氱畻鐩樺瓙鏍广€佹灨楠ㄦ牴銆佺埇澹佽棨鍚?0鍏嬶紝绱儗澶╄懙瀛?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

鐭虫Υ

鍒悕  瀹夌煶姒淬€佺弽鐝犵煶姒淬€佺煶姒寸毊

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褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鐏屾湪鎴栧皬涔旀湪锛岄珮杈?绫炽€傛爲鐨伆瑜愯壊锛屽辜鏋濈暐甯﹀洓妫憋紝鍏堢甯告垚鍒哄皷銆傚彾澶氬鐢燂紝鏈夋焺锛屽彾鐗囬暱鏂圭獎妞渾褰㈡垨杩戝€掑嵉褰紝闀?-9鍘樼背锛屽1-2鍘樼背锛屽厛绔渾閽濓紝鍩洪儴妤斿舰锛屽叏缂橈紝涓婇潰鏈夊厜娉斤紝渚ц剦涓嶆槑鏄俱€傚瀛e紑绾㈣壊鑺憋紝鍗曠敓鏋濋《鍙惰厠闂达紝涓ゆ€э紝甯告湁澶氳姳瀛愭埧閫€鍖栦笉鑲诧紝鏈夌煭姊楋紝鑺辫惣鑲ュ帤鑲夎川锛岀孩鑹诧紝绠$姸閽熷舰锛岄《绔?-7瑁傦紝鑺辩摚涓庤惣鐗囧悓鏁帮紝瀹藉€掑嵉褰紝璐ㄥ湴鏌旇蒋澶氱毐锛岄泟钑婂鏁帮紝鐫€鐢熻惣绛掍笂鍗婇儴锛屽瓙鎴夸笅浣嶏紝瀛愭埧瀹ゅ垎涓虹浉鍙犱簩灞傘€傛祮鏋滆繎鐞冨舰锛屾灉鐨帤闈╄川锛岄《绔湁鐩寸珛瀹垮瓨鑺辫惣銆傜瀛愬鏁帮紝鏈夎倝璐ㄥ绉嶇毊銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍏ㄥ浗鍚勫湴鍧囨湁鏍藉煿銆?/span>

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鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鐭虫Υ鐨⒈鍜屼吉鐭虫Υ鐨⒈鍧囦负骞虫粦鑲屾瘨锛屽缁?/span>铏湁楹荤椆浣滅敤锛屽彲澶哄幓鍏惰繍鍔ㄨ兘鍔涜€岃嚧姝汇€?.鐭虫Υ鐨按娴告恫瀵瑰父瑙佽嚧鐥呮€х毊鑲ょ湡鑿屾湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤锛屽閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佷汉鍨嬬粨鏍告潌鑿屻€佺櫧鍠夋潌鑿屻€佺棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佸彉褰㈣弻銆佷激瀵掓潌鑿屻€佸壇浼ゅ瘨鏉嗚弻銆侀湇涔辨潌鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屻€侀挬绔灪鏃嬩綋鍧囨湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

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鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅細鐭虫Υ鐨?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍔犵孩绯栭€傞噺锛屽垎2娆℃湇锛岃繛鏈?-5澶┿€?/span>

2.鑴辫倹锛氱煶姒寸毊銆佺孩鏋f爲鐨紙鐐掞級鍚?0鍏嬶紝鐧界熅3鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗙矇锛屾瘡娆′究鍚庢竻娲楄倹闂ㄥ懆鍥达紝鐒跺悗鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

3.锜櫕鐥咃細鐭虫Υ鐨?鍏嬶紝妲熸5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傛垨鐭虫Υ鐨?0鍏嬶紝鐓庢堡绾?00姣崌锛岀潯鍓嶇亴鑲犮€?/span>

4.鍚愯銆佽琛€锛氱煶姒磋姳30-90鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

5.绋荤敯鐨値锛氱煶姒寸毊120鍏嬶紝姘寸厧娴告场鎮e銆?/span>

6.鎬ユ€ц偁鐐庯紝姘存郴涓嶆锛氱煶姒村彾60鍏嬶紝鐢熷15鍏嬶紝椋熺洂30鍏嬶紝鐐掗粦锛岀厧姹や唬鑼讹紝棰戦楗湇銆傚彟鐢ㄨ懕鐧姐€佸ぇ绮掗鐩愬悇閫傞噺锛岀倰鐑紝甯冨寘鏁疯吂閮ㄣ€?/span>

娉?/span>锛氱煶姒寸毊纰变腑姣掓椂锛屽紩璧峰彂鐑€佸ご鏅曘€佽鐗╂ā绯娿€佽殎璧版劅銆佹伓蹇冦€佸憰鍚愩€佺敋鑷冲急瑙嗐€佽厯鑲犺倢鐥夋寷銆佸叏韬娊鎼愩€?/span>

 

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鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬骞冲師鑽夊湴锛屼綆灞辫崏鍧℃垨鐏屼笡涓€傚垎甯冧簬涓滃寳銆佸崕鍖楀強闄曡タ銆佸畨寰姐€佹睙鑻忋€佹箹鍖椼€佸洓宸濈瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鏄ュ鎴栫瀛i噰鎸栵紝鏄ュ鐨勮川閲忚緝濂姐€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1. 鐧藉ご缈佺厧鍓傝兘鎶戝埗闃跨背宸村師铏殑鐢熼暱銆?.鑳芥潃鐏槾閬撴淮铏殑鏈€浣庢湁鏁堟祿搴︿负2姣厠/姣崌銆?.鎶戣弻瀹為獙锛氭湰鍝佺厧鍓傚閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佺姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屻€佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.鐧藉ご缈佺礌鏈夐晣闈欍€侀晣鐥涘強鎶楃棄鎸涗綔鐢ㄣ€?.闄ゅ幓鏍归儴鐨勭櫧澶寸縼鍏ㄨ崏鍚湁涓€绉嶅己蹇冩垚鍒嗭紝鍏朵綔鐢ㄧ暐浼兼磱鍦伴粍銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍑夎銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅紝闃跨背宸寸棦鐤撅紝婀跨儹甯︿笅锛岀棓鐤嚭琛€锛岄蓟鍑鸿銆傜敤閲忥細10-15鍏嬨€傚叏鑽夊垏纰庡帇鍑烘祮姹佸彲鍠锋潃铔嗚櫕銆佸瓚瀛撱€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鐥㈢柧锛氱櫧澶寸縼銆佺Е鐨悇10鍏嬶紝榛勬煆12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅紝鑲犵値锛氱櫧澶寸縼1鏂わ紝鍦版銆佽瘍瀛愯倝鍚?鏂わ紝鍏竵棣?50鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗙矇锛岃鍏ヨ兌鍥婏紝姣忕矑0.3鍏嬶紝姣忔湇2-3绮掞紝姣忔棩4娆°€?/span>

3.鎬ユ€х粏鑿屾€х棦鐤撅細鐧藉ご缈?5鍏嬶紝榛勮姪銆侀粍鏌忋€佺Е鐨€佽丹鑺嶅悇10鍏嬶紝鐢熺敇鑽?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.闃跨背宸寸棦鐤撅細鐧藉ご缈?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傚鐥呯棁涓ラ噸锛屽彲鍙栫櫧澶寸縼30-45鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍙栨眮100姣崌锛屽仛娼寸暀鐏岃偁锛屾瘡鏃?娆°€?/span>

5.鐑棦锛岄樋绫冲反鐥紝澶т究鑴撹锛氱櫧澶寸縼15鍏嬶紝榛勮繛1.5鍏嬶紝榛勬煆6鍏嬶紝绉︾毊10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

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9.鐤栬偪銆佷笅鑲㈡簝鐤★細椴滄按鏉ㄦ鏍圭毊鎴栧姞椴滅瓔楠ㄨ崏锛屽姞鐧界硸鎹g儌鏁锋偅澶勩€傚彟鐢ㄦ按鏉ㄦ鏍?5-30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

灞辨

鍒悕  绾㈡灉瀛愩€佹妫e瓙

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褰㈡€佺壒寰?nbsp; 1.灞遍噷绾紙澶у北妤傘€佸寳灞辨锛夛細钀藉彾灏忎箶鏈紝楂樼害6绫筹紝鍒嗘灊澶氾紝鏃犲埡鎴栨湁灏戞暟鐭埡锛屾棤姣涖€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢熸湁闀挎焺锛岄暱2-6鍘樼背锛屾墭鍙堕暟褰紝杈冨ぇ锛岃竟缂樻湁榻匡紝鍙剁墖骞垮嵉褰㈡垨鑿辩姸鍗靛舰锛岄暱6-12鍘樼背锛屽5-8鍘樼背锛屾湁5-9缇借锛屼粎涓嬮潰涓€瀵硅鐗囪緝娣憋紝鍏堢鐭笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴瀹芥褰紝甯哥◢鍋忔枩锛岃竟缂樻湁涓嶈鍒欑矖閿娇锛屼笂闈㈡湁鍏夋辰锛屼笅闈㈣剦涓婃湁鐭煍姣涖€傚垵澶忔灊绔垨涓婇儴鍙惰厠鎶藉嚭浼炴埧鑺卞簭锛屾湁鑺?0-12鏈碉紝鑺辨琚煭鏌旀瘺锛岃姳钀?榻胯锛岃姳鍐犵櫧鑹叉垨绋嶅甫绾㈡檿锛岃姳鐡?锛屽鍊掑嵉褰紝闆勮晩20涓紝姊ㄦ灉鐞冨舰锛岀洿寰勫彲杈?.5鍘樼背锛屾繁浜孩鑹诧紝鏈夐粍鐧借壊灏忔枒鐐癸紝钀肩墖鑴辫惤寰堣繜锛屽厛绔暀涓€娣辨醇锛屽皬鏍?-5銆傚浘涓哄北閲岀孩銆?/span>

2.灞辨锛堥吀姊呭瓙锛夛細涓庝笂绉嶆瀬鐩镐技锛屽彾鐗囪緝灏忥紝闀?-10鍘樼背锛屽4-7.5鍘樼背锛?-5缇界姸娣辫锛岀窘瑁傝緝涓婄涓烘繁锛屽彾鐗囧嵉鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛屾灉瀹炶緝灏忥紝鐩村緞1-1.5鍘樼背锛屾繁绾㈣壊銆?nbsp;

3.閲庡北妤傦紙鍗楀北妤傘€佺尨妤傘€佽嵂灞辨锛夛細钀藉彾鐏屾湪锛岄珮杈?.5绫筹紝鏈夊皷缁嗙洿鍒猴紝闀胯揪8姣背锛屽彾鍏堢閫氬父3娴呰锛屽緢灏?-7瑁傦紝鏋滃疄灏忥紝鐩村緞1-1.2鍘樼背锛屽父鍏锋湁瀹垮瓨鐨勫弽鎶樿惣鐗囥€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  灞遍噷绾細鐢熶簬灞卞潯娌欏湴锛屾渤杈规潅鏋楋紝鍖楁柟鏈夋牻鍩广€備笢鍖椼€佸崕鍖椼€佽タ鍖楀拰灞变笢銆佹睙鑻忋€佹渤鍗楁椂鏈夋墍瑙併€傚北妤傦細鐢熶簬灞卞潯鏋楃紭銆佹渤宀哥亴涓涖€傚寳鏂规湁鏍藉煿銆傚垎甯冧簬涓滃寳銆佸崕鍖楀強闄曡タ銆佹睙鑻忋€佹渤鍗楃瓑鍦般€傞噹灞辨锛氱敓浜庡北璋烽槼鍧★紝鍘熼噹鐏屼粠銆傚垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佹睙鑻忋€佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹渤鍗椼€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?nbsp;

閲囬泦瀛h妭  10鏈堥噰鏋滐紝鍒囩墖鏅掑共锛屾槬绉嬮噰鏍癸紝澶忕閲囧彾銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鍙f湇灞辨鑳藉鍔犺儍涓叾绫诲垎娉岋紝淇冭繘娑堝寲锛屾墍鍚В鑴傞叾浜﹁兘淇冭繘鑴傝偑绫婚鐗╃殑娑堝寲銆?.鍔ㄧ墿瀹為獙璇佹槑灞辨鍙娇琛€绠℃墿寮狅紝鍐犵姸鍔ㄨ剦琛€娴佸鍔狅紝琛€鍘嬩笅闄嶃€?.灞辨涔呮湇鏈夐檷浣庤儐鍥洪唶鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?.灞辨閰告湁寮哄績浣滅敤锛岃姳銆佸彾鍒跺墏浜︽湁寮哄績銆侀檷鍘嬩綔鐢ㄣ€?.灞辨鍦ㄤ綋澶栧鐥㈢柧鏉嗚弻鏈夎緝寮虹殑鎶戝埗浣滅敤锛岀劍灞辨瀵圭棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屾湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?.灞辨瀵瑰瓙瀹湁鏀剁缉浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€侀吀銆佹俯銆傛秷椋熷寲婊烇紝鏁g榾姝㈢棝銆?/span>

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鏉ユ簮  涓哄皬铇楃灏忚槜灞炴鐗╄豹鐚埡Berberis julianae Schneid.锛屼互鏍广€佹牴鐨紝鑼庛€佽寧鐨叆鑽€?/span>

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閲囬泦瀛h妭  鏄ャ€佺閲囨寲銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鏈鐗╀富瑕佸惈灏忚槜纰憋紝鍙弬闃呴粍杩炴潯鐩笅鐨勫皬铇楃⒈浣滅敤銆?.鎶戣弻瀹為獙锛氱厧鍓傚閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佺姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.澶у彾灏忚槜瀵瑰鏁扮粏鑿屾湁鎶戝埗鑷虫潃鐏綔鐢紝鏄撴劅寰敓鐗╁緢骞匡紝鏈夌棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佸悇绉嶉摼鐞冭弻銆佽憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佽偤鐐庡弻鐞冭弻銆佸悇绉嶇粨鏍歌弻銆佺櫧鏃ュ挸鍡滆鏉嗚弻銆佹灟鑽夋潌鑿屻€佹祦鎰熸潌鑿屻€佺偔鐤芥潌鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佸埄浠€鏇煎師铏€侀樋绫冲反鍘熻櫕銆侀挬绔灪鏃嬩綋銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛竻鐑嚗婀匡紝娉荤伀瑙f瘨銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅紝鑳冭偁鐐庯紝鍓激瀵掞紝娑堝寲涓嶈壇锛岄粍鐤革紝鑲濈‖鍖栬吂姘达紝娉屽翱绯绘劅鏌擄紝鎬ユ€ц偩鐐庯紝鎵佹浣撶値锛屽彛鑵旂値锛屾敮姘旂鑲虹値锛屼腑鑰崇値锛岀洰璧よ偪鐥涳紝澶栦激鎰熸煋銆傜敤閲?0-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岀爺绮夎皟鏁枫€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤俱€佽儍鑲犵値锛氬皬铇?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傛垨3%灏忚槜纰辨敞灏勬恫鑲岃倝娉ㄥ皠锛屾瘡娆?姣崌锛屾棩2娆°€?/span>

2.涓婂懠鍚搁亾鎰熸煋銆佹墎妗冧綋鐐庛€佹敮姘旂鑲虹値銆佹棭鏈熶钩鑵虹値銆佹硨灏跨郴鎰熸煋锛屽浼ゆ劅鏌擄細1%灏忚槜纰辨敞灏勬恫鑲岃倝娉ㄥ皠锛屾瘡娆?姣崌锛屾棩2娆°€?/span>

3.鍓激瀵掞細灏忚槜4鏂わ紝姘?0鍗囩厧鑷?鍗囷紝姣忔湇70-100姣崌锛屾棩鏈?-3娆°€?/span>

4.鎱㈡€ф皵绠$値锛氬皬铇?0鍏嬶紝妗戠毊15鍏嬶紝楹婚粍12鍏嬶紝妗旀10鍏嬶紙涓€鏃ラ噺锛夛紝鍒舵垚娴歌啅鐗囷紝鍒?娆℃湇銆?0澶╀竴鐤楃▼銆?/span>

5.璺屾墦鎹熶激锛氬皬铇楁牴30鍏嬶紝娉¢厭鍐呮湇澶栨惤銆?/span>

6.榛勭柛锛氬皬铇楄寧15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

娉?/span>锛氬悓灞炴鐗╂湁灏忛粍杩炲埡銆佺粏鍙跺皬铇椼€佸ぇ鍙跺皬铇楋紙榛勮姦鏈級銆佺洿搴忓皬铇椼€佸埡榛戠彔銆侀暱鍙跺皬铇椼€佺煶濡瑰埡锛堝ぇ榛勮繛鍒猴級銆佹瘺鍙跺皬铇楃瓑銆?/span>

 

 

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鏉ユ簮  涓哄ぇ鎴熺澶ф垷灞炴鐗╁湴閿uphorbia humifusa Willd.鏂戝湴閿. maculata L.,鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

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鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  甯哥敓浜庤矾鏃併€佺敯闂淬€傚垎甯冧簬鎴戝浗鍗楀寳鍚勭渷鍖恒€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺瀛i噰鍏ㄨ崏銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氬湴閿﹁崏鍦ㄤ綋澶栨湁寰堝己鐨勬姂鑿屼綔鐢紝鎶楄弻璋卞緢骞裤€傚閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屽強鐧藉枆鏉嗚弻鏈夋瀬寮虹殑鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆傚鐥㈢柧鏉嗚弻銆佽崏缁胯壊閾剧悆鑿屻€佹憾琛€鎬ч摼鐞冭弻銆佽偤鐐庡弻鐞冭弻銆佸彉褰㈡潌鑿屻€佽偁鐐庢潌鑿屻€佺櫨鏃ュ挸鏉嗚弻銆佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佺敳鍨嬪壇浼ゅ瘨鏉嗚弻绛変篃鏈夎緝寮虹殑鎶楄弻浣滅敤銆?.姝㈣璇曢獙锛氬湴閿﹁崏鍏ㄨ崏骞茬矇鏈拻浜庣嫍鑲″姩鑴夊垏寮€澶勶紝姝㈣鏁堟灉鏄庢樉銆?.涓拰姣掔礌璇曢獙锛氬湴閿﹁崏100%銆?0%銆?5%鐨勯厞鍓傜粡鍔ㄧ墿瀹為獙锛屽鐧藉枆姣掔礌鏈夋槑鏄剧殑鈥滀腑鍜屸€濅綔鐢ㄣ€傛姂鑿屻€佹潃鑿屻€佲€滀腑鍜屸€濅綔鐢ㄤ互閰婂墏鏁堟灉濂斤紝鐓庡墏娆′箣锛屾蹈鍓傝緝宸€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佽緵銆佸钩銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝鍑夎姝㈣锛岃В姣掓秷鑲裤€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎬ユ€х粏鑿屾€х棦鐤撅紝鑲犵値锛岄粍鐤革紝灏忓効鐤崇Н锛屽悙琛€锛屽挴琛€锛屽翱琛€锛屼究琛€锛屽瓙瀹嚭琛€锛屽鐢ㄦ不鍒涗激鍑鸿锛岃穼鎵撹偪鐥涳紝鐥堢枛鑲挎瘨锛屼笅鑲㈡簝鐤★紝鐨偆婀跨柟锛岀儳鐑激锛屾瘨铔囧挰浼ゃ€傜敤閲忥細10-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ矞鑽夋崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤俱€佽偁鐐庯細鈶犲湴閿﹁崏1鏂わ紝鍔?0%涔欓唶1000姣崌锛屾蹈娉?4灏忔椂锛岃繃婊わ紝姣忔鏈?5-20姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?娆°€傗憽鍦伴敠鑽夈€侀搧鑻嬭彍銆佸嚖灏捐崏鍚?250鍏嬶紝鍔犳按8鍗囷紝鐓庤嚦3鍗囷紝鍔犺皟鍛冲墏銆侀槻鑵愬墏閫傞噺锛屽鐢ㄣ€傛瘡娆″彛鏈?0-40姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?-4娆°€?/span>

2.鐥堣偪鎭剁柈銆佸垁浼ゅ嚭琛€锛氬湴閿﹁崏60鍏嬶紝鐗涜啙12-15鍏嬶紝鍦熻尟鑻?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍐查粍閰掋€佺孩绯栵紝鏃╂櫄楗墠鍚勬湇涓€娆°€傚繉椋熼吀杈c€?/span>

3.涔虫眮涓嶈冻锛氬湴閿﹁崏30-60鍏嬶紝鍚岄奔鐓湇銆?/span>

 

 

鍥涙柟鎷宠崏

鍒悕  姣嶈崏銆佸洓鏂硅崏銆佸紑鎬€鑽?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓虹巹鍙傜姣嶈崏灞炴鐗╂瘝鑽塋indernia crustacea(L.)F.-Muell.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮8-20鍘樼背銆傝寧涓嬮儴鍖嶅寪鎶暎锛岀潃鍦扮敓鏍癸紝澶氭灊锛岀洿绔嬮儴鍒嗗洓妫卞舰锛屾棤姣涙垨绋嶈鐤忔瘺銆傚彾瀵圭敓锛屾湁鐭焺锛屽彾鐗囧鍗靛舰鎴栦笁瑙掑嵉褰紝闀?-15姣背锛屽厛绔挐鎴栨€ュ皷锛屽熀閮ㄥ妤斿舰鎴栬繎鍦嗗舰锛岃竟缂樻湁鐤忔祬榻裤€傚鏈鍒濆紑鑺憋紝涓夊嚭鑱氭暎鑺卞簭椤剁敓锛屽湪鍙惰厠鐨勫涓哄崟鐢燂紝鏃犳€昏姳姊楋紝灏忚姳姊楅暱锛岃惣缁胯壊鎴栨祬绱壊锛岃啘璐紝闀?-5姣背锛屾湁鑴?鏉★紝鍏堢5娴呰锛岃鐗囩煭灏栵紝闀跨害1.5姣背锛岃姳鍚庡父娣辫锛岃姳鍐犻暱绾?姣背锛岀暐鍛堜簩鍞囧舰锛岃鐗囪繎绛夐暱锛岀传鑹诧紝闆勮晩4涓紝鍏ㄩ儴鍙戣偛銆傝挻鏋滈暱鍦嗗舰鎴栧嵉褰紝涓庡钀艰繎绛夐暱銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬闃存箍鑽夊湴锛岀敯杈癸紝姘存矡杈广€備富瑕佸垎甯冧簬鎴戝浗鍗楅儴鍚勭渷銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍥涘鍙噰銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  寰嫤銆佸噳銆傛竻鐑埄灏匡紝瑙f瘨銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅紝鑲犵値锛屾秷鍖栦笉鑹紝鑲濈値锛岃偩鐐庢按鑲匡紝鐧藉甫锛屽鐢ㄨ嚦鐥堢枛鑲挎瘨銆傜敤閲忥細30-60鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鏈堢粡涓嶈皟锛氬洓鏂规嫵鑽?5鍏嬶紝鐮旀湯锛岃捀楦¤泲2涓悆銆?/span>

2.鍔充激鍜冲椊锛氬洓鏂规嫵鑽?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

 

鍙岃偩钘?/font>

鍒悕  椹箘銆佺緤韫勮棨

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿眴绉戠緤韫勭敳灞炴鐗╂箹鍖楃緤韫勭敳Bauhinia hubehana Craib.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鏈ㄨ川钘ゆ湰锛岃绾㈡鑹叉煍姣涖€傝寧鏈夌旱妫便€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀?-4鍘樼背锛屽彾鐗囧厛绔拰鍩洪儴鍧囦负蹇冨舰锛岀敋浼煎弻鑲撅紝闀?-8鍘樼背锛屽4-9鍘樼背锛岄《绔鑷?/4-1/2澶勶紝瑁傜墖閽濆渾锛屼富鑴?-9鏉★紝涓嬮潰鐤忚鏌旀瘺锛屼笉鍒嗘灊鐨勫嵎椤?-2鏉′笌鍙跺鐢熴€傚瀛h寧椤跺強鍙惰厠鎶藉嚭浼炴埧鑺卞簭锛屾€绘鍙婅姳杞磋姣涳紝鏈夎姳澶氭湹锛岃姳钀肩鐘讹紝琚孩妫曡壊姣涳紝闀跨害1.5鍘樼背锛岃姳鐡?锛岀矇绾㈣壊锛屾湁绱壊鑴夌汗锛屾き鍦嗙姸鍖欏舰锛岄暱13-17姣背锛屽厛绔挐鍦嗭紝鐨辫竟锛屼袱闈㈠潎琚孩妫曡壊闀挎煍姣涳紝闆勮晩10锛?涓兘鑲诧紝杈冭姳鐡g◢鐭紝瀛愭埧鏈夐暱鏌勩€傝崥鏋滃甫褰紝鎵佸钩锛岄暱14-30鍘樼背锛屾棤姣涳紝缃戣剦鏄庢樉銆傜瀛愬鏁?/span>銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯鐭抽殭銆佹灄缂樼亴涓涗腑銆傚垎甯冧簬姹熻タ銆佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  绉嬪閲囨牴銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸钩銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝娑堣偪姝㈢棝銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  闃叉不鐥㈢柧锛岀澗涓歌偪鐥涳紝闃村泭婀跨柟锛岀敤閲?0-60鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅細鍙岃偩钘ゆ牴30-60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇锛屾瘡鏃?鍓?/span>銆?/span>

 

 

鍗婅竟鏃?/font>

鍒悕  鍗婅竟钑ㄣ€佸崟杈归敮銆佸崐杈圭墮銆佸崐杈规⒊銆佸崐杈归鑽?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓哄嚖灏捐暔绉戝嚖灏捐暔灞炴鐗╁崐杈规棗Pteris semipinnata L.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-100鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧绮楃煭锛屾í璧版垨鏂滀笂锛岃榛戣鑹茬嚎鐘舵姭閽堝舰槌炵墖銆傚彾杩戠敓鎴栫枏鐢燂紝浜屽瀷锛屾焺闀?0-50鍘樼背锛屾棤姣涳紝鏈夊厜娉斤紝绂剧鑹叉垨璧ゆ鑹诧紝鍏峰洓妫憋紝鐢熷瀛愬泭寰楀彾鐗囧嵉鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛岄暱15-45鍘樼背锛屽10-25鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝涓€鍥炵窘鐘跺垎瑁傦紝椤堕儴涓虹窘鐘舵繁瑁傦紝涓嬮儴缇界墖鏈夌煭鏌勶紝杩戝鐢燂紝鍗婅竟缇界姸鍒嗚锛岃鐗囬暱2-5鍘樼背锛屼笂渚ц鐗囦笉鍙戣揪鎴栨棤锛屼笉鐢熷瀛愮殑缇界墖鍏惰鐗囨湁缁嗛敮榻匡紝鍙朵袱闈㈡棤姣涳紝鍙惰剦閫氬父2鍙夊垎鏀€傚瀛愬泭缇ょ嚎褰紝杩炵画鎺掑垪浜庡彾缂橈紝鍥婄兢鐩栬啘璐紝鏈夌暐鍙樺舰鐨勫彾缂樺弽鍗疯€屾垚銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞辫胺銆佸北鍧°€佸北娌熼槾婀垮銆傚垎甯冧簬姹熻嫃銆佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佹箹鍗椼€佺寤恒€佸彴婀俱€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓滃拰瑗垮崡鍚勭渷鍖恒€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍥涘鍙噰闆嗗叏鑽夈€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佽緵銆佸噳銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝娑堣偪姝㈣锛岀唲椋庡钩鑲濄€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅紝鎬ユ€ц偁鐐庯紝榛勭柛鍨嬭倽鐐庯紝缁撹啘鐐庯紝澶栫敤娌昏穼鎵撹偪鐥涳紝澶栦激鍑鸿锛岀柈鐤$枛鑲匡紝婀跨柟锛屾瘨铔囧挰浼ゃ€傜敤閲忥細15-60鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e鎴栨按鐓庢礂鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.涓锛氬崐杈规棗銆佺煶鑿栬挷銆佸喅鏄庡悇10鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鐥㈢柧锛屾瘨鐤細鍗婅竟鏃?0-60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

鍗佸ぇ鍔熷姵

鍒悕  榛勫ぉ绔广€佸湡榛勬煆銆佸埡榛勬煆銆佸埡榛勮姪

鏉ユ簮  涓哄皬铇楃鍗佸ぇ鍔熷姵灞炴鐗╅様鍙跺崄澶у姛鍔矼ahonia bealei(Fort.)Garr.鏍广€佽寧銆佸彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  闀跨豢鐏屾湪锛岄珮鍙揪4绫筹紝鍏ㄤ綋鏃犳瘺锛屾牴绮楀ぇ锛岄粍鑹诧紝鑼庣矖澹洿绔嬶紝鏈ㄦ潗榛勮壊锛屽彾浜掔敓锛屽崟鏁扮窘鐘跺鍙讹紝闀?5-40鍘樼背锛屾湁鍙舵焺锛屽皬鍙?-15鐗囷紝鍘氶潻璐紝灏忓彾鏃犳焺锛屽嵉褰紝闀?-12鍘樼背锛屽2.5-8鍘樼背锛岄《鐢熷皬鍙惰緝澶э紝鏈夋焺锛屾瘡杈规湁2-8鍒洪敮榻匡紝涓婇潰钃濈豢锛屼笅闈㈤粍缁胯嚦鐏扮櫧锛屽銆佺瀛e紑瑜愰粍鑹茶姳锛岃姵棣欙紝鎬荤姸鑺卞簭椤剁敓鐩寸珛锛屾湁6-9绨囷紝钀肩墖9鐗囷紝鎺掍负3杞紝澶栬疆杈冨皬锛岃姳鐡?锛岄泟钑?锛屾祮鏋滃嵉褰紝鏆楄摑鑹诧紝鏈夌櫧绮夈€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鍚戦槼灞卞潯鐏屾湪涓涗腑锛屽垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹渤鍗椼€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸洓宸濈瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  绉嬪啲鐮嶈寧鎸栨牴锛屽彾鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  10%鐨勮寧鍙剁厧鍓傚閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屼腑姣掓晱鎰熴€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傚彾婊嬮槾娓呯儹锛屾牴鑼庢竻鐑В姣掞紝娲昏鍒╂按銆?/span>

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鏉ユ簮  涓哄嚖灏捐暔绉戝嚖灏捐暔灞炴鐗╁嚖灏捐崏Pteris multifida Poir.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

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4.鍐滆嵂1059銆?605绛変腑姣掞細鍑ゅ熬鑽夈€侀噾閾惰姳鍚?20鍏嬶紝鐢樿崏60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屼竴娆$亴鏈嶄袱澶х銆?/span>

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鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯銆佹潙杈广€佽矾鏃佺亴涓涙垨鑽変笡涓€傚垎甯冧簬鎴戝浗鍗楅儴鍚勭渷鍖恒€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  7-9鏈堥噰鏋溿€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.楦﹁儐瀛愮敊涓庨甫鑳嗗瓙浠佸湪璇曠涓湁鏉€鐏樋绫冲反鐨勪綔鐢紝瀵圭尨瀛愯嚜鐒舵劅鏌撶殑闃跨背宸村師铏湁娌荤枟浣滅敤銆傚骞肩姮鐨勫疄楠屾€ч樋绫冲反鐥咃紝纭湁鐩稿綋鐤楁晥銆?.鎶楃枱锛氶甫鑳嗗瓙浣滈浮鐤熷疄楠岋紝璇佹槑鏈夋姉鐤熸晥鑳姐€?.姣掓€э細楦﹁儐瀛愬甫缁欓附鐨笅娉ㄥ皠鍏跺崐鏁拌嚧姝婚噺涓?姣厠/鍏枻锛岀尗鍙婄姮鐨笅娉ㄥ皠鍗婃暟鑷存閲忎负0.5-1姣厠/鍏枻銆傝〃鐜颁负涓灑绁炵粡鎶戝埗锛屽懠鍚稿噺鎱紝蹇冩悘澧為€燂紝鍛曞悙鑵规郴锛屽翱閲忓噺灏戯紝鍥涜偄杞急鍙婄槴鐥€傜粰灏忕櫧榧犲彛鏈嶏紝楦﹁儐瀛愪粊鐨勬瘨鎬ф瘮楦﹁儐瀛愭补鎴栧3鐨勬瘨鎬ч兘寮恒€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸瘨銆傛潃铏紝姝㈢棦锛屾埅鐤熴€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  闃跨背宸寸棦鐤撅紝鐤熺柧锛屽鐢ㄩ櫎鐤c€侀浮鐪笺€傜敤閲?0-15绮掞紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛屽皢绉嶄粊鎹g儌鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.闃跨背宸寸棦鐤撅細楦﹁儐瀛愪粊锛屾瘡娆?0-15绮掞紝鍒嗚鑳跺泭锛屾垨鐢ㄦ鍦嗚倝鍖呰9锛屾瘡鏃?娆★紝杩炴湇7-10鏃ャ€?/span>

2.鐤熺柧锛氶甫鑳嗗瓙浠侊紝姣忔10绮掞紝鍒嗚鑳跺泭锛屾垨鐢ㄦ鍦嗚倝鍖呰9锛屾瘡鏃?娆★紝杩炴湇5鏃ャ€備害鍙敤楦﹁儐瀛愭牴12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.楦$溂銆佺枺锛氶甫鑳嗗瓙浠侀€傞噺锛岀敤娓╁紑姘存蹈娲楋紝鍒幓琛ㄩ潰瑙掕川锛屾崳鐑傝创鏁锋偅澶勶紝姣?-5鏃ユ崲鑽竴娆★紝娉ㄦ剰淇濇姢鐨偆鍛ㄥ洿銆?/span>

4.鏃╂湡琛€鍚歌櫕鐥咃細鐢ㄩ甫鑳嗗瓙浠侊紝姣忔10-15绮掞紝鍒嗚鑳跺泭锛屾垨鐢ㄦ鍦嗚倝鍖呰9锛屾瘡鏃?娆★紝杩炴湇15鏃ャ€?/span>

 

 

 

杈h摷

鍒悕  杈h摷鑽?/span>

鏉ユ簮  钃肩钃煎睘妞嶇墿杈h摷Polygonum flaccidum Meisn.鍙婃按钃糚.hydropiper L.,浠ュ叏鑽夋垨鏍广€佸彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.杈h摷锛堢孩杈h摷锛夛細 涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮60-90鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛鎴栦笅閮ㄤ紡鍦帮紝绋嶇矖澹紝鍒嗘灊绋€鐤忥紝鑺傝啫澶э紝閫氬父鎴愭贰绾㈢传鑹诧紝鍏ㄦ牚鏈夎吅鐐瑰強缁掓瘺銆傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍏风煭鏌勶紝鍙剁墖骞挎姭閽堝舰锛岄暱4-11鍘樼背锛屽0.7-1.6鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴妤斿舰锛岃竟缂樺拰涓剦鐤忚鐭硻浼忔瘺锛屼笂闈㈡繁缁胯壊锛屾湁鏃舵湁鈥滃叓瀛椻€濈姸榛戞枒锛屾墭鍙堕灅钖勮啘璐紝闉橀暱11-16姣背锛屽彛缂樼敓闀跨矖鑰屽瘑鐨勫埡姣涳紝姣涢暱5-8姣背銆傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝绌楃姸鑺卞簭鐢熶簬鏋濈锛岃姳姊楃粏闀匡紝涓嬪瀭锛岃姳琚?瑁傦紝娣$孩鑹诧紝闆勮晩7-8锛屽瓙鎴?瀹わ紝鑺辨煴3鏋氥€傜槮鏋滃弻鍑搁暅褰㈡垨閽濅笁瑙掑舰锛屽寘浜庡钀煎唴銆?/span>

    2.姘磋摷锛氫笌涓婄鐩镐技锛屽彾涓烘姭閽堝舰锛屼袱闈㈠潎鏈夐粦妫曡壊鑵虹偣锛屾墭鍙堕灅鑶滆川锛岀瓛鐘讹紝闀?-11姣背锛岀传妫曡壊锛屽彛缂樻湁鐫瘺锛屾瘺缁嗚€岀█鐤忥紝闀?-11姣背銆傝姳搴忎笅閮ㄧ殑鑺卞父闂存柇涓嶈繛锛岃姳娣$豢鑹叉垨绮夌孩鑹诧紝闆勮晩甯镐负6涓€傜槮鏋滀笁瑙掑舰銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  杈h摷锛氱敓浜庤繎姘存梺婀挎鼎澶勩€傚垎甯冧簬涓滃寳鍙婃睙瑗裤€佹箹鍗椼€佺寤恒€佸箍涓滅瓑鐪佸尯銆傛按钃硷細鐢熶簬姘磋竟璺梺婀垮湴銆傚垎甯冧簬涓滃寳銆佸崕涓溿€佷腑鍗椼€佽タ鍗楀強娌冲寳銆侀檿瑗裤€佺敇鑲冦€佹柊鐤嗙瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄨ崏鍥涘鍙噰闆嗐€傛牴銆佸彾闅忔椂鍙噰銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氭湰鍝佹按鐓庡墏锛屽鐥㈢柧鏉嗚弻銆佺櫧鍠夋潌鑿屻€佸彉褰㈡潌鑿屻€侀紶浼ゅ瘨鏉嗚弻銆佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.姘磋摷鍏锋湁鏀剁缉瀛愬鐨勪綔鐢紝鍙敤浜庡瓙瀹嚭琛€锛屾按钃兼牴瀵瑰ぇ鐧介紶鏃╂湡鎬€瀛曟湁鎶楃潃搴婁綔鐢ㄣ€?.姘磋摷鎵€鍚敊绫昏兘鍔犻€熻鍑濆浐銆?.鎵€鍚尌鍙戞补鏈夋樉钁楅檷浣庡摵涔冲姩鐗╄鍘嬬殑浣滅敤銆?.鏈搧瀵硅泦铏湁鏉€鐏綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佹俯銆傜椋庡埄婀匡紝鏁g榾姝㈢棝锛岃В姣掓秷鑲匡紝鏉€铏鐥掋€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑳冭偁鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛岃吂娉伙紝椋庢箍鍏宠妭鐥涳紝璺屾墦鑲跨棝锛屽姛鑳芥€у瓙瀹嚭琛€锛屽鐢ㄦ不姣掕泧鍜激锛岀毊鑲ゆ箍鐤广€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岀厧姘存礂鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ユ€ц偁鐐庯細鈶犺荆钃煎叏鑽夌爺绮夎鍏ヨ兌鍥婏紝姣忔湇0.5-0.75鍏嬶紝姣忔棩4娆★紝灏忓効閰屽噺銆傗憽杈h摷骞叉牴60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧2娆★紝鍚堝苟杩囨护锛屾祿缂╄嚦100姣崌锛?鏃?娆″垎鏈嶃€?/span>

2.闃跨背宸寸棦鐤撅細杈h摷鍏ㄨ崏10鍏嬶紝鐧借姳铔囪垖鑽夈€佷粰楣よ崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1鍓傘€?/span>

3.鑴氱櫍锛氶矞杈h摷100鍏嬶紝鍒囩锛屽姞姘?50姣崌锛岀厧30-40鍒嗛挓锛屽姞闃茶厫鍓傝串瀛橈紝姣忔棩鐢ㄨ嵂鎼芥偅閮?娆°€?/span>

 

 

 

铔囧惈

鍒悕  浜斿尮椋庛€佷簲鐖緳銆佷簲鐖銆佷簲铏庤崏

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿敺钖囩濮旈櫟鑿滃睘妞嶇墿铔囧惈Potentilla kleiniana Wight et Arn,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-40鍘樼背銆備富鏍圭矖鐭紝渚ф牴涓涚敓鑰屾垚椤荤姸銆傝寧澶氬垎鏋濓紝缁嗛暱锛岀◢鍖嶅寪锛岃涓濈姸鏌旀瘺銆傚熀鐢熷彾鍏烽暱鏌勶紝琚湁鏌旀瘺锛屾墭鍙惰繎鑶滆川锛屼笌鍙舵焺璐寸敓锛屾帉鐘跺鍙舵湁灏忓彾5锛屾き鍦嗗舰鎴栧€掓姭閽堝舰锛岄暱1.5-5鍘樼背锛屽0.6-1.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔挐锛屽熀閮ㄦ褰紝杈圭紭鏈夌矖閿娇锛屼笅闈㈠彾鑴夌◢琚瘺鑼革紝鑼庣敓鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺杈冪煭锛屾湁1-3灏忓彾銆傚垵澶忛《鐢熶紴鎴跨姸鑱氫紴鑺卞簭锛岀潃鑺?0鏈典互涓嬶紝鑺辫惣5瑁傦紝瑁傜墖鍗电姸鎶拡褰紝鍏跺鏈夌嚎鐘跺壇钀肩墖锛岃姳鍐犻噾榛勮壊锛屽緞绾?姣背锛岃姳鐡?锛屼笁瑙掔姸鍊掑嵉褰紝鍏堢寰嚬鎴栬繎骞虫埅锛岄泟钑婂鏁般€傜槮鏋滃嵉鐘舵き鍦嗗舰锛屽鏁帮紝琛ㄩ潰鐨辩缉銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/strong>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯銆佽崏涓涖€佹矡杈广€傚垎甯冧簬涓滃寳銆佸崕鍖椼€佸崕涓溿€佷腑鍗椼€佽タ鍗楀湴鍖猴紝闄曡タ涔熸湁鍒嗗竷銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囨敹鍏ㄨ崏銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸井瀵掋€傛竻鐑В姣掞紝姝㈠挸鍖栫棸銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  澶栨劅鍜冲椊锛岀櫨鏃ュ挸锛屽捊鍠夎偪鐥涳紝灏忓効楂樼儹鎯婇锛岀枱鐤撅紝鐥㈢柧銆佸鐢ㄦ不鑵吅鐐庯紝濡傝吅鐐庯紝姣掕泧鍜激锛屽甫鐘剁柋鐤癸紝鐤旂柈锛岀棓鐤紝澶栦激鍑鸿銆傜敤閲?0-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鑽夋崳鐑傛暦鎴栧彇姹佹摝鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤俱€侀樋绫冲反鐥㈢柧锛氳泧鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍔犺渹铚滆皟鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鐤熺柧锛氳泧鍚?-7鏍紝娉″紑姘存湇銆?/span>

3.鐤旂柈锛氳泧鍚矞鍙堕€傞噺锛屽姞椋熺洂灏戣鎹g儌锛屾暦鎮e銆?/span>

4.瑙掕啘婧冪枴锛氶矞铔囧惈3鏍紝娲楀噣锛屾崳鐑傛暦鐪肩湁寮擄紝1-2鏃ユ崲鑽竴娆°€?/span>

5.澶栨劅鍜冲椊锛氳泧鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.椋庢箍楹绘湪锛氳泧鍚€佺敓濮滅啲姘存礂鎮e銆?/span>

7.鏈堢粡涓嶈皟锛氳泧鍚?0鍏嬶紝绾㈢硸15鍏嬶紝鐢滈厭鐓庢湇銆?/span>

8.鐥堣偪銆佽泧澶寸枖銆佽泧鍜激锛氳泧鍚崏閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

9.鍜藉枆鑲跨棝锛氳泧鍚崏鎹f眮鍚椊銆?/span>

10.灏忓効鎯婇鎶芥悙锛氳泧鍚崏10鍏嬶紝鍗婅竟鑾?鍏嬶紝绉洩鑽?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

 

绱儗鑿?/font>

鍒悕  绾㈢暘鑻嬨€佺孩姣涚暘銆佺孩鑳岃彍銆佺孩鑿溿€佸彾涓嬬孩銆佺孩鐜夎彍銆佽鐨彍銆佸綋褰掕彍銆佽闊宠彍銆佹湪鑰宠彍

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戝湡涓変竷灞炴鐗╃传鑳岃彍Gynura bicolor (Roxb.) DC.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屽洜瀵屽惈姘磋川锛岄毦浠ユ檼骞诧紝澶氶矞鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佽緵銆佸噳銆傚噳琛€姝㈣锛屾竻鐑秷鑲裤€?/span>

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8.鍒涗激澶勮锛氶矞绱儗鍙跺叏鑽夋崳鐑傚鏁枫€?/span>

 

 

 

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3.鐨偆鐨磋锛氭补妗愬瓙1涓紝鍩嬪叆鍦熶腑锛屽崐鏈堝悗鍙栧嚭鐑樼劍鐮旀湯锛屽姞鍐扮墖1.5鍏嬶紝妗冧粊3鍏嬶紝鐢ㄧ尓娌硅皟鎴愯蒋鑶忥紝澶栨惤銆?/span>

4.瀵诲父鐤o細椴滄补妗愬瓙鍒囧幓鐨紝鍙栧叾姹佸鎼姐€?/span>

 

 

 

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鏉ユ簮  涓烘绉戞湪濮滃瓙灞炴鐗╁北楦℃Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers.锛屼互鏋滃疄銆佹牴銆佸彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  钀藉彾鐏屾湪鎴栧皬涔旀湪锛岄珮鍙揪10绫筹紝鍏ㄤ綋鏃犳瘺锛屾湁寮虹儓鐨勫棣欍€傛牴鍦嗛敟褰紝鐏扮櫧鑹层€傝寧鐨伆瑜愯壊锛屽皬鏋濈粏闀匡紝骞兼椂琚煭姣涖€傚彾浜掔敓锛屽彾鏌勯暱杈?鍘樼背锛屽彾鐗囬暱鍦嗙姸鎶拡褰㈡垨闀挎き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱5-11鍘樼背锛屽1.5-2.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴妤斿舰锛屽叏缂橈紝涓婇潰浜豢鑹诧紝涓嬮潰鐏扮豢鑹诧紝骞兼椂琚瘺锛屽悗鏃犳瘺銆傛槬瀛e紑娣¢粍鑹插皬鑺憋紝闆岄泟寮傛牚锛岃姳搴忔€绘绾ょ粏锛屾瘡姊楅《绔湁鑻炵墖4锛屼笂鏈?-6鑺辩粍鎴愬皬鐞冪姸浼炲舰鑺卞簭锛岄泟鑺辫姳琚?锛岄泟钑?涓紝3杞紝闆岃姳鑺辫5-6锛屾湁澶氭暟涓嶈偛闆勮晩锛岄泴钑婃湁鐩剧姸鏌卞ご銆傛灉鐞冨舰濡傞粍璞嗗ぇ锛岄杈o紝鎴愮啛鏃堕粦鑹诧紝鍩洪儴鏈?榻跨姸瀹垮瓨鑺辫銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鍚戦槼灞卞潯鏋楃紭銆佺亴鏈ㄤ笡鎴栨潅鏈ㄦ灄涓€傚垎甯冧簬鎴戝浗鍗楅儴鍚勭渷鍖恒€?nbsp;

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鏋滃疄绉嬪鎴愮啛鏃堕噰闆嗐€傛牴銆佸彾鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎶戣弻锛氬北鑻嶅瓙鍙剁厧鍓傚閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屻€佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.灞辫媿瀛愭按娴告恫鍦ㄤ綋澶栧彲鏉€鐏笣铏辜铏紝瀵硅鍚歌櫕鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.灞辫媿瀛愭灉瀹炲唴鏈夐伩铓婃垚鍒嗭紝40%灞辫媿瀛愭补娑傛惤鍚庯紝8灏忔椂閬胯殜鏁堟灉杈?4%浠ヤ笂锛?0%灞辫媿瀛愰厞鐢樻补娑傛惤鍚?灏忔椂涔熸湁绫讳技鏁堟灉銆?.灞辫媿瀛愭尌鍙戞补缁欏皬榧犵亴鑳冩湁绁涚棸浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佸井鑻︺€佹俯銆傜椋庢暎瀵掞紝鐞嗘皵姝㈢棝銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏍癸細椋庢箍楠ㄧ棝锛屽洓鑲㈤夯鏈紝鑵拌吙鐥涳紝璺屾墦鎹熶激锛屾劅鍐掑ご鐥涳紝鑳冪棝銆傚彾锛氬鐢ㄦ不鐥堢枛鑲跨棝锛屼钩鑵虹値锛岃櫕铔囧挰浼わ紝棰勯槻铓婅櫕鍙挰銆傚瓙锛氭劅鍐掑ご鐥涳紝娑堝寲涓嶈壇锛岃儍鐥涖€傜敤閲忥細鏍?5-30鍏嬶紝瀛?-10鍏嬨€傚彾澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岄矞鍙舵崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鍗曠函鎬ф秷鍖栦笉鑹細灞辫媿瀛?鍏嬶紝鑼跺彾3鍏嬶紝楦$煝钘?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傦紝鍒?-4娆℃湇銆?/span>

2.椋庡瘨鎰熷啋锛氬北鑻嶅瓙鏍?5-30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝绾㈢硸涓哄紩銆?/span>

3.铏氬瘨鍨嬭儍鐥涳細灞辫媿瀛愩€侀闄勫悇15鍏嬶紝妯熸湪瀛?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傛垨灞辫媿瀛愭牴30鍏嬶紝澶ф灒15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃棭鏅氶キ鍓嶆湇銆?/span>

4.鎬ユ€т钩鑵虹値锛氶矞灞辫媿瀛愬彾閫傞噺锛屼笌娣樼背姘村叡鎹o紝澶栨暦鎮e銆?/span>

5.琛屽啗寮曡捣鐨勮剼鑲匡細灞辫媿瀛愬彾銆佷笁鍔犵毊鍚?5鍏嬶紝浠欒寘12鍏嬶紝钖勮嵎銆侀闄勫悇3鍏嬶紝鍧囬矞鍝佹贩鍚堟崳鐑傦紝鍔犵櫧閰掕皟鏁锋偅澶勶紝姣忔棩鎹㈣嵂涓€娆°€?/span>

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2.鍚屽睘妞嶇墿涓湁鏈ㄩ瀛愩€佹湪濮滃瓙銆佹按鑻嶇瓑锛屽湪涓嶅悓鍦板尯涔熶綔灞辫媿瀛愮敤銆?/font>

 

 

 

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鏉ユ簮  涓鸿敺钖囩濮旈櫟鑿滃睘妞嶇墿濮旈櫟鑿淧otentilla chinensis Ser.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

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鐧借壊缁掓瘺锛岃姳澶氭暟锛屽叿鐭锛屾湁鍓惣锛岃姳鍐犳繁榛勮壊锛岀洿寰勭害1鍘樼背锛岃姳鐡?锛屽€掑嵉鍦嗗舰锛岄暱5姣背锛岄泟钑婂鏁帮紝鐦︽灉鍗靛舰鏈夎倠绾癸紝澶氭暟鑱氱敓浜庢湁缁垫瘺鐨勮姳鎵樹笂銆?/span>

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涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  闃跨背宸寸棦鐤撅紝缁嗚弻鎬х棦鐤撅紝鎬ユ€ц偁鐐庯紝灏忓効娑堝寲涓嶈壇锛岃吂娉伙紝鍚愯锛屼究琛€锛屽姛鑳芥€у瓙瀹嚭琛€锛岄婀挎€у叧鑺傜値锛屽捊鍠夌値锛岀櫨鏃ュ挸锛屽鐢ㄦ不澶栦激鍑鸿锛岀棃鐤栬偪姣掋€傜敤閲?0-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

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鑲虹粨鏍哥敤鑽?/font>

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鏂戝彾鍏?/font>

 

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囨寲锛屾礂鍑€锛岄矞鐢ㄦ垨鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  娣°€佸瘨銆傛竻鑲烘鍜筹紝瑙f瘨娑堣偪锛屾鐥涖€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡斤紝鏀皵绠$値锛屽鐢ㄦ不姣掕泧鍜激锛岀棃鐤栫柈鐤°€傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡斤細鏂戝彾鍏?5鍏嬶紝鐐栬倝鍚冦€?/span>

2.鏀皵绠$値锛氶矞鏂戝彾鍏?-6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.姣掕泧鍜激锛?/span>鈶?/span>鏂戝彾鍏?-6鍏嬶紝鐗¤捒鍙?鍏嬶紝鍦熺粏杈?鍏嬶紝閲戦摱鑺?0-12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩3娆★紝楗墠鏈嶃€?/span>鈶?/span>绔瑰彾闈掑挰浼わ細鐝彾鍏板叏鑽夋崳鐑傚鏁枫€?/span>

4.鐥堣偪鐤枛銆佹瘨铔囧挰浼わ細鐝彾鍏伴矞鍏ㄨ崏鍤肩儌鎴栨崳鐑傦紝鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

 

 

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--绾㈤吀涓?/font>

 

鍒悕  娌圭偣鑽夈€佺櫧涓冦€佺鍙朵竷銆佺墰灏惧弬

鏉ユ簮  涓虹櫨鍚堢娌圭偣鑽夊睘妞嶇墿绮楄酱娌圭偣鑽?/span>Tricyrtis macropoda Miq.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?/span>40-70鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧杩戣妭閮ㄧ矖鐭潡鐘讹紝妯蛋锛屾湁鏃舵垚涓茬彔鐘讹紝涓嬬鐢熷鏁拌倝璐ㄣ€佺櫧鑹查』鏍广€傝寧鍗曚竴锛岀洿绔嬶紝鍦嗘煴褰紝琚€掔敓绮楁瘺銆傚彾浜掔敓锛屾棤鏌勶紝鍗靛渾褰㈡垨妞渾褰紝闀?/span>8-13鍘樼背锛屽3-16鍘樼背锛屽厛绔煭娓愬皷锛屽熀閮ㄥ渾褰㈡垨绋嶅績褰紝涓嶆姳鑼庢垨鐣ユ姳鑼庯紝涓ら潰琚枏姣涖€傜枏鑺卞渾閿ヨ姳搴忛《鐢熸垨杩戦《鑵嬬敓锛屾€昏姳姊楃敓鐭瘺锛岃姳琚墖6锛岀櫧鑹诧紝鍏风传鑹叉枒鐐癸紝鐭╁渾褰紝闀?/span>1.5-2鍘樼背锛屽杞熀閮ㄥ叿鍥婏紝闆勮晩6锛岃姳涓濈◢闀夸簬鑺辫锛屽熀閮ㄧ洿绔嬫垚绠$姸锛屽洿缁曡姳鏌变箣澶栵紝涓婇儴澶栨洸涓嬪瀭锛屽瓙鎴挎湁3妫憋紝鑺辨煴缁嗛暱锛屼腑閮ㄤ互涓?/span>3鍒嗘敮锛屽鍗凤紝椤剁2娣辫銆傝挻鏋滅煩鍦嗗舰锛岄暱1.5-3鍘樼背銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯鏋椾笅闃存箍澶勩€傚垎甯冧簬鍗庝笢銆佸崕鍗楀強闄曡タ銆佹睙瑗裤€佹箹鍖椼€佸洓宸濈瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忕閲囬泦锛屾礂鍑€锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹俯銆傝ˉ铏氭鍜炽€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡斤紝鐢ㄩ噺10-15鍏嬨€?/span>

 

 

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鐕曢害鑽?/font>

 

鍒悕  閲庣嚂楹?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓虹鏈鐕曢害灞炴鐗╅噹鐕曢害Avena fatua L.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮60-120鍘樼背銆傞』鏍硅緝鍧氶煣銆傜鏁版灊涓涚敓锛岀洿绔嬨€傚彾浜掔敓锛屾湁鏉惧紱闀块灅锛屽厜婊戞垨鍩洪儴鑰呰寰瘺锛屽彾鑸岄€忔槑鑶滆川锛岄暱1-5姣背锛屽彾鐗囨墎骞筹紝闀?/span>10-30鍘樼背锛屽4-12姣背锛屽井绮楃硻锛屼笂闈㈠拰杈圭紭鏈夋椂鐤忕敓鏌旀瘺銆傚鍒濆紑鑺憋紝鍦嗛敟鑺卞簭鐤忔暎寮€灞曪紝闀?/span>10-25鍘樼背锛屽垎鏋濆叿瑙掓1锛岀矖绯欙紝灏忕闀?/span>18-25姣背锛屾湁2-3鑺憋紝灏忚姳姊楃粏闀夸笅鍨傦紝椤剁鑶ㄨ儉锛屽皬绌楄酱鑺傞棿闀跨害3姣背锛屽瘑鐢熸贰妫曡壊鎴栫櫧鑹茬‖姣涳紝鑺傝剢纭槗鏂惤锛屽唴澶栭鍚屽舰锛岃繎绛夐暱锛屽叿7-11鑴夛紝澶栫▋璐ㄥ湴鍧氱‖锛岀涓€澶栫▋闀?/span>15-20姣背锛岃儗闈腑閮ㄤ互涓婂叿娣℃鑹叉垨鐧借壊纭瘺锛屽熀鐩樺瘑鐢熺煭楂瘺锛岀▋浣撲腑閮ㄧ◢涓嬪浼稿嚭闀胯姃锛岄暱2-4鍘樼背锛岃啙鏇诧紝鑺掓煴妫曡壊锛屾壄鏇诧紝鍐呯▋涓庡绋冭繎浼硷紝涔熸湁鑺掞紝闆勮晩3锛屽瓙鎴胯瀵嗘瘺锛屾煴澶?/span>2鏋濓紝鐭€傞鏋滆娣℃鑹叉煍姣涳紝鑵归潰鍏风旱娌燂紝闀?/span>6-8姣背銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鐢伴噹鎴栦负鐢伴棿鏉傝崏銆傚垎甯冧簬鍗楀寳鍚勭渷鍖恒€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ュ閲囨敹锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸钩銆傛敹鏁涙琛€锛屽浐琛ㄦ姹椼€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鍚愯锛岃宕╋紝鐧藉甫锛屼究琛€锛岃嚜姹楋紝鐩楁睏銆傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">15-30鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鍑鸿櫄姹楋紝鍚愯鍚庝綋铏氾細鐕曢害鑽夌倴鐚倝鏈嶃€?/span>

2.濡囧コ绾㈠穿锛氱嚂楹﹁崏銆侀矞楦¤鍜岄厭鐐栬嵂鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鑲虹粨鏍革細椴滅嚂楹﹁崏125鍏嬶紝绾㈡灒涓哄紩锛屾按鐓庢湇銆?/span>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--楂樼脖

 

鍒悕  铚€榛?/span>

鏉ユ簮  绂炬湰绉戦珮绮卞睘妞嶇墿楂樼脖Sorghum bicolor (Linn.) Moench.,浠ョ瀛愩€佹牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰銆傜杈冪矖澹紝鐩寸珛锛岄珮305绫筹紝妯緞2-5鍘樼背锛屽熀閮ㄨ妭涓婂叿鏀拺鏍广€傚彾闉樻棤姣涙垨绋嶆湁鐧界矇锛涘彾鑸岀‖鑶滆川锛屽厛绔渾锛岃竟缂樻湁绾ゆ瘺锛涘彾鐗囩嚎褰㈡垨绾跨姸鎶拡褰紝闀?span lang="EN-US">40-70鍘樼背锛屽3-8鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴鍦嗘垨寰垚鑰冲舰锛岃〃闈㈡殫缁胯壊锛岃儗闈㈡贰缁胯壊鎴栨湁鐧界矇锛屼袱闈㈡棤姣涳紝杈圭紭杞璐紝鍏峰井缁嗗皬姣涘埡锛屼腑鑴夎緝瀹斤紝鐧借壊銆傚渾閿ヨ姳搴忕枏鏉撅紝涓昏酱瑁搁湶锛岄暱15-45鍘樼背锛屽4-10鍘樼背锛屾€绘鐩寸珛鎴栧井寮洸锛涗富杞村叿绾垫1锛岀枏鐢熺粏鏌旀瘺锛屽垎鏋?span lang="EN-US">3-7鏋氾紝杞敓锛岀矖绯欐垨鏈夌粏姣涳紝鍩洪儴杈冨瘑锛涙瘡涓€鎬荤姸鑺卞簭鍏?span lang="EN-US">3-6鑺傦紝鑺傞棿绮楃硻鎴栫◢鎵侊紱鏃犳焺灏忕鍊掑嵉褰㈡垨鍊掑嵉鐘舵き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱4.5-6姣背锛屽3.5-4.5姣背锛涗袱棰栧潎闈╄川锛屼笂閮ㄥ強杈圭紭閫氬父鍏锋瘺锛屽垵鏃堕粍缁胯壊锛屾垚鐔熷悗娣$孩鑹茶嚦鏆楁鑹诧紱绗竴棰栧叿12-16鑴夛紝椤剁灏栨垨鍏?span lang="EN-US">3灏忛娇锛涚浜岄7-9鑴夛紝杈圭紭鏈夌粏姣涳紱澶栫▋閫忔槑鑶滆川锛岀涓€澶栫▋鎶拡褰紝杈圭紭鏈夐暱绾ゆ瘺锛涚浜屽绋冩姭閽堝舰鑷抽暱妞渾褰紝鍏?span lang="EN-US">2-4鑴夛紝椤剁绋?span lang="EN-US">2瑁傦紝瑁傞娇闂翠几鍑轰竴鑶濇洸鐨勮姃锛岄暱绾?span lang="EN-US">14姣背锛涢泟钑?span lang="EN-US">3锛岃姳鑽暱绾?span lang="EN-US">3姣背銆傞鏋滈暱3.5-4姣背锛屾贰绾㈣壊鑷虫绾㈣壊锛岀啛鏃跺2.5-3姣背銆傛湁鏌勫皬绌楁焺闀跨害2.5姣背锛岀嚎褰㈣嚦鎶拡褰紝闀?span lang="EN-US">3-5姣背锛岄泟鎬ф垨涓€э紝瀹垮瓨锛岃鑹茶嚦鏆楃孩妫曡壊锛涚涓€棰?span lang="EN-US">9-12鑴夛紝绗簩棰?span lang="EN-US">7-10鑴夈€傝姳鏋滄湡6-9鏈堛€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鎴戝浗鍗楀寳鍚勭渷鍧囨湁鏍藉煿銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  9鏈堥噰闆嗭紝鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸钩銆傜嚗婀跨鐥帮紝瀹佸績瀹夌銆傚彟锛氶珮姊佹牴鑳藉埄灏忎究娌昏啙鐥涖€佽剼璺熺棝锛涢珮绮变經鐒拌嫗鑳芥竻鐑琛€锛屾不澶辫涔嬬梾銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  婀跨棸鍜冲椊锛岃儍鐥炰笉鑸掞紝澶辩湢澶氭ⅵ锛岄绉€傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">15-30鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.楠ㄨ捀鐥ㄧ儹锛氶珮绮辨牴90-120鍏嬶紝榛勮姳杩滃織60鍏嬶紝鐧介┈楠?span lang="EN-US">30鍏嬶紝閱夐奔鑽夋牴30鍏嬶紝鏈辩爞鏍?span lang="EN-US">30鍏嬶紝閿﹂浮鍎?span lang="EN-US">30鍏嬶紝鍧囩敤椴滃搧姘寸叜锛岄粍楦℃堡鍏戞湇銆?/span>

2.鐑挸鍚愯锛氶珮绮变經鐒拌嫗鍐呯殑鐏?span lang="EN-US">6-10鍏嬶紝鍏戠櫧绯栧紑姘达紝绋嶅噳锛屽垎3娆℃湇銆?/span>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鐐粭鑺?/font>

 

鍒悕  榛勯碀钘?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓虹传钁崇鐐粭鑺卞睘妞嶇墿鐐粭鑺盤yrostegia ignea Presl[P. venusta Baill.].,浠ヨ姳鍜屽彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  楂樺ぇ钘ゆ湰锛屽皬鏋濇湁绾垫Ы绾广€備笁鍑哄鍙朵簰鐢熸垨杩戝鐢燂紝鏌勯暱锛岃鏌旀瘺锛屾湁鏃跺皬鍙跺彉鎬佹垚3瑁傜粏绾跨姸鍗烽』锛屽皬鍙剁墖鍗靛舰鑷抽暱鏂瑰嵉褰紝闀?-10鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴瀹芥褰㈡垨杩戝渾褰紝鍏ㄧ紭锛岀豢鑹诧紝涓嬮潰鏈夎吅鐐广€傛槬瀛e紑姗欑孩鑹茶姳锛屽鏈垫帓鎴愪笅鍨傜殑鍦嗛敟鑺卞簭锛岃姳闀跨害6鍘樼背锛岃惣閽熷舰锛屾湁鑵虹偣锛岃竟缂樻湁鐫瘺锛岃姳鍐犵鐘讹紝寰集锛屼腑閮ㄤ互涓婄◢鑶ㄥぇ锛岃鐗?锛岄暱鏂瑰舰锛岀◢涓嶇瓑澶э紝鍏堢閽濓紝澶栫炕锛屾湁鏄庢樉鐧借壊銆佽缁掓瘺鐨勮竟锛岄泟钑?锛岀獊鍑猴紝瀛愭埧鏉″舰锛屾湁鑳氱彔澶氭暟锛岃挻鏋溿€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  涓虹儹甯︽牻鍩规鐗╋紝骞夸笢鍙婁簯鍗楃渷鏈夋牻鍩广€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑺憋細鐢樸€佸钩銆傛鼎鑲烘鍜炽€傝寧銆佸彾锛氳嫤銆佸井娑┿€佸钩銆傛竻鐑紝鍒╁捊鍠夈€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍革紝鍜冲椊锛屽捊鍠夎偪鐥涳紝鑲濈値锛屾敮姘旂鐐庛€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傛垨鐮旂矇锛屾瘡娆?鍏嬶紝娓╁紑姘撮€佹湇銆?/span>

 

 

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--绾笣绾?/font>

 

鍒悕  绾笣绾胯崏銆佸北钃濄€佺孩钃濄€侀潚涓濈嚎銆佸洓宸濊崏
鏉ユ簮  涓?/span>鐖靛簥绉戠孩涓濈嚎鑽夛紙瑙傞煶鑽夛級灞炴鐗╃孩涓濈嚎Peristrophe roxburghiana (Schult.) Brem.,浠?/span>鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>
褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂樺彲杈?/span>50鍘樼背銆傝寧涓嬮儴鍖嶅寪鐢熸牴锛屼腑涓婇儴澶氬垎鏋濓紝鑺傜◢鑶ㄥぇ锛岃崥鑺傜姸锛涘鏋濊鏈夋煍姣涖€傚彾瀵圭敓锛屽叿鏌勶紱鍙剁墖瀹藉嵉褰㈡垨鍗靛舰锛岄暱1.5-5鍘樼背锛屽1-4鍘樼背锛屼袱闈㈣姣涳紝鍏堢鐭笎灏栨垨鎬ュ皷锛屽熀閮ㄦ褰㈡垨绋嶅渾閽濓紱灏嗗彾鎻夌儌鍚庢斁鍏ュ紑姘翠腑鐗囧埢鍗虫湁绾㈣壊绾挎潯鍑虹幇锛岀◢涔咃紝姘村叏閮ㄥ彉绾紝鏁呭悕鈥滅孩涓濈嚎鈥濄€傜銆佸啲寮€绱壊鑺憋紝鑱氫紴鑺卞簭鏈変竴瀵瑰嵉褰㈠彾鐘惰嫗鐗囷紝鍐呮湁鑺?鏈碉紝閫氬父浠呬腑澶竴鏈靛彂鑲诧紱鑺辫惣鐭皬锛涜姳鍐犵鏋佺粏闀匡紝涓儴浠ヤ笂浜屽攪褰紝涓婂攪鑿辩姸鍗靛舰锛屼笅鍞囩獎闀挎柟褰紝鍏堢3瑁傦紱闆勮晩2涓紝涓庤姳鏌辫繎绛夐暱銆傛灉妫掔姸锛?瀹わ紝鎴愮啛鏃剁旱瑁傘€傜瀛?锛屾墎鐞冨舰銆?/span>
鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  浜т簬鎴戝浗鍗楁柟鍚勭渷鍖猴紝澶氫负鏍藉煿銆?/span>閲庣敓鑰?/span>鐢熼暱浜?/span>灞卞潯銆佽矾鏃?/span>銆?/span>
閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰鏀讹紝娲楀噣锛岄矞鐢ㄦ垨鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>
鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸噳銆傛竻鑲烘鍜筹紝鏁g榾姝㈣銆?/span>
涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛岃偤鐐庯紝绯栧翱鐥咃紱璺屾墦鎹熶激鑲跨棝銆傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆傚瓡濡囧繉鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--榫欒埞鑺?/font>

 

鍒悕  鐧炬棩绾€佹槧灞辩孩銆佺孩妯辨爲

鏉ユ簮  鑼滆崏绉戦緳鑸硅姳灞炴鐗╅緳鑸硅姳Ixora chinensis Lam.,浠ユ牴銆佽寧銆佽姳鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  灏忕亴鏈紝楂?.5-2绫炽€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽鍒嗘灊锛屽皬鏋濊鑹层€傚崟鍙跺鐢燂紝鍙舵焺鏋佺煭锛屽彾鐗囩煩鍦嗙姸鎶拡褰㈡垨鐭╁渾鐘跺€掑嵉褰紝闀?-13鍘樼背锛屽3-4鍘樼背锛屽厛绔挐鐭皷锛屽熀閮ㄦ灏栨垨娴戝渾锛屽叏缂橈紝钖勯潻璐ㄦ垨绾歌川銆傚瀛e紑绾㈡垨榛勭孩鑹茶姳锛屼紴鎴跨姸3宀愯仛浼炶姳搴忛《鐢燂紝鑺卞鑰岀瀵嗭紝寰?-12鍘樼背锛屾€昏姳姊楃煭锛屾灊姊楃孩鑹层€傝惣榻?瑁傦紝鑺卞啝绠$粏闀匡紝闀?.6-3鍘樼背锛岃鐗囧€掑嵉褰㈡垨杩戝渾褰紝闀?-7姣背锛屽厛绔祽鍦嗭紝闆勮晩鐫€鐢熶簬鑺卞啝鍠夐儴锛岃姳鐩樿倝璐紝瀛愭埧涓嬩綅銆傛祮鏋滆繎鐞冨舰锛岀洿寰?-8姣背锛屾垚鐔熸椂榛戠孩鑹层€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯銆佽矾鏃佹垨鐤忔灄涓嬶紝涔熸湁鏍藉煿銆傚垎甯冧簬绂忓缓銆佸彴婀俱€佸箍涓溿€佸箍瑗跨瓑鍦板尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏍广€佽寧鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屽瀛i噰鑺便€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸井娑┿€佸噳銆傛暎鐦€姝㈣锛岃皟缁忥紝闄嶅帇銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏍广€佽寧锛氳偤缁撴牳鍜锛岃儍鐥涳紝椋庢箍鍏宠妭鐐庯紝璺屾墦鎹熶激銆傝姳锛氭湀缁忎笉璋冿紝闂粡锛岄珮琛€鍘嬬梾銆傛牴銆佽寧鐢ㄩ噺15-30鍏嬶紝鑺辩敤閲?0-15鍏嬨€傚瓡濡囧繉鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鐧藉彾钘?/font>

 

鍒悕  绾㈣棨浠?/span>銆侀鎵棨銆佽儽鐨棨銆佺孩涓濈嚎銆佹墰妫哄洖

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿悵钘︾鐧藉彾钘ゅ睘妞嶇墿鐧藉彾钘?/span>Crytolepis sinensis (Lour.) Merr.,浠ュ叏鏍叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鏈ㄨ川钘ゆ湰锛屽叿涔虫眮銆傚皬鏋濋€氬父绾㈣鑹诧紝鏃犳瘺銆傚彾瀵圭敓锛岀煩鍦嗗舰锛岄暱1.5-6鍘樼背锛屽0.8-2.5鍘樼背锛屼袱绔渾褰紝椤剁鍏峰皬灏栧ご锛屼笂闈㈡贰缁胯壊锛屼笅闈㈣媿鐧借壊锛屾棤姣涳紱渚ц剦姣忚竟5-9鏉°€?/span>4-9鏈堝紑娣¢粍鑹茶姳锛岃仛浼炶姳搴忛《鐢熸垨鑵嬬敓锛屾瘮鍙朵负闀匡紱鑺辫暰鐭╁渾褰紝椤剁灏剧姸娓愬皷锛涜姳钀?/span>5瑁傦紝鍐呮湁10涓吅浣擄紱鑺卞啝瑁傜墖鏉$姸鎶拡褰紝姣旇姳鍐犵瓛闀?/span>2鍊嶏紝鍚戝彸瑕嗙洊锛涘壇鑺卞啝鐢熶簬鍐犵瓛鍐呴潰锛屽嵉鍦嗗舰锛涢泟钑?/span>5锛岃浇绮夊櫒鍖欏舰锛屾瘡瀹?/span>1涓€傝搰钁栨灉闀挎姭閽堝舰锛岄暱杈?/span>12.5鍘樼背锛岀洿寰?/span>0.6-0.8鍘樼背锛涚瀛愰《绔叿绉嶆瘺銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯銆佸北璋枫€佹按娌熻竟銆佺枏鏋椾笅銆傚垎甯冧簬鍙版咕銆佸箍涓溿€佸箍瑗裤€佷簯鍗楃瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸噳銆傛湁灏忔瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鏁g榾姝㈢棝锛屾琛€銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛岃偤鐑挴琛€锛岃儍鍑鸿锛屾瘨铔囧挰浼わ紝鐤瘨婧冪枴锛岀枼鐤紝璺屾墦鍒€浼ゃ€傞矞鍝佺敤閲?/span>10-15鍏嬶紱澶栫敤椴滃搧閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€銆佽偤鐑挴琛€銆佽儍鍑鸿锛氱櫧鍙惰棨鍗婃枻鎹g儌锛屽啿铚滅硸閫傞噺锛屽彇姹佸唴鏈嶃€傚彟鍙栬寧鍙?/span>60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1鍓傦紝閲嶇棁2鍓傘€?/span>

2.姣掕泧鍜激銆佺柈姣掓簝鐤★細椴滅櫧鍙惰棨10-15鍏嬶紝鎹f眮鍐查厭鏈嶏紝骞剁敤椴滃搧閫傞噺鎹g儌澶栨暦銆?/span>

娉細鏈搧鏈嶇敤杩囬噺锛岃兘浜х敓鑵圭棝绛夊壇浣滅敤銆?/span>

 


 
 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--纭鍑岄渼

 

鍒悕  绔规灄鏍囥€侀┏楠ㄨ蒋涓濊幉銆佺孩鑺卞€掓按杩?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓虹传钁崇纭鍑岄渼灞炴鐗╃‖楠ㄥ噷闇?span lang="EN-US">Tecomaria capensis (Thunb.) Spach.,浠ュ叏鑽夈€佽姳鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  甯哥豢銆佹姭鏁g亴鏈紝楂樼害1-2绫筹紱鏋濈粏闀匡紝甯︾豢瑜愯壊锛屽父鏈夊皬鐦ょ姸鍑歌捣銆傚彾鍏锋焺锛屽皬鍙?span lang="EN-US">7-9鐗囷紝鍗靛舰鑷抽様妞渾褰紝闀?span lang="EN-US">1-2.5鍘樼背锛岄《绔€ュ皷鎴栨笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴妤斿舰锛屽灏戝亸鏂滐紝杈圭紭鏈変笉瑙勫垯鑰岄挐澶寸殑绮楅敮榻匡紝涓ら潰鏃犳瘺鎴栦簬鑳岄潰鑴夎厠鍐呰缁垫瘺銆傝姳缁勬垚椤剁敓銆佸叿鎬昏姳姊楃殑鎬荤姸鑺卞簭锛涜惣绠$煭锛岃鐗囦笁瑙掑舰锛涜姳鍐犳绾㈣壊鑷抽矞绾㈣壊锛屾湁娣辩孩鑹茬旱绾癸紝绋嶅憟婕忔枟鐘讹紝寮洸锛岄暱4-5鍘樼背锛岃鐗囨垚2鍞囧舰锛屼笂鍞?span lang="EN-US">1瑁傜墖椤剁2娴呰锛屼笅鍞?span lang="EN-US">3瑁傜墖鍏ㄧ紭锛屾墿灞曪紱鍙戣偛闆勮晩4鏋氫几鍑轰簬鑺卞啝绠″锛涘瓙鎴块暱鍦嗗舰锛涜姳鏌辩粏闀裤€傝挻鏋滈暱2.5-5鍘樼背銆傝姳鏈燂細鏄ュ銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍘熶骇鍗楅儴闈炴床锛屽箍涓溿€佸箍瑗裤€佷簯鍗楁湁鏍藉煿銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ュ閲囪姳锛岃寧鍙跺叏骞村彲閲囬泦锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑼庡彾锛氳緵銆佸钩銆傛暎鐦€娑堣偪銆傝姳锛氶吀銆佸瘨銆傞€氱粡鍒╁翱銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍革紝鑲虹値锛屾敮姘旂鐐庯紝鍝枠锛屽捊鍠夎偪鐥涳紝璺屾墦鎹熶激锛岀榾琛€鑲跨棝銆傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">15鍏嬨€傚瓡濡囧繉鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鍚婄姊?/font>

 

鍒悕  鑺卞彾绔瑰す鑿溿€佺孩鑾层€侀腑鑸岀孩銆侀噾鍙戣崏銆佺櫧甯﹁崏銆佺传鑳岄腑璺栬崏銆佺孩绔瑰3鑿溿€佺櫨姣掓暎

鏉ユ簮  楦窎鑽夌姘寸鑽夊睘妞嶇墿姘寸鑽?span lang="EN-US">Zebrina pendula Schnizl.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝姘存眮杈冨锛岀◢甯﹁倝璐ㄣ€傝寧鍖嶅寪锛岃妭澶勭敓鏍癸紝鍒嗘灊澶氾紝鏋濈煭鏃剁洿绔嬶紝闀挎椂鍒欐姭鏁c€傚彾浜掔敓锛岀煭鏌勬垚闉樼姸鎶辫寧锛屽彾鐗囨き鍦嗗嵉褰㈡垨闀挎柟妞渾褰紝闀?span lang="EN-US">3-7鍘樼背锛屽1.5-3鍘樼背锛屽厛绔€ュ皷鑷虫笎灏栨垨绋嶉挐锛屽叏缂橈紝涓婇潰缁胯壊鏈夌传鐧借壊鐩搁棿鐨勭旱鏉★紝涓嬮潰绱壊锛岄€氬父鏃犳瘺锛屼粎鍩洪儴杩戝彾闉樺彛鎴栨湁鏃跺叏閮ㄥ彾闉樼敓鏈夐暱姣涖€傝姳鍏ㄥ勾寮€鏀撅紝灏戣姳锛岃仛浼炶姳搴忚仛鐢熶簬涓€瀵圭◢涓嶇瓑澶х殑椤剁敓鍙剁姸浣涚劙鑻炲唴锛岃姳钀肩鐘?span lang="EN-US">3瑁傦紝鑻嶇櫧鑹诧紝鏌斿急锛岃姳鍐犵鐘讹紝鐧借壊锛?span lang="EN-US">3瑁傜墖鐜懓绱壊锛岄暱绾?span lang="EN-US">3姣背锛岄泟钑?span lang="EN-US">6锛屾彃鐢熻姳鍐犵鍠夐儴锛岃姳鏌变笣鐘讹紝鏌卞ご澶寸姸锛?span lang="EN-US">3瑁傘€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞辫竟銆佹矡杈广€佹潙杈广€佸洯杈硅緝闃存箍鐨勮崏鍦颁笂銆備负寮曞叆鏍藉煿妞嶇墿锛岄€稿嚭閲庣敓锛屽湪骞夸笢銆佸箍瑗裤€佺寤虹瓑鐪佸尯銆傚悇鍦伴兘鏈夌泦鏍姐€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾閲囨敹锛岄矞鐢ㄦ垨鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸噳銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍑夎锛屽埄灏裤€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡藉挴琛€锛屽捊鍠夎偪鐥涳紝鎬ユ€х粨鑶滅値锛岀粏鑿屾€х棦鐤撅紝鑲剧値姘磋偪锛屽翱璺劅鏌擄紝鐧藉甫锛?/span>顎?/span>鐤斤紝姣掕泧鍜激銆傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">10-15鍏嬨€備綋寮辫櫄瀵掕€呭強瀛曞蹇屾湇銆?/span>

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鏂囩

鍒悕  灏忕櫨閮?/span>
鏉ユ簮  涓虹櫨鍚堢澶╅棬鍐睘妞嶇墿鏂囩Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop.,浠ュ潡鏍瑰叆鑽€?/span>
褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鏀€鎻存鐗╋紝楂樺彲杈惧嚑绫炽€傛牴绋嶈倝璐紝缁嗛暱銆傝寧鐨勫垎鏋濇瀬澶氾紝鍒嗘灊杩戝钩婊戙€傚彾鐘舵灊閫氬父姣?0-13鏋氭垚绨囷紝鍒氭瘺鐘讹紝鐣ュ叿3妫憋紝闀?-5姣背锛涢碁鐗囩姸鍙跺熀閮ㄧ◢鍏峰埡鐘惰窛鎴栬窛涓嶆槑鏄俱€傝姳閫氬父姣?-3(4锛夋湹鑵嬬敓锛岀櫧鑹诧紝鏈夌煭姊楋紱鑺辫鐗囬暱绾?姣背銆傛祮鏋滅洿寰勭害6-7姣背锛岀啛鏃剁传榛戣壊锛屾湁1-3棰楃瀛愩€?/span>
鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍘熶骇鍗楅儴闈炴床锛屾垜鍥藉悇鍦板父瑙佹牻鍩广€?/span>
閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬪閲囬泦锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>
鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸井鑻︺€佸钩銆傛鼎鑲烘鍜炽€?/span>
涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡斤紝鎬ユ€ф敮姘旂鐐庯紝闃跨背宸寸棦鐤俱€傜敤閲?-30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鍐锋按鑺?/font>

 

鍒悕  姘撮夯鍙?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿崹楹荤鍐锋按鑺卞睘妞嶇墿鍐锋按鑺?span lang="EN-US">Pilea notata Wright.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鑽夋湰锛屾棤姣涳紝楂?span lang="EN-US">25-65鍘樼背銆傝寧鑲夎川锛屾湁鍖嶅寪鑼庝笌鍒嗘灊銆傚崟鍙跺鐢燂紝涓ょ墖绋嶄笉绛夊ぇ锛屽彾鏌勪竴闀夸竴鐭紝鍙剁墖绐勫嵉褰㈡垨鍗靛舰锛岄暱4-11鍘樼背锛屽1.6-4.8鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栨垨鎴愬熬鐘讹紝鍩洪儴鍦嗗舰鎴栧妤斿舰锛岃竟缂樺湪鍩洪儴浠ヤ笂鏈夋祬閿娇锛屽叿3鏉′富鑴夛紝閽熶钩浣撴潯褰㈣€屾槑鏄撅紝鍦ㄥ彾涓ら潰鍧囧寑锛岃剦涓婁篃鏈夊垎甯冦€傝姳闆岄泟寮傛牚锛岄泟鑺卞簭闀胯揪4鍘樼背锛岃姳琚墖銆侀泟钑婂潎涓?span lang="EN-US">4锛岄泴鑺卞簭杈冪煭鑰屽瘑锛岄泴鑺辫鐗?span lang="EN-US">3鎴?span lang="EN-US">4锛屾煴澶寸敾绗斿ご鐘躲€傛灉瀹炰负鐦︽灉銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鏋椾笅鎴栨矡杈归槾婀垮銆傚垎甯冧簬骞夸笢銆佸箍瑗裤€侀暱姹熶腑涓嬫父璇哥渷锛屽寳杈鹃檿瑗垮崡閮ㄣ€佹渤鍗楀崡閮ㄣ€傚緢澶氬湴鏂逛綔涓鸿鍙舵鐗╂牻鍩广€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囬泦锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  娣°€佸井鑻︺€佸噳銆傛竻鐑埄婀裤€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  榛勭柛锛岃偤缁撴牳銆傜敤閲?span lang="EN-US">10-30鍏嬨€傚瓡濡囧繉鐢ㄣ€?/span>

 

 

  涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鐭崇摐瀛?/font>

鍒悕  涓婃爲鐡滃瓙銆佺煶浠欐銆佺摐瀛愰噾銆佸皬鑰崇幆銆佷钩姹佽棨
鏉ユ簮  涓鸿悵钘︾鐪兼爲鑾插睘妞嶇墿鐪兼爲鑾睤ischidia chinensis Champ. ex Benth.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  钘ゆ湰锛岄暱3-5绫炽€傝寧鑲夎川鑰岀氦寮憋紝鑺備笂鐢熸牴锛岃寧銆佸彾鎶樻柇鏈変钩姹併€傚崟鍙跺鐢燂紝鑲夎川锛屽叿鐭焺锛屽彾鐗囧嵉褰㈡垨鍗电姸妞渾褰紝闀跨害1.5鍘樼背锛屽绾?鍘樼背锛屽厛绔渾褰㈡垨鐭皷锛屽熀绔灏栵紝鍏ㄧ紭銆傜瀛e紑榛勭櫧鑹插皬鑺憋紝鑱氫紴鑺卞簭鑵嬬敓锛岃繎鏃犳锛岃姳钀?娣辫锛岃鐗囨瀬灏忥紝鍗电姸鐭╁渾褰紝鑺卞啝鍧涚姸锛?瑁傦紝瑁傜墖涓夎鐘跺嵉褰紝绠$悆褰紝杈冭鐗囬暱锛屽枆閮ㄨ闀挎煍姣涳紝闆勮晩5锛屽壇鑺卞啝閿氱姸锛屾湁鏌勶紝椤剁鏉″舰锛?瑁傦紝鍏朵腑闂存湁涓€缁嗗皬鍦嗗舰鐨勪钩澶寸姸绐佽捣锛岃姳涓濆悎鎴愪竴鐭锛岃姳绮夊潡姣忓涓€涓紝鐩寸珛銆傝搰钁栨灉绾ゅ急锛?-2涓紝鎶拡鐘跺渾鏌卞舰锛岄暱绾?-8鍘樼背锛岀洿寰?姣背銆傜瀛愰《绔湁鐧界虎璐ㄧ姣涖€?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞湴鏉傛湪鏋椾腑鎴栧北璋枫€佹邯杈癸紝鏀€闄勪簬澶ф爲涓婃垨鐭冲涓娿€傚垎甯冧簬骞夸笢銆佸箍瑗裤€佷簯鍗楃瓑鐪佸尯銆?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰闆嗭紝鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸井閰搞€佸瘨銆傛竻鑲哄寲鐥帮紝鍑夎瑙f瘨銆?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍革紝鏀皵绠$値锛岀櫨鏃ュ挸锛屽挸琛€锛岀棦鐤撅紝灏忓効鐤崇Н锛屽鐢ㄦ不璺屾墦鑲跨棝锛岀枛鐤偪鐥涳紝姣掕泧鍜激銆傜敤閲?0-15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍐茶湝绯栨湇銆傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傚鏁枫€傛按鐓庡娲楋紝鍙不灏忓効鑴撳寘鐤€?br>闄勬敞锛氬悓灞炴鐗╅噾鐡滄牳钘ischidia esquirolii (Levl.) Tsiang.涓庝笂绉嶈繎浼硷紝鍙剁◢澶э紝闀?.8-2鍘樼背锛屽1.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔挐锛岀◢鍏风煭灏栧ご銆傝姳鍐犵櫧鑹诧紝鍠夐儴鏃犳瘺锛屽壇鑺卞啝浜?瑁傦紝浣嗕腑闂存棤涔冲ご鐘剁獊璧枫€傚垎甯冧簬骞胯タ銆佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗椼€傚叏鑽夌厧姘村娲楋紝鍙不鐤枼銆?/p>


 
涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鐚埅鑽?/span>

鍒悕  灏忔瘺鑼?/span>
鏉ユ簮  涓烘瘺鑼涚姣涜寷灞炴鐗╁皬姣涜寷Ranunculus ternatus Thunb.,浠ュ潡鏍瑰叆鑽€?/span>
褰㈡€佺壒寰?span style="FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; mso-spacerun: yes">  澶氬勾鐢熷皬鑽夋湰銆傚潡鏍规暟涓皣鐢燂紝鑲夎川锛岃繎绾洪敜褰紝榛戣壊锛屽舰浼肩尗鐖€傝寧楂?-17鍘樼背锛屾棤姣涙垨杩戞棤姣涳紝鍒嗘灊銆傚熀鐢熷彾涓涚敓锛屾湁闀挎焺锛屾棤姣涳紝鎴栦负涓夊嚭澶嶅彾锛屾垨涓哄崟鍙朵笁娴呰鎴栦笁鍏ㄨ锛屽彾鐗囬暱0.5-1.7鍘樼背锛屽0.5-1.5鍘樼背锛屽皬鍙舵垨涓€鍥炶鐗囨祬瑁傛垨缁嗚鎴愭潯褰㈠皬瑁傜墖锛屽彾鏌勯暱杈?鍘樼背锛岃寧鐢熷彾澶氭棤鏌勶紝杈冨皬锛岀粏瑁傘€?-4鏈堝紑鑺憋紝鑺卞簭鏈夊皯鏁拌姳锛岃惣鐗?锛岀豢鑹诧紝闀跨害3姣背锛屽闈㈡湁鐤忔煍姣涳紝鑺辩摚5锛岄粍鑹诧紝鍊掑嵉褰紝闀跨害8姣背锛屽熀閮ㄦ湁铚滄Ы锛岄泟钑婂拰蹇冪毊鍧囦负澶氭暟锛屾棤姣涖€?/span>
鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/span>  鐢熶簬婀胯崏鍦版垨姘寸敯杈广€傚垎甯冧簬闀挎睙涓笅娓稿悇鐪佸尯锛屼笢鑷冲彴婀撅紝鍖楄揪娌冲崡鍗楅儴锛屽崡杈惧箍瑗垮寳閮ㄣ€?/span>
閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬨€佸啲瀛i噰鎸栵紝鍘婚』鏍癸紝娲楀噣锛屾檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>
鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佽緵銆佸钩锛屾湁灏忔瘨銆傝В姣掞紝鏁g粨銆?/span>
涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍革紝娣嬪反缁撶粨鏍革紝娣嬪反缁撶値锛屽捊鍠夌値銆傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€?/span>
鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/span>  娣嬪反缁撶粨鏍革細鐚埅鑽?5鍏嬶紝澶忔灟鑽?5鍏嬶紝澶╁啲銆侀害鍐€佺櫨閮ㄥ悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€傝倽鑲鹃槾铏氬姞鐢熺啛鍦板悇10鍏嬶紝浣曢涔屻€佺櫧鑺嶅悇10鍏嬶紱姘旇涓嶈冻鎴栨簝涔呬笉鏀跺姞鍏氬弬銆侀粍鑺€佸綋褰掑悇10鍏嬶紱鑲濈伀浜㈢洓鍔犱腹鐨?0鍏嬨€傛瘡鏃ヤ竴鍓傦紝杩炴湇30鍓傘€?/span>

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鐭抽緳鑺?/span>

鍒悕  鏃犳瘺閲庤姽鑿溿€侀腑宸存帉銆佹按鍫囥€佹按榛勭摐棣欍€佹墦閿i敜銆佹竻棣欒崏
鏉ユ簮  涓烘瘺鑼涚姣涜寷灞炴鐗╃煶榫欒姰Ranunculus sceleratus L.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>
褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮15-45鍘樼背銆傝寧鐩寸珛锛岀枏鐢熺煭鏌旀瘺鎴栧彉鏃犳瘺銆傚熀鐢熷彾鍜屼笅閮ㄥ彾鍏烽暱鏌勶紝鍙剁墖瀹藉嵉褰紝闀?-5鍘樼背锛屽4-7鍘樼背锛?娣辫锛屾湁鏃惰杈惧熀閮紝涓ぎ瑁傜墖鑿辩姸鍊掑嵉褰紝3娴呰锛屽叏缂樻垨鏈夌枏鍦嗛娇锛屼晶鐢熻鐗囦笉绛夌殑2鎴?瑁傦紝鑼庝笂閮ㄥ彾鍙樺皬锛岃鐗囩獎鍊掑嵉褰紝3瑁傘€傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝鑺卞簭甯稿叿杈冨鑺憋紝鑺卞皬锛岃惣鐗?锛屾贰缁胯壊锛岃埞鍨嬶紝闀?.5-3.2姣背锛屽闈㈣鐭煍姣涳紝鑺辩摚5锛岄粍鑹诧紝绐勫€掑嵉褰紝闀?.5-3姣背锛屽熀閮ㄨ湝妲戒笉鍏烽碁鐗囷紝闆勮晩10-20锛屽績鐨?0-130锛屾棤姣涳紝鑺辨煴鐭€傝仛鍚堟灉鐭╁渾褰紝闀跨害7姣背锛岀槮鏋滃鍗靛舰锛屾墎锛岄暱绾?.2姣背銆?/span>
鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/span>  鐢熶簬婧矡杈规垨婀挎鼎鍦般€傛垜鍥藉悇鐪佸尯鍧囨湁鍒嗗竷銆?/span>
閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忕閲囨敹銆傛礂鍑€锛屾檼骞叉垨椴滅敤銆?/span>
鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佽緵銆佸钩銆傛湁姣掋€傛秷鑲匡紝鎷旀瘨锛屾暎缁擄紝鎴枱銆?/span>
涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  娣嬪反缁撶粨鏍革紝鐤熺柧锛岀棃鑲匡紝铔囧挰浼わ紝鎱㈡€т笅鑲㈡簝鐤°€備笉鑳藉唴鏈嶃€?/span>
鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/span>  1.娣嬪反缁撶粨鏍革細骞插叏鑽夐€傞噺锛屾补鐓庢垚鑶忕姸锛屾秱鏁枫€?/span>
2.鐤熺柧锛氶矞鍏ㄨ崏閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傦紝浜庡彂浣滃墠6灏忔椂鏁峰ぇ妞庣┐銆?/span>
3.鐥堣偪锛岃泧鍜激锛氶矞鍏ㄨ崏鎹g儌缁炴眮娑傛偅澶勩€?/span>
4.鎱㈡€т笅鑲㈡簝鐤★細鐔啅娑傛偅澶勩€傞矞鍝?5鍏枻鍙啲鑶?鍏枻锛屾瘡鏃ユ秱涓€娆★紝瑙佹剤鍚庨殧鏃ユ秱涓€娆°€?/span>

 

闄勬敞锛氭湰鍝佷笉鑳藉唴鏈嶃€傝椋熷彲鑷村彛鑵旂伡鐑紝闅忓悗鑲胯儉锛屽拃鍤煎洶闅撅紝鍓х儓鑵规郴锛岃剦鎼忕紦鎱紝鍛煎惛鍥伴毦锛岀灣瀛旀暎澶э紝涓ラ噸鑰呭彲鑷存浜°€備腑姣掓棭鏈熷彲鐢?/span>0.2%楂橀敯閰搁捑婧舵恫娲楄儍锛屾湇铔嬫竻鍙婃椿鎬х偔锛岄潤娉ㄨ憽钀勭硸鐩愭按锛岃吂鍓х棝鍙敤闃挎墭鍝併€傜毊鑲や笂璇敤杩囬噺鎴栬繃涔咃紝浜х敓鐏间激鏃讹紝鍙敤娓呮按銆佺〖閰告垨闉i吀婧舵恫娲楁钉銆?/span>
  

 

涓崏鑽浘鐗囧ぇ鍏ㄤ箣--鑲捐暔

鍒悕  鍦嗙緤榻裤€佽湀铓h崏銆佽湀铓h暔銆佺瀛愯崏銆佺煶榛勭毊銆佸ぉ楣呮姳铔嬨€佺煶铔嬫灉銆佽泧铔嬪弬銆佸嚖鍑拌泲銆佺姼顎婂嵉銆佸噳姘存灉
鏉ユ簮  涓洪纰庤ˉ绉戣偩钑ㄥ睘妞嶇墿鑲捐暔Nephrolepis cordifolia (L.) Presl.,浠ュ叏鑽夋垨鍧楄寧鍏ヨ嵂銆?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熼檮鐢熷強鍦熺敓妞嶇墿锛岄珮30-60鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧鐩寸珛锛岃槌炵墖锛屼笅閮ㄦ湁绮楅搧涓濈姸鐨勫實鍖愯寧鍚戝洓鏂规墿灞曪紝鍦ㄥ實鍖愯寧涓婄敓鏈夋棤鏁板嵉鐘剁悆褰㈠崐閫忔槑鐨勫潡鑼庯紝澶栬榛勬鑹茬粧姣涳紝澶栬〃鑹查粍锛屽唴鍚按姹佽緝澶氥€傚彾绨囩敓锛屾焺闀?-9鍘樼背锛屼笅閮ㄦ湁浜鑹查碁鐗囷紝鍙剁墖鎶拡褰紝涓€鍥炵窘鐘讹紝缇界墖澶氭暟锛屾棤鏌勶紝鎶拡褰紝甯稿憟瑕嗙摝鐘剁揣瀵嗘帓鍒楋紝褰技铚堣殻锛岄暱绾?鍘樼背锛屽绾?姣背锛屽厛绔挐锛屽熀閮ㄥ績褰㈡垨鍦嗗舰锛屽叾涓婃柟澶氬皯鍛堣€冲舰锛岃竟缂樻湁鍦嗛娇锛屽彾涓酱妫曢粍鑹诧紝绋嶈缁嗛暱妫曡壊槌炵墖锛屽彾闈㈠嚑鏃犳瘺銆傚瀛愬泭缇ゅ湪鍙惰竟缂樺唴灏忚剦鐨勯《绔潃鐢燂紝娌夸腑鑴変袱鏃佸悇鏈?琛岋紝鍥婄兢鐩栧渾鑲惧舰銆?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  闄勭敓鎴栧湡鐢熶簬婧竟鏋椾笅鍙婄煶灞便€佺煶绐濈瓑澶勩€傚垎甯冧簬瑗垮崡銆佷腑鍗楀強姹熻タ銆佺寤恒€佸彴婀剧瓑鐪併€?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸井娑┿€佸噳銆傛竻鐑埄婀匡紝瀹佽偤姝㈠挸锛岃蒋鍧氭秷绉€?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋鍙戠儹锛屽挸鍡斤紝鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛岀棦鐤撅紝鎬ユ€ц偁鐐庯紝灏忓効鐤崇Н锛屼腑姣掓€ф秷鍖栦笉鑹紝娉屽翱绯绘劅鏌擄紝澶栫敤娌讳钩鑵虹値锛屾穻宸寸粨鐐庛€傜敤閲忥細15-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鑽夋崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?br>鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鍒€浼わ細鑲捐暔瀚╁彾鍤肩粧鏁蜂激澶勩€?br>2.娣嬫祳锛氳偩钑?5鍏嬶紝鏉夋爲灏?1涓紝澶忔灟鑽?5鍏嬶紝閲庤悵鍗滆彍12鍏嬶紝鐓庢按瀵圭櫧绯栨湇銆?br>3.鍚愯锛氳偩钑ㄦ牴鑼?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/p>


 
纾ㄧ洏鑽?/font>

鍒悕  鑰冲搷鑽夈€佺櫧楹汇€佺煶纾ㄤ粩銆佺(浠旇崏銆佺(妗h崏
鏉ユ簮  閿﹁懙绉戣嫎楹诲睘妞嶇墿纾ㄧ洏鑽堿butilon indicum (L.) G. Don.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鎴栨牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?br>褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鎴栧骞寸敓浜氱亴鏈ㄧ姸鑽夋湰锛岄珮0.5-2.5绫筹紝閫氫綋琚伆鐧借壊鐭煍姣涖€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽垎鏋濆銆傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鍙舵焺闀?.5-5鍘樼背锛屾墭鍙跺憟鍙剁姸锛屽彾鐗囧嵉鍦嗗舰鑷冲鍗靛舰锛岄暱3-7鍘樼背锛屽厛绔煭灏栵紝鍩洪儴蹇冨舰锛岃竟缂樼枏鐢熼敮榻匡紝鏈夋椂鍏ㄧ紭锛屼笅闈㈢伆缁胯壊銆傜瀛e紑鑺憋紝鍗曠敓鑼庨《鍜屽彾鑵嬶紝鑺辨闀胯€岃妸寮憋紝鍙揪4鍘樼背锛岃姳钀?瑁傦紝琚湁鏌旀瘺锛岃姳鍐犳祬閽熺姸锛岀洿寰勭害2鍘樼背锛岄粍鑹诧紝鑺辩摚5锛屽€掑嵉褰紝闀夸簬钀肩墖2鍊嶄互涓婏紝闆勮晩澶氭暟锛屽悎鐢熸垚绛掔姸锛屽績鐨?5-20鏋氾紝鐜粫涓酱鑰岀敓銆傛灉瀹炴墎鍦嗗舰锛岀(鐩樼姸锛屾湁妫憋紝鐩村緞绾?鍘樼背锛屽垎鏋滈《绔叿鐭姃銆傜瀛愯偩褰紝鐤忚鐭煍姣涖€?br>鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞湴銆佸師閲庛€佹花娴枫€佺敯杈广€傚垎甯冧簬绂忓缓銆佸彴婀俱€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗楃瓑鐪佸尯銆?br>閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忕閲囬泦銆?br>鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸钩銆傜枏椋庢竻鐑紝鐩婃皵閫氱獚锛岀鐥板埄灏裤€?br>涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋锛屼箙鐑笉閫€锛屾祦琛屾€ц叜鑵虹値锛岃€抽福銆佽€宠亱锛岃偤缁撴牳锛屽皬渚夸笉鍒┿€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚瓡濡囨厧鐢ㄣ€?br>鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  鏃╂湡娴告鼎鍨嬭偤缁撴牳锛氱(鐩樿崏鏍广€佸矖姊呮牴鍚?5-30鍏嬶紝鍗佸ぇ鍔熷姵10-15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇锛屾瘡鏃ヤ竴鍓傘€?/p>


 

澶х嫾鎶婅崏

鍒悕  鐙兼妸鑽夈€佹帴鍔涜崏銆侀拡绾垮寘銆佷竴鍖呴拡

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戝埡閽堣崏灞炴鐗╁ぇ鐙兼妸鑽塀idens frondosa L., 鍚屽睘妞嶇墿鐙兼妸鑽塀idens tripartite L.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.澶х嫾鎶婅崏:涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮杈?绫虫湁浣欍€傝寧寰€寰€甯︾传绾㈣壊锛岀窘鐘跺鍙跺鐢燂紝灏忓彾3-5鐗囷紝鎶拡褰紝杈圭紭鏈夐敮榻匡紝渚ц剦骞宠鑰屾槑鏄俱€傚ご鐘惰姳娣¢粍鑹诧紝鐢熶簬鏋濇ⅱ锛屽闈㈡湁缁胯壊鑻炵墖銆傛灉鎵佸钩锛岄《绔湁涓€瀵瑰皷鍒猴紝鍒轰笂鍙堢敓寰粏鍒烘瘺銆傚浘绀轰负澶х嫾鎶婅崏銆?/span>

    2.鐙兼妸鑽夛細涓€骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮30-150鍘樼背銆傚叏浣撴棤姣涖€傛牴澶氬亸鏂滐紝绮楀.锛屽湡榛勮壊銆傝寧鍩洪儴鍖嶅寪锛岃妭涓婄敓鏍癸紝涓婇儴鐩寸珛锛屾湁妫辫锛屽父甯︽殫绱壊銆傚彾瀵圭敓锛屾湁鐭焺锛屾焺鏈夌獎缈咃紝涓婇儴鍙?娣辫鎴栦笉瑁傦紝涓儴鍙剁窘鐘?-5瑁傦紝椤剁瑁傜墖杈冨ぇ锛屽潎涓洪暱妞渾鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛屼笅閮ㄥ彾缇界姸鍒嗚鎴栫窘鐘跺鍙讹紝杈圭紭鍧囧叿閿娇銆傜瀛e紑鑺憋紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭锛岀悆褰紝椤剁敓鍙婅厠鐢燂紝鏈夋锛屾€昏嫗鏉姸锛屼笅鏈変竴杞€掓姭閽堝舰鍙剁姸鑻炵墖锛屽叏涓虹鐘惰姳锛屼袱鎬э紝榛勮壊锛屽啝姣?鏉★紝鍒虹姸銆傜槮鏋滄墎骞筹紝椤剁鎴舰锛岃鑹诧紝涓や晶杈圭紭鍚勬湁涓€鍒楀€掔敓鐨勯挬鍒猴紝椤剁鍐犳瘺鍒虹姸锛?鏉★紝涓婃湁鍊掑埡銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬鐢伴噹銆佽矾鏃併€佹箍鍦般€傛垜鍥藉悇鍦版櫘閬嶅垎甯冦€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  6-9鏈堥噰鏀躲€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佺敇銆佸钩銆傚己澹紝鍏婚槾鏁涙睏锛屾竻鐑В姣掋€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  榛戦瑩鍙戯紝浠や汉涓嶈€侊紝浣撹櫄涔忓姏锛岀洍姹楋紝鎰熷啋锛屾墎妗冧綋鐐庯紝鍜藉枆鐐庯紝鑲犵値锛岀棦鐤撅紝娉屽翱绯绘劅鏌擄紝闂粡锛屽挴琛€锛岀棦鐤撅紝灏忓効鐤崇Н锛屽鐢ㄦ不鐤栬偪锛屾箍鐤癸紝鐨櫍锛屼腹姣掋€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鑽夋崳鐑傛暦鎮e锛屾垨椴滆崏缁炴眮鎿︽偅澶勩€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1. 鑲虹棬鍜宠锛氱嫾鎶婅崏30-60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2. 鍚愯锛氱嫾鎶婅崏30-60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.澶存檿锛氱嫾鎶婅崏30鍏嬶紝鐐栫尓鑲夊崐鏂ゅ悆銆?/span>

4.绉勾鐤崇棦锛屼笀澶鐥細鍙栫嫾鎶婅崏鍏ㄨ崏2鏂わ紝鎹g粸鍙栨眮涓€灏忓崌锛岀撼鐧介潰鍗婁釜楦¤泲澶т唤閲忥紝鍜屽寑锛岀┖鑵归】鏈嶏紝鏋侀噸鑰呬笉杩囦笁鏈嶃€傛垨鏀惰嫍闃村共鎹f湯锛岃湝姘村崐鐩忥紝鏈嶄竴鏂瑰鍖欍€?/span>

5.绉勾鐧o紝澶╅槾鍗崇棐锛屾悢鍑洪粍姘达細鐙兼妸鑽夎嫍鍙舵崳鏈幒涔嬨€?/span>

 

 

榛勭簿

鍒悕  灞卞銆侀粍鑺?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓虹櫨鍚堢榛勭簿灞炴鐗㏄olygonatum multiflorum L.,浠ユ牴鐘惰寧鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈€傛牴鍧楃姸锛岃偉澶у鑲夈€傛í璧般€傝寧鍦嗗舰锛岄珮50-100鍘樼背銆傚彾浜掔敓锛屾棤鏌勶紝鍙剁墖妞渾褰㈡垨闀垮嵉褰紝鍏堢閽濆皷锛屽熀鑴氭笎鐙紝鍙朵袱闈㈠厜婊戯紝鍙惰剦绾佃5-7鏉★紝鍙惰儗闈㈠甫绮夌櫧鑹层€傚垵澶忓彾鑵嬫娊鑺辨锛岀箹褰㈣姳搴忥紝鑺辨贰缁胯壊锛?-5鏈碉紝閽熷舰锛屼笅鍨傘€傛祮鏋滐紝鏆楃孩鑹诧紝绾﹂粍璞嗗ぇ銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯銆佹渤杈广€佹邯杈规疆婀跨殑鑽変笡涓€備骇浜庡崕鍗楀湴鍖恒€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬨€佸啲瀛f寲鏍广€傚幓椤绘牴锛岃捀10-20鍒嗛挓鍚庡彇鍑烘櫨鏅掋€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.榛勭簿娴歌啅缁忓彛缁欎簬瀹跺厰锛岃绯栬捣鍒濇甯革紝鍚庨€愭笎澧為珮锛岀劧鍚庨檷浣庯紝骞跺鑲句笂鑵虹礌寮曡捣鐨勮绯栬繃楂樻湁鏄捐憲鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?.姘存蹈娑插拰涔欓唶娴告恫鏈夐檷浣庨夯閱夊姩鐗╄鍘嬬殑浣滅敤銆?.鍔ㄧ墿瀹為獙琛ㄦ槑锛岄粍绮惧叿鏈夐槻娌诲姩鑴夌播鏍风‖鍖栫殑鏁堟灉銆?.鎶戣弻瀹為獙锛氬叾姘寸厧鍓傚鐥㈢柧鏉嗚弻鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€傚甯歌鑷寸梾鎬х毊鑲ょ湡鑿屼篃鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€傞粍绮剧殑缁撴櫠鎴愬垎瀵逛激瀵掓潌鑿屻€侀噾榛勮壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻涔熸湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸钩銆傛棤姣掋€傝ˉ鑲惧仴鑴撅紝寮虹瓔澹锛屾鼎鑲虹敓娲ャ€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿共鍜虫棤鐥帮紝涔呯梾娲ヤ簭鍙e共锛屽€︽€犱箯鍔涳紝绯栧翱鐥咃紝楂樿鍘嬬梾銆傜敤閲?0-20鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛氶粍绮?鏂わ紝鐧借姩銆佺櫨閮ㄥ悇鍗婃枻锛岀帀绔?50鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗙矇锛岀偧铚滀负涓搞€傛瘡鏈?0鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3娆°€?/span>

2.鑲虹嚗鍜冲椊锛氶粍绮?5鍏嬶紝鍖楁矙鍙?2鍏嬶紝鏉忎粊銆佹鍙躲€侀害鍐悇10鍏嬶紝鐢熺敇鑽?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鍐犲績鐥咃紝蹇冪粸鐥涳細榛勭簿銆佹槅甯冨悇15鍏嬶紝鏌忓瓙浠併€佽彇钂层€侀儊閲戝悇10鍏嬶紝寤惰儭绱?鍏嬶紝灞辨25鍏嬶紝鐓庢垚鑶忓墏锛屾瘡鏃?鍓傦紝鍒?娆℃湇锛?鍛ㄤ负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/span>

4.鑲虹粨鏍哥梾鍚庝綋铏氾細榛勭簿15-30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶆垨鐐栫尓鑲夐銆?/span>

5.鑴捐儍铏氬急銆佷綋鍊︽棤鍔涳細榛勭簿銆佸厷鍙傘€佹樊灞卞悇30鍏嬶紝钂搁浮椋熺敤銆?/span>

娉細

浣滈粍绮剧敤鐨勬鐗╄緝澶氾紝鏈夎疆鍙堕粍绮俱€佸泭涓濋粍绮俱€佽タ鍗楅粍绮俱€佽8鑺遍粍绮俱€佸嵎鍙堕粍绮俱€佹涓濋粍绮俱€佹枒鑼庨粍绮俱€佸鑺遍粍绮俱€佺传鑺遍粍绮剧瓑锛屼骇鍦颁笉鍚岋紝鍧囦綔榛勭簿鐢ㄣ€?/span>

 

 

楹︽枦

鍒悕  鏋滀笂鍙躲€佺煶璞嗐€佷竴鎺涢奔銆佺緤濂惰崏銆侀潚鍏般€佸崟鍙剁煶鏋c€佺煶浠欐

鏉ユ簮  涓哄叞绉戠煶璞嗗叞灞炴鐗╅害鏂汢ulbophyllum inconspicuum Maxim.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熼檮鐢熻崏鏈€傛牴鐘惰寧鍖嶅寪鐘讹紝璐ㄧ‖锛屼笂鐢熷鏁板嵉鍦嗗舰鐨勫亣槌炶寧锛屽亣槌炶寧鐩寸珛锛岄矞鏃剁豢鑹诧紝骞插悗鍙橀粍缁胯壊锛屽琛ㄦ湁鐨辨矡锛屽郊姝ょ浉璺濇湁1鍘樼背宸﹀彸锛屾瘡涓亣槌炶寧鍩洪儴鐢熷鏁伴』鏍癸紝鍗曞彾鐢熶簬鍋囬碁鑼庝箣涓婏紝閫氬父鍊掑嵉鐘堕暱妞渾褰紝鑲ュ帤锛岄潻璐紝纭€岃剢锛岄粍缁胯壊锛屼腑鑴夊嚬闄凤紝鍙堕暱1-3鍘樼背锛屽涓嶅強1鍘樼背锛屽厛绔槑鏄惧嚬缂猴紝涓嬮儴娓愬皷鎴愭焺锛屾褰紝鍏ㄧ紭銆傚瀛d粠鍋囬碁鑼庡熀閮ㄤ晶鏂归暱鍑鸿姳钁讹紝楂樹笉瓒呰繃鍙讹紝閫氬父鍗曡姳锛岀櫧鑹诧紝寰堝皬锛岀洿寰勪笉鍙?姣背锛岃姳鐡e嵉褰紝杈圭紭鍛堟挄瑁傜姸锛屽攪鐡g煭灏忚€岃偉鍘氥€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  闄勭敓浜庡北鏋楁爲骞蹭笂鍙婃箍鐭充笂銆傚垎甯冧簬鍗庝笢銆佸崕鍗楀強闄曡タ銆佹箹鍖椼€佽吹宸炵瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佹贰銆佸噳銆傛粙闃存竻鐑紝鍖栫棸姝㈠挸銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹嚗鍜冲椊锛岃偤缁撴牳鍜锛岀儹鐥呯儲娓达紝鎵佹浣撶値銆傜敤閲?-15鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.铏氱儹骞插椊锛氶害鏂?0鍏嬶紝楹﹀啲15鍏嬶紝妗戝彾10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鎬ユ€ф墎妗冧綋鐐庯細楹︽枦30鍏嬶紝鏉犳澘褰?5鍏嬶紝涓€鏋濋粍鑺?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇銆傛瘡鏃?鍓傘€?/span>

3.鍙戠儹锛氶害鏂?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鑲虹粨鏍革細楹︽枦30鍏嬶紝鐚槮鑲?0鍏嬶紝姘寸倴锛屾湇姹ら鑲夈€?/span>

5.鍚愯锛氶害鏂?0-60鍏嬶紝鍗婃槬鑾诧紙鍏扮妞嶇墿锛?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傘€?/span>

6.鏀皵绠℃墿寮狅細楹︽枦30鍏嬶紝涔岄煭15-30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傘€?/span>

 

 

楹﹀啲

鍒悕  楹﹂棬鍐?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓虹櫨鍚堢娌块樁鑽夊睘妞嶇墿娌块樁鑽塐phiopogon japonica(Thunb.)Ker,-Gawl.,鍙婇害鍐睘妞嶇墿澶ч害鍐琇iriope spicata Lour.锛屼互鍧楁牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.娌块樁鑽夛紙缁嗗彾楹﹀啲銆侀煭鑿滈害鍐級锛氬骞寸敓鑽夋湰銆傛牴鐘惰寧绮楃煭锛屾湁缁嗛暱鐨勫實鍖愯寧锛屽叾涓婃湁鑶滆川槌炵墖锛岄』鏍圭粏闀匡紝鍏堢鎴栦腑閮ㄨ啫澶ф垚绾洪敜褰㈢殑鑲夎川鍧楁牴銆傚彾涓涚敓锛岄暱鏉″舰锛岄暱15-20鍘樼背锛屽皯鏈?0鍘樼背锛屽2-4姣背锛屼袱闈㈠厜婊戞棤姣涳紝鏆楃豢鑹层€?鏈堝紑鑺憋紝鑺辫懚浠庡彾涓涗腑鐢熷嚭锛岀煭浜庡彾锛屽父闅愪簬鍙朵笡涓紝闀?-12鍘樼背锛屾€荤姸鑺卞簭椤剁敓锛岄暱1-3鍘樼背锛岀害鐢?0鑺憋紝甯?-3鏈佃仛鐢燂紝鑺辨绮楃煭锛岄暱3-4姣背锛岃姳琚墖6锛屾贰绱壊鎴栭潚绱壊锛岄暱绾?姣背锛岀◢涓嬪瀭锛岄泟钑?锛屽瓙鎴垮崐涓嬩綅銆傛祮鏋滅悆褰紝钃濋粦鑹层€?/span>

2.澶ч害鍐紙鍦熼害鍐級锛氳倝璐ㄥ潡鏍硅緝鍓嶇涓哄ぇ锛岃姳钁惰緝闀匡紝闀夸簬鍙朵笡锛屽彾闀?5-30鍘樼背锛屽4-7姣背銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鏍藉煿鎴栭噹鐢熶簬灞辨灄涓嬨€佸北娌熸邯鏃佸強灞卞潯鑽変笡涓€傞櫎涓滃寳澶栧ぇ閮ㄥ垎鐪佸尯鏈夐噹鐢熴€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  閲庣敓鍝佹竻鏄庡悗閲囨敹銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤锛?.楹﹀啲绮夊鐧借壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆佹灟鑽夋潌鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屽潎鏈夎緝寮虹殑鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?.鏃ユ湰浜х鍙堕害鍐粰瀹跺厰鑲屾敞锛屾湁鍗囬珮琛€绯栫殑浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸井鑻︺€佸噳銆傛粙闃寸敓娲ワ紝娑﹁偤姝㈠挸锛屾竻蹇冮櫎鐑︺€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鐑梾浼ゆ触锛屽績鐑︼紝鍙f复锛屽捊骞诧紝鑲虹儹鐕ュ挸锛岃偤缁撴牳鍜銆傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鍜冲椊銆佸捊鐥涖€侀煶鍝戯細楹﹀啲銆佸ぉ鍐悇1鏂わ紝铚傝湝鍗婃枻锛岀啲鑶忥紝姣忔湇10-15鍏嬶紝娓╁紑姘撮€佹湇銆?/span>

2.鑲鸿儍闃翠激銆佸捊骞插挸鍡斤細楹﹀啲12鍏嬶紝鍗婂銆佷汉鍙傘€佹绫炽€佸ぇ鏋e悇10鍏嬶紝鐢樿崏6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鑲虹嚗鍜冲椊锛氶害鍐?5鍏嬶紝妗戠櫧鐨?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡斤細楹﹀啲銆佽枏绫炽€佽洡绮夊悇12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

5.鐧炬棩鍜筹細楹﹀啲銆佸ぉ鍐悇15鍏嬶紝鐧惧悎10鍏嬶紝椴滅鍙?鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.绯栧翱鐥咃紙涓婃秷锛夛細鍏氬弬銆侀害鍐€佺煡姣嶅悇10鍏嬶紝绔瑰彾銆佸ぉ鑺辩矇鍚?5鍏嬶紝鐢熷湴12鍏嬶紝钁涙牴銆佽尟绁炲悇6鍏嬶紝浜斿懗瀛愩€佺敇鑽夊悇3鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

閾佸寘閲?/font>

鍒悕  榧犱钩鏍广€佽€侀紶鑰炽€侀腑鍏潚銆佷箤榫欐牴銆佽€侀紶鑰炽€佸嬀鍎胯尪

鏉ユ簮  涓洪紶鏉庣鍕惧効鑼跺睘妞嶇墿缁嗗彾鍕惧効鑼禕erchemia lineata (L.) DC.,浠ユ牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熷崐钘ょ姸鐏屾湪锛岄暱1-4绫炽€備富鏍硅緝绮楀.锛屾敮鏍瑰锛岃〃闈㈣榛戣壊锛屾湁缁嗙旱绾癸紝鍐呴潰榛勮壊锛屾晠绉扳€滈搧鍖呴噾鈥濄€傛灊鏉″渾鏌卞舰锛岀伆瑜愯壊锛屽潥闊э紝绋嶆湁鐭煍姣涖€傚彾浜掔敓锛屾湁鐭焺锛岀焊璐紝鍗靛舰鎴栧嵉鐘舵き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱1-1.7鍘樼背锛屽0.5-1鍘樼背锛屽厛绔挐鍦嗚€屾湁灏忓嚫灏栵紝鍩洪儴鍦嗗舰锛屽叏缂橈紝涓婇潰缁胯壊锛屼笅闈㈢伆鐧借壊锛屼袱闈㈡棤姣涳紝渚ц剦5-7瀵广€傜瀛e紑鐧借壊灏忚姳锛?-4鏈佃仛闆嗕簬鏋濋《鎴栧彾鑵嬶紝鏈夌煭鏌旀瘺锛岃惣鐗囧拰鑺辩摚鍚?锛岀獎鎶拡褰㈡垨鏉″舰銆傛牳鏋滃皬锛岄暱鍗靛舰锛岄暱4-5姣背锛岀啛鏃剁传榛戣壊锛屽彲椋熺敤銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞遍噹鍧″湴銆佽矾鏃佹垨娌熻胺鐏屼笡涓€傚垎甯冧簬绂忓缓銆佸彴婀俱€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓滅瓑鐪佸尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  寰嫤銆佹订銆佸钩銆傚寲鐦€姝㈣锛岄晣鍜虫鐥涖€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛岃儍銆佸崄浜屾寚鑲犳簝鐤″嚭琛€锛岀簿绁炲垎瑁傜棁锛岃穼鎵撴崯浼わ紝椋庢箍楠ㄧ棝锛岀枖鐤枛鑲匡紝棰堟穻宸寸粨鑲垮ぇ锛岀澗涓歌偪鐥涖€傜敤閲?5-60鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛氶搧鍖呴噾60鍏嬶紝绌跨牬鐭?0鍏嬶紝鐧借姩12鍏嬶紝闃胯兌10鍏嬶紝鎹g鍐叉湇鎴栨按鐓庢湇銆?/span>

2.榧诲嚭琛€锛岃偤缁撴牳鍜锛岃儍鍑鸿锛氶搧鍖呴噾30鍏嬶紝鐧借姩銆佺櫨鍚堝悇15鍏嬶紝妗冧粊6鍏嬶紝鐧借寘鏍?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鎱㈡€ф皵绠$値锛氶搧鍖呴噾鑼庡彾60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧娴撶缉鍒舵垚绯栨祮100姣崌锛屽垎3娆℃湇銆?5澶╀负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/span>

4.鑴戦渿鑽★細鈶犻搧鍖呴噾45鍏嬶紝閽╄棨銆佸窛鑺庛€佺櫧鑺峰悇15鍏嬨€傗憽閾佸寘閲?5鍏嬶紝鍦拌儐鑽夈€佷袱闈㈤拡銆侀浮琛€钘ゃ€佸崈鏂ゆ嫈銆佷笁鍙夎嫤銆佷竷鍙惰幉鍚?5鍏嬨€傚厛鏈嶆柟鈶狅紝鑻?0澶╁乏鍙崇梾鎯呮棤鍙樺寲锛屽啀鏈嶆柟鈶°€傛瘡鏃?鍓傦紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇銆?/span>

5.鍐呬激鍚愯銆佹簝鐤″嚭琛€銆佽儍鐥涜吂鐥涖€佸亸姝eご鐥涳細閾佸寘閲?0-60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.鐑伀浼わ細閾佸寘閲戝彾鐮旀湯锛岃皟鎼芥补澶栨惤鎮e銆?/span>

7.璺屾墦鎹熶激銆佽泧鍜激锛氶搧鍖呴噾鏍归€傞噺锛屾蹈閰掑鎼姐€?/span>

 

 

钁庤崏

鍒悕  鎷夋媺绉с€佹媺鎷夎棨銆佷簲鐖緳銆佺皶鑽夈€佸ぇ鍙朵簲鐖緳銆佹媺鐙楄泲銆佸壊浜鸿崏銆侀敮閿棨

鏉ユ簮  妗戠钁庤崏灞炴鐗╄憥鑽塇umulus scandens (Lour.) Merr.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鎴栬姳銆佸彾鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€骞寸敓鎴栧骞寸敓缂犵粫鑽夋湰锛岄暱杈?绫冲銆傝寧鏋濆拰鍙舵焺瀵嗙敓鍊掗挬鍒猴紝鑼庢贰缁胯壊锛屾湁绾垫1銆傚崟鍙跺鐢燂紝鏈夐暱鏌勶紝闀?-20鍘樼背锛屽彾杩戣偩鐘朵簲瑙掑舰锛岀洿寰?-10鍘樼背锛屾帉鐘朵簲娣辫锛岀█涓?鎴?锛岃鐗囧嵉褰㈡垨鍗电姸鎶拡褰紝鍏堢鎬ュ皷鎴栨笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴蹇冨舰锛岃竟缂樻湁绮楅敮榻匡紝鍙朵袱闈㈢敓绮楃硻鍒氭瘺锛屼笅闈㈡湁榛勮壊灏忔补鐐广€傜瀛e紑鑺憋紝鑺卞皬锛屽崟鎬у紓鏍紝鑺卞簭鑵嬬敓锛岄泟鑺辨帓鎴愰暱15-25鍘樼背鐨勫渾閿ヨ姳搴忥紝鑺辨贰榛勭豢鑹诧紝鑺辫5锛屾姭閽堝舰锛屽渚ф湁姣涜尭鍙婄粏鑵虹偣锛岄泟钑?锛岃姳涓濅笣鐘讹紝鐢氱煭锛岄泴鑺?0浣欐湹闆嗘垚杩戝渾褰㈢殑鐭鐘惰姳搴忥紝鑵嬬敓锛岃嫗鐗囧彾鐘跺皬褰紝闄勬湁2鎵樺彾锛屾瘡鑻炴湁2鑺憋紝鑻炲強鎵樺彾杈圭紭鏈夌潾姣涳紝鑳岄潰鍏烽€忔槑鐨勯暱鍒氭瘺鍙婅吅鐐癸紝鎵樺彾鍗靛舰锛屽厛绔暱灏栵紝鍖呰闆岃姳锛屾瘡涓泴鑺辨湁涓€槌炵姸鑺辫锛岀揣鍖呴泴钑婏紝瀛愭埧鍗曚竴锛屼笂閮ㄧ獊璧凤紝鐤忕敓缁嗘瘺銆傛灉绌楃豢鑹诧紝绫讳技鏉剧悆鐘讹紝鐦︽灉鐞冨舰寰墎銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬娌熻竟銆佽矾鏃併€佹潙鏃併€傛槸涓€绉嶅父瑙佹伓鎬ф潅鑽夈€傞櫎闈掓捣銆佹柊鐤嗐€佽タ钘忓锛屽叏鍥介兘鏈夊垎甯冦€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囬泦銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛?0%鐨勮憥鑽変箼閱囨蹈娑插绂忔皬鐥㈢柧鏉嗚弻鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€傝憥鑽夎姳銆佹灉瀵圭粨鏍告潌鑿屾湁鏄捐憲鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆傚閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屼篃鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佽嫤銆佸瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍒╁翱娑堣偪銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍告疆鐑紝鑳冭偁鐐庯紝鐥㈢柧锛屾劅鍐掑彂鐑紝灏忎究涓嶅埄锛岃偩鐩傝偩鐐庯紝鎬ユ€ц偩鐐庯紝鑶€鑳辩値锛屾硨灏跨郴缁撶煶锛屽鐢ㄦ不鐥堢枛鑲挎瘨锛屾箍鐤癸紝姣掕泧鍜激銆傜敤閲?0-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e锛岃泧鍜激鍒欐暦浼ゅ彛鍛ㄥ洿銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎬ャ€佹參鎬ц儍鑲犵値锛氳憥鑽?0鍏嬶紝绾㈢硸閫傞噺锛屾按鐓庢湇銆?/span>

2.鑲虹粨鏍革細钁庤崏闆岃姳绌?0鍏嬶紙骞插搧15鍏嬶級锛屾按鐓庢湇銆傛瘡鏃?鍓傦紝鏃ユ湇3娆★紝7鏃ヤ负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/span>

3.婀跨柟锛岄粍姘寸柈锛氳憥鑽夊彾鐒欏共锛岀爺鏈紝鐢ㄩ唻璋冩垚绯婄姸锛屽鎼姐€?/span>

4.鐨櫍锛氶矞钁庤崏鍙舵崳鐑傦紝鐢ㄩ唻璋冩暦锛屽共鍚庡彟鎹紝浠ョ毊闈㈣浆绾负姝€?/span>

5.姣掕泧鍜激锛氶矞钁庤崏鍙堕€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦浼ゅ彛鍛ㄥ洿銆傚彟鐢ㄩ矞鍙?0鍏嬶紝绉洩鑽?0鍏嬶紝鐓庢按浠h尪楗€?/span>

6.涔濆瓙鐤★紙鐦扮柆锛夛細椴滆憥鑽夊彾60鍏嬶紝閰掋€佺櫧绯栧悇30鍏嬶紝鐓庢按鏈嶃€傚彟鐢ㄩ矞钁庤崏銆侀矞绉洩鑽夊悇15鍏嬶紝璞嗚眽3鍏嬶紝鎹?/span>鐑傚寘鎮e锛屼竴鏃ヤ竴鎹€?/span>

 

 

鑽旀灊鑽?/font>

鍒悕  鑽犲畞銆侀洩瑙佽崏銆侀洩閲岄潚銆佺櫈瀛愯崏銆佺櫈鍥㈣崏銆佺櫈鐤欏疂鑽夈€佽洡锜嗚崏銆佺尓濠嗚崏

鏉ユ簮  涓哄攪褰㈢榧犲熬鑽夊睘妞嶇墿鑽旀灊鑽塖alvia plebeia R.Brown.,浠ュ叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  涓€銆佷簩骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮15-90鍘樼背锛屽叏鏍鐭煍姣涖€傝寧鐩寸珛鎴栧€炬枩锛屽鍒嗘敮锛屽洓妫卞舰銆傚熀鐢熷彾鎴愯幉搴х姸锛屾湁鏌勶紝鍙剁墖闀挎き鍦嗗舰锛岃竟缂樻湁閽濋敮榻匡紝涓婇潰鏈夋樉钁楃毐缂┿€傝寧鐢熷彾瀵圭敓锛屽嵉褰㈡垨闀垮洯鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛岄暱2-6鍘樼背锛屽厛绔挐鎴栨€ュ皷锛屽熀閮ㄥ洯妤斿舰锛岃竟缂樻湁鍦嗛敮榻匡紝涓嬮潰鏈夐噾榛勮壊鑵虹偣銆傚鍒濆紑灏忚姳锛岃疆浼炶姳搴忛《鐢熷強鑵嬬敓锛屾瘡杞?-6鏈佃姳锛岄泦鎴愬杞殑绌楃姸鑺卞簭锛岃姳钀煎皬锛岄挓鐘讹紝闀跨害3姣背锛岃鐤忔瘺鍙婃贰榛勮壊鑵虹偣锛岃姳鍐犲攪褰紝娣$传鑹诧紝闀夸笉鍙?姣背锛屼笂鍞囧叏缂橈紝涓嬪攪3瑁傦紝涓鐗囧€掑績鎬э紝渚ц鐗囪繎浜庡崐鍦嗗舰锛岄泟钑婄潃鐢熶簬涓嬪攪鍩洪儴锛屼几鍑鸿姳鍐犵澶栬€岀洊浜庝笂鍞囦箣涓嬶紝鑺辫嵂1瀹わ紝鑺辩洏鍦ㄥ墠闈㈠欢闀裤€傚皬鍧氭灉鍊掑嵉鍥舰锛岃鑹层€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬娌宠竟銆佽矾鏃併€佺敯杈广€佸牑杈圭瓑闃存箍澶勩€傚垎甯冧簬鎴戝浗鍗庝笢銆佷腑鍗楀強瑗垮崡鍚勭渷鍖恒€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屼互绉嬫湯鍐垵閲囨敹涓哄ソ銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鑽旀灊鑽夋按鐓庡墏涓庡叾榛勯叜鐢欏灏忛紶鍧囨湁闀囧挸浣滅敤銆傞粍閰敊杩樻湁绁涚棸銆佸钩鍠樹綔鐢ㄣ€?.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氭湰鍝佹按鐓庡墏瀵圭櫧鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佽偤鐐庡弻鐞冭弻銆佺敳鍨嬮摼鐞冭弻銆侀噾榛勮壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆佺棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佸彉褰㈡潌鑿屻€佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屽潎鏈夎緝濂界殑鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佽緵銆佸噳銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍒╁翱娑堣偪锛屽噳琛€姝㈣銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎵佹浣撶値锛岃偤缁撴牳鍜锛屾敮姘旂鐐庯紝鑵规按鑲胯儉锛岃偩鐐庢按鑲匡紝宕╂紡锛屼究琛€锛岃灏忔澘鍑忓皯鎬х传鐧滐紱澶栫敤娌荤棃鑲匡紝鐥旂柈鑲跨棝锛屼钩鑵虹値锛岄槾閬撶値銆傜敤閲?0-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛屾崳鏁锋垨鐓庢按娲楁偅澶勩€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛氳崝鏋濊崏30鍏嬶紝鐚槮鑲?0鍏嬶紝姘寸倴鍗婂皬鏃讹紝鍚冭倝鍠濇堡銆?/span>

2.琛€灏忔澘鍑忓皯鎬х传鐧滐細鑽旀灊鑽?5-30鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鎬ユ€т钩鑵虹値锛氶矞鑽旀灊鑽夐€傞噺锛屾礂鍑€鎹g儌锛屽鍏ユ偅渚ч蓟瀛旓紝姣忔20-30鍒嗛挓锛屾瘡鏃?娆°€?/span>

4.鎱㈡€ф皵绠$値锛氣憼鑽旀灊鑽夈€佹槧灞辩孩銆佸皠骞层€佽溅鍓嶈崏銆佸皬钃熷悇10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇锛屾瘡鏃ヤ竴鍓傦紝10澶╀负涓€鐤楃▼銆傗憽椴滆崝鏋濊崏2鏂わ紝鍔犳按鐓庢垚1鏂わ紝娌夋穩鍙栨恫锛屽姞绯栭€傞噺锛屾瘡鏈?0姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?娆★紝10澶╀负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/span>

5.闃撮亾鐐庛€佸棰堢硿鐑傦細鑽旀灊鑽?鏂わ紝娲椼€佸垏锛屽姞姘?-7鏂わ紝鐓哺10鍒嗛挓锛岃繃婊わ紝鍐叉礂闃撮亾锛涙垨灏嗚嵂娴撶缉鑷?00姣崌锛屾礂闃撮亾锛屽悗鐢ㄦ鐞冩蹈娴撶缉娑茬撼鍏ラ槾閬撳唴瀹澶勶紙妫夌悆闇€绯讳竴绾匡紝浠ヤ究浜庣壍鍑猴級銆傛瘡鏃ュ啿娲楀拰鎹㈡鐞冧竴娆★紝7澶╀负涓€鐤楃▼锛岄棿闅?-3澶╄繘琛岀浜屼釜鐤楃▼銆?/span>

 

缇婅€宠強

鍒悕  鐧界墰鑳嗐€佸ぇ鍔涚帇銆佹瘺鏌磋儭銆佸彾涓嬬櫧銆佸北鐧借姺銆佸啿澶╃櫧銆佸皬鑼呴銆佸ぇ鑼呴銆佺墰鑰抽銆佺緤鑰抽銆佺櫧闈㈤銆佺櫧鑳岄銆佺坏姣涙棆瑕嗚姳銆佸ぉ楣呯粧銆佹瘺鑸屽ご銆佹瘺灞辫倴

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戞棆瑕嗚姳灞炴鐗╃緤鑰宠強Inula cappa DC.,浠ユ牴鎴栧叏鑽夊叆鑽€?/span>

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鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  甯哥敓浜庡悜闃冲北鍧°€佽崏鍦板強鐏屾湪涓涗腑銆傚垎甯冧簬绂忓缓銆佹睙瑗裤€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍涓溿€佸箍瑗裤€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺閲囧壊鍏ㄨ崏锛屾槬銆佺鎸栨牴銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鏈搧姘寸厧鍗冲閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屻€佸畫姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佺姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屽潎鏈夎緝濂界殑鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

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涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  椋庡瘨鎰熷啋锛屽挸鍡斤紝绁炵粡鎬уご鐥涳紝鑳冪棝锛岄婀胯叞鑵跨棝锛岃穼鎵撹偪鐥涳紝鏈堢粡涓嶈皟锛岀櫧甯︼紝琛€鍚歌櫕鐥呫€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€?/span>

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2.鎰熷啋澶寸棝锛氱緤鑰宠強鍏ㄨ崏15鍏嬶紝鎴栧姞涓€鏋濋粍鑺?5鍏嬶紝閲戦摱鑺?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

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4.涔宠吅鐐庯細椴滅緤鑰宠強鍏ㄨ崏鎹g儌澶栨暦銆?/span>

5.鑲虹粨鏍革細缇婅€宠強鍏ㄨ崏45-60鍏嬶紝鐚帓楠?00-150鍏嬶紝鐓啛锛屽悆鑲夊枬姹ゃ€?/span>

 

 

绱噾鐗?/font>

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褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  甯哥豢灏忕亴鏈紝楂?0-30鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧闀胯€屾í璧帮紝鏆楃孩鑹诧紝涓嬮潰鐢熸牴銆傚湴涓婅寧鐩寸珛锛屼笉鍒嗘灊锛岃〃闈㈢传瑜愯壊锛屾湁缁嗘潯绾癸紝鍏风煭鑵烘瘺锛屽辜瀚╂椂姣涘瘑鑰屾槑鏄俱€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝鏌勭煭锛屾湁姣涳紝鍙剁墖杩戦潻璐紝甯告垚瀵规垨3-7鐗囬泦鐢熶簬鑼庨《锛岀獎妞渾褰㈣嚦瀹芥き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱4-7鍘樼背锛屽1.5-3鍘樼背锛屼袱绔皷锛岃竟缂樺叿灏栭敮榻匡紝涓婇潰鍏夌豢鑹诧紝涓嬮潰娣$豢鑹诧紝涓ら潰涓剦鏈夊井姣涳紝鑵虹偣澶氶泦涓繎浜庡彾缂橀儴鍒嗐€傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝閫氬父2-6鏈碉紝缁勬垚鑵嬬敓鐭€荤姸鑺卞簭锛岃惣鐗?锛岃姳鍐犺緪鐘跺睍寮€锛岀洿寰?鍘樼背锛屽厛绔?瑁傦紝闈掔櫧鑹诧紝鏈夎丹鑹插皬鐐癸紝闆勮晩5锛岀敓浜庤姳鍐犲枆閮紝鑺变笣鐭紝瀛愭埧涓婁綅銆傛牳鏋滅悆褰紝鐔熸椂绾㈣壊锛屾湁瀹垮瓨鑺辫惣鍜岃姳鏌?/span>銆?/span>

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閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍥涘鍧囧彲閲囬泦銆?/span>

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鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佸钩銆傛鍜冲寲鐥帮紝绁涢瑙f瘨锛屾椿琛€姝㈢棝銆?/span>

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鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鎱㈡€ф敮姘旂鐐庯細绱噾鐗?2鍏嬶紝鑳¢瀛愬彾銆侀奔鑵ヨ崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝妗旀6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鍒?娆℃湇銆傛瘡鏃?鍓傘€?/span>

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3.鑲虹粨鏍革細鈶犵传閲戠墰60鍏嬶紝鑿?/span>钁?/span>銆佺櫧椹鍚?font face="MS Sans Serif">30鍏嬶紝姘?/font>300姣崌锛岀厧鎴?/font>150姣崌锛屾瘡鏈?/font>50姣崌锛屾棩3娆°€?/font>鈶$传閲戠墰8鍏嬶紝浜旀寚姣涙銆佺┛鐮寸煶銆佺櫨閮ㄣ€佺櫧鑺ㄥ悇3鍏嬶紝妗戠櫧鐨?.5鍏嬶紝鍜岃湝涓轰父锛屼父閲?鍏嬶紝鍚敓鑽?鍏嬨€傛瘡鏈?涓革紝鏃?娆★紝楗悗娓╁紑姘撮€佹湇銆傚皬鍎块厡鍑忋€?/span>

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绱弨

鍒悕  绱嫅銆佸皬杈効銆佸す鏉胯彍銆侀┐鑰虫湹鑿溿€佽蒋绱弨

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涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏀皵绠$値锛屽挸鍠橈紝鑲虹粨鏍革紝鍜銆傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€?/span>

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2.鎱㈡€ф皵绠$値锛氱传鑼剁墖锛屾瘡鐗囧惈绱弨涔欓啔娌夊嚭鐗?.064鍏嬶紝鐭湴鑼剁敳閱囨彁鍑虹墿0.065鍏嬶紝绌垮湴榫欎箼閱囨彁鍑虹墿0.044鍏嬶紝鐚儐閰?.024鍏嬶紝姣忔鏈?鐗囷紝姣忔棩3娆★紝10鏃ヤ负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/span>

3.鎱㈡€ф皵绠$値锛屽挸鍡芥湁鐥帮細绱弨銆佹鍐姳銆佺櫨閮ㄥ悇10鍏嬶紝涔屾3涓紝鐢熷3鐗囷紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鍜冲椊锛岀棸涓甫琛€锛氱传鑿€125鍏嬶紝浜斿懗瀛?0鍏嬶紝浣滆湝涓革紝姣忔鍙e惈鍖栨湇10鍏嬶紝姣忔棩2娆°€?/span>

5.鑲轰激鍜冲椊锛氱传鑿€15鍏嬶紝姘翠竴鐩忥紝鐓?鍒嗭紝娓╂湇锛屾棩3娆°€?/span>

娉細澶氱鑿婄绱弨灞炴鐗┿€佽強绉戞鍚惧睘妞嶇墿鍙綔绱弨鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

 

 

绱儗澶╄懙

鍒悕  澶╄懙銆佸ぉ钁靛瓙銆佸ぉ钁佃崏銆佸崈骞磋€侀紶灞庛€侀噾鑰楀瓙灞庛€佸鏃犺釜銆佹暎琛€鐞?/span>

鏉ユ簮  姣涜寷绉戝ぉ钁靛睘妞嶇墿澶╄懙Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) Makino.锛屼互鍧楁牴鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熷皬鑽夋湰銆傚潡鏍硅倝璐紝鐣ュ憟绾洪敜褰㈡垨妞渾褰紝闀?-2.5鍘樼背锛岀矖3-6姣背锛屽鐨榛戣壊锛屼笅閮ㄦ湁缁嗛暱鏀牴鎴栭』鏍广€傝寧楂?0-30鍘樼背锛屾暟鏋濊嚜鍧楁牴涓涘嚭锛屾湁鐤忔煍姣涳紝鍒嗘灊銆傚熀鐢熷彾澶氭暟锛屼负涓€鍥炰笁鍑哄鍙讹紝鍙舵焺闀?-12鍘樼背锛屽皬鍙舵墖鐘惰彵褰㈡垨鍊掑嵉鐘惰彵褰紝闀?.6-2.5鍘樼背锛屽1-2.8鍘樼背锛?娣辫锛岃鐗囩枏鐢熺矖榻匡紝涓婇潰缁胯壊锛屼笅闈㈠父绱壊锛屾晠鏈夌传鑳屽ぉ钁典箣鍚嶃€?-4鏈堝紑灏忚姳锛屾湁2鑷虫暟鏈碉紝钀肩墖5锛岃姳鐡g姸锛岀櫧鑹诧紝甯稿甫娣$传鑹诧紝绐勬き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱4-6姣背锛岃姳鐡e皬锛屽寵褰紝闀?.5-3.5姣背锛屽熀閮ㄧ煭绠$姸锛岄泟钑?-14锛岄€€鍖栭泟钑婄害2锛屽績鐨?-5锛岃姳鏌辩煭銆傝搰钁栨灉闀?-7姣背銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬涓橀櫟銆佷綆灞辨灄涓嬫垨鐭充笅闃村銆傚垎甯冧簬闀挎睙涓笅娓稿悇鐪侊紝鍖楄揪闄曡タ鍗楅儴锛屽崡杈惧箍涓滃寳閮ㄣ€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ュ閲囬泦鍧楁牴銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氬閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屾湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佽嫤銆佸瘨銆傛湁灏忔瘨銆傛竻鐑В姣掞紝鍒╁翱娑堣偪銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鐤旂柈鐤栬偪锛屼钩鑵虹値锛屾墎妗冧綋鐐庯紝娣嬪反缁撶粨鏍革紝璺屾墦鎹熶激锛屾瘨铔囧挰浼わ紝灏忎究涓嶅埄銆傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆傝劸鑳冭櫄寮辫€呬笉瀹滅敤銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鐤旂柈鐤栬偪锛氱传鑳屽ぉ钁靛潡鏍癸紙澶╄懙瀛愶級10鍏嬶紝閲庤強鑺便€佺妬澶磋崏銆佺煶鏂涖€侀噾閾惰姳鍚?5鍏嬶紝钂插叕鑻?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鎬ユ€ф墎妗冧綋鐐庯細澶╄懙瀛?0-15涓紝鎹g儌鐓庢湇銆?/span>

3.娣嬪反缁撶粨鏍革細鈶犲ぉ钁靛瓙10-20鍏嬶紝鎹g儌锛屾按閰掑悇鍗婂啿鏈嶃€備篃鍙笌楦¤泲2涓紝鍔犳按鍚岀叜锛屽悆铔嬪枬姹ゃ€傗憽鏂伴矞澶╄懙瀛?鍏嬶紝娴疯椈銆佹槅甯冦€佹姊椼€佽礉姣嶅悇30鍏嬶紝娴疯灥铔?5鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗘湯锛岄厭绯婁负涓稿缁胯眴澶э紝鏃ユ湇2娆★紝姣忔6鍏嬶紝楗悗娓╅厭閫佹湇銆?/span>

4.姣掕泧鍜激锛氶矞澶╄懙瀛?0鍏嬶紝涓冨彾涓€鏋濊姳鏍圭姸鑼?5鍏嬶紝椴滆挷鍏嫳30鍏嬶紝楹﹀啲10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝骞剁敤椴滅传鑳屽ぉ钁靛叏鑽夋崳鐑傦紝鏁锋偅澶勶紝鑽共鍚庢崲鑽€?/span>

5.鑲虹粨鏍革細澶╄懙瀛?0鍏嬶紝鐚倸1涓紝鐓儌锛屽幓鑽福锛屼娇鐚倸涓庢堡銆?/span>

 

 

绔硅妭鍙傦紙闄勶細鐝犲瓙鍙傦級

鍒悕  鐧戒笁涓冦€佹槑涓冦€佺鏍逛竷銆佽悵鍗滀竷銆佽湀铓d竷銆佸敞涓変竷銆侀噹涓変竷銆佺鑺備汉鍙傘€佷竷鍙跺瓙

鏉ユ簮  涓轰簲鍔犵浜哄弬灞炴鐗╃鑺傚弬Panax japonicus C. A Mey.,浠ユ牴鐘惰寧鍙婅倝璐ㄥ潡鏍瑰叆鑽€傛牴鐘惰寧绉扮鑺傚弬锛屽潡鏍圭О鏄庝竷鎴栫櫧涓変竷锛屽彾绉颁竷鍙跺瓙銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-50鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧妯崸锛屾垚绔归灜鐘讹紝鑺傜粨鑶ㄥぇ锛岃妭闂磋緝鐭紝姣忚妭鏈変竴娴呯幆褰㈣寧鍩虹棔锛屼晶闈㈠父鐢熷鏁板渾閿ョ姸鑲夎川鏍广€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屽钩婊戙€傛帉鐘跺鍙舵暟涓疆鐢熻寧椤讹紝鍙舵焺鍏夋粦锛屽皬鍙?-7锛屽涓?锛屽嵉褰€佸嵉鐘舵姭閽堝舰鎴栨姭閽堝舰锛岄暱绾?.5-11鍘樼背锛屽1-3鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴鍦嗘垨妤斿舰锛岃竟缂樻湁閿娇锛岃剦涓婃湁鏃剁枏鐢熺煭鍒烘瘺銆?-6鏈堝紑鑺憋紝浼炲舰鑺卞簭鐢辫寧椤跺彾涓涗腑鎶藉嚭锛屽崟涓€鎴栨湁鍒嗘灊锛岃惣缁胯壊锛屽厛绔娇鐘讹紝鑺辩摚5锛屾贰榛勭豢鑹诧紝闆勮晩5锛屽瓙鎴夸笅浣嶏紝2瀹わ紝鑺辨煴2銆傛牳鏋滄祮鏋滅姸锛岀悆褰紝鐔熸椂绾㈣壊锛岄《绔父涓洪粦鑹层€傜瀛?-3绮掋€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  閲庣敓浜庨珮灞辩亴涓涢槾婀垮湴鎴栧博鐭虫矡娑ф梺杈广€備富瑕佸垎甯冧簬瑗垮崡鍦板尯锛屾澶栵紝闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冦€佹渤鍗椾篃鏈夊垎甯冦€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鑺卞墠閲囨寲锛屾牴鐘惰寧鍜岃倝璐ㄦ牴鍒嗗埆鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  鐢ㄧ彔瀛愬弬锛堝崰70%锛夈€佺鑺傚弬姘寸厧鍓傜粰澶ч紶鍙f湇锛?0鍏?鍏枻锛夛紝瀵瑰ぇ榧犺瘯楠屾€у叧鑺傜値鍙婃鐞冭倝鑺借偪鏈夋槑鏄炬姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€傚鍨備綋-鑲句笂鑵虹郴缁熸湭瑙佹湁浣曚綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸井鑻︺€佹俯銆傛粙琛ュ己澹紝鏁g榾姝㈢棝锛屾琛€銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鐥呭悗铏氬急锛岃偤缁撴牳鍜锛岃琛€锛岄棴缁忥紝浜у悗琛€鐦€鑵圭棝锛屽瘨婀跨椆鐥涳紝璺屾墦鎹熶激銆傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿悙琛€锛氱鑺傚弬銆佺櫧鑼呮牴銆佽寽鑽夋牴銆侀害鍐€佸ぉ鍐悇10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.璺屾墦鎹熶激锛氱鑺傚弬銆佸綋褰掋€佸窛鑺庡悇10鍏嬶紝绾㈣姳銆佹浠佸悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

鐝犲瓙鍙?/font>

    涓哄悓绉戝睘妞嶇墿澶у彾涓変竷銆傞珮40-100鍘樼背銆傛牴鐘惰寧缁嗛暱锛屽集鏇叉í鍗э紝鑺傝啫澶у憟鐞冪姸鎴栫汉閿ょ姸锛岃妭闂寸粏闀挎垨鏋佺煭锛岃妭閮ㄧ敓椤荤姸鏍广€傚彾鏌勭粏闀匡紝鏈夋椂琚埡姣涳紝灏忓彾闀?/font>10-13鍘樼背锛屽5-7鍘樼背锛岃竟缂樺強涓ら潰鏁g敓鍒烘瘺銆傜瀛e紑榛勭豢鑹茶姳銆傛灉鐞冨舰锛岀啛鏃堕矞绾㈣壊銆傛澶栵紝缇藉彾涓変竷涓庝箣鍚屽姛鏁堛€?/font>

    鎬у懗鍔熻兘锛氳嫤銆佸井鐢樸€佹俯銆傜鐦€鐢熸柊锛屾鐥涙琛€銆傜敤閲?font face="Times New Roman">10-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄦ椂鐮旂矇鏁蜂激鍙c€?/font>

鍙剁О涓哄弬鍙舵垨涓冨彾锛屾湁鐢熸触姝㈡复鍔熻兘锛屾不鏆戠儹浼ゆ触锛屽ご鏅曠洰鐪┿€?/span>

 

 

鐧惧悎

鍒悕  閲庣櫨鍚堛€佸枃鍙瓛銆佸北鐧惧悎銆佽嵂鐧惧悎銆佸鐧惧悎

鏉ユ簮  涓虹櫨鍚堢鐧惧悎灞炴鐗╃櫨鍚圠ilium brownii F. E. Brown var. viridulum Baker.鍗蜂腹L.lancifolium Thunb.缁嗗彾鐧惧悎L. pumilum DC.,浠ラ碁鑼庡叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.鐧惧悎锛氬骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛岄珮70-150鍘樼背銆傞碁鑼庣悆褰紝娣$櫧鑹诧紝鍏舵毚闇查儴鍒嗗甫绱壊锛屽厛绔碁鍙跺父寮€鏀惧鑿忚姳鐘讹紝闀?.5-5鍘樼背锛岀洿寰?-5鍘樼背锛屼笅闈㈢敓澶氭暟椤绘牴銆傝寧鍦嗘煴褰紝鐩寸珛锛屼笉鍒嗘灊锛屽厜婊戞棤姣涳紝甯稿甫绱鑹叉枒鐐广€傚彾浜掔敓锛屾棤鏌勶紝鎶拡褰㈣嚦妞渾鎶拡褰紝闀?-15鍘樼背锛屽1.5-2鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴娓愮獎锛屽叏缂樻垨寰尝鐘讹紝骞宠鑴?鏉°€?-7鏈堝紑鑺憋紝鑺卞ぇ锛屾瀬棣欙紝鍗曠敓浜庤寧椤讹紝灏戞湁涓€鏈典互涓婅€咃紝鑺辨闀?-10鍘樼背锛岃姳琚紡鏂楃姸锛岀櫧鑹茶€岃儗甯﹁鑹诧紝瑁傜墖6锛屽悜澶栧紶寮€鎴栫◢鍙嶅嵎锛岄暱13-20鍘樼背锛屽2.5-3.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔皷锛屽熀閮ㄦ笎绐勶紝闆勮晩6锛岃姳涓濈粏闀匡紝瀛愭埧涓婁綅锛岃姳鏌辩粏闀匡紝鏌卞ご3鍒椼€傝挻鏋滄湁澶氭暟绉嶅瓙锛岀瀛愭墎骞筹紝鍥翠互涓夎褰㈢繀銆?/span>

2.鍗蜂腹锛氶碁鑼庡嵉鍦嗘墎鐞冨舰銆傝寧琚櫧姣涖€傝姳姗欑孩鑹诧紝鏈夌传榛戣壊鐐癸紝鑺辫鐗囧己鐑堝鍗凤紝闆勮晩浼稿嚭鏋侀暱銆?/span>

3.缁嗗彾鐧惧悎锛氬彾瀵嗛泦锛岀獎鏉″舰锛屽1-3姣背锛岃姳淇瀭锛岃姳琚悜澶栧弽鍗凤紝椴滅孩鑹叉垨绱孩鑹诧紝鍐呴潰鏃犳殫绱壊鏂戠偣銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯鑽夊湴锛屾灄杈瑰強婀挎鼎鑲ユ矁鍦熷¥涓娿€傜櫨鍚堝垎甯冧簬涓滃寳銆佽タ鍖楀強灞变笢銆佹渤鍖楃瓑鍦般€傚嵎涓瑰垎甯冧簬娌冲寳銆侀檿瑗裤€佺敇鑲冦€佸北涓溿€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佹渤鍗椼€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗椼€佽タ钘忕瓑鐪佸尯锛屽鏈夋牻鍩广€傜粏鍙剁櫨鍚堝垎甯冧簬涓滃寳銆佽タ鍖椼€佸崕鍖楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  绉嬪閲囨敹锛岄碁鑼庝笂妯垏涓€鍒€锛岄碁鐗囧嵆鏁e紑锛屽紑姘寸儷鎴栬捀5-10鍒嗛挓锛岃繀閫熸崬鍑猴紝娲楀噣鍘荤矘娑诧紝鎽婂紑鏅掑共銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸钩銆傛鼎鑲烘鍜筹紝瀹佸績瀹夌銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡斤紝鐥颁腑甯﹁锛岀缁忚“寮憋紝蹇冪儲涓嶅畨銆傜敤閲?-15鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡姐€佸挴琛€锛堢櫨鍚堝浐閲戞堡锛夛細鐧惧悎25鍏嬶紝楹﹀啲銆佺巹鍙傘€佽妽鑽悇10鍏嬶紝鐢熷湴榛?2鍏嬶紝鐔熷湴榛?0鍏嬶紝褰撳綊銆佺敇鑽夈€佹姊楀悇5鍏嬶紝璐濇瘝6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.浣撹櫄鍜冲椊锛氱櫨鍚?0鍏嬶紝鐓儌锛屽姞绯栭鐢紝濡傜棸涓甫琛€锛岀櫨鍚?5鍏嬶紝鐧藉強10鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.绁炵粡琛板急锛屽績鐑︼紝蹇冩厡锛屽け鐪狅細鐧惧悎15鍏嬶紝鐭ユ瘝6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

娉細鐧惧悎灞炲绉嶆鐗╃殑槌炶寧鍙綔鐧惧悎鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

 

 

鐧借姩

鍒悕  鐧芥牴銆佸湴铻轰笣銆佺櫧楦″効銆佺櫧楦″▋銆佽繛鍙婅崏銆佺緤瑙掍竷

鏉ユ簮  涓哄叞绉戠櫧鑺ㄥ睘妞嶇墿鐧借姩Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb. F.鐙彾鐧借姩B. ochracea Schltr.,浠ュ潡鑼庡叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-60鍘樼背銆傚湴涓嬪潡鑼庢墎鍦嗗舰鎴栦笉瑙勫垯鑿卞舰锛岃倝璐紝榛勭櫧鑹诧紝鐢熸湁澶氭暟椤绘牴锛屽父鏁颁釜骞剁敓锛屽叾涓婃樉鏈夊涓悓蹇冪幆鍨嬪彾鐥曪紝褰技楦$溂锛屽張璞¤灪涓濄€傚彾3-6鐗囷紝鎶拡褰㈡垨骞挎姭閽堝舰锛岄暱15-40鍘樼背锛屽2.5-5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栵紝鍩洪儴涓嬪欢鎴愰灅鐘舵姳鑼庛€傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝鎬荤姸鑺卞簭椤剁敓锛屽父鏈夎姳3-8鏈碉紝鑻炵墖闀垮渾鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛岄暱2-3鍘樼背锛岃姳娣$传绾㈣壊锛岃姳鐡d笉鏁撮綈锛屽叾涓湁涓€杈冨ぇ鑰呭舰濡傚攪鐘讹紝鍊掑嵉闀垮渾褰紝3娴呰锛屼腑瑁傜墖鏈夌毐绾癸紝涓ぎ鏈夎ざ鐗?鏉°€傝挻鏋滅汉閿ょ姸锛岄暱绾?.5鍘樼背锛屾湁6鏉$旱妫便€?/span>

    2.鐙彾鐧借姩锛氳繎鍓嶇銆傝姳鐧借壊鎴栨贰榛勮壊锛屽彾鏉$姸鎶拡褰紝瀹介€氬父涓嶅埌2.5鍘樼背銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞卞潯鑽変笡涓強鐤忔灄涓嬶紝鍚勫湴浜︽湁鏍藉煿銆傚垎甯冧簬鍗庝笢銆佸崕鍗楀強闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冦€佸洓宸濄€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鍒濆啲閲囨寲锛屽紑姘村唴鐓嚦閫忓績锛堢害10鍒嗛挓锛夛紝鎾炲幓澶栫毊锛屾檼骞层€傛垨瓒侀矞鍒囩墖锛屾檼骞层€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.姝㈣瀹為獙锛氬皢鐙楄倽鍙舵垨鑴惧ぇ閮ㄥ垎鍒囬櫎锛屽厰澶ц吙鑲岃倝浣滄í琛屽垏鏂紝鍏堝皢杈冨ぇ鍔ㄨ剦缁撴墡锛屽啀浠ョ櫧鑺ㄦ按娴稿嚭鐗╄鐩栧垱闈紝鍙嚜琛岀矘鐫€锛屽嚭琛€绔嬪嵆鍋滄銆?.灏嗙櫧鑺ㄦ恫娉ㄥ叆铔欒寰幆鍚庯紝鍙槸鏈ⅱ琛€绠″唴鐨勮缁嗚優鍑濋泦銆傜梾鐞嗗垏鐗囪鐧借姩瀵圭粍缁囩殑灞€閮ㄥ弽搴旀€у緢灏忥紝妞嶅叆鍚庣殑绗笁澶╁彲瑙佹帴瑙︾殑鍒涢潰绾?鍘樼背鍐呮墍鏈夎绠″潎褰㈡垚鏍撳鐜拌薄锛屾鍏ュ悗鐨勭浜斿ぉ宸﹀彸鍙鍚告敹銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佺敇銆佸噳銆傝ˉ鑲烘琛€锛屾秷鑲跨敓鑲屻€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍稿挸琛€锛屾敮姘旂鎵╁紶鍜锛岃儍婧冪枴鍚愯锛屽翱琛€锛屼究琛€锛屽鐢ㄦ不澶栦激鍑鸿锛岀儳鐑激銆傜敤閲忥細6-15鍏嬶紝鎴栫爺绮夊悶3-6鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岀爺绮夋垨椴滃搧鎹g儌鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛氱櫧鑺ㄣ€佸窛璐濇瘝銆佺櫨鍚堝悇绛夐噺锛屽叡鐮旂粏绮夛紝姣忔鏈?鍏嬶紝姣忔棩2-3娆°€?/span>

2.鏀皵绠℃墿寮犲挴琛€锛岃偤缁撴牳鍜锛氱櫧鑺ㄣ€佹捣铻佃浉銆佷笁涓冨悇180鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗙矇锛屾瘡鏈?0鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3娆°€?/span>

3.鍜锛屽悙琛€锛屼究琛€锛氱櫧鑺ㄣ€佸湴姒嗗悇2鏂わ紝浠欓工鑽?0鏂わ紝灏嗙櫧鍙娿€佸湴姒嗙爺绮夛紝浠欓工鑽夌啲鑶忥紝娣峰悎锛屽埗鎴愰绮掑帇鐗囪姩鍙婄爺绮夛紝姣忔鏈?鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3娆°€?/span>

 

 

鐢橀湶瀛?/font>

鍒悕  瀹濆鑿溿€佸湴铓曘€佽崏鐭宠殨銆佸湡浜哄弬銆佸湴鐗墰鑽?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓哄攪褰㈢姘磋嫃灞炴鐗╃敇闇插瓙Stachys sieboldi Miq.,浠ュ叏鑽夋垨鍧楄寧鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂樿揪60鍘樼背銆傞€氫綋琚煭姣涳紝鍩洪儴鏈夊實鍖愭灊锛屽實鍖愭灊鐨勪笅绔湁鐧借壊铻轰笣褰㈣倝璐ㄥ潡鑼庛€傝寧鍥涙1褰紝妫变笂鏈夊€掔敓鐨勯暱鍒烘瘺銆傚彾瀵圭敓锛屽彾鏌勯暱1-5鍘樼背锛屽彾鐗囧嵉褰㈡垨妞渾闀垮嵉褰紝闀?-10鍘樼背锛屽1.5-6鍘樼背锛屽厛绔笎灏栨垨鎬ュ皷锛屽熀閮ㄥ績褰㈡垨杩戝渾褰紝杈圭紭鏈夊渾閿娇锛屼袱闈㈡湁闀挎煍姣涖€傚瀛e紑娣$孩绱壊鑺憋紝鑻炵墖鎶拡褰紝涓ら潰鏈夐暱鏌旀瘺锛岃疆浼炶姳搴?-6杞湪鏋濇ⅱ闆嗘垚绐勯暱闂存柇鍋囩鐘惰姳搴忥紝灏忚姳姊楀熀閮ㄦ湁涓€瀵硅劚钀芥€у垰姣涚姸灏忚嫗鐗囷紝鑺辫惣浜屽攪褰紝澶栬鑵烘瘺锛岃姳鍐犱簩鍞囧舰锛屼笂鍞囩獎闀挎柟褰紝涓嬪攪3瑁傦紝鏈夋枒鐐癸紝闆勮晩2寮猴紝鑺辨煴鏋侀暱锛屾煴澶?瑁傘€?灏忓潥鏋滈粦鑹诧紝鍖呬簬瀹胯惣鍐呫€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞辨矡闃存箍鍦版垨鏈夋按涔嬪銆傚垎甯冧簬瑗垮寳鍙婃渤鍖椼€佸北瑗裤€佹睙鑻忋€佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佹箹鍗椼€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炵瓑鍦般€傚悇鍦伴€氬父鏍藉煿銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  澶忋€佺瀛i噰鏀跺叏鑽夛紝绉嬪鎸栧潡鑼庯紝椴滅敤鎴栨檼骞插鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸钩銆傜椋庣儹鍒╂箍锛屾椿琛€鏁g榾锛岃ˉ涓泭姘斻€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  榛勭柛锛屽翱璺劅鏌擄紝椋庣儹鎰熷啋锛岃偤缁撴牳锛岀缁忚“寮憋紝鐥呭悗浣撹櫄锛屽鐢ㄦ不鐤瘨鑲跨棝锛岃泧铏挰浼ゃ€傜敤閲?-15鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ矞鏍硅寧閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆備笉瀹滅敓椋熷椋熴€備笌璇搁奔鍚岄浠や汉鍚愩€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹棬锛氱敇闇插瓙鏍?20鍏嬶紝鐐栫尓鑲猴紝甯稿悆銆?/span>

2.椋庣儹鎰熷啋锛氱敇闇插瓙鍏ㄨ崏60鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

娴疯妺

鍒悕  鐥曡妺澶淬€佺嫾姣掋€侀噹鑺嬪ご銆佸北鑺嬪ご銆佸ぇ铏妺銆佸ぉ鑺嬨€佸ぉ钂?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓哄ぉ鍗楁槦绉戞捣鑺嬪睘妞嶇墿娴疯妺Alocasia odora (Roxb.) K. Koch.,浠ユ牴鐘惰寧鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻倝璐ㄥぇ鑽夋湰锛岄珮鍙揪5绫炽€傛牴鐘惰寧鑲夎川绮楀.锛屽渾鏌卞舰锛岄暱鍙揪30鍘樼背锛岀矖鍙揪10鍘樼背锛屽鐨尪瑜愯壊銆傚彾鏋佸ぇ锛岃繎闈╄川锛屽彾鏌勭矖澹紝闀?0-90鍘樼背锛屼笅閮ㄦ墿澶ц€屾姳鑼庯紝鍙剁墖绠姸瀹藉嵉褰紝闀?0-90鍘樼背锛屽20-60鍘樼背锛屽厛绔煭灏栨垨閽濓紝鍩洪儴蹇冪姸绠舰锛屽彾缂樻祬娉㈢姸锛屼晶鑴?-12瀵癸紝涓婇潰浜豢鑹层€傛槬鏈鍒濈敱涓€鍙惰厠鍐呴暱鍑?-2涓倝绌楄姳搴忥紝澶栧洿绮夌豢鑹插憟鑸熺姸鐨勪經鐒拌嫗鎵€鍖呭洿锛岃姳鍗曟€э紝闆岄泟鍚屾牚锛屾棤鑺辫锛屽父鏈夎嚟姘斻€傛祮鏋滄湵绾㈣壊鑷崇传绾㈣壊锛岃繎鐞冨舰锛屽瘑鎺掍簬鑲夌鑺卞簭涓娿€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬灞辫胺鐤忔灄涓嬬殑闃存箍澶勩€佹按娌熻竟鎴栨潙搴勯檮杩戣偉娌冨湴涓娿€傚垎甯冧簬绂忓缓銆佸彴婀俱€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓滃強姹熻タ銆佹箹鍗椼€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗楃殑鍗楅儴銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍏ㄥ勾鍙噰锛屽墺鍘诲灞傜矖鐨€傛湰鍝佹湁姣掞紝椤荤敤澶х背鐐掕嚦鐒﹂粍锛屼箙鐓庯紙2灏忔椂浠ヤ笂锛夊幓姣掞紝鏂硅兘鍐呮湇銆傚惁鍒欏紩璧疯垖鑲块夯鏈紝鐢氳嚦鏈変腑鏋㈢缁忎腑姣掔棁鐘讹紝杞昏€呭彲鐢ㄧ背閱嬫垨鐢熷瑙f瘨銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  寰緵銆佹订銆佸瘨锛屾湁姣掋€傛竻鐑В姣掞紝娑堣偪銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎰熷啋锛岃偤缁撴牳锛岃偁浼ゅ瘨锛岃泧铏挰浼わ紝鐤枴鑲挎瘨銆傜敤閲?0-15鍏嬶紝椴滃搧30-60鍏嬨€備箙鐓庡悗鏂硅兘鍐呮湇銆傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e锛屼絾涓嶈兘鏁锋甯哥毊鑲ゃ€備笉鑳戒笌瀵嗛檧鍍у悓鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.娴佽鎬ф劅鍐掞細椴滄捣鑺嬫牴鐘惰寧10鏂わ紝鍘荤毊娲楀噣锛屽垏鎴愯杽鐗囷紝鐢ㄥぇ绫?20鍏嬶紝椋熺洂15鍏嬶紝娣峰悎鍏ラ攨锛屾€ョ伀鐐掕嚦澶х背鎴愭榛戣壊锛屽姞姘?0鏂わ紝鐓哺2灏忔椂锛岃繃婊ゃ€傞闃诧細姣忔棩1娆★紝姣忔150姣崌锛岃繛鏈?澶┿€傛不鐤楋細姣忔棩2娆★紝姣忔150姣崌銆?/span>

2.鑲虹粨鏍革細娴疯妺鏍圭姸鑼庡共鐗?鏂わ紝鍔犳按10鏂わ紝涔呯厧鑷?鏂ゆ椂杩囨护锛屽啀娴撶缉鑷?鏂わ紝鍔犲叆閫傞噺鐨勭硸銆傛瘡娆℃湇10-15姣崌锛屾瘡鏃?娆★紝灏忓効閰屽噺锛?5-30澶╀负涓€鐤楃▼銆?/span>

 

 

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鍒悕  鍐姳

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戞鍐睘妞嶇墿娆惧啲Tussilago farfara L.锛屼互鑺辫暰鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-25鍘樼背銆傚彾鍩虹敓锛屽叿闀挎焺锛屽彾鐗囧渾蹇冨舰鎴栬偩蹇冨舰锛岄暱7-10鍘樼背锛屽10-15鍘樼背锛屽厛绔繎鍦嗗舰鎴栭挐灏栵紝鍩洪儴蹇冨舰锛岃竟缂樻湁娉㈢姸鐤忛娇锛屼笂闈㈡殫缁胯壊锛屽厜婊戞棤姣涳紝涓嬮潰瀵嗙敓鐧借壊鑼告瘺锛屽叿鎺岀姸缃戣剦銆傝姳鍐鍏堝彾寮€鏀撅紝鑺辫懚鏁版灊锛岄珮5-10鍘樼背锛岃鑼告瘺锛岃嫗鍙舵き鍦嗗舰锛屾贰绱鑹诧紝10浣欑墖锛屽瘑鎺ヤ簰鐢熶簬鑺辫懚涓婏紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭鍗曚竴椤剁敓锛屾€昏嫗鐗?0-30鐗囷紝鎺掓垚1-2灞傦紝琚尭姣涳紝杈硅姳鑸岀姸锛岄泴鎬э紝闆岃晩1涓紝瀛愭埧涓嬩綅锛屼腑澶姳绠$姸锛岄泟鎬э紝鑺卞啝鍏堢5瑁傦紝闆勮晩5锛岃仛鑽€傜槮鏋滈暱妞渾褰紝鏈夋槑鏄剧旱妫憋紝鍏峰啝姣涖€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬娌宠竟娌欏湴鎴栨牻鍩广€傚垎甯冧簬鍗庡寳銆佽タ鍖楀強娌冲崡銆佹箹鍖椼€佸洓宸濄€佽タ钘忕瓑鍦板尯銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍦?2鏈堣姳灏氭湭鍑哄湡鏃舵寲鍙栬姳钑撅紝涓嶅疁鐢ㄦ墜鎽稿拰姘存礂锛屼互鍏嶅彉鑹诧紝鏀鹃€氶澶勯槾骞诧紝寰呭崐骞叉椂绛涘幓娉ュ湡锛屽幓鍑€鑺辨锛屽啀鏅捐嚦鍏ㄥ共銆傝繃绋嬩腑涓嶅疁鏃ユ檼銆佺敤鎵嬬炕鍔紝骞惰闃插啺鍐伙紝鍚﹀垯浼氬彂榛戙€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.灏忛紶瀹為獙缁撴灉琛ㄦ槑锛屾鍐姳鏈夐晣鍜充綔鐢ㄣ€?.娆惧啲鑺遍啔鎻愬彇鐗╁缁勭粐鑳哄紩璧风殑鏀皵绠$棄鎸涚殑瑙g棄鏁堝姏涓嶅姘ㄨ尪纰辩‘瀹炪€?.娆惧啲鑺遍啔鎻愬彇鐗╃粰鍔ㄧ墿娉ㄥ皠鏈夊叴濂嬪懠鍚哥殑浣滅敤锛屽苟鑳界淮鎸佷竴瀹氭椂闂淬€傝繖绉嶅懠鍚稿叴濂嬬殑浣滅敤鍙鍏儍瀛i摰鍑忓急銆?.娆惧啲鑺辨彁鍙栨恫鍜岀厧鍓傜粰楹婚唹鐚€佸厰浣滈潤鑴夋敞灏勶紝瀵硅鍘嬬殑褰卞搷琛ㄧ幇涓轰笁涓椂鐩革細鍏堝憟鐭殏寰檷锛岃繀鍛堟€ュ墽涓婂崌锛岀劧鍚庣淮鎸佷竴娈垫椂闂寸殑楂樿鍘嬨€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佺敇銆佹俯銆傛鼎鑲恒€佸寲鐥般€佹鍜炽€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鎬ャ€佹參鎬ф敮姘旂鐐庯紝鑲虹粨鏍革紝鍜冲椊锛屾皵鍠橈紝娑堟复銆傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鍜冲椊姘斿枠锛氭鍐姳銆佹潖浠併€佹鐧界毊鍚?0鍏嬶紝鐭ユ瘝銆佽礉姣嶅悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鍜冲椊锛岀棸涓甫琛€锛氭鍐姳銆佺櫨鍚堝悇125鍏嬶紝鍒惰湝涓革紝姣忔湇10鍏嬶紝姣忔棩2娆★紝寮€姘撮€佹湇銆?/span>

3.鎱㈡€ф皵绠$値锛屽挸鍡戒笉姝細铚滅倷

娆惧啲鑺遍€傞噺锛岃鍏ョ儫鏂椾腑褰撶儫鍚搞€?/span>

4.鍙d腑鐤崇柈锛氭鍐姳銆侀粍杩炵瓑鍒嗕负鏈紝鐢ㄥ斁娲ヨ皟鎴愰ゼ锛屽厛浠ヨ泧搴婂瓙鐓庢堡鍡藉彛锛屼箖浠ラゼ缂氫箣锛屽皯椤风珛娑堛€?/span>

娉細闄曡タ銆侀潚娴风瓑鍦颁互鑿婄铚傛枟鑿滃睘妞嶇墿铚傛枟鑿滄垨姣涜铚傛枟鑿滆姳钑句綔娆惧啲鑺辩敤銆?/span>

 

 

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鍒悕  鍗㈡

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿敺钖囩鏋囨澐灞炴鐗╂瀲鏉稥riobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.,浠ュ彾銆佹牴銆佹牳鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  甯哥豢灏忎箶鏈紝楂?-10绫筹紝灏忔灊绮楀.锛屽瘑琚攬鑹茬粧姣涖€傚崟鍙朵簰鐢燂紝闈╄川锛屽€掑嵉鐘舵姭閽堝舰鎴栫煩鐘舵き鍦嗗舰锛屽彾鐗囩敋澶э紝闀?2-30鍘樼背锛屽3-9鍘樼背锛屽厛绔煭娓愬皷锛屽熀閮ㄦ褰紝涓嬪欢鎴愪笉鏄庢樉鐨勬焺锛屼笂閮ㄨ竟缂樼枏鐢熸祬榻匡紝涓婇潰娣辩豢鑹诧紝澶氱毐銆佹湁鍏夋辰锛屼笅闈㈣閿堣壊姣涳紝浠ヨ剦涓婁负澶氾紝缇界姸渚ц剦12-21瀵癸紝浜庝笅闈㈡槑鏄剧獊鍑恒€傚銆佺寮€鑺憋紝鍦嗛敟鑺卞簭椤剁敓锛屽瘑琚攬鑹茬粧姣涳紝鑺卞瘑闆嗭紝鑺辫惣澹跺舰锛?娴呰锛岃姳鍐犳贰榛勭櫧鑹诧紝鐩村緞绾?.5鍘樼背锛?瑁傦紝鑺辩摚鍗靛舰鑷虫き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱绾?姣背锛岄泟钑?0浣欎釜锛岃姳鏌?鏉★紝绂荤敓銆傛ⅷ鏋滅悆褰㈡垨妞渾褰紝鐩村緞2-5鍘樼背锛屾榛勮壊銆傜瀛?-5绮掞紝鎵佸渾褰紝娣辨鑹诧紝鍏変寒銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍘熶骇鍥涘窛灞卞湴锛岀幇澶氫负鏍藉煿銆傚垎甯冧簬闄曡タ銆佺敇鑲冦€佹睙鑻忋€佸畨寰姐€佹禉姹熴€佹睙瑗裤€佺寤恒€佹渤鍗椼€佹箹鍖椼€佹箹鍗椼€佸箍瑗裤€佸箍涓溿€佸洓宸濄€佽吹宸炪€佷簯鍗楃瓑鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍥涘鍙噰鏀讹紝涓€鑸槬鏈噰椴滃彾銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎵€鍚嫤鏉忎粊鐢欒兘鍒嗙鍑烘阿姘伴吀锛屾湁姝㈠挸銆侀晣鐥涗綔鐢ㄣ€?.鑻︽潖浠佺敊姘磋В浜х敓鑻敳閱涘湪娑堝寲閬撳唴鏈夋姂鍒堕叺姣嶇殑浣滅敤銆?.鏋囨澐鍙剁殑娌硅剛璐ㄦ湁杞诲害绁涚棸浣滅敤銆?.鍔ㄧ墿瀹為獙璇佹槑鏋囨澐鍙舵按鐓庢恫鏈夋姂鑿屻€佸钩鍠樸€佺鐥颁綔鐢ㄣ€?.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氭瀲鏉峰彾鎻愬彇鐗╁鐧借壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆侀噾榛勮壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆佽偤鐐庡弻鐞冭弻銆佺姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屽潎鏈夋槑鏄剧殑鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佸钩銆傚寲鐥版鍜筹紝鍜岃儍闄嶆皵銆傛瀲鏉锋牴锛氳嫤銆佸钩锛屾竻鑲烘鍜筹紝闀囩棝涓嬩钩銆備富娌昏偤缁撴牳鍜冲椊锛岄婀跨瓔楠ㄧ柤鐥涳紝涔虫眮涓嶉€氥€傜敤閲?-30鍏嬨€傛瀲鏉锋牳锛氳嫤銆佸瘨锛岀枏鑲濈悊姘旓紝涓绘不鐤濈棝锛屾穻宸寸粨缁撴牳锛屽挸鍡姐€傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鏀皵绠$値锛岃偤鐑挸鍠橈紝鑳冪儹鍛曞悙銆傜敤閲忥細5-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鏀皵绠$値锛氭瀲鏉峰彾銆侀噹鑿婅姳鍚?5鍏嬶紝鐧借寘鏍广€佹棻鑾茶崏銆佹煆瀛愪粊鍚?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶏紝姣忔棩1鍓傘€?/span>

2.鎱㈡€ф皵绠$値锛氭瀲鏉峰彾2.1鍏嬶紝榛勮姫銆侀檲鐨悇1.3鍏嬶紝鐐檮瀛愩€佺櫧鑺嶃€佺倷鐢樿崏鍚?.9鍏嬶紝鑲夋銆佸共濮滃悇0.84鍏嬶紝浠ヤ笂涓轰竴鏃ラ噺锛屽叡涓虹粏绮夛紝鍒舵垚涓革紝姣忔棩鍒?娆℃湇锛岃繛鏈?涓湀銆?/span>

3.鐧炬棩鍜筹細鈶犳瀲鏉峰彾2鏂わ紝鐧鹃儴2鏂わ紝鐧借寘鏍?鏂わ紝澶ц挏澶?鏂わ紝涓濈摐缁滃崐鏂わ紝娓呮按25鏂わ紝鐓庤嚦8鏂わ紝姣忔鏈嶄竴鑼舵澂锛屾棩3娆°€傗憽鏋囨澐鍙?5鍏嬶紝妗戠櫧鐨?5鍏嬶紝鍦伴鐨?0鍏嬶紝鐢樿崏3鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鎰熷啋鍜冲椊锛氭瀲鏉峰彾15鍏嬶紝绱嫃15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

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鏉ユ簮  涓虹櫨鍚堢澶╅棬鍐睘妞嶇墿澶╅棬鍐珹sparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.,浠ュ潡鏍瑰叆鑽€?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熸攢鎻磋棨鏈紝鍏ㄤ綋鍏夋粦鏃犳瘺銆傚潡鏍硅倝璐紝涓涚敓锛岄暱妞渾褰㈡垨绾洪敜褰紝闀?-10鍘樼背锛屽鐨伆榛勮壊銆傝寧缁嗛暱锛屽父鎵洸锛岄暱1-2绫筹紝鏈夊緢澶氬垎鏋濓紝鍙剁姸鏋濆父2-4涓涚敓锛屾墎骞宠€屽叿妫憋紝鏉″舰鎴栫嫮鏉″舰锛岄暱1-2.5鍘樼背锛屽皯鏁拌揪3鍘樼背锛屽1姣背宸﹀彸锛岀暐浼哥洿鎴栫◢寮洸锛屽厛绔埡閽堢姸锛屽彾閫€鍖栨垚槌炵墖鐘讹紝鍦ㄤ富鑼庝笂鍙樻垚涓嬪集鐨勭煭鍒恒€傚瀛e紑榛勭櫧鑹叉垨鐧借壊鑺憋紝鑺辨潅鎬э紝1-3鏈典笡鐢燂紝涓嬪瀭锛岃姳姊椾腑閮ㄦ湁鍏宠妭锛岃姳琚?鐗囷紝鎺掓垚浜岃疆锛岄泟钑?锛岀潃鐢熶簬鑺辫绠″熀閮紝鑺辫嵂鎴愪竵瀛楀舰锛屽瓙鎴?瀹わ紝鏌卞ご3宀愩€傛祮鏋滅悆褰紝鐔熸椂绾㈣壊锛岀瀛?绮掋€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鐢熶簬闃存箍灞遍噹鏋楄竟銆佸北鍧¤崏涓涗腑鎴栦笜闄靛湴甯︾亴鏈ㄤ笡涓€傛垜鍥藉崕鍗椼€佽タ鍗椼€佸崕涓強娌冲崡銆佸北涓滄湁鍒嗗竷銆?nbsp;

閲囬泦瀛h妭  绔嬬鍚庨噰鎸栥€傛礂鍑€锛屽幓椤绘牴锛屽ぇ灏忔潯鍒嗗紑鐓紝鐓嚦澶栫毊鑳藉墺涓嬫椂鎹炲嚭锛岃秮鐑幓澶栫毊锛屾檼骞叉垨鐑樺共锛屾垚鍝佹潯鑲ュ帤锛岃壊榛勪寒銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鎵€鍚ぉ闂ㄥ啲閰拌兒锛岀粡鍔ㄧ墿瀹為獙鏈夐晣鍜崇鐥颁綔鐢ㄣ€?.鎶戣弻璇曢獙锛氭湰鍝佹按鐓庡墏瀵归噾榛勮壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆佺豢鑴撴潌鑿屻€佽偤鐐庡弻鐞冭弻鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸井鑻︺€佸瘨銆傚吇闃存竻鐑紝娑︾嚗鐢熸触锛屾鍜冲寲鐥般€?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹粨鏍革紝姘旂鐐庯紝鐧藉枆锛岀櫨鏃ュ挸锛屽彛鐕ュ捊骞诧紝鐑梾鍙f复锛岀硸灏跨梾锛屽ぇ渚跨嚗缁擄紝澶栫敤娌荤柈鐤¤偪姣掞紝铔囧挰浼ゃ€傜敤閲?-10鍏嬶紝澶栫敤閫傞噺锛岄矞鍝佹崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡斤紝骞插挸鎴栫棸涓甫琛€锛屼笅鍗堜綆鐑э紝澶滅湢鍑烘睏锛氬ぉ鍐?5鍏嬶紝鐢熷湴榛勩€佹矙鍙傚悇12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鐧炬棩鍜筹細澶╁啲銆侀害鍐€佺櫨閮ㄣ€佺摐钂屽悇6鍏嬶紝闄堢毊銆佽礉姣嶅悇3鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鏃╂湡涔崇檶锛氶矞澶╁啲鎹g姒ㄦ眮锛屾瘡娆℃湇姹佺浉褰撲簬椴滃搧90鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3娆★紝楗墠鍏戦€傞噺榛勯厭鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鑲虹儹鍜宠锛屽唴浼ゅ悙琛€锛氬ぉ鍐?0-15鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

5.鐥ㄧ儹鍜冲椊锛氬ぉ鍐€侀害鍐悇10鍏嬶紝榛勭簿12鍏嬶紝鐭ユ瘝6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

6.鏃犲悕鑲挎瘨锛氬ぉ鍐崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

7.蹇冪儲锛氬ぉ鍐€侀害鍐悇15鍏嬶紝姘存潹鏌?0鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

8.铔囧挰浼わ細澶╁啲鍙躲€佸ぇ钂溿€侀泟榛勫悇閫傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

 

 

澶ц摕

鍒悕  澶у埡鍎胯彍銆佸ぇ鍒虹洊銆佽€佽檸鑴枫€佸北钀濆崪銆佸埡钀濆崪銆侀浮姣嶅埡銆佸ぇ鎭堕浮濠?/span>

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿強绉戣摕灞炴鐗╁ぇ钃烠irsium japonicum DC.锛屼互鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝楂?0-100鍘樼背锛屾牴闀垮渾閿ュ舰锛岀皣鐢熴€傝寧鐩寸珛锛屾湁缁嗙旱绾癸紝鍩洪儴鍏风櫧鑹蹭笣鐘舵瘺锛屽熀鐢熷彾鏈夋焺锛屽紑鑺辨椂涓嶅噵钀斤紝鎴愯幉搴х姸锛屽彾鐗囧€掓姭閽堝舰鎴栧€掑嵉鐘舵き鍦嗗舰锛岄暱12-30鍘樼背锛岀窘鐘舵繁瑁傦紝瑁傜墖5-6瀵癸紝杈圭紭榻跨姸锛岄娇绔湁灏栧埡锛屼笂闈㈢豢鑹诧紝鐤忕敓涓濈姸姣涳紝涓嬮潰鐏扮豢鑹诧紝鑴変笂鏈夋瘺锛屼腑閮ㄥ彾鏃犳焺锛屽熀閮ㄦ姳鑼庯紝缇界姸娣辫锛岃竟缂樻湁鍒猴紝涓婇儴鍙舵笎灏忋€傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝澶寸姸鑺卞簭鍗曚竴锛屾垨鏁颁釜鐢熶簬鏋濈闆嗘垚鍦嗛敟鐘讹紝鎬昏嫗閽熷舰锛岄暱1.5-2鍘樼背锛屽2.5-4鍘樼背锛岃铔涗笣鐘舵瘺锛岃嫗鐗囬暱鎶拡褰紝澶氬眰銆傝姳涓ゆ€э紝绠$姸锛岀传绾㈣壊锛岃鐗?锛岄泟钑?锛岃姳鑽《绔湁闄勫睘鐗囷紝鍩洪儴鏈夊熬銆傜槮鏋滈暱妞渾褰紝闀跨害3姣背锛屽啝姣涚窘鐘讹紝鏆楃伆鑹层€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  閲庣敓浜庡北鍧°€佽矾鏃佺瓑鍦版柟銆傛垜鍥藉崡鍖楀悇鐪佸尯鍧囨湁鍒嗗竷銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  鏄ャ€佸寮€鑺卞墠杩炴牴鎸栧彇銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.姘寸厧鍓傘€佷箼閱?姘存蹈鍓傘€佷箼閱囨蹈鍓傚鐙椼€佸厰鏈夐夯閱夊拰闄嶄綆琛€鍘嬬殑浣滅敤銆?.姘寸厧鍓傚湪1锛?000娴撳害鏃惰兘鎶戝埗浜哄瀷缁撴牳鏉嗚弻鐢熼暱锛屼箼閱囨蹈鍓?锛?0000鏃朵粛鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?.鏈搧瀵硅剳鑶滅値鐞冭弻銆佺櫧鍠夋潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鐢樸€佸噳銆傚噳琛€姝㈣锛屾暎鐦€娑堣偪銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  琛勮銆佸挴琛€銆佸悙琛€銆佸翱琛€銆佸姛鑳芥€у瓙瀹嚭琛€銆佷骇鍚庡嚭琛€銆佽倽鐐庛€佽偩鐐庛€佷钩鑵虹値銆佽穼鎵撴崯浼ゃ€佸浼ゅ嚭琛€銆佺棃鐤栬偪姣掋€傜敤閲?5-30鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺锛屾崳鐑傛暦鎮e銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.涓婂懠鍚搁亾鍑鸿锛氬ぇ钃熸牴150鍏嬬爺绮夛紝鐧界硸30鍏嬶紝棣欐枡閫傞噺锛屾贩鍖€锛屾瘡鏈?鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3娆°€?/span>

2.鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛氬ぇ钃熴€佸皬钃熴€佽嵎鍙躲€佷晶鏌忓彾銆佽寘鏍广€佽寽鑽夈€佹爛瀛愩€佸ぇ榛勩€佷腹鐨€佹姒堝悇閫傞噺锛屽叡鐐掔⒊瀛樻€э紝鐮旂粏绮夈€傜敤鐧借棔鎹f眮锛屾垨鐢熻悵鍗滄眮璋冭嵂绮夛紝姣忔湇10-15鍏嬶紝楗悗鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鍔熻兘鎬у瓙瀹嚭琛€銆佹湀缁忚繃澶氾細澶ц摕銆佸皬钃熴€佽寽鑽夈€佺倰钂查粍鍚?0鍏嬶紝濂宠礊瀛愩€佹棻鑾茶崏鍚?2鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

4.浜у悗娴佽涓嶆锛氬ぇ钃熴€佹潐鏈ㄧ偔銆佺櫨鑽夐湝鍚?5鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽垎涓ゆ鏈嶏紝姣忔棩涓€鍓傘€?/span>

5.鎱㈡€ц偩鐐庯細澶ц摕鏍?0鍏嬶紝涓崕鐭宠崰鑻?2鍏嬶紝绉洩鑽夈€佸厲宸炲嵎鏌忋€佽溅鍓嶈崏鍚?5鍏嬶紝鍔犵尓鐦﹁倝閫傞噺锛屾按鐐栵紝鏃╂櫄鍒嗘湇銆?/span>

娉細鍚屽睘妞嶇墿杈冨锛屾湁閲庤摕銆佽檸钃熴€佺儫绠¤摕銆侀潚鍒鸿摕銆佽棌澶ц摕绛夛紝涔熶綔澶ц摕鐢ㄣ€備絾椋炲粔銆佸皬钃熶笉鍙贩娣嗭紝瀹冩琛€锛屼笉娑堣偪銆?/span>

 

 

鍦伴鐨?/font>

鍒悕  鏋告潪

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿寗绉戞灨鏉炲睘妞嶇墿鏋告潪Lycium chinense Mill.浠ユ牴鐨?鍦伴鐨?銆佹灉瀹烇紙鏋告潪瀛愶級鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  鐏屾湪锛岄珮1-2绫筹紝鍏ㄤ綋鍏夋粦鏃犳瘺銆備富鏍归暱锛屾湁鏀牴锛屽鐨粍瑜愯壊锛岀矖绯欍€傝寧澶氬垎鏀紝鏋濇潯缁嗛暱锛屽厛绔€氬父寮洸涓嬪瀭锛屽鐨伆鑹诧紝灏忔灊甯稿埡鐘躲€傚彾浜掔敓鎴栨湁鏃剁皣鐢燂紝鏈夌煭鏌勶紝鍙剁墖鍗电姸鎶拡褰㈣嚦鑿辩姸鍗靛舰锛岄暱2-6鍘樼背锛屽0.6-2.5鍘樼背锛屽厛绔皷鎴栭挐锛屽熀閮ㄧ獎妤斿舰锛屽叏缂樸€傚瀛e紑鑺憋紝鑺卞崟鐢熸垨3-5澶氱皣鐢熶簬鍙惰厠锛岃姳鍐犳紡鏂楃姸锛屾贰绱壊锛屽厛绔?瑁傦紝瑁傜墖鍩洪儴鏈夌传鑹叉潯绾癸紝绛掑唴闆勮晩鐫€鐢熷鏈夋瘺涓€杞紝闆勮晩5锛屾尯鍑鸿姳澶栵紝鑺辫嵂涓佸瓧鐘剁潃鐢燂紝鑺辩洏5瑁傦紝鍥寸粫瀛愭埧涓嬮儴锛屽瓙鎴?瀹わ紝鑺辨煴缁嗛暱浼稿嚭鑺卞銆傛祮鏋滃嵉褰㈣嚦鍗电姸闀垮渾褰紝闀?.5-2鍘樼背锛岀啛鏃舵繁绾㈣壊鑷虫绾㈣壊锛岀瀛愬鏁般€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  甯哥敓浜庡師閲庡強灞遍噹闃冲潯锛屽涓烘牻鍩广€傛垜鍥藉崡鍖楀悇鐪佸尯鍧囨湁鍒嗗竷銆?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鏄ャ€佺涓ゅ鎸栨牴锛屽墺鍙栨牴鐨€傛灉鐔熸椂閲囨灉銆?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鍦伴鐨缁撴牳鐥呭紩璧风殑浣庣儹鏈夎В鐑綔鐢紝瀵硅瘯楠屾€у彂鐑殑瀹跺厰涔熸湁鏄捐憲鐨勯€€鐑綔鐢ㄣ€?. 鍦伴鐨厞鍓傜粰楹婚唹鐘敞灏勶紝鏈夋寔涔呯ǔ瀹氱殑闄嶅帇浣滅敤锛屽悓鏃跺績鐜囧噺鎱紝鍛煎惛澧炲揩銆?. 鍦伴鐨湁闀囬潤浣滅敤銆?. 鍦伴鐨瀹跺厰鏈夌煭鏆傜殑杞诲害鐨勯檷琛€绯栦綔鐢ㄣ€?. 鍦伴鐨鍔ㄧ墿绂讳綋瀛愬鏈夋樉钁楃殑鍏村浣滅敤銆?.鎶戣弻锛氬湴楠ㄧ毊瀵归噾榛勮壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆佷激瀵掓潌鑿屻€佺敳鍨嬮檮浼ゅ瘨鏉嗚弻鍙婄姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屽潎鏈夎緝寮虹殑鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?.鏋告潪瀛愭湁闄嶄綆琛€绯栫殑浣滅敤銆?.鏋告潪瀛愭按鎻愬彇鐗╁瀹跺厰鍙湁涓灑鎬у強鏈◢鎬у壇浜ゆ劅绁炵粡鍏村浣滅敤锛屽績鑴忔姂鍒讹紝琛€鍘嬩笅闄嶃€?.鎵€鍚殑鐢滆彍纰卞彲鎵╁紶琛€绠★紝瀵硅睔榧犵浣撹偁绠℃湁鏀剁缉浣滅敤銆傝兘澧炲姞琛€娓呭強鑲濈殑纾疯剛鍚噺銆?0.鏋告潪瀛愭湁闄嶈儐鍥洪唶浣滅敤锛屾湁杞诲井鎶楁嫆瀹跺厰璇曢獙鎬у姩鑴夌播鏍风‖鍖栧舰鎴愮殑浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鍦伴鐨細鐢樸€佸瘨锛屾竻鐑€€鐑э紝鍑夎锛岄檷琛€鍘嬨€傛灨鏉炲瓙锛氱敇銆佸钩锛屾粙琛ヨ倽鑲撅紝鐩婄簿鏄庣洰銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鍦伴鐨細鑲虹粨鏍镐綆鐑紝鑲虹儹鍜冲椊锛岀硸灏跨梾锛岄珮琛€鍘嬬梾銆傜敤閲?-12鍏嬨€傛灨鏉炲瓙锛氳偩铏氱簿琛€涓嶈冻锛岃叞鑴婇吀鐥涳紝鎬х缁忚“寮憋紝澶寸洰鐪╂檿锛岃鍔涘噺閫€銆傜敤閲?-12鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.闃磋櫄娼儹锛氬湴楠ㄧ毊銆佺煡姣嶃€侀摱鏌磋儭鍚?0鍏嬶紝槌栫敳12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

2.鑲虹儹鍜冲椊锛氬湴楠ㄧ毊12鍏嬶紝妗戠櫧鐨€佺煡姣嶅悇10鍏嬶紝榛勮姪銆佺敇鑽夊悇6鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

3.鐤熺柧锛氶矞鍦伴鐨?0鍏嬶紝鑼跺彾3鍏嬶紝姘寸厧锛屽彂浣滃墠2-3灏忔椂鏈嶃€?/span>

4.鑲濊偩涓嶈冻銆佸ご鏅曠洍姹椼€佽繋椋庢祦娉細鏋告潪瀛愩€佽強鑺便€佺啛鍦般€佸北鑽悇12鍏嬶紝灞辫惛鑲夈€佷腹鐨€佹辰娉诲悇10鍏嬶紝鐓庢湇銆?/span>

5.鑲捐櫄鑵扮棝锛氭灨鏉炲瓙銆侀噾姣涚嫍鑴婂悇12鍏嬶紝姘寸厧鏈嶃€?/span>

 

 

鍏拌崏

鍒悕  鍏拌姳

鏉ユ簮  鍝佺杈冨锛屼负鍏扮鍏板睘妞嶇墿,鏈夊缓鍏般€佸鑺卞叞銆佸北鍏帮紝鍥剧墖鎵€绀轰负灞卞叞Cymbidium  goeringii (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f.锛屼互鏍规垨鍏ㄨ崏鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/font>  1.寤哄叞锛堝叓鏈堝叞锛夛細澶氬勾鐢熻崏鏈紝椤绘牴娴风坏璐紝闀跨怀鐘讹紝绋嶈偉鍘氥€傚彾涓涚敓锛屾潯鐘舵姭閽堝舰锛岄暱30-50鍘樼背锛屽7-15姣背锛岀◢鍧氭尯銆傚绉嬪紑鑺憋紝鏋佽姵棣欙紝鑺辫懚閫氬父鐣ョ煭浜庡彾锛屽熀閮ㄦ湁闉樼姸鍙?鐗囷紝绌楃姸鑺卞簭鏈夎姳3-10鏈碉紝鑻炵墖杩滆緝瀛愭埧涓虹煭锛岃姳寰?-4鍘樼背锛岃惣鐗囬暱鍦嗘姭閽堝舰锛岄暱2-2.5鍘樼背锛岀煭灏栵紝缁胯壊鎴栨贰榛勮壊锛屾湁绱壊绾挎潯锛岃姳鐡g◢灏忚€岃壊娣★紝鍞囩摚鍗电姸闀垮渾褰紝鍏ㄧ紭鎴栧井3瑁傦紝缁块粍鑹插甫绾㈡枒鎴栬鏂戙€傝挻鏋滄き鍦嗗舰銆?/span>

2.澶氳姳鍏帮紙澶忓叞銆佷節澶村叞銆佸叚鏈堝叞锛夛細澶氬勾鐢熼檮鐢熻崏鏈€傚亣槌炶寧绮楀ぇ锛岄暱鍦嗗舰锛岄』鏍逛笡鐢燂紝鑲夎川锛屾煴鐘讹紝榛勭櫧鑹层€傚彾5-6鐗囷紝涓涚敓锛屽彾鐗囬潻璐ㄥ垰纭紝鐩寸珛锛屽厛绔灞曪紝瀹芥潯褰紝闀胯揪85鍘樼背锛屽2-3鍘樼背锛屽熀閮ㄧ獎缂╂垚闉橈紝闉樺熀鎵╁ぇ锛屽彾鐗囪惤鍚庨灅涓婃湁鏄庢樉鐨勫彾鏌勭棔杩广€傚瀛e紑绾㈣鑹茶姳锛岃姵棣欙紝鑺辫懚浠庡彾涓涙娊鍑猴紝楂樼害45鍘樼背锛屾湁闉樺彾2-4鐗囷紝闀胯揪5鍘樼背锛屼笂鐢熸€荤姸鑺卞簭锛岃姳7-10鏈碉紝鑺辨杩炲瓙鎴块暱1.6-3鍘樼背锛岃嫗鐗囩敋灏忥紝涓夎褰紝鑺卞緞绾?鍘樼背锛岃惣鐗囬暱鍦嗘姭閽堝舰锛岃竟缂樼◢鍚戝悗鍗凤紝鑺辩摚鍚戜袱杈瑰紑灞曪紝鍞囩摚鐭簬鑺辫锛?瑁傦紝渚ц鐗囩洿绔嬶紝鏈夌传绾㈣壊鏂滄枒绾癸紝杈圭紭绱孩鑹诧紝涓鐗囬暱鍦嗗舰锛屽厛绔◢鍙嶆姌锛屼腑閮ㄦ湁涓ゆ潯娴呴粍鑹茶剨銆?/span>

3.灞卞叞锛堟槬鍏帮級锛氬骞寸敓鑽夋湰锛屽亣槌炶寧瀵嗛泦鎴愮皣锛屾牴澶氭暟锛岀矇鐧借壊锛岀◢鑲夎川銆傚彾涓涚敓锛岃川杈冭蒋锛岀獎鏉″舰锛岄暱20-25鍘樼背锛屽6-10姣背锛屽厛绔€ュ皷锛岃竟缂樻湁寰娇銆傛槬瀛e紑鑺憋紝鑺辫懚杈冪煭锛岄珮10-25鍘樼背锛岃姳鍗曠敓锛岄粍缁胯壊绋嶅甫绱壊鏂戠汗锛岃惣鐗囩嫮鐭╁渾褰紝绋嶈倝璐紝鑺辩摚浼艰惣杈冪煭锛屽攪鐡e弽鍗凤紝杈冭惣鐗囦负鐭紝鐧借壊甯﹁丹绱枒銆傝挻鏋滈暱绾?鍘樼背锛屽緞1.5-2鍘樼背銆?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  寤哄叞鐢熶簬灞遍噹锛屽涓烘牻鍩癸紱澶氳姳鍏伴檮鐢熶簬鏍戜笂鎴栧博鐭充笂锛屽垎甯冧簬鍗庝笢銆佸崕鍗椼€佽タ鍗椼€佽タ钘忕瓑鍦板尯锛涘北鍏伴噹鐢熶簬鏋椾笅鎴栧博鐭充笂锛屽涓烘牻鍩癸紝鍒嗗竷浜庡崕涓溿€佸崕鍗椼€佽タ鍗楀悇鍦般€?/span>

閲囬泦鍔犲伐  鍥涘閲囨敹锛岄矞鐢ㄦ垨鏅掑共澶囩敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  杈涖€佸钩銆傛粙闃存竻鑲猴紝鍖栫棸姝㈠挸銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鐧炬棩鍜筹紝鑲虹粨鏍稿挸鍡斤紝鍜锛岀缁忚“寮憋紝澶存檿鑵扮棝锛屽翱璺劅鏌擄紝鐧藉甫銆傜敤閲?-10鍏嬨€?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛氬叞鑽夋牴30鍏嬶紝鎹g儌鍙栨眮锛岃皟鍐扮硸鐐栨湇銆?/span>

 

 

鍎胯尪

鍒悕  鍎胯尪鑶忋€佸鍎胯尪銆侀粦鍎胯尪

鏉ユ簮  涓鸿眴绉戦噾鍚堟灞炴鐗╁効鑼舵爲Acacia catechu (L.) Willd.锛屼互骞叉灊鍔犳按鐓庢眮娴撶缉鑰屾垚鐨勫共娴歌啅鍏ヨ嵂銆?/span>

褰㈡€佺壒寰?/span>  钀藉彾涔旀湪锛岄珮6-13绫炽€傚皬鏋濈粏锛屾湁妫樺埡銆傚彾涓轰簩鍥炲弻鏁扮窘鐘跺鍙讹紝浜掔敓锛屽彾杞村熀閮ㄦ湁妫橀拡鍙岀敓锛屾墎骞崇姸锛屽彾杞翠笂鐫€鐢熺窘鐗?0-20瀵癸紝姣忕窘鐗囦笂鍏峰皬鍙?0-50瀵癸紝灏忓彾鏉″舰锛屼袱闈㈣鐤忔瘺銆?-9鏈堝紑鑺憋紝鎬荤姸鑺卞簭鑵嬬敓锛岃姳钀煎熀閮ㄨ仈鍚堝憟绛掔姸锛屼笂閮ㄥ垎瑁傦紝鏈夌枏姣涳紝鑺辩摚5锛岄暱鎶拡褰紝榛勮壊鎴栫櫧鑹诧紝闆勮晩澶氭暟锛屼几鍑鸿姳鍐犱箣澶栵紝闆岃晩1锛屽瓙鎴夸笂浣嶏紝闀垮嵉褰€傝崥鏋滄墎鑰岃杽锛岃繛鏋滄闀?-12鍘樼背锛屽1-2鍘樼背锛岀瀛?-8绮掋€?/span>

    鑽潗鍚嶅効鑼惰啅锛屾垚涓嶈鍒欏潡鐘讹紝琛ㄩ潰榛戣壊鎴栨瑜愯壊锛屽钩婊戣€岀◢鏈夊厜娉斤紝璐ㄨ剢锛屾柇闈笉鏁撮綈锛屽唴閮ㄦ绾㈣壊锛屾棤鑷紝鍛虫订锛屽厛鑻﹀悗鐢溿€?/span>

鐢熷涓庡垎甯?/font>  鍒嗗竷浜庝簯鍗楀崡閮紝娴峰崡宀涙湁鏍藉煿銆?/span>

閲囬泦瀛h妭  12鏈堣嚦绗簩骞?鏈堥噰骞叉灊锛屽墺鍘诲鐨紝鍔堟垚灏忓潡锛屽湡閽垫垨閾滈攨鍐呯厧鐓紝杩囨护娴撶缉鑷崇硸娴嗙姸锛屽喎鍗存垚鍎胯尪鑶忋€?/span>

鑽悊浣滅敤  1.鍎胯尪姘存憾娑茶兘鎶戝埗瀹跺厰鍗佷簩鎸囪偁鍙婂皬鑲犺爼鍔紝涓旇兘淇冭繘鐩茶偁鐨勯€嗚爼鍔紝鑰屾湁姝㈡郴浣滅敤锛屼絾瀵瑰ぇ鑲犲嚑涔庢病鏈変綔鐢ㄣ€?.鍎胯尪鍦ㄤ綋澶栨湁杈冨己鐨勬潃姝昏吂姘寸檶缁嗚優浣滅敤銆?.鍎胯尪鐓庡墏瀵归噾榛勮壊钁¤悇鐞冭弻銆佺櫧鍠夋潌鑿屻€佸彉褰㈡潌鑿屻€佺姘忕棦鐤炬潌鑿屻€佷激瀵掓潌鑿屽潎鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€傚甯歌鑷寸梾鎬х毊鑲ょ湡鑿屼害鏈夋姂鍒朵綔鐢ㄣ€傚叾鍙剁殑鎻愬彇鐗╁閲戦粍鑹茶憽钀勭悆鑿屻€佸ぇ鑲犳潌鑿屾湁鎶戝埗浣滅敤銆?/span>

鎬у懗鍔熻兘  鑻︺€佹订銆佸井瀵掋€傛竻鐑寲鐥帮紝鏁涚柈姝㈣銆?/span>

涓绘不鐢ㄦ硶  鑲虹儹鍜冲椊锛屽挴琛€锛岃吂娉伙紝灏忓効娑堝寲涓嶈壇锛屽鐢ㄦ不鐤枴涔呬笉鏀跺彛锛岀毊鑲ゆ箍鐤癸紝鍙g柈锛屾墎妗冧綋鐐庛€傜敤閲?-3鍏嬨€傚鐢ㄩ€傞噺銆?/span>

鍙傝€冮厤鏂?/font>  1.鑲虹粨鏍稿挴琛€锛氬効鑼?0鍏嬶紝鏄庣熅25鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗘湯锛屾瘡娆?.1-0.2鍏嬶紝姣忔棩3娆★紝涓瓑閲忓挴琛€姣忔鏈?.2-0.3鍏嬶紝姣?灏忔椂涓€娆°€傚ぇ鍜涓嶅疁浣跨敤銆?/span>

2.鐤枴涔呬笉鏀跺彛锛屾箍鐤癸細鍎胯尪銆侀緳楠ㄥ悇3鍏嬶紝鍐扮墖0.3鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗘湯鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

3.鍙g柈绯滅儌锛氬効鑼?鍏嬶紝纭肩爞1.5鍏嬶紝鐮旂矇鏁锋偅澶勩€?/span>

4.鎵佹浣撶値锛氬効鑼躲€佹熆闇滃悇10鍏嬶紝鍐扮墖0.6鍏嬶紝鏋熅6鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗘湯锛岀敇娌硅皟鎴愮硦鐘讹紝鎼芥偅澶勩€?/span>

5.瀹绯滅儌锛氬効鑼躲€侀摐缁裤€佷钩棣欍€佹病鑽悇15鍏嬶紝杞荤矇6鍏嬶紝榛勪腹10鍏嬶紝鍐扮墖3鍏嬶紝鍏辩爺缁嗘湯锛岀敤娑蹭綋鐭宠湣璋冩垚鑶忓墏銆傜敤娑堟瘨妫夌悆鎷噣鍒嗘硨鐗╋紝灏嗚嵂鑶忕敤甯︾嚎妫夌悆娑傚鎮e銆?灏忔椂鍚庣壍鍑猴紝姣忔棩涓€娆°€?/span>